Guillermo Velasco

Guillermo Velasco
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

PhD

About

159
Publications
87,566
Reads
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18,597
Citations
Citations since 2017
37 Research Items
11124 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,000
Additional affiliations
February 2008 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 1997 - February 1998
University of Dundee
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy is considered primarily a cell survival process, although it can also lead to cell death. However, the factors that dictate the shift between these 2 opposite outcomes remain largely unknown. In this work, we used Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the main active component of marijuana, a compound that triggers autophagy-mediated cancer cel...
Article
Autophagy plays a key role in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. In healthy cells, such a homeostatic activity constitutes a robust barrier against malignant transformation. Accordingly, many oncoproteins inhibit, and several oncosuppressor proteins promote, autophagy. Moreover, autophagy is required for optimal anticancer immunosurveillance....
Article
Full-text available
While the global incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing, survival rates for patients with metastatic disease remain less than 10%. Novel treatment strategies are therefore urgently required, particularly for patients bearing BRAF/NRAS wildtype tumours. Targeting autophagy is a novel means to promote cancer cell death in chemotherapy-resistan...
Article
Full-text available
Inhibition of a main regulator of cell metabolism, the protein kinase mTOR, induces autophagy and inhibits cell proliferation. However, the molecular pathways involved in the cross-talk between these two mTOR-dependent cell processes are largely unknown. Here we show that the scaffold protein AMBRA1, a member of the autophagy signalling network and...
Article
Full-text available
Tribbles pseudokinase-3 (TRIB3) has been proposed to act as an inhibitor of AKT although the precise molecular basis of this activity and whether the loss of TRIB3 contributes to cancer initiation and progression remain to be clarified. In this study, by using a wide array of in vitro and in vivo approaches, including a Trib3 knockout mouse, we dem...
Article
Full-text available
Aberrant expression or activity of proteins are amongst the best understood mechanisms that can drive cancer initiation and progression, as well as therapy resistance. TRIB3, a member of the Tribbles family of pseudokinases, is often dysregulated in cancer and has been associated with breast cancer initiation and metastasis formation. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: MET-signaling and midkine (ALK ligand) promote glioma cell maintenance and resistance against anticancer therapies. ALK and c-MET inhibition with crizotinib have a preclinical therapeutic rationale to be tested in newly diagnosed GBM. Methods: Eligible patients received crizotinib with standard radiotherapy (RT)/temozolomide (TMZ) fo...
Article
Methods: Bioinformatic analysis was used to investigate the link between TRIB1 expression in breast cancer and therapeutic response to chemotherapy. In vivo models of breast cancer included immune-competent mice to characterize the consequences of altered (reduced or elevated) myeloid Trib1 expression on tumor growth and composition of stromal immu...
Article
Full-text available
Targeting K-RAS-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with novel inhibitors has shown promising results with the recent approval of sotorasib in this indication. However, progression to this agent is expected, as it has previously been observed with other inhibitors. Recently, new immune therapeutics, including vectorized compounds with antibod...
Article
The first evidence that cannabinoids may have in vitro and in vivo antineoplastic activity against tumor cell lines and animal tumor models was published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute nearly 50 years ago. Cannabinoids appear to induce apoptosis in rodent brain tumors by way of direct interaction with the cannabinoid receptor. They...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3) has been proposed to both promote and restrict cancer generation and progression. However, the precise mechanisms that determine this dual role of TRIB3 in cancer remain to be understood. In this study we aimed to investigate the role of TRIB3 in luminal breast cancer, the most frequent subtype of this m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular mechanisms that regulate tumour-associated macrophage (TAM) phenotype and function are incompletely understood. Here, we show that the pseudokinase TRIB1 is highly expressed by TAMs in breast cancer and that its expression correlates with response to chemotherapy and patient survival. We used immune-competent murine models of breast cance...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian development, adult tissue homeostasis and the avoidance of severe diseases including cancer require a properly orchestrated cell cycle, as well as error-free genome maintenance. The key cell-fate decision to replicate the genome is controlled by two major signalling pathways that act in parallel—the MYC pathway and the cyclin D–cyclin-dep...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Preprint
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Preprint
Full-text available
the PDF can be download freely on pubmed. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33634751/
Cover Page
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer is the most frequent malignancy in European men and the second worldwide. One of the major oncogenic events in this disease includes amplification of the transcription factor cMYC. Amplification of this oncogene in chromosome 8q24 occurs concomitantly with the copy number increase in a subset of neighboring genes and regulatory elem...
