Guido Löhr

Guido Löhr
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Research Group Philosophy and Ethics

Doctor of Philosophy
Postdoc in the Research Consortium "Ethics of Socially Disruptive Technologies" Esdit. Twitter: @loehrgui

About

14
Publications
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Citations
Introduction
I received my Ph.D. in 2020 from Ruhr University Bochum and École Normale Supérieure, Paris (Institut Jean Nicod). Markus Werning and Francois Recanati were my joint supervisors. I hold master's degrees in philosophy (HU Berlin, 2016) and cognitive science (Berlin School of Mind and Brain, 2017). My research deals with central philosophical questions regarding thought and action from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Full-text available
I discuss Edouard Machery’s claim that philosophers and psychologists when using the term ‘concept’ are really theorizing about different things. This view is not new, but it has never been developed or defended in detail. Once spelled out, we can see that Machery is right that the psychological literature uses a different notion of concept. Howeve...
Article
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According to the embodied cognition hypothesis, the mental symbols used for higher cognitive reasoning, such as the making of deductive and inductive inferences, both originate and reside in our sensory-motor-introspective and emotional systems. The main objection to this view is that it cannot explain concepts that are, by definition, detached fro...
Article
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In psycholinguistics, concepts are considered abstract if they do not apply to physical objects that we can touch, see, feel, hear, smell or taste. Psychologists usually distinguish concrete from abstract concepts by means of so-called concreteness ratings. In concreteness rating studies, laypeople are asked to rate the concreteness of words based...
Article
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It is largely assumed that conceptual engineering is essentially about revising, introducing, or eliminating representational devices, in particular the intension and extension of words and concepts. However, tying conceptual engineering too closely to representations is risky. Not everyone endorses the notion of representation as theoretically hel...
Article
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There are two general views that social ontologists currently defend concerning the nature of joint intentional action. According to 'non-normativists', for a joint action to be established, we need to align certain psychological states in certain ways. 'Normativists' argue that joint action essentially involves normative relations that cannot be r...
Article
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We propose a cognitive‐psychological model of linguistic intuitions about copredication statements. In copredication statements, like “The book is heavy and informative,” the nominal denotes two ontologically distinct entities at the same time. This has been considered a problem for standard truth‐conditional semantics. In this paper, we discuss tw...
Article
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How can we capture the intuitive distinction between lying and misleading? According to a traditional view, the difference boils down to whether the speaker is saying (as opposed to implying) something that they believe to be false. This view is subject to known objections; to overcome them, an alternative view has emerged. For the alternative view...
Article
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An explanation of how we acquire concepts of kinds if they are socially constructed (e.g., man or bachelor) is a desideratum both for a successful account of concept acquisition and a successful account of social constructionism. Both face the so-called "mismatch problem" that is based on the observation that that there is often a mismatch between...
Article
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Polysemy has only recently entered the debate on semantic minimalism and contextualism. This is surprising considering that the key linguistic examples discussed in the debate, such as ‘John cut the grass’ or ‘The leaf is green’ appear to be prime examples of polysemy. Moreover, François Recanati recently argued that the mere existence of polysemy...
Thesis
Cette thèse cumulative défend l’idée qu’une grande partie de la littérature interdisciplinaire traitant des concepts confond les concepts avec ce qui est utilisé pour appliquer les concepts. Plus précisément, cette thèse soutient que les questions relatives au contenu (ce sur quoi porte le concept, sa sémantique) ont été confondues avec les questio...
Article
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Recent evidence suggests that participants without extensive training in philosophy (so-called lay people) have difficulties responding consistently when confronted with Robert Nozick’s Experience Machine thought experiment. For example, some of the participants who reject the experience machine for themselves would still advise a stranger to enter...
Article
Full-text available
Invariantists argue that the notion of concept in psychology should be reserved for knowledge that is retrieved in a context-insensitive manner. Contextualists argue that concepts are to be understood in terms of context-sensitive ad hoc constructions. I review the central empirical evidence for and against both views and show that their conclusion...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Provide a framework for thinking about conceptual disruption and socially disruptive technologies with a focus on AI and robots. Conceptual engineering and ethics.
Project
In my postdoc project, I investigate different applications of the notion of commitment in linguistics and philosophy of language. I am also working on a theory of social commitments hoping that this allows me to put forth an original account of collective intentionality and groups.
Project
I am working on a theory of polysemy and copredication that is useful for psychology, linguistics and philosophy of language and that relates to issues discussed in the literature on semantic contextualism (Recanati, Carston etc.).