Guo-Yuan Yang

Guo-Yuan Yang
Shanghai Jiao Tong University | SJTU · Med-X Research Institute

MD, PhD

About

442
Publications
46,598
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17,950
Citations
Citations since 2016
177 Research Items
8743 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (442)
Article
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Background Microglia-mediated neuroinflammatory response following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered as a vital secondary injury factor, which drives trauma-induced neurodegeneration and is lack of efficient treatment. ACT001, a sesquiterpene lactone derivative, is reportedly involved in alleviation of inflammatory response. However, littl...
Article
Myelination is an important process in the central nervous system (CNS). Oligodendrocytes (OLs) extend multiple layers to densely sheath on axons, composing the myelin to achieve efficient electrical signal conduction. The myelination during developmental stage maintains a balanced state. However, numerous CNS diseases including neurodegenerative a...
Article
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption underlies the vasogenic edema and neuronal cell death induced by acute ischemic stroke. Reducing this disruption has therapeutic potential. Transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation has shown neuromodulatory and neuroprotective effects in various brain diseases including ischemic stroke. Ultrasound stimulation...
Article
Stroke patients with diabetes have worse neurological outcomes than non‐diabetic stroke patients, and treatments beneficial for non‐diabetic stroke patients are not necessarily effective for diabetic stroke patients. While stem cell‐derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) show great potential for treating stroke, the results remain unsatisfactory due...
Article
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The inflammatory response is one of the key events in cerebral ischemia, causing secondary brain injury and neuronal death. Studies have shown that the NLRP3 inflammasome is a key factor in initiating the inflammatory response and that Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) can attenuate the inflammatory response and improve neuronal repair during ischemic st...
Article
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Background Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is the second-leading cause of dementia worldwide, which is caused by cerebrovascular diseases or relevant risk factors. However, there are no appropriate animal models, which can be used to study changes of neuropathology in the human VCI. To better understand the development of VCI, we modified three...
Article
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Stroke is a leading cause of death and long-term disability worldwide. Astrocytes structurally compose tripartite synapses, blood–brain barrier, and the neurovascular unit and perform multiple functions through cell-to-cell signaling of neurons, glial cells, and vasculature. The crosstalk of astrocytes and other cells is complicated and incompletel...
Article
Central nervous system (CNS) injuries, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury, are essential causes of death and long-term disability and difficult to cure, mainly due to the limited neuron regeneration and the formation of the glial scar. Herein, we apply extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by M2 microglia to improve th...
Article
Astrocytes play an essential role in the modulation of blood-brain barrier function. Neurological diseases induce the transformation of astrocytes into a neurotoxic A1 phenotype, exacerbating brain injury. However, the effect of A1 astrocytes on the BBB dysfunction after stroke is unknown. Adult male ICR mice (n=97) were subjected to 90-minute tran...
Article
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Background Our previous studies suggest that human fat extract (FE) contains a variety of angiogenic factors and may provide an alternative treatment option for stroke. However, the therapeutic effect is largely limited due to its short half-life, and inaccurate targeting. Results Herein, we leverage the targeting abilities of platelets (PLTs) to...
Article
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Recent clinical studies demonstrated an increase of the incidence of neurobehavioral disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus. Studies also found an association between severity of diabetes mellitus and the progression of white matter hyperintensity on magnetic resonance imaging, which conferred risk for developing cognitive impairment. Since o...
Article
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Rationale: White matter repair is critical for the cognitive and neurological functional recovery after ischemic stroke. M2 microglia are well-documented to enhance remyelination and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate cellular function after brain injury. However, whether M2 microglia-derived EVs could promote white matter repair after cere...
Article
Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is the most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Effective treatments for VCI are currently lacking. MicroRNA (miR)-140-5p is associated with cerebral ischemia and poststroke depression, but its relationship with VCI remains unknown. A VCI model was established by bilateral common carotid arter...
Article
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Numerous studies explored the therapeutic effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on neurodegenerative diseases. Few studies provided comprehensive and latest knowledge of EPO treatment for ischemic stroke. In the present review, we introduced the structure, expression, function of EPO, and its receptors in the central nervous system. Furthermore, we compr...
Article
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Background Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) have therapeutic potential in ischemic brain injury, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The current study aimed to explore the contribution of miRNAs in ADSC-EVs to the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Methods After the intravenous injection of ADSC...
Article
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The discovery and development of extracellular vesicles in tissue engineering have shown great potential for tissue regenerative therapies. However, their vesicle nature requires dosage-dependent administration and efficient interactions with recipient cells. Researchers have resorted to biomaterials for localized and sustained delivery of extracel...
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Benzophenones are widely supplemented in personal care products, but little is known about its neurodevelopmental toxicity. The previous epidemiological study discovered a negative correlation between maternal exposure to a benzophenone metabolite 4-hydroxybenzophenone (4HBP) and child's neurodevelopment, yet the causal relationship and detailed me...
