Guogang Xu

Guogang Xu
Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital) · Health Management Institute

PhD,MD

About

95
Publications
12,667
Reads
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4,691
Citations
Education
June 2009 - July 2009
University of Oxford
Field of study
  • X-ray crytallography
August 2005 - March 2009
University of St Andrews
Field of study
  • Structural Biology
September 1996 - June 2001
Tongji Medical College, HUST, Wuhan, China
Field of study
  • Clinical Medicine

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
Mitophagy, known as the main mechanism of mitochondrial quality control, determines the pathophysiology of septic cardiomyopathy, although the precise regulatory mechanisms remain elusive. Data from the present study suggested that receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) expression could be enhanced in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) cha...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial dysfunction and necroptosis have been perceived as the primary molecular mechanisms underscoring acute lung injury. Meanwhile, nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 1 (NR4A1) is considered a regulator of inflammation-related endothelial injury in lung tissue although the downstream molecular events remain elusive. In this study,...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) have been used in China for thousands of years. Although TCM has been generally perceived to be safe, adverse reactions to Chinese materia medica (CMM) have been reported. Most of the adverse reactions are allergic in nature, but other mechanisms may play a role. This review focuses on the mechanism and clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is characterized by the development of cholecystitis in the gallbladder without gallstones or with small gallstones unrelated to inflammatory diseases. This disease is not rare in the elderly bedridden patients with co-morbidities and prone to develop life-threatening gangrene or perforation of gallb...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been a major threat to global health. Regional differences in epidemiological and clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes of patients have not yet been investigated. This study was conducted to investigate these differences amongCOVID-19 patients in Hubei Province, China. Met...
Article
Full-text available
The building of cabin hospitals in Wuhan has been proven to be clinically successful in curing mild-symptom COVID-19 patients shortly after the outbreak of COVID-19 in late 2019. At the same time, the psychological effect of patients being treated in cabin hospitals and the features of the psychological status of the whole society remained ambiguou...
Article
Full-text available
At present, it has been noticed that some patients recovered from COVID-19 present a recurrent positive RNA test of SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) after being discharged from hospitals. The purpose of the current study was to characterize the clinical features of re-hospitalized patients with recurrent SARS-CoV-2 posit...
Article
Full-text available
Frontline healthcare nurses devoted themselves to deal with the outbreak of COVID-19, saving many lives. However, they are under incredible unknown psychological pressures with a considerable risk of infection. In this study, a self-administered questionnaire was used to survey 593 frontline nurses in Wuhan City and non-Hubei provinces for psycholo...
Article
Full-text available
Receptor-interacting protein 3- (RIPK3-) modulated necroptosis plays a critical role in cardiac remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the precise regulatory mechanism is not fully elucidated yet. In the present study, we showed that RIPK3 expression was upregulated in myocardial tissue after MI in a mouse model by coronary artery l...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) triggered by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) erupted in Hubei Province of China in December 2019 and has become a pandemic. Severe COVID-19 patients who suffer from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multi-organ dysfunction have high mortality. Several studies have sho...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Serum lactic acid is considered a prognostic indicator in critically ill patients. However, studies on linezolid-induced lactic acidosis (LILA) are still limited. Individuals older than 85 years old (very elderly) have limited capacity for organ compensation, and LILA data from these patients are lacking. In this study, we evaluated the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Patients with COVID-19 can develop myocardial injury and arrhythmia during the course of their illness. However, the underlying risk factors for the development of cardiovascular related manifestations are unclear. Methods Using a register-based multi-center cross-sectional design, we analyzed 80 patients with myocardial injury and 401...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Optimal fluid management in patients with COVID-19 has not been reported. This retrospective, multicenter study investigated the impact of intravenous infusion volume in the early stage of COVID-19 on clinical outcomes. Methods 127 patients from two tertiary hospitals were separated into the “conservative” and “liberal” groups based on...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant global event in the history of infectious diseases. The SARS-CoV-2 appears to have originated from bats but is now easily transmissible among humans, primarily through droplet or direct contact. Clinical features of COVID-19 include high fever, cough, and fatigue which may progress to ARDS. Respiratory failure...
Article
