Gustavo Guinea

Gustavo Guinea
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales

About

153
Publications
38,368
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6,614
Citations
Citations since 2017
3 Research Items
2893 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
The interaction between surfaces and biological elements, in particular, proteins is critical for the performance of biomaterials and biosensors. This interaction can be controlled by modifying the surface in a process known as biofunctionalization. In this work, the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is used to study the stability of the interacti...
Article
In the last years there has been an increasing interest on bioinspired approaches for different applications, including the spinning of high performance silk fibers. Bioinspired spinning is based on the natural spinning system of spiders and worms and requires combining changes in the chemical environment of the proteins with the application of mec...
Article
Mechanical deformability of cells is an important property for their function and development, as well as a useful marker of cell state. The classical technique of micropipette aspiration allows single-cell studies and we provide here a method to measure the two basic mechanical parameters, elastic modulus and Poisson’s ratio. The proposed method,...
Article
Full-text available
Statement of significance: The increasingly use of sophisticated biomaterials to encapsulated stem cells has changed the comprehensive overview of potential strategies for repairing the nervous system. Silk fibroin (SF) meets with most of the standards of a biomaterial suitable to enhance stem cell survival and function. However, a proof-of-princi...
Chapter
This chapter presents an overview of recent works aimed at characterizing the mechanical behaviour of the human aorta via experiments, modeling and simulation. The application of these techniques are in particular detailed in the analysis of the following cases: ascending aorta, aortic arch and thoracic descending aorta under in-vitro and in-vivo c...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate quantitatively the fracture —by tear and delamination— of bovine pericardium tissues which are usually employed for the manufacture of bioprosthetic valves. A large number of samples (77) were tested in root-to-apex and circumferential directions, according to a standardised tear test (ASTM D 1938). Before perf...
Article
Titanium (Ti) and titanium alloys are among the most-commonly used metallic materials for implantation in the human body for the purpose of replacing hard tissue. Although Ti and its alloys are widely used for such an aim, in implants of a long duration they exhibit some shortcomings due to the loosening of the very implant. This phenomenon is high...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the variation of hardness with fatigue in calf pericardium, a biomaterial commonly used in bioprosthetic heart valves, and its relationship with the energy dissipated during the first fatigue cycle that has been shown to be a predictor of fatigue-life (García Páez et al., 2006, 2007; Rojo et al., 2010). Fatigue...
Article
Full-text available
Spider major ampullate gland silks (MAS) vary greatly in material properties among species but, this variation is shown here to be confined to evolutionary shifts along a single universal performance trajectory. This reveals an underlying design principle that is maintained across large changes in both spider ecology and silk chemistry. Persistence...
Article
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Our main objective was to biologically improve rotator cuff healing in an elderly rat model using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with a collagen membrane and compared against other current techniques. A chronic rotator cuff tear injury model was developed by unilaterally detaching the supraspinatus (SP) tendons of Sprague-Dawley rats....
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The extraordinary mechanical performance of spider dragline silk is explained by its highly ordered microstructure and results from the sequences of its constituent proteins. This optimized microstructural organization simultaneously achieves high tensile strength and strain at breaking by taking advantage of weak molecular interactions. However, e...
Article
High performance silk fibers were produced directly from the silk glands of silkworms (Bombyx mori) following an alternative route to natural spinning. This route is based on a traditional procedure that consists of soaking the silk glands in a vinegar solution and stretching them by hand leading to the so called silkworm guts. Here we present, to...
Article
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Silk fibers from Argiope trifasciata and Nephila inaurata orb-web weaving spiders were UV irradiated to modify the molecular weight of the constituent proteins. Fibers were characterized either as-forcibly silked or after being subjected to maximum supercontraction. The effect of irradiation on supercontraction was also studied, both in terms of th...
Article
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The mechanical behavior of living murine T-lymphocytes was assessed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). A robust experimental procedure was developed to overcome some features of lymphocytes, in particular their spherical shape and non-adherent character. The procedure included the immobilization of the lymphocytes on amine-functionalized substrates,...