Article
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White matter injury is a critical pathological characteristic during ischemic stroke. Oligodendrocyte precursor cells participate in white matter repairing and remodeling during ischemic brain injury. Since oligodendrocyte precursor cells could promote Wnt-dependent angiogenesis and migrate along vasculature for the myelination during the developme...
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Maternal Benzophenone Exposure In article number 2102686 by Shunqing Xu, Yaohui Tang, Xia Sheng, and co‐workers, it is reported that maternal exposure to benzophenone and its major metabolite 4‐hydroxybenzophenone during pregnancy causes endoplasmic reticulum proteotoxicity and neuroinflammation, which lead to cognitive dysfunction and neurodevelop...
Article
Ischemic-induced white matter injury is strongly correlated with the poor neurological outcomes in stroke patients. The transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) is an effective candidate for enhancing re-myelination in congenitally dysmyelinated brain and spinal cord. Nevertheless, mechanisms governing the recovery of white matter...
Article
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The pathological role of reactive gliosis in CNS repair remains controversial. In this study, using murine ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke models, we demonstrated that microglia/macrophages and astrocytes are differentially involved in engulfing synapses in the reactive gliosis region. By specifically deleting MEGF10 and MERTK phagocytic receptors,...
Preprint
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Background: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation has been shown to have therapeutic effects in cerebral ischemia. However, whether the therapeutic effect of EPCs is a result of the modulation of microglia activity remain elusive. Methods: Adult male mice (n=184) underwent 90 minute-middle cerebral artery occlusion and EPCs were transpl...
Article
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Microglial phagocytosis benefits neurological recovery after stroke. Large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ currents are expressed in activated microglia, and BK channel knockout aggravates cerebral ischemic injury. However, the effect of BK channels on microglial phagocytosis after ischemic stroke remains unknown. Here, we explored whether BK channel...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to explore the correlation between white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and post-stroke depression (PSD) at 3 months, and to further investigate sex differences in the pathogenesis of PSD. Methods: A total of 238 consecutive patients with acute cerebral infarction were recruited. PSD was assessed at 2 weeks and at 3 mont...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs) have therapeutic potential in ischemic brain injury, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. The current study aimed to explore the contribution of miRNAs in ADSC-EVs to the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Methods: After the intravenous injection of ADS...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Astrocytes play an essential role in the modulation of blood-brain barrier function. Neurological diseases induce astrocytes to transform into a neurotoxic A1 phenotype, thus exacerbating brain injury. However, the effect of A1 astrocyte on the function of BBB after stroke is unknown. Method Adult male ICR mice (n = 78) were subjected t...
Article
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Stroke is a leading cause of disability and mortality all over the world. Due to an aging population, the incidence of stroke is rising significantly, which has led to devastating consequences for patients. In addition to traditional risk factors such as age, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes and atrial fibrillation, sleep disorders, as indepe...
Article
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Background Healthy plasma therapy reverses cognitive deficits and promotes neuroplasticity in ageing brain disease. However, whether healthy plasma therapy improve blood–brain barrier integrity after stroke remains unknown. Methods Here, we intravenously injected healthy female mouse plasma into adult female ischaemic stroke C57BL/6 mouse induced...
Article
Purpose: The introduction of microbubble contrast agent into tissues can create significant phase shifts. Phase retrieval (PR)-based phase-contrast CT (PCCT) is an imaging method for retrieving and reconstructing the phase shifts within an object. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of PR-based PCCT with microbubble contrast agent for vas...
Article
Objective: Previous studies showed that microglia and astrocytes actively engulf synapse through MEGF10 and MERTK in the developing brain. But whether microglia and astrocytes in ischemic stroke (IS) or hemorrhagic stroke (HS) mice are still phagocytotic and how they affect the outcome of stroke remain unclear. Methods: Microglia or astrocyte-speci...
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Purpose: To explore the relationship between the monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and depression three months after acute ischemic stroke. Patients and methods: From May 2013 to September 2014, 203 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited within 7 days post-stroke from Shanghai Ruijin Hospital and blood samples were collected after a...
Article
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Intracerebral hemorrhage- (ICH-) induced secondary brain injury (SBI) is a very complex pathophysiological process. However, the molecular mechanisms and drug targets of SBI are highly intricate and still elusive, yet a clear understanding is crucial for the treatment of SBI. In the current study, we aimed to confirm that nuclear factor-E2-related...
Article
Transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation (tFUS) regulates neural activity in different brain regions in humans and animals. However, the role of ultrasound stimulation in modulating neural activity and promoting neurorehabilitation in the ischemic brain is largely unknown. In the present study, we explored the effect of tFUS on neurological reha...
Article
Objective: DL-3n-butylphthalide (NBP) has beneficial effects in different stages of ischemic stroke. Our previous studies have demonstrated that NBP promoted angiogenesis in the perifocal region of the ischemic brain. However, the molecular mechanism of NBP for blood–brain barrier protection in acute ischemic stroke was unclear. Here, we explored t...
