Guilherme Lage

Guilherme Lage
Federal University of Minas Gerais | UFMG · Departamento de Educação Física

PhD in Neuroscience
Motor learning and control enthusiast.

About

254
Publications
113,976
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Introduction
My main interest is the study of the human motor behavior. More specifically: (1) the factors that affect motor learning (contextual interference, extrinsic feedback, demonstration and transfer of learning); (2) asymmetries in manual motor control; (3) the role of sensorial information in the musical performance control; (4) neuropsychological (e.g. impulsivity) and genetic (5HTTLPR and COMT polymorphisms) aspects involved in the motor behavior. Website for more information (www.nneurom.com)
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
August 2005 - December 2012

Publications

Publications (254)
Book
Full-text available
E-book fruto da cooperação entre a AMPLA Editora e o grupo de pesquisa Núcleo de Neurociências do Movimento (NNeuroM/GEDAM) da UFMG.
Chapter
Full-text available
Cap. 8. Transtorno do Desenvolvimento da Coordenação: uma entrevista com a Profa. Dra. Priscila Caçola. E-book fruto da cooperação entre a AMPLA Editora e o grupo de pesquisa Núcleo de Neurociências do Movimento (NNeuroM/GEDAM) da UFMG.
Chapter
Full-text available
Cap. 7_ Intervenção motora para crianças com Transtorno de Atenção e Hiperatividade (IMPACTAH): um relato de caso E-book fruto da cooperação entre a AMPLA Editora e o grupo de pesquisa Núcleo de Neurociências do Movimento (NNeuroM/GEDAM) da UFMG.
Article
Although the importance of practice has been evidenced in early studies of cross-limb transfer, the association between cross-limb transfer and practice organization remains unknown. The two primary means of organizing practice are constant practice (CP) and variable practice (VP). When the same generalized motor program governs the motor responses...
Article
Full-text available
Professor Schöllhorn brings an interesting and insightful viewpoint to our narrative review, in which we aimed to discuss recent findings of a specific area of study: the practice organization. We have reflected on Schöllhorn comments and decided to reply on three specific points: (1) the role of narrative literature reviews, (2) the different inte...
Article
Full-text available
This case report shows how scientific knowledge produced in Motor Learning and Neuroscience areas were applied in the training of an under-13 basketball team. The performance of five athletes was analyzed in two competitions in which the team won, the Sulamerican and Brazilian championships of the 2017 season. In the present study, less repetitive...
Article
OPEN ACCESS: https://doi.org/10.1123/jmld.2021-0020 For over 40 years, the contextual interference effect in motor learning has been investigated. While the difference between levels of contextual interference experienced under blocked and random practice are well established, the difference in the levels of contextual interference experienced unde...
Article
Full-text available
Differences between hands in motor performance are associated with differences in the interaction of inhibitory connections of homologous parts of the cerebral hemispheres. Modulation of these inhibitory connections in the right and left primary motor cortex (M1) may alter manual performance asymmetries. To investigate this assumption, eleven right...
Article
Full-text available
A formal swimming learning occurs through a direct interaction between teacher and learner. The aim of this study is to present models for classification of learning in stages and discuss their implications for the teaching-learning process of swimming. This narrative review was carried out through bibliographic research. We used qualitative and ex...
Article
Full-text available
As assimetrias laterais no comportamento motor humano estão presentes em 2 dimensões: a preferência, que diz respeito à frequência de utilização, e o desempenho que se refere a qualidade de execução dos segmentos corporais. A interação entre fatores biológicos, como sexo e idade, e fatores ambientais influenciam as assimetrias de desempenho. Assim,...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to investigate the combined practice schedule on learning both the movement pattern and precision of a complex sports motor skill. Based on pretest performance, sixteen participants (14.19 ± 1.80 years-old) were counterbalanced into two groups, random practice and combined practice. During the acquisition phase, the participants pe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The benefits of variable practice in motor learning have been traditionally explained by the increased demand for memory processes induced by trial-to-trial changes. Recently, a new perspective associating increased demand for perception with variable practice has emerged. Aim: This revision aims to present and discuss the findings in t...