Article
The structure and properties of silk fibers are at the root of their performance and applicability in scaffolds for tissue engineering. This chapter briefly reviews the composition and structure, the production and the mechanical behavior of silk fibers either natural or artificial. The main properties and structural characteristic of silks produce...
Article
Mechanical deformability of cells is a key property that influences their ability to migrate and their contribution to tissue development and regeneration. We analyze here the possibility of characterizing the overall deformability of cells by their apparent viscosity, using a simplified method to estimate that parameter. The proposed method simpli...
Article
Full-text available
Spider silks combine a significant number of desirable characteristics in one material, including large tensile strength and strain at breaking, biocompatibility, and the possibility of tailoring their properties. Major ampullate gland silk (MAS) is the most studied silk and their properties are explained by a double lattice of hydrogen bonds and e...
Article
Full-text available
True stress-true strain curves of naturally spun viscid line fibers retrieved directly from the spiral of orb-webs built by Argiope trifasciata spiders were measured using a novel methodology. This new procedure combines a method for removing the aqueous coating of the fibers and a technique that allows the accurate measurement of their cross secti...
Article
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Major ampullate (MA) dragline silk supports spider orb webs, combining strength and extensibility in the toughest biomaterial. MA silk evolved ~376 MYA and identifying how evolutionary changes in proteins influenced silk mechanics is crucial for biomimetics, but is hindered by high spinning plasticity. We use supercontraction to remove that variati...
Article
The relationship between microstructure and mechanical properties has been investigated in Argiope trifasciata dragline silk fibers (major ampullate silk, MAS) by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and tensile testing. We have analyzed three fractions of the material, i.e. amorphous, highly oriented nanocrystals and weakly oriented material, for...
Article
The mechanical behavior and microstructure of minor ampullate gland silk (miS) of two orb-web spinning species, Argiope trifasciata and Nephila inaurata, were extensively characterized, enabling detailed comparison with other silks. The similarities and differences exhibited by miS when compared with the intensively studied major ampullate gland si...
Article
Regenerated silkworm fibers spun through a wet-spinning process followed by an immersion postspinning drawing step show a work to fracture comparable with that of natural silkworm silk fibers in a wide range of spinning conditions. The mechanical behavior and microstructure of these high performance fibers have been characterized, and compared with...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanical properties of aortic wall, both healthy and pathological, are needed in order to develop and improve diagnostic and interventional criteria, and for the development of mechanical models to assess arterial integrity. This study focuses on the mechanical behaviour and rupture conditions of the human ascending aorta and its relationship...
Article
Making artificial fibers inspired in spider silks is considered as one of the milestones in the field of biomimetics. The interest is usually justified by the outstanding tensile properties of natural fibers, but it is usually overlooked that spider silk is endowed with a number of related properties – supercontraction, recovery and the existence o...
Article
The remarkable properties of spider silks have stimulated an increasing interest in understanding the roles of their composition and processing, as well as in the mass-production of these fibers. Previously, the variability in the mechanical properties of natural silk fibers was a major drawback in the elucidation of their behavior, but the authors...
Article
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This work presents experiments and modelling aimed at characterising the passive mechanical behaviour of the human thoracic descending aorta. To this end, uniaxial tension and pressurisation tests on healthy samples corresponding to newborn, young and adult arteries are performed. Then, the tensile measurements are used to calibrate the material pa...
Article
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RESUMEN En el presente trabajo se continúa el análisis de la influencia de la radiación UV sobre las propiedades mecánicas de las fibras de seda de araña. Para ello se ha empleado la seda producida por la glándula ampollácea mayor de la especie Argiope trifasciata y se ha estudiado el comportamiento en tracción simple de fibras de seda sometidas a...
Article
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RESUMEN En el presente trabajo se estudia la influencia de la radiación UV sobre las propiedades mecánicas y las superficies de fractura de un polímero artificial bioinspirado en la seda de araña. Las fibras de seda de araña constituyen un material enormemente atractivo ya que su elevada resistencia y deformabilidad lo convierten en el material con...
