Guei-Sheung Liu

Guei-Sheung Liu
Centre for Eye Research Australia | CERA

PhD

About

91
Publications
20,245
Reads
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1,958
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2021 - present
Centre for Eye Research Australia
Position
  • Principal Investigator
January 2017 - July 2021
University of Tasmania
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2012 - present
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Senior Fellow
Education
September 2001 - July 2006
Kaohsiung Medical University
Field of study
  • Gene therapy and Melnoma

Publications

Publications (91)
Preprint
The devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) has led to a massive decline in the wild Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) population. The disease is caused by two independent devil facial tumours (DFT1 and DFT2). These transmissible cancers have a mortality rate of nearly 100%. An adenoviral vector-based vaccine has been proposed as a conservation str...
Preprint
Importance Previous studies identify putative genes associated with diabetic retinopathy only focusing on specific clinical stage, thus resulting genes are not necessarily reflective of disease progression. Objective To identify genes associated with the severity level of diabetic retinopathy using likelihood-ration test (LRT) and ordinal logistic...
Preprint
Age is the main risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the elderly, with limited therapeutic options. Here we systematically analyzed the transcriptomic characteristics and cellular landscape of the aging retina from controls and patients with AMD. We identify the aging genes in the retina that are a...
Article
Retinal neovascularization is a severe complication of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are master regulators of gene expression that play an important role in retinal neovascularization. In this study, we show that miR-143-3p is significantly downregulated in the retina of a rat model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR)...
Article
Full-text available
Cirrhosis refers to irreversible liver damage where healthy tissue is replaced by scar tissue, resulting in impaired liver function. There is no cure and current treatments only prevent further liver damage; thus, novel therapeutic options are urgently needed. Here, we report a new approach that enables the formation of self-assembled 3D spheroids...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Corneal neovascularization (CoNV) is a severe complication of various types of corneal diseases, that leads to permanent visual impairment. Current treatments for CoNV, such as steroids or anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents, are argued over their therapeutic efficacy and adverse effects. Here, we demonstrate that transforming...
Article
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Angiogenesis plays a critical role in both physiological responses and disease pathogenesis. Excessive angiogenesis can promote neoplastic diseases and retinopathies, while inadequate angiogenesis can lead to aberrant perfusion and impaired wound healing. Transforming growth factor β activated kinase 1 (TAK1), a member of the mitogen-activated prot...
Article
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PurposeDownregulation of MHC class I (MHC-I) is a common immune evasion strategy of many cancers. Similarly, two allogeneic clonal transmissible cancers have killed thousands of wild Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) and also modulate MHC-I expression to evade anti-cancer and allograft responses. IFNG treatment restores MHC-I expression on de...
Article
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Specific changes in the genome have been accomplished by the revolutionary gene-editing tool known as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system. The advent of programmable RNA editing CRISPR/Cas nucleases has made this gene-editing tool safer and more precise. Specifically, CasRx, a family mem...
Article
Full-text available
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system provides a groundbreaking genetic technology that allows scientists to modify genes by targeting specific genomic sites. Due to the relative simplicity and versatility of the CRISPR/Cas system, it has been extensively applied in human genetic resea...
Article
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Glaucoma, a major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, is associated with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) that undergo apoptosis. A mechanism for RGCs injury involves impairment of neurotrophic support and exogenous supply of neurotrophic factors has been shown to be beneficial. Howeve...
Article
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Gene therapies that chronically suppress vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represent a new approach for managing retinal vascular leakage and neovascularization. However, constitutive suppression of VEGF in the eye may have deleterious side effects. Here, we developed a novel strategy to introduce Flt23k, a decoy receptor that binds intrace...
Preprint
Full-text available
Retinal neovascularization, or pathological angiogenesis in the retina, is a leading cause of blindness in developed countries. Transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) activated by TGF-β1 and other pro-inflammatory cytokines. TAK1 is also a key mediator of inflammation, inn...