Article
Available literature indicates that 30% to 66% of stroke survivors present persistent upper limb impairment. Considering the importance of upper limb function for activities of daily living, it is necessary to investigate neurorehabilitation therapies that could improve the upper limb function. Among stroke complementary therapies, mirror therapy h...
Preprint
Full-text available
The new findings about perceptual aspects involved in interleaved and repetitive practices.
Preprint
Dyslexic children have impairments in working memory and manual dexterity. Studies have shown that when cognitive development has deficits, motor development is often impaired, indicating a strong interconnection between both domains, and the possibility of interference with each other's proper functioning. Thus, a new literature review is necessar...
Preprint
Full-text available
Studies in motor learning have indicated that relative and absolute timing dimensions are modulated by factors that modify response stability among trials. One of these factors is the combination of constant and variable practices. Although studies are investigating the combination of practice schedules, these studies used measurements that did not...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the main difficulties in the study of rodents comprises the training of the animals. In general, the process of training is carried out under periodic and strict supervision by researchers, which can expose animals to stressful situations and increase the time and cost in the development of the research. Within this research, we propose a sy...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by extended periods of cognitive effort, and evidence suggests that mentally fatigued athletes present impaired physical performance. Different ergogenic aids have been proposed to counteract the deleterious effects of mental fatigue, but whether brain stimulation can counteract mental f...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUÇÃO: A destreza manual pode ser definida como a habilidade e a facilidade na utilização das mãos, como escrever, dedilhar um instrumento musical, lançar e apanhar. A lateralidade pode ser conceituada como a preferência de utilização por um dos membros em detrimento ao outro e se confirma, por exemplo, em indivíduos destros e canhotos, influe...
Article
Full-text available
50 days' free access to ours article. Anyone clicking on this link before June 12, 2021 will be taken directly to the final version of this article on ScienceDirect, which they are welcome to read or download. No sign up, registration or fees are required. https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1cyTMcBxf2h7h #-----------------------------------------------...
Article
Full-text available
O Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) é um transtorno do neurodesenvolvimento caracterizado por prejuízos relacionados à comunicação, interação social e desenvolvimento. Crianças com TEA também demonstram atrasos motores ainda em idade precoce, com esses persistindo ao longo da vida. Quando tratamos sobre o processo de inclusão escolar de crianças...
Preprint
Full-text available
For over 40 years, the contextual interference effect (CIE) in motor learning has been investigated. While the levels of contextual interference generated in blocked and random practices are well-defined, ambiguity between the possible intermediate or high levels in serial practice continues. Therefore, a meta-analytic review was conducted to clar...
Article
Full-text available
Extraverts are active and talkative, while introverts are quiet and calm. This difference has been attributed to the cortical activation level (arousal), which is low in extraverts and high in introverts. Thus, to reach an optimal level of arousal, extraverts seek stimulation and introverts avoid it. As caffeine increases arousal levels, our primar...
Article
Full-text available
Parallel to processes of memory consolidation, forgetting is a functional mechanism that allows the maintenance of relevant information or learning in memory. Practice condition can affect the forgetting rate, favoring or not memory consolidation. Physical practice has been shown to be effective in decreasing forgetting, but the role of mental prac...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the influence of chronotype on motor behavior in a manual dexterity task performed on different times of the day. Sixteen healthy adults of each chronotype (morning, evening, neither), as measured by the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, practiced both conditions of the Grooved Pegboard Test either in the morning or in...
Preprint
Full-text available
RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A destreza manual pode ser definida como a habilidade e a facilidade na utilização das mãos, como por exemplo, escrever, dedilhar um instrumento musical, lançar e apanhar. A lateralidade pode ser conceituada como a preferência de utilização por um dos membros em detrimento ao outro e se confirma, por exemplo, em indivíduos destro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fundamental motor skills are developed in infancy and they are considered important to the future engagement in sports and daily physical activity in general. Generally, children with developmental disorders present low motor performance level. The present study has as aim to evaluate fundamental motor skills of children with attention-deficit/hype...
