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Gulsan Ara Parvin

Gulsan Ara Parvin
Ritsumeikan University Osaka Japan · College of Policy Science

Doctor of Philosophy

About

66
Publications
76,570
Reads
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848
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
698 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
Kyoto University
Position
  • Researcher
Education
October 2000 - September 2003
The University of Tokyo
Field of study
  • Urban Engineering

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
The southwestern coastal part of Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to different kinds of disasters due to the changing climatic conditions. With the lenses of rural communities here an approach to examine how were the different disasters experiences, what lesson they learnt and what are their present disaster associated problems and stakeholder’s net...
Article
Full-text available
This study intends to explore the extent of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in flash-flood-prone haor (wetland ecosystem) areas of north-eastern Bangladesh. Addressing the situation of severe flash floods in 2017 at the community level, this study aims to examine the constraints and challenges in using ICT for flash flood...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental shocks like disasters are reported to induce migration in different parts of the world. Bangladesh has been witnessing migration across the years, but the underlying mechanism of disaster-induced migration needs to be explored and understood with changing climate conditions. The main objective of this study is to evaluate disaster-ind...
Article
Despite the different studies related to Cyclone Aila-induced loss and damage in Bangladesh, few have addressed the primary education sector. Furthermore, no study has examined the extent of the improvement in the disaster knowledge and understanding of primary school students and teachers after government and non-government organisations have init...
Article
Purpose This study aims to analyze how English-language versions of e-newspapers in the first two countries affected, China and Japan, which are non-English-speaking countries and have different socio-economic and political settings, have highlighted Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic news and informed the global community. Design/method...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to analyze how English-language versions of e-newspapers in the first two countries affected, China and Japan, which are non-English-speaking countries and have different socio-economic and political settings, have highlighted Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic news and informed the global community. Design/method...
Chapter
Location, topography, geological and climatic condition have shaped Japan as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Especially, sediment-related disasters such as landslide, debris flows and soil collapse are frequent and major natural disasters in Japan. These sediment-related disasters are most common in mountain areas. The mounta...
Chapter
Location, topography, geological and climatic condition have shaped Japan as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Especially, sediment-related disasters such as landslide, debris flows and soil collapse are frequent and major natural disasters in Japan. These sediment-related disasters are most common in mountain areas. The mounta...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bangladesh is ranked as the fifth most disaster-prone country in the world. It is also the eighth-most populous in the world, where the annual rate of urbanization is around 3%, which is one of the highest in South Asia. In this densely populated disaster-prone country, rapid and unplanned urbanization is causing severe changes to vegetation, water...
Article
Purpose This study aims to explore whether socio-economic factors determine the level of menstrual knowledge and perceptions of schoolgirls in Bangladesh. The aim of this study is to understand how knowledge and perceptions vary with variations in the different socio-economic factors in a schoolgirl’s life such as place of residence, religion, age,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to explore whether socio-economic factors determine the level of menstrual knowledge and perceptions of schoolgirls in Bangladesh. The aim of this study is to understand how knowledge and perceptions vary with variations in the different socio-economic factors in a schoolgirl’s life such as place of residence, religion, age,...
Article
Full-text available
Discontentment with a piped supply system of drinking water has become a significant concern in Bangladesh's urban areas in recent years, necessitating the improvement of different aspects of the system in question. Therefore, by conducting a discrete choice experiment on 115 households out of a systematically selected 161 households, this study ai...
Chapter
Flood disaster is a critical issue in Bangladesh, with the most severe cases of flooding occurring in July and August. Regular river floods affect 20% of the country, increasing up to 68% in extreme years. After such catastrophic floods, the policy, action, strategy, and plan for flood disaster risk reduction have been developed. The floods of 1987...
Article
Due to differences in the location, topography and socio-economic characteristics, flood risk and resilience are not the same for all communities. This study analysed flood resilience and its variations in different parts of the Temerloh Municipal Council area, Malaysia. Due to its location in the Pahang River basin, this town is highly vulnerable...
Article
Full-text available
During all critical incidents, the media frame our understanding and create powerful forces at both individual and societal levels. The mental health of readers and viewers can also be affected by the media after tragic events. Potentially, the media have a proactive role in shaping the actions of the mass population and thereby influencing policy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Irrespective of the nations and media, from 20 January 2020 to the date, the term 'coronavirus' is uttered and or written most frequently. Recent emergence of this coronavirus related disease, which is called COVID-19, first reported from Wuhan city of the capital of Hubei Province of China (mainland) during December 2019, and this virus has caused...
Chapter
Land use planning is one of the basic principles of Build Back Better (BBB) and it shapes the risk reduction aspects. In the south-western region of Bangladesh, the conflict between shrimp and rice farming is the most critical obstacle to implement any land use plan. There are several studies which tried to compare shrimp and rice farming from the...
Article
