Guilherme Leite Goncalves

Guilherme Leite Goncalves
Rio de Janeiro State University | UERJ · Departamento de Disciplinas Básicas (DBAS)

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79
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Introduction
Guilherme Leite Goncalves is Professor of Sociology of Law at the Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ). Their most recent publications are 'Neoliberal Malaise, 2013 June Journeys and the Criminalization of the Protests in Brazil (Int J Polit Cult Soc, 2022); 'Prediction and caution after COVID-19 crisis' (Capital&Class, 2021) and 'From primitive accumulation to entangled accumulation (European Journal of Social Theory, 2020)
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
Rio de Janeiro State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
During the last few decades, the concept of primitive accumulation (ursprüngliche Akkumulation) introduced by Karl Marx and expanded by Rosa Luxemburg has been revived and improved. Accordingly, scholars have used this framework not to characterize a past moment in the history of capitalism, but to grasp the continuous process of coupling and uncou...
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Through a study of the port district of Rio de Janeiro and its history, from its emergence as a major slave market to its modern-day incarnation as a hub of tourism, real estate and financial speculation, this book examines the different dimensions of the manner in which capitalism expands its global process of accumulation to incorporate spaces no...
Article
Since the COVID-19 pandemic spread worldwide, optimistic ecological and economic analyses have arisen. On one hand, the lockdowns that have taken place are pointed out as a means of reducing gas emissions, environmental exploitation, and consequently, factors that reduce the risk of zoonoses. On the other hand, macroeconomic policies that support s...
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The stakeholder mentality has seeped into society at large: a sure sign that the redemocratization of Brazil has broken with the welfare society envisioned by the 1988 Constitution. As such, the most urgent question facing the country is this: if elected in November 2022, will Lula da Silva’s Workers’ Party (PT) challenge the hegemony of big financ...
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This article investigates the June 2013 protests in Brazil from the perspective an analysis of the pattern of capitalist accumulation and the reaction of state apparatuses. The premise is that these protests are derived from a social malaise in neoliberalism, produced over decades of implementation of commodification and financialization programs....
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El presente libro de la colección «Diálogos» de CLACSO, coeditado con la Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, busca avanzar en el cumplimiento de dos propósitos. El primero consiste en alimentar la discusión con la sociología crítica alemana, y en particular con una de las colectividades sociológicas de izquierda más vigorosas de Europa. Nos referi...
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This paper, the first version of which was presented as a subsidy to the Brazilian Congressional Committee of Inquiry (CCI) on the responses of the Federal Government of President Jair Messias Bolsonaro to the coronavirus pandemic and the Covid-19 explosion, is divided into six parts, plus a brief introduction. They deal with 1) the general politic...
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Publicado no volume 6 da Revista Contexto Jurídico (UERJ), o presente artigo procura oferecer uma leitura que vincule as transformações que perpassam o Estado de Direito a uma teoria crítica social. Valendo-se da noção de plasticidade, a metamorfose jurídica será apresentada não como uma alteração externa – fruto, por exemplo, de uma eventual instr...
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O artigo - publicado na 1a série do número 3 da Revista Rosa - inicialmente resgata o conceito adorniano de indústria cultural para problematizar a expansão do ensino virtual em meio à pandemia do novo coronavírus. Após apontar o amálgama entre aulas on-line e o chamado "capitalismo de plataforma", momento em que a digitalização e virtualização da...
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The article presents a theoretical discussion about the role of the law in the ongoing process of primitive accumulation and expropriation.
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En el último capítulo del Vol. III de El Capital, Marx comprende que las tres grandes clases modernas –trabajador asalariado, capitalistas y terratenientes– son el resultado de la presión permanente, interna al propio desarrollo del capitalismo, por separar a los productores directos de los medios de producción, permitiendo que la propiedad de los...
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A premissa central do trabalho é que a obra de Marx, como outras produções da sociologia clássica, é por excelência uma teoria da sociedade, e em O Capital encontramos sua teoria social. Desta perspectiva, a sociedade moderna é definida como uma sucessão de expropriações que estabelecem a não-identidade material, exposta como identidade formal igua...
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A análise do desenvolvimento do processo de acumulação primitiva na zona portuária do Rio de Janeiro é o tema desta obra, que apresenta a história da região desde o surgimento do porto. De maior mercado de escravos do mundo a escoadouro de açúcar, ouro e café, até objeto de grandes empreendimentos imobiliários e turísticos da contemporaneidade, esp...