Pirfenidone has been widely used in the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, the role of pirfenidone in LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the protective effects of pirfenidone in ALI and to explore its underlying mechanism. Pirfenidone clearly reduces LPS-triggered ALI as indic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, various digestive symptoms have been frequently reported in patients infected with the virus. In this study, we aimed to further investigate the prevalence and outcomes of COVID-19 patients with digestive symptoms. Methods: In this descriptive, cross-sectional...
Article
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Background: The global death toll from COVID-19 virus exceeds 21000. The risk factors for death were attributed to advanced age and co-morbidities, but haven't been accurately defined. Objectives: To report the clinical features of 85 fatal cases with COVID-19 in two hospitals in Wuhan. Method: Medical records of 85 fatal cases of COVID-19 bet...
Article
With over 1,800,000 cases and 110,000 deaths globally, COVID-19 is one of worst infectious disease outbreaks in history. The objective of this paper is to critically review the available evidence regarding the lessons learned from the Chinese experience regarding COVID-19 prevention and management. The steps that have led to a near disappearance of...
Article
The 2019-nCoV is officially called SARS-CoV-2 and is the cause of the disease named COVID-19. This viral epidemic in China has led to the deaths of over 1800 people, mostly elderly or those with an underlying chronic disease or immunosuppressed state. This is the third serious Coronavirus outbreak in less than 20 years, following SARS in 2002–2003...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to verify the potential risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in elderly Chinese patients receiving mechanical ventilation (MV). The secondary aim of this study was to present logistical regression prediction models of VAP occurrence in elderly Chinese patients receiving MV. Methods: Patients (aged...
Article
Full-text available
To balance immunity and tolerance, the endogenous pool of Foxp3⁺ regulatory T (Treg) cells is tightly controlled, but the underlying mechanisms of this control remain poorly understood. Here we show that the number of Treg cells is negatively regulated by the kinase Lkb1 in dendritic cells (DCs). Conditional knockout of the Lkb1 gene in DCs leads t...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenetic modifiers have emerged as critical factors governing the biology of different cancers. Herein we show that FBXL10 (also called KDM2B or JHDM1B), an important member of Polycomb repressive complexes, is overexpressed in human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) tissues and the derived cell lines. Knocking down FBXL10 by specific short h...
Article
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Background The efficacy of exercise training in patients with lung cancer after lung resection has not been well established yet. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the efficiency of exercise training in patients with lung cancer after lung resection. Methods Several databases were searched for eligible randomised controlled tr...
Article
Full-text available
Regulatory T (Treg) cells are a distinct T-cell lineage characterized by sustained Foxp3 expression and potent suppressor function, but the upstream dominant factors that preserve Treg lineage-specific features are mostly unknown. Here, we show that Lkb1 maintains Treg cell lineage identity by stabilizing Foxp3 expression and enforcing suppressor f...
Article
Full-text available
Dendritic cells (DCs) are pivotal to the induction of adaptive T-cell immune responses. Recent evidence highlights a critical role of tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (Tsc1), a primarily upstream negative regulator of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), in DC development, but whether and how Tsc1 directly regulate mature DC function in vivo remains e...
Article
Full-text available
PRIMA-1Met is the methylated PRIMA-1 (p53 reactivation and induction of massive apoptosis) and could restore tumor suppressor function of mutant p53 and induce p53 dependent apoptosis in cancer cells harboring mutant p53. However, p53 independent activity of PRIMA-1Met remains elusive. Here we reported that PRIMA-1Met attenuated colorectal cancer c...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of clinical dementia. Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is implicated with the pathology of AD, and exogenous H2S attenuates spatial memory impairments in AD animal models. However, the molecular mechanism by which H2S improves cognition in AD has not been fully explored....
Article
Increasing evidence suggests that disruptions of synaptic functions correlate with the severity of cognitive deficit in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Our previous study demonstrated that baicalein enhances long-term potentiation (LTP) in acute rat hippocampal slices and improves hippocampus-dependent contextual fear conditioning in rats. Given that bai...
Article
Full-text available
ASXL1 mutations are frequently found in hematological tumors, and loss of Asxl1 promotes myeloid transformation in mice. Here we present data supporting a role for an ASXL1-BAP1 complex in the deubiqutinylation of mono-ubiquitinylated lysine 119 on Histone H2A (H2AK119ub1) in vivo. The Polycomb group proteins control the expression of the INK4B-ARF...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...
Article
Background A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the overall risks of hypertension and QTc prolongation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were receiving vandetanib. Methods A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed and Embase (until Dec 2014), was performed to obtain...