Irrespective of the nations and media, from 20 January 2020 to the date, the term ‘coronavirus’ is uttered and or written most frequently. Recent emergence of this coronavirus related disease, which is called COVID-19, first reported from Wuhan city of the capital of Hubei Province of China (mainland) during December 2019, and this virus has caused...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Especially, climate related disasters like flood and cyclone are most common in Bangladesh. Among all disasters, considering the loss of lives cyclones impose the most severe impacts in Bangladesh. There are number of studies focusing loss and damages associa...
Chapter
Since a cyclone, Aila hit in 2009, intensive and sequential recovery efforts have been initiated and implemented by different international humanitarian agencies, bilateral and multilateral development partners along with government’s efforts. Koyra, a remote upazila of Khulna district was one of the severely affected areas. Despite beeing a weaker...
Article
Full-text available
After cyclone Aila, which caused devastation in Bangladesh in , humanitarian agencies extensively supported the housing recovery with in-situ housing provisions. This research aimed to characterize the housing recovery measures adopted by the NGOs and local people in Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh after cyclone Aila and also assessed the outcome of th...
Article
Full-text available
Synopsis This research presents the study on assessing cyclone Aila recovery in Koyra, Bangladesh. It aimed at measuring the progress of recovery from people's perception. A score-based quantification methodology was developed to this aim which included a series of focus group discussion and a scoring technique to construct synthetic recovery curve...
Article
Full-text available
This study is an attempt to examine the performance of income generating activities supported by Rural Employment Creation Project (RWECP) in empowering poor women. RWECP is one of the largest projects of Government addressed rural poor women for their income generation as well as poverty alleviation. Out of 12 thanas under this project this study...
Article
Flood is a critical issue in Bangladesh. Regular flooding affects 20% of the country, increasing in extreme years. Various measures, policy planning and actions have been taken in different time period. Legislation and policy planning are essential for flood management, which should be guided by distinct policy, strategies, legal frameworks, and ac...
Chapter
Sundarbans, the largest contiguous mangrove forest, is situated in the southwest part of Bangladesh having a wide range of biodiversity. Sundarbans constitutes 51 % of the total reserve forests and is the richest natural resources of Bangladesh. This is a landmark of ancient heritages of mythological and historical events that bestowed with magnifi...
Article
Full-text available
It is already documented that climate change will lead to an intensification of the global water cycle with a consequent increase in flood hazards. Bangladesh is also facing an increasing trend of flood disasters. Among the various risks and disasters in Bangladesh, flood is the most common and frequent. Floods make people vulnerable, as they take...
Chapter
There is no question that disasters have a disproportionate impact on the poor. They suffer most, and they are more affected. In particular, the urban poor living in slums—now estimated at approximately 1 billion people—are at particularly high risk from the impacts of climate and natural hazards. The urban poor are on the front lines in the contex...
Chapter
Achieving community resilience in an urban area is a growing challenge. While, community-based risk reduction has been popular and practiced frequently in rural areas, its interventions in urban areas have been rather limited. In spite of that, some megacities and urban areas have documented a number of innovative approaches of community resilience...
Chapter
Cities are dynamic yet complex creations of human beings. Throughout history, human settlements have developed around the world, following certain norms and principles that varied from era to era. In the modern history of the development of cities (including the invention of motorized transport), the role that legislation, rules, and regulations pl...
Chapter
Globally, with increasing urbanization and economic growth, cities are expanding at an alarming pace, and built-up areas have increased, particularly in large urban centers of developing countries. This expansion has modified the use of land and, in most cases, has reduced the amount of productive farmland around these cities, which have been a “fo...
Chapter
Full-text available
The coastal area in Bangladesh constitutes about 32 % of the country. This one-third of the country’s land is recognized as a zone subject to intensive human use. Land use in the coastal Bangladesh is diverse, competitive, and conflicting. Over the last half-century, coastal land uses of Bangladesh have gone through major changes. Since the 1950s n...
Chapter
Globally, with increasing urbanization and economic growth, cities are expanding at an alarming pace, and built-up areas have increased, particularly in large urban centers of developing countries. This expansion has modified the use of land and, in most cases, has reduced the amount of productive farmland around these cities, which have been a “fo...
Chapter
Cities are dynamic yet complex creations of human beings. Throughout history, human settlements have developed around the world, following certain norms and principles that varied from era to era. In the modern history of the development of cities (including the invention of motorized transport), the role that legislation, rules, and regulations pl...
Chapter
Due to its uncontrolled and rapid pace, urbanization is considered as one of the principal risk factors. Since cities are hubs of diversified socioeconomic activities and densely populated with diversified people, these are highly vulnerable to disasters. In this context of rapid urbanization pace and disaster risks, the role of city governments in...
Chapter
Coastal cities are home to a significant proportion of the population of society. From time immemorial, people have been living on the coast to meet their various needs. However, over the last few decades, more people and infrastructure has moved to the coast than ever before. For example, in China, the number of people moving to coastal areas was...
Chapter
Climate change is increasingly been recognized as one of the most serious threats to human society and to the socioecological systems that are so valued by humans. Curbing the emission of greenhouse gases is certainly an urgent need if we are going to address the root cause of climate change. However, the existing concentration of greenhouse gases...
Chapter
Globally, the intensity and frequency of disasters are escalating and urban areas, where half of the world population lives, have been exposed to numerous disasters. Extreme events have hit urban areas in both developing and developed locations, but cities in the developing world have high vulnerability and low resilience. In the past, numerous cit...