Article
Precision chemistry entailing user-directed nucleotide substitutions and template-specified repair can be facilitated by base editing and prime editing, respectively. Recently, the diversification of adenine, cytosine, and prime editor variants obliges a considered, high-throughput evaluation of these tools for optimized, end-point applications. He...
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Cataract is the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Congenital or paediatric cataract can result in permanent visual impairment or blindness even with best attempts at treatment. A significant proportion of paediatric cataract has a genetic cause. Therefore, identifying the genes that lead to cataract formation is essential for understanding the...
Article
Full-text available
CRISPR/Cas has opened the prospect of direct gene correction therapy for some inherited retinal diseases. Previous work has demonstrated the utility of adeno-associated virus (AAV) mediated delivery to retinal cells in vivo; however, with the expanding repertoire of CRISPR/Cas endonucleases, it is not clear which of these are most efficacious for r...
Article
Aberrant growth of blood vessels (neovascularization) is a key feature of severe eye diseases that can cause legal blindness, including neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). The development of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents has revolutionized the treatment of ocular neovascularizati...
Article
Full-text available
Neovascularization (NV) of the cornea disrupts vision which leads to blindness. Investigation of antiangiogenic, slow-release and biocompatible approaches for treating corneal NV is of great importance. We designed an eye drop formulation containing gelatin/epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) nanoparticles (NPs) for targeted therapy in corneal NV. Ge...
Article
Introduction: The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is the largest extant carnivorous marsupial. Since 1996, its population has declined by 77% primarily due to a clonal transmissible tumor, known as devil facial tumor (DFT1) disease. In 2014, a second transmissible devil facial tumor (DFT2) was discovered. DFT1 and DFT2 are nearly 100% fatal....
Article
Glaucoma, a major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, is associated with elevated intraocular pres- sure (IOP) and progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) that undergo apoptosis. A mechanism for RGCs injury involves impairment of neurotrophic support and exogenous supply of neurotrophic factors has been shown to be beneficial. Howe...
Article
Safe delivery of CRISPR/Cas endonucleases remains one of the major barriers to the widespread application of in vivo genome editing. We previously reported the utility of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated CRISPR/Cas genome editing in the retina; however, with this type of viral delivery system, active endonucleases will remain in the retina for...
Chapter
The success of tissue engineering hinges on the rapid and sufficient vascularization of the neotissue. For efficient vascular network formation within three-dimensional (3D) constructs, biomaterial scaffolds that can support survival of endothelial cells as well as formation and maturation of a capillary network in vivo are highly sought after. Her...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of using a CRISPR/Cas-mediated strategy to correct a common high-risk allele that is associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD; rs1061170; NM_000186.3:c.1204T>C; NP_000177.2:p.His402Tyr) in the complement factor H (CFH) gene. Methods: A human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK293A) was engineered to con...
Article
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Hypoxia in tumors is known to trigger the pro-survival pathways such as autophagy. Systemic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene therapy suppresses melanoma through apoptosis induction and neovascularization blockage. In this study, we investigated the crosstalk between autophagic and apoptotic signaling in POMC-mediated melanoma suppression. By histolo...
Article
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Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a valuable tool for studying the cardiac developmental process in vitro, and cardiomyocytes derived from iPSCs are a putative cell source for personalized medicine. Changes in mitochondrial morphology have been shown to occur during cellular reprogramming and pluripotent stem cell differentiation. Ho...
Article
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Abstract Placental growth factor (PlGF or PGF), a member of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) sub-family, plays a crucial role in pathological angiogenesis and inflammation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that PlGF mediates regarding the complications of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) remain elusive. Using an...
Chapter
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) is used by some bacteria and most archaea to protect against viral phage intrusion and has recently been adapted to allow for efficient editing of the mammalian genome. Whilst CRISPR/Cas-based technology has been used to modify genes in mammalian cell...
Article
New drug delivery materials targeting damaged ocular tissues are of particular interest. In this work, we have formulated Annexin/phospatidylserine/phytantriol and Annexin/phospatidylserine/monoolien cubosomes based on incorporation of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine (PS) lipid and Annexin V (ANX) protein with phytantriol (Phy) and mo...
