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Griffin Carpenter

Griffin Carpenter
Independent Researcher

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62
Publications
16,629
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470
Citations
Citations since 2017
42 Research Items
416 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (62)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fish stocks are owned by no one but desired by many. How, then, should access to fish stocks be determined? In the EU, Member States have answered this question very differently, with many different systems in use. We analyse 12 Member States in detail, and find that despite different system designs, none of them are fully managing their fisheries...
Research
Full-text available
Few issues better symbolise the politics of Britain’s exit from the EU (Brexit) than fisheries. Fishing, like the sea itself, is deeply interwoven into the perception of the UK as a coastal nation separated from its neighbours. Fisheries policy, it has been claimed, is a visible and visceral area where the UK can ‘take back control’.
Article
Full-text available
To prevent the overfishing of marine fish populations, governments often limit fishing access through the allocation of fishing opportunities. While some studies have linked particular systems of fishing opportunities to sustainable outcomes (particularly individual transferable quota), it remains unclear whether it is the use of exclusive access (...
Article
Full-text available
Fisheries management has been a strongly contested aspect of the UK’s position in the EU since UK accession, with the fishing industry frequently questioning both the efficacy and fairness of arrangements. During the campaign for UK exit (Brexit) from the EU, and the subsequent negotiations of a new legal and political relationship from 2016 to 202...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anthropogenic degradation of marine ecosystems is widely accepted as a major social-ecological problem. The growing urgency to manage marine ecosystems more effectively has led to increasing application of spatial management measures (marine protected areas [MPAs], sectoral [e.g. fishery] closures and marine spatial planning [marine plan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report examines the wide-reaching reasons – which are overwhelmingly supported by science – to remove EU fuel subsidies. It is estimated that more than €1 billion of government revenue is foregone due to fuel tax concessions. This public money could be repurposed for better use. Fuel subsidies are a very inefficient means of supporting incomes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2019, the EU fishing fleet numbered 73 983 vessels with a combined gross tonnage of 1.33 million tonnes and engine power of 5.3 million kilowatts. Based on data submitted by Member States under the EU MAP, there were 57 236 active vessels in 2019 offering direct employment to 129 540 fishers, corresponding to 92 298 FTEs; on average earning EUR...
Article
Exiting the EU allows the UK to unilaterally change the frameworks that govern its environment and natural resources. This opportunity is timely given the urgent need to address the biodiversity and climate emergencies, and deliver the necessary policy changes to meet associated international agreements. The UK’s divergence from EU environmental po...
Article
Full-text available
WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies (with also 296 co-authors)
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2018, the EU fishing fleet numbered 81 199 vessels with a combined gross tonnage of 1.56 million tonnes and engine power of 6.3 million kilowatts. Based on data submitted by Member States under the EU MAP, there were 63 593 active vessels in 2018. Direct employment generated by the fleet amounted to 146 906 fishers, corresponding to 105 851 FTEs...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2018, the EU fishing fleet numbered 81 199 vessels with a combined gross tonnage of 1.56 million tonnes and engine power of 6.3 million kilowatts. Based on data submitted by Member States under the EU MAP, there were 63 593 active vessels in 2018. Direct employment generated by the fleet amounted to 146 906 fishers, corresponding to 105 851 FTEs...
Preprint
Full-text available
To prevent the overfishing of marine fish populations, governments often limit access through the allocation of fishing opportunities. While some studies have linked particular systems of fishing opportunities to sustainable outcomes (particularly individual transferable quota (ITQ)), it remains unclear, whether it is the use of exclusive property-...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Covid-19 public health crisis has exposed many weaknesses and vulnerabilities in how our economy is structured. Some of these vulnerabilities have for a long time been known but routinely ignored. Others have been exposed to wide public attention for the first time. The fishing industry is an inherently vulnerable industry. Fishers chase a mov...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers are risking the sustainability of fish stocks by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our six year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Article
Full-text available
Background Anthropogenic degradation of marine ecosystems is widely accepted as a major social-ecological problem. The growing urgency to better manage marine ecosystems has led to the increasing application of ‘spatial management measures’ including marine protected areas, sectoral (e.g. fishery) closures, and marine spatial planning. However, the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
While information regarding fishing vessels flying the flag of each MS is publicly available through the Community Fishing Fleet Register, information about the ownership of these vessels and the quota that they are allocated is not always available. Despite a lack of data, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the common perception of fishing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The UK fishing industry is a relatively small economic sector dispersed around the UK coastline. Rarely featured on the front pages, the Brexit referendum has shone a new spotlight on the fishing industry and exposed some of the challenges it faces to the wider public. But who had their time in the spotlight?