Preprint
Full-text available
Este estudo objetivou analisar o conhecimento de profissionais de academias de musculação sobre a inclusão de Pessoas com Deficiências (PcD's) e conhecer as condições de acessibilidade arquitetônica desses espaços. A amostra foi composta por 95 participantes, profissionais de Educação Física, estagiários e proprietários de academias. Utilizou-se co...
Preprint
Full-text available
O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o controle motor manual de crianças com TDAH. Onze crianças diagnosticadas como TDAH combinado compuseram o grupo TDAH e 11 crianças com desenvolvimento típico compuseram o grupo controle. Para avaliar o controle manual foram usados o software MovAlyzer e uma mesa digitalizadora. Foram analisados: tempo de reação...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although the importance of practice has been evidenced in early studies about cross-limb transfer, the association between cross-limb transfer and practice organization remains unknown. Constant (CP) and variable practices (VP) are the two primary practice organizations. When the same generalized motor program governs the motor responses, the VP pr...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO: Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a lateralidade e a destreza manual em crianças com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA). Do ponto de vista da motricidade humana, a lateralidade contribui para o processo de maturação motora. Figura-se entre as principais características do autismo o atraso nas habilidades motoras grossas e finas, com...
Article
Full-text available
Learning about the relative timing dimension of a motor skill is enhanced by factors that promote higher response stability between trials. Conversely, learning the absolute timing dimension is favored by lower trial-to-trial stability. The mental practice may increase response stability during acquisition since there is a low possibility of adjust...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyze laterality and manual dexterity in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). From the point of view of human motor skills, laterality contributes to the motor maturation process. Among the main characteristics of autism is the delay in gross and fine motor skills, with progressive worsening in the condition. Analyzin...
Book
Full-text available
Comportamento Motor nos Transtornos do Desenvolvimento é uma obra para todos os profissionais de saúde e educação que lidam com desenvolvimento infantil. Reunindo contribuições de diversos especialistas e mantendo uma perspectiva interdisciplinar, o livro apresenta, de forma didática, o estado da arte sobre o desenvolvimento motor em transtornos do...
Chapter
Full-text available
Uma frase que inicialmente pode causar estranheza a quem ouve é a de que “todos os transtornos psiquiátricos estão associados à déficits motores”. A causa dessa surpresa se deve ao fato de que os transtornos psiquiátricos têm diferentes origens que não estão diretamente relacionadas à dimensão motora, mas sim, às dimensões cognitiva e social. Não q...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo têm o intuito de contribuir para intervenção do profissional de educação física e demais profissionais que trabalham com o movimento humano e indivíduos com transtornos, sendo eles: transtorno do espectro autista (TEA); transtorno do déficit de atenção e hiperatividade (TDAH); transtorno do desenvolvimento da coordenação (TDC) e Disle...
Preprint
Full-text available
O presente estudo busca por meio de um relato de caso, mostrar como conhecimentos científicos gerados nas áreas de conhecimento da Aprendizagem Motora e das Neurociências foram adotados no treinamento de uma equipe de basquetebol da categoria Sub-13 do Minas Tênis Clube (Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil). Foi analisado o desempenho de 5 atletas...
Preprint
Full-text available
A motivação é caracterizada como um processo ativo, intencional dirigido a uma meta, o qual depende da interação entre fatores intrínsecos e extrínsecos. O aumento da motivação auxilia positivamente no processo de recuperação funcional após danos neuronais, assim parece ser um fator fundamental para melhorar o efeito da reabilitação de pacientes co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although the practice schedule and variation in incidental context have been investigated together, it is not clear whether just variation in incidental context can beneficiate motor learning. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of context variability on motor learning. We hypothesized the practice in a variable incidental...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning about the relative timing dimension of a motor skill is enhanced by factors that promote higher response stability between trials. Conversely, learning the absolute timing dimension is favored by lower trial-to-trial stability. Mental practice may increase response stability during acquisition, since there is low possibility of adjustments...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between strength capacity and motor performance through machine learning model and linear regression in the gymnastic handstand. The hypothesis raised was a positive relationship between motor performance and strength capacity levels. Thirty-two university students, 16 of whom were fe...