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La premisa central del trabajo es que la obra de Marx, al igual que las demás producciones de la sociología clásica, es por excelencia una teoría de la sociedad y en El Capital se encuentra su teoría social. En tal sentido, la sociedad moderna se podría definir con Marx como una sucesión de expropiaciones que establecen la no-identidad material, ex...
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Which factors resulted in the new coronavirus, responsible for a global pandemic? Which tensions were triggered off or amplified by the Covid-19 crisis on the current structures of the capitalist accumulation? From this point on, our analyses are based on the political economy critique, a research field originally formulated by Karl Marx, to examin...
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Se trata de un esfuerzo orientado a la renovación de la teoría marxista. El trabajo pretende aportar nuevas herramientas para intentar explicar la dinámica mundial de reproducción económica, prestando particular atención a la singularidad estructural de América Latina. En concreto, proponemos un nuevo concepto, el de acumulación entrelazada, como b...
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O artigo mobiliza a teoria de Bukharin para criticar as premissas do marginalismo e do rentismo que orientam as propostas bolsonaristas para a crise do Covid-19.
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Las crisis estructurales de los últimos tiempos han reavivado la pregunta acerca de lo que se considera moderno en las sociedades. Se trata de un debate histórico a la vez complejo y difuso. El objetivo de este artículo es contribuir al avance de tal discusión a partir de identificar puntos de convergencia entre las consideraciones del Joven Marx y...
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Several authors have promoted a renewal of the Marxist theory of capitalist expansion by bringing back the notion of repetition of primitive capital accumulation. The idea that the development of capitalism always needs to resort to a non-capitalist “exterior” is recurrent, that is, capitalism must extend the process of accumulation to spaces not y...
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Resumo O artigo busca aprofundar agenda de pesquisa que venho desenvolvendo a respeito da reprodução sócio-jurídica do capitalismo. Sua premissa é a de que a acumulação do capital é constituída de dois lados contraditórios e entrelaçados: a troca de equivalentes e a expropriação. Neste sentido, sustento que a crítica da forma jurídica do capitalism...
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Em consonância com a bibliografia recente que recupera e amplia a noção de acumulação primitiva desenvolvida por Marx, o artigo demonstra que o espaço portuário do Rio de Janeiro representa uma espécie de lugar-síntese no interior do qual as diversas etapas históricas da acumulação capitalista aparecem materializadas na forma de um movimento de inc...
Chapter
This chapter reconstructs the most recent developments in the political economics of capitalist expansion, in particular, those that indicate that mechanisms like the ones Marx described as primitive or original accumulation continue to be central for the reproduction of capitalism. Using the concept of entangled accumulation, we seek to articulate...
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The chapter contextualises the port of Rio de Janeiro within the global history of mercantilist accumulation. Accordingly, the port played a central role in the integration of Brazil into world capitalism through the export of primary products, the import of manufactured goods and the trade of hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans (about two m...
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This chapter explores in detail the reasons why the urban reform project called Porto Maravilha (Marvellous Port) has not worked as expected. Accordingly, the attempt to financialise and to reintegrate the port district into capital accumulation partially failed, because of popular resistance and because of the multiple and persistent crises, which...
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This chapter explores the relations between the port and the city of Rio de Janeiro in order to grasp the different processes and mechanisms that associate port and city to capitalist accumulation. It uses the framework of entangled accumulation as a springboard to reinterpret a ‘geographical common sense’ according to which ports are celebrated as...
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This chapter describes the social and economic transition driven by the end of the slave traffic (1850) and the abolition of slavery (1888). The port first became the gate of entrance for the machines, which drove Brazilian industrialisation based on import substitution of consumer goods. The port district, in its turn, converted into a reservoir o...
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Der Beitrag befasst sich mit der rechtlichen Durchsetzung und Reproduktion des Kapitalismus. Die kapitalistische Akkumulation weist zwei widersprüchliche Seiten auf: den Äquivalententausch und die Landnahme. Die These des Beitrags ist, dass die Kritik an der Rechtsform des Kapitalismus, wie sie Eugen Paschukanis übt, die Entwicklung des Kapitalismu...