Article
Bovine pericardium is a collagenous tissue commonly used as a natural biomaterial in the fabrication of cardiovascular devices. For tissue engineering purposes, this xenogeneic biomaterial must be decellularized to remove cellular antigens. With this in mind, three decellularization protocols were compared in terms of their effectiveness to extract...
Article
The mechanical behavior and microstructure of bioinspired fibers spun from solutions of recombinant spidroin-like proteins were extensively characterized, and compared with those of natural spider silk fibers. It is confirmed that high performance bioinspired fibers indistinguishable from natural spider silk up to large strains can be produced thro...
Article
Calf pericardium, similar to that used in the manufacturing of prosthetic valve cusps, was fatigue tested. After six batches of 100 cycles of 1 MPa of loading pressure, half of the samples broke. The mean energy dissipated in the first cycle by the surviving samples was 0.16 J, which is lower than the 0.28 J dissipated by the specimens that broke (...
Article
Full-text available
In recent times, significant effort has been made to understand the mechanical behaviour of the arterial wall and how it is affected by the different vascular pathologies. However, to be able to interpret the results correctly, it is essential that the influence of other factors, such as aging or anisotropy, be understood. Knowledge of mechanical b...
Article
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The lack of reliable mechanical data on coronary arteries and, more specifically, on their wall strength hampers the application of numerical models and simulations to vascular problems, and precludes physicians from knowing in advance the response of coronary arteries to the different interventions. Studies of the mechanical properties of coronary...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Technical University of Madrid (UPM) is pioneering the introduction in Spain of a new Degree in Materials Engineering, with a four-year duration, accessed directly from the baccalaureate-level studies. The materials engineers from the UPM will be prepared to meet the challenges not only in the field of structural materials, but also in function...
Article
The development of a reliable procedure for removing the viscous coating of viscid silk has allowed the accurate characterization of the tensile behavior of clean flagelliform silk (i.e., silk of the flagelliform gland without the viscous coating synthetised in the aggregate gland). For comparison, tensile tests on native viscid silk (with the visc...
Article
Supercontraction is commonly considered as a functional adaptation of major ampullate gland (MA) silk to its role as the main structural material in orb-webs. However, the observation of supercontraction in the dragline silk of a lynx spider species, as it is shown in this work, offers a strong support to the hypothesis that the appearance of super...
Article
High-performance regenerated silkworm Bombyx mori silk fibers with new properties that mimic those of spider silk can be produced through a wet spinning process modified with an immersion postspinning drawing (IPSD) step. IPSD fibers show the ability to recover from irreversible deformation, and their tensile behavior can be tailored repeatedly, fe...
Article
Biomechanical and functional properties of tissue engineered vascular grafts must be similar to those observed in native vessels. This supposes a complete mechanical and structural characterization of the blood vessels. To this end, static and dynamic mechanical tests performed in the sheep thoracic and abdominal aorta and the cava vein were contra...
Article
The development of an accurate and reproducible approach to measuring the tensile behavior of spider silk has allowed characterizing and comparing the range of mechanical properties exhibited by different spider species with unprecedented detail. The comparison of silks spun by spiders belonging to different phylogenetic groups has revealed that ev...
Article
Full-text available
While the situation of tissue donation and transplantation differs between Latin American and European countries, a common problem is tissue deficiency. Hence, at present, there is a pressing need to generate alternatives so as to increase the possibilities of obtaining the requested materials. Consequently, it would be of significant interest to e...
Article
Full-text available
The microstructures of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) regenerated silk fibers have been characterized by atomic force microscopy from the micrometer to the nanometer scale and compared with those previously found from natural silks. Regenerated fibers show poor tensile properties and a brittle behavior, but their mechanical properties improve if...
Article
Data from the literature report febrile reactions prior to myocardial infarction in patients with normal coronary arteries and that coronary syndromes seem to be triggered by bacterial and viral infections, being fever the common symptom. The thermo-mechanical behavior of thoracic aortas of New Zealand White rabbits with different degrees of athero...
Article
Full-text available
Viscoelastic models can be used to better understand arterial wall mechanics in physiological and pathological conditions. The arterial wall reveals very slow time-dependent decays in uniaxial stress-relaxation experiments, coherent with weak power-law functions. Quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) theory was successfully applied to modeling such respo...