Article
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Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a key pathological feature of several leading causes of vision loss including neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Here, we show that a calreticulin anti-angiogenic domain (CAD)-like peptide 27, CAD27, inhibited in vitro angiogenic activities, including tube formation, migration of endothelial cells, a...
Article
Full-text available
Ocular drug delivery has been a major challenge for clinical pharmacologists and biomaterial scientists due to intricate and unique anatomical and physiological barriers in the eye. The critical requirement varies from anterior and posterior ocular segments from a drug delivery perspective. Recently, many new drugs with special formulations have be...
Article
Many clinical trials using gene therapy have shown significant therapeutic benefits and exceptional safety records. Increasing evidence is verifying the long sought-after promise that gene therapy will genetically 'cure' some severely disabling diseases. In particular, the first gene therapy bioproduct for RPE65-associated Leber's congenital amauro...
Article
Full-text available
Ocular neovascularization is a common pathological feature in diabetic retinopathy and neovascular age-related macular degeneration that can lead to severe vision loss. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of a novel endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, the calreticulin anti-angiogenic domain (CAD180), and its functional 112-residue fragment, CAD...
Article
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Purpose: Fibrotic scarring after ocular surgeries and chemical burn injuries can impede clarity of the cornea and cause vision impairment. Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling pathway is known to mediate fibrotic scarring, and NADPH oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species has been shown to be an effector molecule that facilitates TGFβ1-me...
Article
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a common pathological feature in neovascular age-related macular degeneration which is the leading cause of vision loss amongst elderly populations in developed countries. In this study, we evaluated the effect of a novel endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, calreticulin anti-angiogenic domain (CAD), subconjun...
Article
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), a chronic and progressive complication of diabetes mellitus, is a sight-threatening disease characterized in the early stages by neuronal and vascular dysfunction in the retina, and later by neovascularization that further damages vision. A major contributor to the pathology is excess production of vascular endothelial gr...
Article
Aim: To characterize whether a glaucoma model with chronic elevation of the intraocular pressure (IOP) was able to be induced by anterior chamber injection of microbeads in rabbits. Methods: In order to screen the optimal dose of microbead injection, IOP was measured every 3d for 4wk using handheld applanation tonometer after a single intracamer...
Article
Full-text available
Neovascularization (NV) of the cornea can disrupt visual function, causing ocular diseases, including blindness. Therefore, treatment of corneal NV has a high public health impact. Epigalloccatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), presenting antiangiogenesis effects, was chosen as an inhibitor to treat human vascular endothelial cells for corneal NV treatment. A...
Article
Full-text available
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy has been used to quantify chemical and structural characteristics of a wide range of materials including biological tissues. In this study, we examined spatial changes in the chemical characteristics of rat retina in response to intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation using synchrotron infrared microscopy (SIRM), a non-destr...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) has recently been adapted to enable efficient editing of the mammalian genome, opening novel avenues for therapeutic intervention of inherited diseases. In seeking to disrupt yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) in a Thy1-YFP transgenic mouse, w...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we describe a porous 3-dimensional collagen scaffold material that supports capillary formation in vitro, and promotes vascularization when implanted in vivo. Collagen scaffolds were synthesized from type I bovine collagen and have a uniform pore size of 80 μm. In vitro, scaffolds seeded with primary human microvascular endothelial cells susp...
Article
Corneal neovascularisation, the growth of new blood vessels in the cornea, is a leading cause of vision impairment after corneal injury. Neovascularisation typically occurs in response to corneal injury such as that caused by infection, physical trauma, chemical burns or in the setting of corneal transplant rejection. The NADPH oxidase enzyme compl...
Article
Full-text available
Subconjunctival injection is a minimally invasive route for gene delivery to ocular tissues, but has traditionally been limited to use in the cornea. The accurate ocular distribution of virus has not, however, been previously investigated. Adenovirus is an attractive gene vector as it can deliver large genes and allow for short-term gene expression...