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This article argues that sunk in debt the middle classes have been disillusioned by the contradictions of successive stages of the pro-market expansion following re-democratization. Added to the depoliticization that characterized the boom days, this has placed them in a contradictory, volatile position vis-à-vis political platforms and made them r...
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O artigo sustenta que o ritmo das expropriações tende a aumentar em situações de crise. Em razão dos riscos de perdas para o capital, tal situação exige um ciclo agressivo de privatização de direitos, bens e serviços públicos e coletivos. A lógica é explorar o potencial de (re)mercantilização de espaços pouco mercantilizados, de modo a trazer alívi...
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As classes médias são cada vez mais abandonadas à ditadura do mercado. Diante de serviços públicos deteriorados, elas dependem de novos nexos com o setor financeiro. Isso significa exposição a mercados desregulados e à dinâmica de endividamento, que reforçam o agravamento de sua vulnerabilidade social. Esse agravamento, somado à falta de políticas...
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Em julho de 2018, o juiz Flavio Itabaiana condenou 23 ativistas que participaram das manifestaçõesde Junho de 2013 a penas de até sete anos de reclusão por associação criminosa e corrupção de menores. Sua sentença é parte da disputa entre repressão e direito ao protesto no Brasil. O presente texto busca mostrarque o Judiciário integra os esforços c...
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A solução da crise econômica tem se dado por meio de expropriações capitalistas que, para desativar a sobreacumulação de ativos fictícios, precisam mercantilizar espaços ainda não exclusivamente mercantilizados, de modo a deixar o capital fluir, se expandir e se (re)acumular. Expropriações são processos indiferentes à anuência do expropriado e, por...
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This paper’s goal is to indicate a comprehension model of capitalism’s social-legal reproduction. Starting from the Rose Luxemburg’s notion of permanent ongoing primitive accumulation, I sustain that capitalism has a stabilization phase, characterized by the exchange of commodities, and an expansionist phase, defined by the mercantilist expropriati...
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An interview with one of the most prominent theoreticians on Marxist thinkers in Latin America, Virgínia Fontes. She invites us to reflect on the history of these strands of theoretical research in Brazil, and on the relevance of the Marxist concept of expropriation for the critique of political economy and the understanding of developments since t...
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O presente paper tem por objetivo indicar um modelo de compreensão da reprodução sócio-jurídica do capitalismo na sociologia crítica do direito. A partir da noção de repetição permanente da acumulação primitiva (conforme a tradição inaugurada por Rosa Luxemburgo), sustento que o capitalismo possui uma fase de estabilização, caracterizada pela troca...
Article
This article discusses the ideological character of the notion of functional differentiation. According to Luhmann, the development of worldwide social differentiation (that is, the rise of the world society) leads to different regional developments and generates, through the inclusion/exclusion code, a division of the world between places where th...
Book
Cambridge Core - Human Rights - Transnationalisation of Social Rights - edited by Andreas Fischer-Lescano, Kolja Möller
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The dossier of this edition presents a series of articles that discuss from an interdisciplinary and also juridical point of view the meaning of the Russian Revolution at the time of its 100th anniversary. The dossier is organized by professors Guilherme Leite Gonçalves and Felipe Demier, both from the State University of Rio de Janeiro. The dossie...
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The article identifies in Lênin's State and Revolution the elaboration of a hypothesis on the development of democracy and capitalism, the plausibility of which has become increasingly strong in the current context of compatibility between authoritarian and neoliberal measures and democratic-constitutional arrangements. Unlike the conception forged...
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The present article aims to indicate a possibility of expanding the conditions of understanding of the socio-legal reproduction of capitalism in the critical sociology of law. First I demonstrate that the antiproductivist turn (following the Habermasian form) resigns this epistemological project: It leads the critical sociology of law to the libera...
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The port district of Rio de Janeiro is one of the areas most affected by urban interventions connected to the August 2016 Olympics. About a month after Rio de Janeiro was chosen to host the Olympics, the Porto Maravilha project became public. This project catalyzed actions and economic, political and cultural expectations, restructuring the entire...
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DOI: 10.12957/dep.2016.21811 Resumo O objetivo do presente artigo e reconstruir a trajetoria das mobilizacoes dos camponeses e indigenas mexicanos pelo direito a terra. Busca, todavia, nao apenas identificar as articulacoes e conflitos entre o Estado mexicano e os diferentes movimentos populares na Revolucao dos anos 1910 e no neozapatismo, mas tam...