Technical Report
https://www.duh.de/fileadmin/user_upload/download/Projektinformation/Naturschutz/Fischereipolitik/GFP_Fischereipolitik_Broschure_komplett_lange_Version_GB_16_12_19.pdf
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 2019 Annual Economic Report (AER) on the European Union (EU) fishing fleet provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of EU Member States (MS) fishing fleets.
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the EMFF ENG1400 project, work package 2 (WP2) aims to evaluate the socio-economic impacts of the EU Emergency Measures of 2014 and subsequent bass management measures, spanning the whole period between 2012 and 2018, for England as well as three selected case study ports (Plymouth, Weymouth and Eastbourne). The impacts on both the comme...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers are risking the sustainability of fish stocks by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our fifth year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers are risking the sustainability of fish stocks by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our fifth year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 2018 Economic Report of the EU Aquaculture Sector provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the production, economic value, structure and competitive performance of the sector at the national as well as the EU level for the years 2008 to 2016. The current report replaces previous aquaculture reports.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers are risking the sustainability of fish stocks by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our fifth year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Research
Full-text available
Despite marine fisheries constituting a relatively small economic sector in Scotland (0.2% GVA), the costs of managing Scottish fisheries are substantial. From enforcement to port infrastructure, fisheries science to tax exemptions, the costs of fisheries management are highly diverse and challenging for governments in Holyrood, Westminster, and Br...
Research
Full-text available
Analysing government data on new start-ups and insolvencies adds a new dimension to this picture. This data reveals that individuals in coastal communities are 24% more likely to experience insolvency in the form of bankruptcies, debt relief orders and individual voluntary agreements (2.5 per 1000 residents for coastal areas versus 1.0 for non-coas...
Article
Recent European Union policy objectives have committed to support small-scale coastal fisheries (SSCF), but the characteristics and sustainability of SSCF in Europe are poorly understood. In the UK, there is no clear definition of ‘small-scale’ beyond a 10-m length threshold used for fishing vessel administration. This paper examines the consequenc...
Research
Full-text available
In this report,we estimate the degree of self-sufficiency in fish consumption achieved by the EU as a whole and for each of its member states. Self sufficiency is defined as the capacity of EU member states to meet demand for seafood from their own waters. We express the degree of self-sufficiency in the form of a ‘fish dependence day’. Based on a...
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources beyond repair by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our fourth year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Article
Transparent, performance-based approaches to allocating fishing opportunities are required for signatories to the Aarhus Convention and the European Union's (EU) Member States via the Common Fisheries Policy. The lack of an operational framework to support this requirement means such a system is seldom explicitly used. Using the English commercial...
Research
Full-text available
This report explores the potential implications of the planned exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy for fisheries policy in Wales.
Article
Full-text available
Marine ecosystems evolve under many interconnected and area-specific pressures. To fulfil society's intensifying and diversifying needs while ensuring ecologically sustainable development, more effective marine spatial planning and broader-scope management of marine resources is necessary. Integrated ecological–economic fisheries models (IEEFMs) of...
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources beyond repair by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our fourth year running a series of briefings to identify which member states are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 2017 Annual Economic Report (AER) on the European Union (EU) fishing fleet provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of EU Member States (MS) fishing fleets.
Research
Full-text available
Much has been written concerning the risks of overfishing and, conversely, the large gains – environmentally, economically, socially – of managing fish stocks at larger population levels to ensure sustained catches. But far less is known, and facts are far harder to come by, on the similarly vexed issue of who gets given the right to fish. This rep...
Article
Full-text available
Where B is biomass, dB/dt is the temporal change in B, r is the intrinsic rate of natural population growth, K is the environmental carrying capacity for the population, and H is the biomass extracted in the form of catch (harvest).