Chapter
Coastal cities are home to a significant proportion of the population of society. From time immemorial, people have been living on the coast to meet their various needs. However, over the last few decades, more people and infrastructure has moved to the coast than ever before. For example, in China, the number of people moving to coastal areas was...
Book
Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia presents the latest information on the intensity and frequency of disasters. Specifically, the fact that, in urban areas, more than 50% of the world's population is living on just 2% of the land surface, with most of these cities located in Asia and developing countries that have high vulnerability and intensi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change is increasingly been recognized as one of the most serious threats to human society and to the socioecological systems that are so valued by humans. Curbing the emission of greenhouse gases is certainly an urgent need if we are going to address the root cause of climate change. However, the existing concentration of greenhouse gases...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coastal zone of Bangladesh is recognized as areas of enormous potentials and intensive human uses. However, due to various socio-economic geological and climatic factors this coastal community has been identified as the most vulnerable community in Bangladesh. Especially, western coastal zone is highly vulnerable to both natural and man-made hazard...
Chapter
Achieving community resilience in an urban area is a growing challenge. While, community-based risk reduction has been popular and practiced frequently in rural areas, its interventions in urban areas have been rather limited. In spite of that, some megacities and urban areas have documented a number of innovative approaches of community resilience...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change will affect all aspects of hydrological cycle. Frequent and severe flood, cyclone and drought are already apparent in all over the world. Climate change impact on natural disasters and agricultural system are the most critical, since these two aspects are intimately associated with life, livelihood and food security of both rural and...
Chapter
Full-text available
There are a number of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs), which operate development programs in almost every part of Bangladesh including coastal areas. The essential role of microfinance in poverty alleviation has been examined by several researchers. This chapter will cover the role of NGOs in micro-finance, with specific focus on disaster risk red...
Chapter
Full-text available
There are a number of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs), which operate development programs in almost every part of Bangladesh including coastal areas. The essential role of microfinance in poverty alleviation has been examined by several researchers. This chapter will cover the role of NGOs in micro-finance, with specific focus on disaster risk red...
Article
Full-text available
Social, economic, and political context for women in Bangladesh makes them more vulnerable to climate change and food security. Climate change has serious impact on food insecurity. However, FAO emphasized that food security depends more on socio-economic condition than agro-climatic ones. To improve the socio-economic condition of the poor women t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose It is well recognized that the poor who are already vulnerable and food insecure are likely to be more vulnerable to climate change. Especially the poor and marginal in developing nations are highly exposed and vulnerable as they have limited resources to adapt with climate uneven. For example most of the coastal communities in Bangladesh a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Asia-Pacific region is one of the most “at risk” parts of the world and eventually its cities are the hub of the risks. The underlying reasons for this high risk are rooted in the rapid urbanization. A majority of Asia’s urban growth will be in seven developing countries, which includes Bangladesh as one of the countries having rapid urbanization p...
Article
Full-text available
Along with the threat of climate change and its related hazards, rapid urban growth is leading to unplanned urbanization, high population density and environmental degradation of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Already the severity of climate-related hazards, especially flooding, is increasing. It is predicted that among the coastal mega-cities Dhaka would be t...
Article
Full-text available
Building a resilient city requires detail and careful assessment of its current level of vulnerabilities and resilience. During such assessment and initiatives it should remember that there are large differences in risk and vulnerability within urban areas (Satterthwaite, Dodman, & Bicknell, 2009). It is natural to consider that the vulnerabilities...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper intends to examine the impacts of flood on water supply and sanitation condition along with flood induced health problems in a rural community of Bangladesh. It also aims to explore a rural community's adaptation approaches to flood. Design/methodology/approach This research relied on intensive field investigation where 120 hous...
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing the ever-increasing vulnerability of coastal urban cities in Asia due to climate change impacts and variability and also due to fast-growing urban development, this study focusing on climate disaster resilience is conducted in order to measure the existing level of climate disaster resilience of the targeted areas using a Climate Disast...
Article
Full-text available
Addressing one of the most vulnerable coastal communities in Bangladesh, this paper explores people’s perception and vulnerabilities to coastal hazards. At the same time, it investigates the methods that communities apply to cope with different coastal hazards. Findings revealed that people perceived an increase in both the intensity of hazards and...
Article
Full-text available
Like the developed countries city corporations and municipalities of Bangladesh too bear the responsibility of providing community facilities to the urban mass. Among various facilities, community center is one of the prime civic facilities aiming to facilitate community interactions, building community bondage and thus contributing community devel...
Article
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Public participation is not a new concept but using the technique in development and planning fields is tricky specially for representative democracy where everyone has the right to say and no one knows when, where and how. In the South Asian region the elected representatives are responsible for decision making at the same time represent a particu...