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Die Verbindung von Kritischer Theorie und Systemtheorie ist ein zentrales Thema aktueller sozialwissenschaftlicher Kontroversen. Die Anwendungsgebiete sind mittlerweile vielfältig: Soziologie, Organisationsforschung, Philosophie und Rechtswissenschaften sind nur einige der Disziplinen, in denen an einer Kritischen Systemtheorie gearbeitet wird. Der...
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Recent decades are marked by an impressive expansion of actors and legal structures intended to globally extend a certain ‘Western’ catalog of human rights. Recently, too, legal scholars have developed concepts to justify normatively the expansion of human rights (e.g. Habermas, Walker, Koskenniemi). This article reviews recent legal literature on...
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No presente Dossiê, buscamos apresentar ao leitor algumas das diversas possibilidades de apropriação crítica da teoria dos sistemas - abertas nos últimos anos, sobretudo, mas não apenas, na literatura alemã. Nosso intuito foi o de mobilizar os autores para produzirem reflexões inéditas sobre a relação entre teoria dos sistemas e pensamento crítico.
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O artigo discute possibilidades para a apreensão crítica de certos elementos da teoria dos sistemas elaborada por Niklas Luhmann. Argumenta-se que a leitura desse modelo teórico nos termos de uma atualização sociológica sofisticada das patologias da modernidade se encontra em tensão com a promessa involuntária de mediação recíproca entre sistema e...
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This paper presents a critique on the process of universalization of law, designed by the illuminist project, and foundation for both the modern understanding of human rights and the definition of juridical-political patterns of development for different areas of world society. The critique is drawn from the reception of post-colonial studies in th...
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Resumo O presente texto consiste em um chamado pela virada materialista no campo do direito. Parte-­‐se da constatação de que, apesar do recente retorno da obra de Marx em diversas outras áreas do conhecimento, ela ainda não alcançou a mesma força nos espaços de reflexão sobre o fenômeno jurídico. O problema é discutido a partir de duas zonas de ob...
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L’analisi fornita dalla teoria dei sistemi sul diritto nei paesi periferici sottolinea l’esistenza di un presunto deficit operativo. L’obiettivo dell’articolo è discutere la possibilità di aprire la teoria dei sistemi agli studi postcoloniali allo scopo di formulare una critica a questa interpretazione. Da un lato, si pretende dimostrare che tale i...
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Resumo: O artigo pretende oferecer uma reinterpretação do debate tradicional sobre abstração da forma jurídica como dominação à luz da teoria dos sistemas de Niklas Luhmann. Para tanto, utiliza como pressuposto a releitura marxista do processo de diferenciação do direito oferecida por Raffaele de Giorgi no início dos anos 1980. Sustenta-se que o ca...
Book
Che la società moderna è complessa significa che, a differenza di tutte le altre che l'hanno preceduta, questa società è imprevedibile a se stessa, si rende instabile da sé, espone l'agire dei singoli ad alternative che li disorientano. Queste condizioni strutturali aprono sempre nuovi spazi di incertezza e la società affida al diritto la funzione...
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A sociedade moderna é complexa. A todo momento depara-se com novas alternativas, produz diferenças, cria possibilidades não conhecidas previamente, questiona interesses e poderes existentes, abre-se para novas relações. Sempre produz um cenário incerto por conta das mudanças que podem acontecer. Desse cenário surgem angústias e temores que exigem m...
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Niklas Luhmann é um dos maiores teóricos da sociologia. Contra a tendência da especialização disciplinar e da obcessão empírica, ofereceu a última das grandes teorias da sociedade. Seu impacto no campo jurídico não foi menor. Nos anos 1990, havia uma sensação de esgotamento explicativo da sociologia do direito. Niklas Luhmann renovou seu potencial...
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The instruments recently adopted to reinforce human rights in Latin America have been increasingly aimed at the protection of specific groups (women, indigenous, “traditional” populations, Afro-descendants, etc.) instead of referring to an abstract individual which was prevalent in the dis- courses and institutional formats adopted soon after World...
