Guillaume Huguet

Guillaume Huguet
CHU Sainte-Justine

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121
Publications
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Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a heritable (h² = 24–71%) psychiatric illness. Copy number variation (CNV) is a form of rare genetic variation that has been implicated in the etiology of psychiatric disorders, but no large-scale investigation of CNV in PTSD has been performed. We present an association study of CNV burden and PTSD symptoms...
Article
Pleiotropy occurs when a genetic variant influences more than one trait. This is a key property of the genomic architecture of psychiatric disorders and has been observed for rare and common genomic variants. It is reasonable to hypothesize that the microscale genetic overlap (pleiotropy) across psychiatric conditions and cognitive traits may lead...
Article
Background Polygenicity and genetic heterogeneity pose great challenges for studying psychiatric conditions. Genetically-informed approaches have been implemented in neuroimaging studies to address this issue. However, the effects on functional connectivity of rare and common genetic risks for psychiatric disorders are largely unknown. Our objectiv...
Article
Objective: Copy number variants (CNVs) are strongly associated with neurodevelopmental and psychotic disorders. Early-onset psychosis (EOP), where symptoms appear before 18 years of age, is thought to be more strongly influenced by genetic factors than adult-onset psychotic disorders. However, the prevalence and effect of CNVs in EOP is unclear....
Preprint
Early regression (ER) is often reported in autistic children with a prototypical phenotype, and has been proposed as possible pathognomonic sign, present in mot autistic children. Despite the uncertainties attached to its definition and report, using ER to anchor the autism phenotype could help identify the signs contributing the best to the autism...
Article
Importance: Psychiatric and cognitive phenotypes have been associated with a range of specific, rare copy number variants (CNVs). Moreover, IQ is strongly associated with CNV risk scores that model the predicted risk of CNVs across the genome. But the utility of CNV risk scores for psychiatric phenotypes has been sparsely examined. Objective: To d...
Preprint
Copy number variations (CNVs) are rare genomic deletions and duplications that can exert profound effects on brain and behavior. Previous reports of pleiotropy in CNVs imply that they converge on shared mechanisms at some level of pathway cascades, from genes to large-scale neural circuits to the phenome. However, studies to date have primarily exa...
Article
Rare genomic disorders (RGDs) confer elevated risk for neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders. In this era of intense genomics discoveries, the landscape of RGDs is rapidly evolving. However, there has not been comparable progress to date in scalable, harmonized phenotyping methods. As a result, beyond associations with categorical diagnoses, the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sleep disturbance is prevalent in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Researchers have posited that circadian dysfunction may contribute to sleep problems or exacerbate ASD symptomatology. However, there is limited genetic evidence of this. It is also unclear how insomnia risk genes identified through GWAS in a general population are related...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a learning disorder affecting the ability to read, with a heritability of 40-60%. A notable part of this heritability remains unexplained, and large genetic studies are warranted to identify new susceptibility genes and clarify the genetic bases of dyslexia. We carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 227...
Article
Full-text available
Many copy number variants (CNVs) confer risk for the same range of neurodevelopmental symptoms and psychiatric conditions including autism and schizophrenia. Yet, to date neuroimaging studies have typically been carried out one mutation at a time, showing that CNVs have large effects on brain anatomy. Here, we aimed to characterize and quantify the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Contactin-5 (CNTN5) is a candidate risk gene for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet previous attempts to associate copy-number variants (CNVs) encompassing CNTN5 with ASD-susceptibility were limited by insufficient statistical power. Here, we aim to clarify the putative association between CNTN5 CNVs and ASD-risk using large samples. Me...
Article
Full-text available
Genomic copy number variants (CNVs) are routinely identified and reported back to patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, but their quantitative effects on essential traits such as cognitive ability are poorly documented. We have recently shown that the effect size of deletions on cognitive ability can be statistically predicted using measures of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polygenicity and pleiotropy are key properties of the genomic architecture of psychiatric disorders. An optimistic interpretation of polygenicity is that genomic variants converge on a limited set of mechanisms at some level from genes to behavior. Alternatively, convergence may be minimal or absent. We took advantage of brain connectivity, measure...
Article
Full-text available
Background Language delay is one of the major referral criteria for an autism evaluation. Once an autism spectrum diagnosis is established, the language prognosis is among the main parental concerns. Early language regression (ELR) is observed by 10–50% of parents but its relevance to late language level and socio-communicative ability is uncertain...
Article
Full-text available
Rare Copy Number Variants (CNVs) have the highest relative risks among identified genetic variants contributing to mental illness. However, our understanding of the impact of CNVs on psychiatric symptomatology and neurocognitive ability is limited in at least three ways. First, the effects sizes of the vast majority of CNVs on neuropsychiatric phen...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic markers of the endocannabinoid system have been linked to a variety of addiction-related behaviors that extend beyond cannabis use. In the current study we investigate the relationship between endocannabinoid (eCB) genetic markers and alcohol use disorder (AUD) in European adolescents (14–18 years old) followed in the IMAGEN study ( n = 2,0...
Preprint
Full-text available
While over 100 genes are now significantly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), the penetrance of the variants affecting these genes remains poorly understood. Here, we quantified the prevalence of rare loss-of-function (LoF) mutations affecting 156 genes robustly associated with ASD (SPARK genes) using genetic data from more than 10,00...