Article
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Ischaemic stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability in the world, with limited effective treatments. Increasing evidence demonstrates that exosomes are involved in ischaemic pathology and exhibit restorative therapeutic effects by mediating cell–cell communication. The potential of exosome therapy for ischaemic stroke has been actively inve...
Article
Rationale: Glial scars present a major obstacle for neuronal regeneration after stroke. Thus, approaches to promote their degradation and inhibit their formation are beneficial for stroke recovery. The interaction of microglia and astrocytes is known to be involved in glial scar formation after stroke; however, how microglia affect glial scar forma...
Article
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Background Neuroinflammation is the major pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia. Microglia are activated and polarized to either the pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype or anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype, which act as a critical mediator of neuroinflammation. Sestrin2 has pro-survival properties against ischemic brain injury. However, whether sestrin2 has an...
Article
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Objective: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) activity plays an important role in many neurological disorders in the central nervous system, which may be associated with immunomodulation or anti-inflammatory activity. However, the action of IDO in the ischemic condition is still poorly understood. The purpose of the present study is to explore the e...
Article
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Astrocyte activation plays an important role during disease-induced inflammatory response in the brain. Exosomes in the brain could be released from bone marrow (BM)-derived stem cells, neuro stem cells (NSC), mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), etc. We summarized that exosomes release and transport signaling to the target cells, and then produce functio...
Article
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Blood-brain barrier disruption is one of the hallmarks of multiple sclerosis. Mesenchymal stem cells showed great potential for the multiple sclerosis therapy. However, the effect of mesenchymal stem cells on blood-brain barrier in multiple sclerosis remains unclear. Here, we investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells transplantation protected blo...
Article
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Background and Purpose: Diabetes mellitus increases stroke incidence and mortality and hampers functional recovery after stroke. Fingolimod has been shown to improve neurofunctional recovery and reduce brain infarction after ischemic injury in mice without comorbidities. In this work, we investigated the effects of fingolimod in diabetic mice after...
Article
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Early stages of diseases, including stroke, hypertension, angiogenesis of tumours, spinal cord injuries, etc ., are closely associated with the lesions of microvasculature. Rodent models of human vascular diseases are extensively used for the preclinical investigation of the disease evolution and therapy with synchrotron radiation. Therefore, non-i...
Article
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Background: Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a nuclear receptor that plays a critical role in controlling cell apoptosis in diverse diseases. Previous studies have shown that knocking out FXR improved cardiac function by reducing cardiomyocyte apoptosis in myocardial ischemic mice. However, the role of FXR after cerebral ischemia remains unknown. In...
Article
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Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a particularly severe form of stroke, and reactive astrogliosis is a common response following injury to the central nervous system (CNS). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are reported to promote neurogenesis and alleviate the late side effects in injured brain regions. Gap junctions (Gjs) are abundant in the brain, w...
Article
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Based on interlimb neural coupling, gait robotic systems should produce walking-like movement in both upper and lower limbs for effective walking restoration. Two orthoses were previously designed in our lab to provide passive walking with arm swing. However, an active system for walking with arm swing is desirable to serve as a testbed for investi...
Article
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common acute nervous system disease with high mortality and severe disability. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to promote neurogenesis and to alleviate side effects in areas of brain injury areas. The Hippo pathway regulates diverse cellular processes, including cell survival, proliferation, diff...
Article
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Introduction: Clearance of damaged cells and debris is beneficial for the functional recovery after ischemic brain injury. However, the specific phagocytic receptor that mediates microglial phagocytosis after ischemic stroke is unknown. Aim: To investigate whether P2Y6 receptor-mediated microglial phagocytosis is beneficial for the debris cleara...
Article
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Rationale: The capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a rare and special type of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) syndrome. The pathophysiology of CWS is very complicate, and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is rare cause. Moreover, the effective and standard therapy has not yet been established. Patient concerns: A 47-year-old man expe...
Article
Background: Adipose tissue and its derivatives including adipose-derived stem cells and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) showed effective in the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, cell-based therapy for clinical application has been hindered by limitations such as safety, immunogenicity issues, and difficulties in cell preservation, transportati...
Article
Objectives: Mesenchymal stem cell therapy has shown therapeutic potential for ischemic stroke. However, low cell viability and lack of multimodal imaging to track stem cell distribution limit its clinical translation. Here we developed a multifunctional probe to track stem cell viability and migration in a mouse model of focal brain ischemia. Metho...
Article
Objectives: White matter injury aggravates neurological and cognitive impairment in experimental ischemic stroke. M2 microglia promote oligodendrocyte precursor cells survival and differentiation, and further enhance white matter repair. However, the molecular mechanism is unclear. Here, we explored the effect and mechanism of M2 microglia-derived...