Article
Full-text available
Pathological angiogenesis in the retina is a leading cause of serious vision loss in potentially blinding eye diseases, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity and the wet form of age-related macular degeneration. Hypoxia is thought to be the driver of pathological angiogenesis, and transcription factors such as hyp...
Article
Full-text available
Annexin V is of crucial importance for detection of the phosphatidylserine of apoptotic cell membranes. However, the manner in which different amounts of phosphatidylserine at the membrane surface at different stages of apoptosis contribute to binding of annexin V is unclear. We have used a quartz crystal microbalance combined with dissipative moni...
Article
Cardiac resident stem cells (CRSCs) hold much promise to treat heart disease but this remains a controversial field. Here we describe a novel population of CRSCs, which are positive for W8B2 antigen and were obtained from adult human atrial appendages. W8B2(+) CRSCs exhibit a spindle-shaped morphology, are clonogenic and capable of self-renewal. W8...
Article
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Pathologic neovascularization of the retina is a major cause of substantial and irreversible loss of vision. Drugs are difficult to deliver to the lesions in the back of the eye and this is a major obstacle for the therapeutics. Current pharmacological approach involves an intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents to prevent aberrant growth of blo...
Article
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have been implicated in development and progression of breast cancer. In the present study, we have evaluated the effects of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic MnTmPyP and the SOD/catalase mimetic EUK 134 on superoxide and H2O2 formation as well as proliferation, adhe...
Article
Full-text available
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of substantial and irreversible vision loss amongst elderly populations in industrialized countries. The advanced neovascular (or "wet") form of the disease is responsible for severe and aggressive loss of central vision. Current treatments aim to seal off leaky blood vessels via laser the...
Article
Systemic sclerosis is characterised by three main pathological features namely auto-immunity, vasculopathy and an overgrowth of connective tissues in the skin and visceral organs including lung, heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract. Currently, there is no intervention directed towards fibrosis in systemic sclerosis. Blocking immune response wit...
Article
Heme oxygenases, namely heme oxygenase-1 and heme oxygenase-2, have important biological functions in vascular homeostasis. Heme oxygenase and its catabolic products, including bilirubin and carbon monoxide, have been implicated in blood pressure regulation. Increased expression of heme oxygenase exerts multiple protective actions against hypertens...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is a key physiological event in organ development and tissue responses to hypoxia but is also involved in pathophysiologies such as tumour growth and retinopathies. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved is important to design strategies for therapeutic intervention. One important regulator...
Article
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Aims: Prostacyclin (PGI2) that is released from the vascular endothelium plays an important role in vasodilatation and thrombo-resistance, and it has long been suspected to protect cell survival. How it does so has never been clear. Recently, it has been shown that the NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) improves endothelial cell functions and promotes angioge...
Article
Full-text available
Uncontrolled fibrosis in organs like heart, kidney, liver and lung is detrimental and may lead to end-stage organ failure. Currently there is no effective treatment for fibrotic disorders. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has a fundamental role in orchestrating the process of fibrogenesis; however, interventions directly targeting TGF-β would hav...
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia in the tumor microenvironment triggers differential signaling pathways for tumor survival. In this study, we characterized the involvement of hypoxia and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in the anti-neoplastic mechanism of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene delivery in mouse B16-F10 melanoma model in vivo and in vitro. Histological ana...
Article
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Surface treatment to a biomaterial surface has been shown to modify and help cell growth. Our aim was to determine the best surface-modified system for the treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency, which would facilitate expansion of autologous limbal epithelial cells while maintaining cultivated epithelial cells in a less differentiated state. Com...
Article
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Boosting angiogenesis is a crucial process to enhance tissue growth in tissue engineering (TE). Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) has been identified as an angiogenic factor, but its involvement in angiogenesis in an arteriovenous loop-based TE chamber developed by the laboratory is unclear. In this study, the authors first examined the effects...