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Resumo O ensaio busca compreender o papel da função interpretativa no processo de diferenciação do direito na sociedade moderna e questionar a universalização dessa premissa a partir de sua verificação no caso brasileiro. Seu pressuposto é a teoria dos sistemas. As conclusões de Luhmann serão, no entanto, contrapostas à luz da realidade periférica,...
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No presente trabalho, pretende-se abordar a forma como, para a teoria dos sistemas, o sistema jurídico reage e assimila, em suas estruturas, a variabilidade social. Trata-se de um processo complexo de aquisição de contingência e de conquistas evolutivas que culminou, até o momento, na estabilização do direito positivo. Para isso, partiremos das con...
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What is the lawyer's role in the contemporary society? Which are the new skills required from legal professionals? Are they able to answer the new demands of the globalized labour market? Starting from these questions, this paper intends to discuss the law schools' role to form and capacitate their students. With this purpose, this work dialogues w...
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Ziel dieses Aufsatz ist es, ausgehend von der postkolonialen Studien ein analytisches Schema zum Verständnis der sozialen Rolle des Rechtsdiskurs in Lateinamerika zu entwickeln. Bei diesem hier skizzierten Vorhaben geht es nicht um die epistemologischen Grundlagen des dogmatischen Denkens im Sinne einer Erkenntnistheorie. Vielmehr handelt es sich u...
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Der Beitrag erörtert die Frage nach der demokratischen Legitimation im Zuge des europäischen Integrationsprozesses, der von einer neoliberalen Ideologie geprägt ist. Ausgehend von der Überordnung der europäischen Rechtsnormen gegenüber dem Recht der Mitgliedsstaaten betrachten die Ausführungen die staatlichen politisch-rechtlichen Funktionen, die s...
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THE ISSUE OF THE PRESENT ARTICLE IS THE CERTAINTY OF THE LAW. IT AIMS AT REDESCRIBING IT FROM THE NOTION OF UNCERTAINTY AND CONTINGENCY THAT CHARACTERIZES THE MODERN SOCIETY AND THE POSITIVE LAW. THE THEORETICAL APPROACH USED IN THIS ARTICLE IS BASED UPON LUHMANN’S SYSTEM THEORY. THIS APPROACH PERMITS TO OBSERVE THE LIMITS OF THE IDEA OF CERTAINTY...

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Project
High turnover rates and unofficial jobs are very characteristic of the Brazilian labor market. Recently, unofficial work rates have raised greatly. Specifically, the number of people working on street trading went from 98,4 thousand in 2012 to 1,3 million in 2017. Due to the raise of unemployment in the past five years, reaching 14,1% in November 2020 (IBGE), many workers have found self-employment or unofficial jobs as a solution. In Brazil, both types of work are considered unregistered or unofficial work. In addition, unregistered workers do not have legal coverage by the agreements settled by unions. So, how so they organize themselves to defend their rights? How do their work and experiences at the workplace may influence their participation in social movements? In this research, street trading workers from the city of Rio de Janeiro will be interviewed in order to understand how they organize themselves to defend their interests, what are their claims, how they understand their job relations and what relations of class consciousness are produced in unofficial job networks. Following the methodology of retracing people's life paths in depth to grasp all the complexity degree of work relations, the interviews will also encompass experiences at the workplace and socioeconomic aspects, family, work and professional relations, educational paths and access to public policies in order to provide qualitative analysis on the relations of these workers with institutions and traditional politics, their political thinking, their understanding about their own work relations, their claims and forms of work organization. The theoretical framework shall address the perspective on the centrality of labor category in critical theory so as to provide a better understanding of the possible responses to the questions that were raised through a coherent analysis of the empiric data. Previous interviews show that there are organized movements of street vendors in dialogue with trade unions and traditional politics, with clear demands about work conditions and structural criticism to exploitation. Also, they showed important connections between their jobs and culture in producing class consciousness and the engagement of workers in these social movements.
Archived project
The research objective is to develop a critical legal sociology that goes beyond the Habermasian schema of work and interaction. With the help of the "Landnahme-Theorem" it is shown that the development of capitalism is not only linked to the exploitation model of the equivalent exchange, but also by a secondary exploitation, which by means of discrimination policy functions the unpaid work and the land expropriation to the accumulation. This raises the question of what legal models and reforms (in social law, labor law, criminal law, etc.) allow this secondary exploitation?