Preprint
Full-text available
The fronto-central slow-wave known as the contingent negative variation (CNV) is an electroencephalographic measure related to the ability of the motor system to extract space-temporal regularities to produce a motor response. Although well-studied in predictable settings, little is known about how the CNV behaves in an unpredictable context. Thus,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract Available literature indicates that 30% to 66% of stroke survivors present persistent upper limb impairment (UL). Considering the importance of UL function for Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), it is necessary to investigate neurorehabilitation therapies that could improve the UL function. Among stroke complementary therapies, mirror the...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o nível de conhecimento de graduados e graduandos em educação física sobre Aprendizagem Motora. Para isso, foi elaborado um questionário com 20 questões, sendo a primeira parte relacionada à identificação dos participantes e a segunda relacionada a Aprendizagem Motora. A análise foi feita a partir da frequência d...
Article
The primary motor cortex (M1) is one of the main cortical areas involved in motor learning. However, little is known about its differential role in the learning of the relative and absolute dimensions of motor skills. We investigated the role of M1 in the learning of the dimensions of a complex motor skill. Forty-eight participants practiced golf p...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Attentional focus and demonstration have traditionally been investigated through outcome measures. Few studies have used other levels of analyses, such as the neuromuscular to explain the benefits of these two factors. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether there would be performance differences between external and internal f...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) on the aerobic performance, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) of highly trained taekwondo athletes. Methods: Twelve (8 men and 4 women) international/national-level athletes received a-tDCS or sham treatment over the M1 location i...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to verify the effects of dart weight and target distance on kinematic variables of the movement control of the underarm dart throwing task. Four women and one man performed the task of throwing a dart at two horizontal circular targets located at 2m (Nt) and 3m (Ft) away, with two different weights, 22g (Ld) and 44g (Hd). O...
Chapter
Full-text available
The explanations for the positive effects of less repetitive practice in learning, compared to more repetitive practice, converge towards an idea of a greater memory strengthening in less repetitive practice. These benefits are associated with the AMPA glutamate receptor. However, there are no studies in the literature that explain, in molecular te...
Article
Full-text available
The decrease in children motor competence, with a consequent reduction in the levels of physical activities and fitness, impacting health negatively, has affected children across countries. In addition to consistent intervention strategies, it is necessary to use appropriate instruments. The Körperkoordinationstest Für Kinder (KTK) is a reliable an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Differences between hands in motor performance are associated with differences in the interaction of inhibitory connections of homologous parts of the cerebral hemispheres. Modulation of these inhibitory connections in the right and left primary motor cortex (M1) may alter manual performance asymmetries. To investigate this assumption, eleven right...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to compare the visual behaviour (number and duration of visual fixations) and decision-making (DM) in the analysis of attack scenes in volleyball, between coaches and young players. 59 subjects participated-34 coaches (M = 16.7, SD = 9.4) with experience as players and volleyball coaches (M = 16.78, SD = 11.09), and...
Conference Paper
Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a associação entre o polimorfismo da COMT e a aquisição de uma tarefa de sequência motora. As hipóteses são de que (a) o alelo Met favorecerá a produção do padrão de movimento e o alelo Val favorecerá a parametrização do movimento; (b) os homozigotos Met buscarão predominantemente informações visuais relacio...
Conference Paper
The present study has the purpose of develop a paradigm that enable verify if the pupil dynamics can be useful for neurofeedback application. P. 39-42 Livro de publicações do 7º Congresso Brasileiro de NeuroVisão: Neurociências da Visão https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335787521_Livro_de_publicacoes_do_7_Congresso_Brasileiro_de_Neurocienci...
Preprint
Full-text available
Differences in motor learning can be partially explained by differences in genotype. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism regulates the dopamine (DA) availability in the prefrontal cortex modulating motor performance and learning. Given the differences in tonic and phasic DA transmission, this study aimed to investigate wh...
Article
Full-text available
Routledge gets 50 free online copies of the article. The link is now ready to use and is: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/NRFFZFEDPD78GAMERVZK/full?target=10.1080/00222895.2019.1649997 Abstract Variable practice promotes a higher level of motor learning than constant practice. The glutamate receptors, NMDA and AMPA, have been associated with...