Gustavo Brant Paterno

Gustavo Brant Paterno
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen | GAUG · Biodiversity, Macroecology, and Conservation Biogeography Group

PhD in Ecology
Post-doctoral researcher | EFForTS-BEE Project

About

31
Publications
28,570
Reads
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324
Citations
Introduction
I am generally interested in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. My current research is focused on the role of herbivores and sexual selection on the evolution of sex strategies in angiosperms. I am also interested in the mechanisms shaping plant community structure and their implications to restoration ecology. Additionally, I have great interest in statistics, phylogenetics and developing open software. I am currently working on the R package "sensiPhy": an implementation of sensitivity analysis for phylogenetic comparative methods.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
Federal University of Juiz de Fora
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2014 - August 2018
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Position
  • PhD
January 2013 - January 2014
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Flower biomass varies widely across the angiosperms. Each plant species invests a given amount of biomass to construct its sex organs. A comparative understanding of how this limited resource is partitioned among primary (male and female structures) and secondary (petals and sepals) sexual organs on hermaphrodite species can shed light on general e...
Article
Full-text available
1.Biological conclusions drawn from phylogenetic comparative methods can be sensitive to uncertainty in species sampling, phylogeny and data. To be confident about our conclusions, we need to quantify their robustness to such uncertainty. 2.We present sensiPhy, an R-package to easily and rapidly perform sensitivity analysis for phylogenetic compar...
Article
Full-text available
Variation in leaf functional traits along environmental gradients can reveal how vascular epiphytes respond to broad‐ and small‐scale environmental gradients. Along elevational gradients, both temperature and precipitation likely play an important role as drivers of leaf trait variation, but these traits may also respond to small‐scale changes in l...
Article
A prominent question in animal research is how the evolution of morphology and ecology interact in the generation of phenotypic diversity. Spiders are some of the most abundant arthropod predators in terrestrial ecosystems and exhibit a diversity of foraging styles. It remains unclear how spider body size and proportions relate to foraging style, a...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The Decade on Ecosystem Restoration aims to provide the means and incentives for upscaling restoration efforts worldwide. Although ecosystem restoration is a broad, interdisciplinary concept, effective ecological restoration requires sound ecological knowledge to successfully restore biodiversity and ecosystem services in degraded landscap...
Book
Full-text available
O livro Análises Ecológicas no R é uma contribuição para o contínuo avanço do ensino de métodos computacionais, com um foco específico em análise de dados ecológicos através da linguagem R. O livro descreve como os códigos devem ser consequências das perguntas que a pesquisa pretende responder. Essa visão tem como consequência um livro que do começ...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the influence of herbaceous vegetation on the colonization of an invasive and two native tree species in a degraded area located at the Caatinga semiarid forest in Northeastern Brazil. Seedlings of the native trees Anadenanthera colubrina and Astronium urundeuva were planted in nine paired blocks with intact and removed herbaceous vege...
Article
Full-text available
Restoration of degraded drylands is urgently needed to mitigate climate change, reverse desertification and secure livelihoods for the two billion people who live in these areas. Bold global targets have been set for dryland restoration to restore millions of hectares of degraded land. These targets have been questioned as overly ambitious, but wit...
Article
A full list of affiliations appears at the end of the paper. R estoration ecology is rapidly advancing in response to the ever-expanding global decline in ecosystem integrity and its associated socioeconomic repercussions 1-4. Nowhere are these dynamics more evident than in drylands, which help sustain 39% of the world's human population 5 but rema...
Article
Conservation biology is designed to identify pressing environmental problems and to solve them. This review evaluates the relative effort of conservation biology in problem-based and solution-based research, and tests whether or not this has changed in the past decades for five major drivers of biodiversity loss, i.e. habitat loss and fragmentation...
Article
Full-text available
Isolated islands, due to the reduced interspecific competition compared to mainland habitats, present ecological opportunities for colonizing lineages. As a consequence, island lineages may be expected to experience higher rates of trait evolution than mainland lineages. However, island effects on key life-history traits of vascular plants remain u...
Article
Understanding the variability of acoustic signals is a first important step for the comprehension of the evolutionary processes that led to current diversity. Herein, we evaluate the variability of the advertisement call of the phyllomedusid species from the genera Phyllomedusa and Pithecopus at different levels: intra-individual, intra-population,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding the variability of acoustic signals is a first important step for the comprehension of the evolutionary processes that led to current diversity. Herein, we evaluate the variability of the advertisement call of the phyllomedusid species from the genera Phyllomedusa and Pithecopus at different levels: intra-individual, intra-population,...
Article
Full-text available
Physical structures built by animals challenge our understanding of biological processes and inspire the development of smart materials and green architecture. It is thus indispensable to understand the drivers, constraints and dynamics that lead to the emergence and modification of building behaviour. Here, we demonstrate that spider web diversifi...
Article
Full-text available
Acoustic signals are an important part in the behaviour of many species and may play a key role in speciation. However, little is known about the importance of natural selection on the evolution of such signals. Acoustics signals are the main communication channel for most anuran species, and background noise from streams is a constant source of ma...
Article
Full-text available
Including ecosystem functions into restoration ecology has been repeatedly suggested, yet there is limited evidence that this is taking place without bias to certain habitats, species, or functions. We reviewed the inclusion of ecosystem functions in restoration and potential relations to habitats and species by extracting 224 publications from the...
Article
Abstract Aims Our main aims are to test how: (1) different nurse species modulate the early establishment of multiple beneficiary species in a degraded area; (2) the intensity and direction of species-specific interactions between nurse and beneficiary species change during beneficiary ontogeny. Location A shrubby Caatinga forest at Petrolina, no...
Data
Dominant frequencies, snout-vent length (SVL) and literature sources for species included in the analysis. Asterisk indicates stream-breeding species. When there are two references the first always refers to SVL and the second to dominant frequency
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT -This study was aimed to carried out a floristic survey in four communities that are localized in the São Miguel do Gostoso municipality – RN, focusing on the Leguminosae species and its potential use. Field research was carried out between May and October/2007, for acquire information about the use of plants and samples of them in the loc...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
Can someone provide suggestions on which methods / softwares can perform fast and reliable estimates of diversification rates (speciation - extinction) using very large phylogenetic trees (> 10 000 tips)? 
Question
Dear all,
I want to develop a cellular automation model for community succession based on real data (plant-plant interactions outcomes). My goal is to test a hypothesis related to beta-diversity during succession. Does anyone know where can I find good references for implementing this in R? Anyone interested in collaborating?
Thanks in advance!

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
An implementation of sensitivity analysis for phylogenetic comparative methods. The package is an umbrella of statistical and graphical methods that estimate and report different types of uncertainty in PCM: (i) Species Sampling uncertainty (sample size; influential species and clades). (ii) Phylogenetic uncertainty (different topologies and/or branch lengths). (iii) Data uncertainty (intraspecific variation and measurement error). The package is an open platform and will be constantly updated to include new functionalities. sensiPhy can be installed from the oficial CRAN repository and the development version is hosted at Github (https://github.com/paternogbc/sensiPhy). Quick Tutorial, visit our wiki page: https://github.com/paternogbc/sensiPhy/wiki How to contribute with sensiPhy: https://github.com/paternogbc/sensiPhy/wiki/How-to-support-sensiPhy