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2014, the EU fishing fleet numbered 81 500 vessels with a combined gross tonnage (GT) of 1.6 million tonnes and engine power of 6.4 million kilowatts (kW). EU fleet capacity has continued to decrease steadily, at an average annual rate of 2% in terms of vessel numbers and engine power (kW) and 3% in terms of gross tonnage (GT). Based on data sub...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nephrops norvegicus (sold as scampi or langoustine) is one of the most valuable fisheries for the Scottish economy, with a landed value of £75 million in 2014. The Nephrops fishery is also significant in terms of contributions to coastal employment and Scottish exports. There are two main fishing gears that target Nephrops, one is mobile (trawling)...
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources beyond repair by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our second year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources beyond repair by consistently setting fishing limits above scientific advice. This is our second year running a series of briefings to identify which Member States are standing in the way of more fish, more profits, and more jobs for European citizens.
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this working paper we propose 13 indicators, relevant to bass fishing, which can be used to allocate fishing opportunities in line with Article 17 of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). In our analysis we demonstrate that mobile gear such as demersal/otter trawls were the most profitable fishing fleet which catch bass, however they suppo...
Research
Full-text available
Every year, the EU is provided with clear scientific advice on safe fishing levels, designed to encourage sustainable fishing. Despite this, European ministers set quotas far above what scientists recommend – leading to overfishing and lost economic potential. By analysing these decisions, we can determine which Member States are responsible for ov...
Research
Full-text available
For too long, overfishing has cost Europe millions in lost landings, profits and jobs. Quotas and subsidies have been allocated to fleets regardless of their economic, social or environmental performance. The reformed Common Fisheries Policy, in force since 2014, is an opportunity for change. But change will not happen without action from member state...
Research
Full-text available
What makes a food system successful? Historically, the criteria have been high output, low prices, and eradication of deficiency diseases. This understanding is outdated and needs redefining.
Research
Full-text available
Every day, major economic decisions are made based on advice no more accurate than a coin flip. But when it comes to climate change, sceptics and media are fuelling distrust in forecasts that now have a 20-year track record of accuracy. It’s time to end the double standard in how our most important decisions are made.
Research
Full-text available
We know nothing about the health of half our EU fish stocks. Lax government controls and law enforcement mean that 30–40% of the fish we land comes from illegal, unreported or unregulated sources. To return our seas to a sustainable and profitable state we need adequate data on our fisheries and proper enforcement of the laws that govern them.
Research
Full-text available
A proposed amendment to the new subsidies framework, the European Maritime Fisheries Fund (EMFF), would provide subsidies for new vessel construction – public funding put towards increasing the capacity of EU fishing fleets and putting additional pressure on fish numbers.
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources beyond repair by consistently fishing over and above the limits recommended by scientists. This is the first in a series of briefings to identify which countries are standing in the way of more fish, profits and jobs for European citizens.
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers risk damaging our natural resources by consistently fishing over and above the limits recommended by scientists. Deep sea fisheries are the focus of the second in our briefings series to identify which countries are standing in the way of more fish, profits and jobs for European citizens.
Research
Full-text available
Fisheries ministers squander the economic potential of our seas by consistently fishing over and above the limits recommended by scientists. This is the third in a series of briefings to identify which countries are standing in the way of more fish, profits and jobs for European citizens.
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2013, the EU fishing fleet numbered 83,734 vessels with a combined gross tonnage (GT) of 1.6 million tonnes and engine power of 6.5 million kilowatts (kW). EU fleet capacity has continued to decrease steadily, with an average annual decrease of 2% in terms of vessel numbers and kW and 3% in terms of GT. Based on DCF data, there were 65,363 vesse...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The European Commission has agreed emergency measures to halt the severe decline of bass stocks. Following this announcement in February 2015, we provide an outline of the necessary change to ensure the future of the species in UK and European waters. The EU measures ban pelagic trawling for bass in the Channel, Celtic Sea, Irish Sea and southern N...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Advice to the Common Fisheries Policy
Project
This series of reports compares the outcomes of the annual negotiations of total allowable catches of fish stocks in the EU with the scientific advice from ICES. By comparing the outcomes for each TAC, it is estimated which countries are pushing hardest for fishing quotas above sustainable levels.