Article
The effect of water on regenerated silk­ worm silk fibers has been studied and compared with that of water on natural silkworm silk fibers. Regener­ ated fibers are spun from an N-methylmorph oline-N-ox- ide (NMMO) fibroin solution through a wet-spinning process, leading to fibers with two distinct tensile behav­ iors, labeled as brittle and ductil...
Article
Full-text available
Arterial viscoelasticity can be described using stress-relaxation experiments. To fit these curves, models with springs and dashpots, based on differential equations, were widely studied. However, uniaxial tests in arteries show particular shapes with an initial steep decay and a slow asymptotic relaxation. Recently, fractional order derivatives we...
Article
Full-text available
There is a pressing need to obtain adequate vascular substitutes for arterial by-pass or reconstruction. Since the performance of venous and commercially prosthetic grafts is not ideal and the availability of autologous arteries is limited, the use of cryopreserved arteries has emerged as a very attractive alternative. In this sense, the developmen...
Article
Full-text available
This work explores for the first time the effects of temperature increments on the development of high shear stresses between plaque and arterial wall due to their different dilatational properties. Data from the literature report febrile reactions prior to myocardial infarction in patients with normal coronary arteries and that coronary syndromes...
Article
Silks spun by arthropods exhibit a set of unique properties that have emerged as the result of over four hundred million years of evolution. Silks show the most optimized combination of tensile strength and deformation at breaking, yielding the highest work of fracture of any known material. These outstanding features have thrust an increasing inte...
Article
Full-text available
La técnica del bypass coronario consiste en evitar una arteria coronaria obstruida utilizando un injerto vascular. Su éxito depende del buen funcionamiento de la zona de unión, o anastomosis, entre la aorta y el injerto, y entre el injerto y la arteria coronaria. Las tensiones generadas en la discontinuidad pueden producir problemas de desgarro o r...
Article
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Las fibras de seda son materiales biológicos estructurales que presentan excelentes propiedades mecánicas. Las fibras de seda del hilo de seguridad producido por las arañas presentan unas propiedades mecánicas sólo superadas –en algunas propiedades– por las fibras sintéticas de altas prestaciones. Estas excelentes propiedades, y el hecho de que la...
Article
Full-text available
Las placas de ateroma de las paredes arteriales son acumulaciones de lípidos y otras sustancias que modifican las propiedades de la pared vascular. El principal problema que presentan estas placas es su rotura y despegue de la pared, con la posibilidad de obstruir la circulación de la sangre. En este trabajo se analiza, mediante un modelo animal en...
Article
A great number of biological structures are composed of fibers (elastin, collagen, etc.) dispersed on an aqueous matrix in such a complex way that a detailed mechanical analysis based on microconstituents is, for practical purposes, out of reach. Consequently, the preferred approach to the mechanical behavior of these materials is based on setting...
Article
The tensile properties and fracture surfaces of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) regenerated silk fibroin fibers produced with a range of draw ratios has been characterized and related to their microstructure with data obtained from Raman spectroscopy and birefringence measurements. The spinning process allows control of two different draw ratios,...
Article
The characterization of silkworm and spider silk from nanometer to micrometer scale by atomic force microscopy reveals similar design principles despite the distance of their spinning organisms in evolutionary terms. Nanoglobules are the basic microstructural blocks in both materials, but this common microstructural design is tuned to fulfill the b...
Article
A study of the influence of UV radiation on the tensile properties of spider silk has shown that the shape of the stress–strain curves is not affected by 254-nm irradiation, except for a significant decrease in the tensile strength and strain at breaking. This decrease has been found in both forcibly silked and maximum-supercontracted fibers, despi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En este trabajo se caracteriza el comportamiento mecánico y la rotura de la pared de la aorta ascendente humana y su dependencia de distintas patologías. Para tal fin se realiza un análisis histológico y ensayos de tracción in-vitro sobre tejido aórtico de tres grupos de pacientes: Sanos (grupo de control), con válvula aórtica bicúspide y con el sí...