Guillermo Toro-Lira

Guillermo Toro-Lira
Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (Peru) · Departamento Académico de Electrónica

Bachelor of Science

About

24
Publications
3,731
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7
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
Private Research Initiative
Position
  • CEO
January 1994 - July 2007
Panelvision
Position
  • CEO
January 1990 - January 1994
Metrologix
Position
  • CEO

Publications

Publications (24)
Preprint
Full-text available
North American tradition tells that the Mission grape was brought to California from Mexico by Jesuit and Franciscan priests during the formation of a network of Catholic missions starting at the end of the 17th century. However, there are official Russian reports and others that question that hypothesis. These suggest that the first grapes of toda...
Book
Full-text available
Guillermo Toro-Lira Stahl nos presenta un revelador trabajo sobre los inicios de la vitivinicultura en Lima. El texto analiza el éxito que tuvieron los primeros propietarios de viñas en Lima y la feliz iniciativa de hacer vino sin esperar a las peruleras (o botijas de arcilla) cargadas de vino desde Sevilla. La producción de uvas y vinos fue exitos...
Article
Full-text available
Consumada la derrota del Imperio incaico, el conquistador se asentó y se concentró en asegurar su futuro y el de sus descendientes, invirtiendo su recién adquirida riqueza en negocios mineros y agrícolas. La industria del vino recibió una atención especial, logrando un rápido desarrollo por su asociación con las actividades mineras. Este apogeo fue...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of a documented legal event, this article contributes in illustrating the historical Peruvian exporting tradition of pisco to California, principally during the second half of the 19th century; having as protagonists the grape brandy of Peru (pisco) on one side and the United States of America in the other. It also provides informati...
Article
Full-text available
Pisco is a spirit made of grapes. It was first distilled over 400 years ago in the Spanish territory of the Viceroyalty of Peru in South America, near the port of Pisco, hence its name. The tropical region, combined with a cold Pacific Ocean current, and coastal desert environments, provided the climate and terroir conditions that resulted in a uni...
Article
Full-text available
1. Introducción Recientemente, se ha inferido un supuesto origen chileno del primer aguardiente de vino (de uva) denominado con la palabra pisco. La supuesta evidencia data de 1733 y está contenida en un inventario de una hacienda cercana a la ciudad de La Serena, en Chile, donde se describe entre los bienes una cantidad de «botijas de Pisco» 1. De...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Existen dos cronistas que escribieron sobre la introducción de la vid en Perú. El primero fue Garcilaso de la Vega (1609) que da la paternidad a Francisco de Carabantes. Esta versión fue la única por casi trescientos años. Durante este tiempo, decenas de historiadores la presentaron como un hecho histórico, añadiendo inclusive calificativos como qu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The conquest of the Inca empire was a private enterprise, of partners that provided capital and know-how, with several years of experience working together. After the capture of the Inca and the distribution of its bounty, the next step was to consolidate the recently acquired fortune, to obtain social perks for them and their descendants—fruit of...
Book
Full-text available
Excerpt of Prologue by Camper English: “...Luckily for bartenders and historians who were focusing on cocktails that never went out of style, Guillermo Toro-Lira was hard at work researching pisco in the United States. In his first book on the subject, Wings of Cherubs (the title based on a Kipling quote), he told the story of his search for the or...
Article
Full-text available
Historia del Pisco Sour
Book
Full-text available
Ceviche. Guinea pig. Corn-and-potato cream soup. Impossibly large fava beans. Lamb sautéed with wildberries in its own juice. Cuisine from Peru is a singular blend of European, Andean and Asian influences that mirrors a culture unlike any other in the Americas. And what better way to wet your whistle than with the ne plus ultra of Peruvian drinks,...
Patent
Full-text available
Methods of and apparatus for detecting pixel element defects in flat panel display (FPDs). Floating pixel elements (FPes) of uncompleted active plates in a manufacturing process are activated with high frequency AC test signals having frequencies higher than frequencies encountered by pixels of completely manufactured FPDs during normal display ope...
Patent
Full-text available
An apparatus for testing plural pixels arranged in a matrix array on a TFT substrate comprises an electron gun for incidenting the electron beam to the TFT substrate, a secondary electron detector for detecting the amount of secondary electrons generated by incidenting the electron beam to the TFT substrate, and a stage for carrying the TFT substra...
Patent
Full-text available
A CRT gun is used to inspect substrates in a voltage contrast system. The CRT gun directs a beam of electrons at the substrate, which is at least partially disposed in a vacuum chamber. The vacuum chamber is evacuated and provided with an electron detector to sense secondary electron emission due to impingement of the electron stream on the substra...
Patent
Full-text available
Testing of flat panel displays (FPDS) during manufacture is effected using an E-beam testing system operating in conjunction with unique signal processing and analysis. The E-beam testing system stimulates secondary electron emission by the thin film transistors (TFTs) of the FPD which is proportionate to the voltage of the TFTs. The TFTs, which ar...
Patent
Full-text available
Improved techniques for imaging high-aspect-ratio structures such as contact holes utilize two signal detection subsystems , one optimized for imaging at the top and another optimized for imaging at the base of submicrometer structures. These detection systems produce signals that can be combined in real-time to produce an image which resembles the...
Patent
Full-text available
The precision of measurements of feature dimensions of objects using a particle beam device is improved by setting upper and lower signal reference levels and a signal offset level, performing a preliminary scan of the object using the particle beam device to produce a time-quantized and level-quantized signal indicative of a surface profile of the...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we present the results of a radically different approach to imaging of high-aspect ratio structures such as contact holes. Our approach utilizes two backscattered electron detection subsystems, one optimized for imaging at the top, like most SEM detectors, and another optimized for imaging at the base of submicrometer structures. These...
Patent
Full-text available
The present invention describes a loading system for high speed loading of wafers, such as semiconductor wafers, into vacuum chambers for various applications such as inspection or processing using, for example, a SEM. This system provides low contamination from atmospheric conditions both on loading and unloading the wafers.
Article
Full-text available
Two techniques suited for high speed SEM wafer inspection are presented. The dependancies of beam focus variations on Linewidth Measurements (LWM) precision are reviewed. It is reasoned that high LWM precisions and high-speed operator-independent wafer inspection are mutually exclusive requirements. A more aggressive inference is made : existing SE...
Patent
Full-text available
A computerized stage assembly for a Scanning Electron Microscope including a support frame, a tilt frame pivotally coupled to the support frame, an X carriage engaged with the tilt frame for movement in an X direction, a Y carriage engaged with the X carriage for movement in a Y direction, and a pedestal carried by the Y carriage and capable of rot...
Patent
Full-text available
A system for transfering discs, such as integrated circuit wafers during manufacture, from a location at atmospheric pressure into a vacuum chamber of an electron microscope or the like with a minimum of vacuum loss to the chamber. A wafer is placed on a moveable holder in a small sealable chamber having a sealable top door and which is mounted to...
Patent
Full-text available
In scanning electron microscopes the field established between the focusing lens housing at ground potential and the secondary emission electron detector at a positive potential attracts and carries the secondary electrons to the detector. This field is often displaced from the secondary emission source so that much of the emission is attracted to...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate control of critical dimensions on both photomasks and wafers is essential for the volume production of VLSI devices, and for even smaller geometries yet to come. Control implies measurement, which has surpassed the capabilities of human operators, and must be performed by automated instruments employing sophisticated digital techniques.

Projects

Project (1)
Project
To dig the truth from the myths