Conference Paper
ABTL0812 is a first-in-class small molecule with anticancer activity currently in Phase 2a clinical evaluation in patients with advanced endometrial and squamous NSCLC. We have previously described that ABTL0812 induces TRIB3 pseudokinase expression, resulting in inhibition of the Akt-mTORC1 axis and autophagy-mediated cancer cell death. However, c...
Article
Full-text available
Epidermal Growth Factor receptor (EGFR) is a tyrosine kinase receptor widely expressed on the surface of numerous cell types, which activates several downstream signalling pathways involved in cell proliferation, migration and survival. EGFR alterations, such as overexpression or mutations, have been frequently observed in several cancers, includin...
Article
ABTL0812 is a first-in-class small molecule with anti-cancer activity, which is currently in clinical evaluation in a phase 2 trial in patients with advanced endometrial and squamous non-small cell lung carcinoma (NCT03366480). Previously, we showed that ABTL0812 induces TRIB3 pseudokinase expression, resulting in the inhibition of the AKT-MTORC1 a...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer. It has been proposed that the presence within these tumors of a population of cells with stem-like features termed Glioma Initiating Cells (GICs) is responsible for the relapses that take place in the patients with this disease. Targeting this cell population is therefore an issue of...
Article
Full-text available
Gene dosage is a key defining factor to understand cancer pathogenesis and progression, which requires the development of experimental models that aid better deconstruction of the disease. Here, we model an aggressive form of prostate cancer and show the unconventional association of LKB1 dosage to prostate tumorigenesis. Whereas loss of Lkb1 alone...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy is a highly conserved degradation mechanism that is essential for maintaining cellular homeostasis. In human disease, autophagy pathways are frequently deregulated and there is immense interest in targeting autophagy for therapeutic approaches. Accordingly, there is a need to determine autophagic activity in human tissues, an endeavor tha...
Article
Full-text available
Post-translational modifications directly control protein activity and thus, they represent an important means to regulate the responses of cells to different stimuli. Protein SUMOylation has recently been recognised as one such modification and it has been associated with various diseases, including different types of cancer. However, the precise...
Article
Background MET signaling has a role in gliomagenesis and glioma stem cell maintenance and midkine (ALK ligand) promotes resistance of glioma cells to anticancer therapies. Crizotinib is an ALK and c-MET inhibitor with a preclinical rationale to be tested in newly diagnosed GB. Methods Elegible patients received crizotinib in addition to standard R...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The Tribbles (TRIB) family of pseudokinase proteins has been shown to play key roles in cell cycle, metabolic diseases, chronic inflammatory disease, and cancer development. A better understanding of the mechanisms of TRIB pseudokinases could provide new insights for disease development and help promote TRIB proteins as novel therapeutic t...
Chapter
Phosphorylation of FOXO transcription factors is one of the key mechanisms involved in the regulation of the activity, nucleo-cytosolic shuttling, and stability of this family of proteins. Here, we describe several experimental approaches allowing analysis of changes in the phosphorylation of these proteins upon exposure to different stimuli.
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive type of brain tumor due, at least in part, to its poor response to current anticancer treatments. These features could be explained, at least partially, by the presence within the tumor mass of a small population of cells termed Glioma Initiating Cells (GICs) that has been proposed t...
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive form of brain cancer. These features are explained at least in part by the high resistance exhibited by these tumors to current anticancer therapies. Thus, the development of novel therapeutic approaches is urgently needed to improve the survival of the patients suffering this devast...
Article
Autophagy is the main cellular degradation pathway for the clearance of damaged or superfluous proteins and organelles and represents the principle catabolic process regulating cellular homeostasis and organelle and protein turnover. Besides its role in cellular homeostasis, autophagy can be a form of programmed cell death or play a cytoprotective...
Article
Angiopoietins are a family of growth factors that are ligands for the tyrosine kinase receptor, Tie2. Angiopoietin 1 (Ang-1) is agonistic for Tie2, plays a key role in blood vessel maturation and stability and has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, Tie2 expression has been demonstrated on human neutrophils and the observat...
Article
Study question: Does signaling via the cannabinoid (CB1) receptor play a role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis in a mouse model? Summary answer: Mice treated with a CB1 agonist developed larger ectopic lesions, while less severe lesions developed in the absence of functional CB1 expression. What is known already: The expression of componen...