Article
Full-text available
13,15 ✉ 16p11.2 and 22q11.2 Copy Number Variants (CNVs) confer high risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SZ), and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD), but their impact on functional connectivity (FC) remains unclear. Here we report an analysis of resting-state FC using magnetic resonance imaging data from 101 CNV carr...
Article
Full-text available
13,15 ✉ 16p11.2 and 22q11.2 Copy Number Variants (CNVs) confer high risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SZ), and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD), but their impact on functional connectivity (FC) remains unclear. Here we report an analysis of resting-state FC using magnetic resonance imaging data from 101 CNV carr...
Article
Objective: Deleterious copy number variants (CNVs) are identified in up to 20% of individuals with autism. However, levels of autism risk conferred by most rare CNVs remain unknown. The authors recently developed statistical models to estimate the effect size on IQ of all CNVs, including undocumented ones. In this study, the authors extended this...
Article
It is challenging to estimate the phenotypic impact of the structural genome changes known as copy‐number variations (CNVs), since there are many unique CNVs which are nonrecurrent, and most are too rare to be studied individually. In recent work, we found that CNV‐aggregated genomic annotations, that is, specifically the intolerance to mutation as...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Copy Number Variants (CNVs) associated with autism and schizophrenia have large effects on brain anatomy. Yet, neuroimaging studies have been conducted one mutation at a time. We hypothesize that neuropsychiatric CNVs may exert general effects on brain morphometry because they confer risk for overlapping psychiatric conditions. Methods:...
Preprint
Genomic Copy Number Variants (CNVs) are routinely identified and reported back to patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, but their quantitative effects on essential traits such as cognitive ability are poorly documented. We have recently shown that the effect-size of deletions on cognitive ability can be statistically predicted using measures of...
Article
To investigate the biological mechanisms underlying the higher risk for psychosis in those that use cannabis, we conducted a genome-wide environment-interaction study (GWEIS). In a sample of individuals without a psychiatric disorder (N=1262), we analyzed the interactions between regular cannabis use and genotype with psychotic-like experiences (PL...
Preprint
Full-text available
Copy number variants (CNVs) are among the most highly penetrant genetic risk factors for neuropsychiatric disorders. Their impact on brain connectivity remains mostly unstudied. Because they confer risk for overlapping conditions, we hypothesized that they may converge on shared connectivity patterns. We performed connectome-wide analyses using res...
Preprint
Objective Deleterious copy number variants (CNVs) are identified in up to 20% of individuals with autism. However, only 13 genomic loci have been formally associated with autism because the majority of CNVs are too rare to perform individual association studies. To investigate the implication of undocumented CNVs in neurodevelopmental disorders, we...
Preprint
Full-text available
16p11.2 and 22q11.2 Copy Number Variants (CNVs) confer high risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), schizophrenia (SZ), and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD), but their impact on functional connectivity (FC) remains unclear. We analyzed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 101 CNV carriers, 755 individuals wi...
Article
Full-text available
A study of the genetic architecture of autism among people living on the remote Faroe Islands highlights the role of both common and rare gene variants to autism. Claire Leblond from the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France, and colleagues profiled the genetics of 357 Faroese individuals, including 36 with autism, 136 of their relatives and 185 non-au...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is one of the most prevalent learning disorders, with high impact on school and psychosocial development and high comorbidity with conditions like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and anxiety. DD is characterized by deficits in different cognitive skills, including word reading, spelling, rapi...
Conference Paper
Background Detection of Copy Number Variants (CNVs) are routinely performed in patients with Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDs) and “Clinically significant” CNVs, defined as rare and large CNVs contributing to disease, are identified in 10 to 15% of patients. Effects of these clinically significant CNVs on cognitive traits have been studied for onl...
Preprint
Full-text available
The number of genes associated with autism is increasing, but few studies have been performed on epidemiological cohorts and in isolated populations. Here, we investigated 357 individuals from the Faroe Islands including 36 individuals with autism, 136 of their relatives and 185 non-autism controls. Data from SNP array and whole exome sequencing re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is one of the most prevalent learning disorders among children and is characterized by deficits in different cognitive skills, including reading, spelling, short term memory and others. To help unravel the genetic basis of these skills, we conducted a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS), including nine cohorts of readin...
Article
Importance; Copy number variants (CNVs) classified as pathogenic are identified in 10% to 15% of patients referred for neurodevelopmental disorders. However, their effect sizes on cognitive traits measured as a continuum remain mostly unknown because most of them are too rare to be studied individually using association studies. Objective To measu...
Article
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders with a complex genetic architecture. They are characterized by impaired social communication, stereotyped behaviors and restricted interests and are frequently associated with comorbidities such as intellectual disability, epilepsy and severe sleep disorders. Hyperseroto...
Poster
Full-text available
The detection of Copy Number Variants (CNV) from large datasets remains challenging due to variable sensitivity and specificity offered by different software and approaches. While comparative studies have been published, those comparing CNV calls from whole-genome genotyping data (SNP chip) and whole-exome sequencing data (WES) are scarce. We prese...