Article
The phospholipid cardiolipin (CL) has been proposed to play a role in selective mitochondrial autophagy, or mitophagy. CL externalization to the outer mitochondrial membrane would act as a signal for the human Atg8 ortholog subfamily, MAP1LC3 (LC3). The latter would mediate both mitochondrial recognition and autophagosome formation, ultimately lead...
Poster
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive class of malignant primary brain tumor, presenting a high resistance to radio- / chemo-therapy and recurrence. These features could be explained by the presence within the tumour mass of a subpopulation of cells (termed Glioma Stem-like Cells or Glioma Initiating Cells (GICs), due to...
Article
Full-text available
Tribbles gene was firstly identified in Drosophila where it was shown to be involved in cell cycle regulation.[1][1]–[3][2] The name Tribbles was proposed by Seher and Leptin because the proliferating mesodermal cells observed in the tribbles-deficient drosophila embryos reminded them of the
Article
Full-text available
Spatio-temporal regulation of intracellular signalling networks is key to normal cellular physiology; dysregulation of which leads to disease. The family of three mammalian tribbles proteins has emerged as an important controller of signalling via regulating the activity of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK), the PI3-kinase induced signalling...
Article
Cellular transformation and cancer progression is accompanied by changes in the metabolic landscape. Master co-regulators of metabolism orchestrate the modulation of multiple metabolic pathways through transcriptional programs, and hence constitute a probabilistically parsimonious mechanism for general metabolic rewiring. Here we show that the tran...
Article
A collaborative consortium, named "TRANSAUTOPHAGY," has been created among European research groups, comprising more than 150 scientists from 21 countries studying diverse branches of basic and translational autophagy. The consortium was approved in the framework of the Horizon 2020 Program in November 2015 as a COST Action of the European Union (C...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to the well-known palliative effects of cannabinoids on some cancer-associated symptoms, a large body of evidence shows that these molecules can decrease tumour growth in animal models of cancer. They do so by modulating key cell signalling pathways involved in the control of cancer cell proliferation and survival. In addition, cannabin...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: ABTL0812 is a novel first-in-class, small molecule which showed anti-proliferative effect on tumor cells on phenotypic assays. Here we describe the mechanism of action this antitumor drug, which is currently in clinical development. Experimental design: We investigated the effect of ABTL0812 on cancer cell death, proliferation and modul...
Article
Tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3) belongs to the tribbles family of pseudokinases. In this article, we summarize several observation obtained by our laboratories supporting that TRIB3 plays a crucial role in the anti-cancer activity of cannabinoids (a novel family of potential anti-cancer agents derived from marijuana) and that TRIB3 genetic inactiva...
Article
A large body of evidence shows that cannabinoids, in addition to their well-known palliative effects on some cancer-associated symptoms, can reduce tumour growth in animal models of cancer. They do so by modulating key cell signalling pathways involved in the control of cancer cell proliferation and survival. In addition, cannabinoids inhibit angio...
Article
Full-text available
Blocking mitotic progression has been proposed as an attractive therapeutic strategy to impair proliferation of tumour cells. However, how cells survive during prolonged mitotic arrest is not well understood. We show here that survival during mitotic arrest is affected by the special energetic requirements of mitotic cells. Prolonged mitotic arrest...
Article
Full-text available
Background: ABTL0812 is a first-in-class orally administered compound currently in Phase I/Ib First in Human Clinical Trial in patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT02201823). ABTL0812 has cytotoxic effect on a wide range of human tumor cell lines, including those which have become resistant to standard therapy. We hereby dissect the anti-tumor a...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-established that cannabinoids exert palliative effects on some cancer-associated symptoms. In addition evidences obtained during the last fifteen years support that these compounds can reduce tumour growth in animal models of cancer. Cannabinoids have been shown to activate an ER-stress related pathway that leads to the stimulation of au...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent article, we found that Tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3) plays a tumor suppressor role and that this effect relies on the dysregulation of the phosphorylation of v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) by the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2 complex), and the subsequent hyperphosphorylation and inactivation of the...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent article, we found that Tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3) plays a tumor suppressor role and that this effect relies on the dysregulation of the phosphorylation of v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) by the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2 complex), and the subsequent hyperphosphorylation and inactivation of the...