Gregory J. Boyle

Gregory J. Boyle
University of Melbourne | MSD · Research Centre for Positive Psychology

PhD, DSc, FAPS

About

222
Publications
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Introduction
Gregory Boyle is a Professorial Fellow in the Centre for Positive Psychology, University of Melbourne. Current projects include: 1) The SAGE Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology (2 Vols) with Charles Golden, Dan Stein (Cape Town), Barbara Sahakian (Cambridge). 2) SAGE Handbook of Cognitive & Systems Neuroscience (2 Vols) with Felipe Fregni (Harvard School of Public Health); Barbara Sahakian (Cambridge Neuroscience); & Alvaro Pascual-Leone (Harvard Medical School).
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - present
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Fellow
September 2003 - August 2009
Bond University
Position
  • Head of Faculty
January 1993 - January 2013
Bond University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (222)
Book
Full-text available
Work and organizational psychology is a branch of mainstream psychology which has a truly global reach. This subject covers a broad array of aspects such as individual, team and organizational effectiveness, creativity and innovation, cross-cultural leadership and the organization of health services, health care and employee well-being. In five the...
Book
Full-text available
Boyle, G. J., Saklofske, D. H., & Matthews, G. (2012). (Eds.), Sage benchmarks in psychology: Psychological assessment, Vol. 1: Intelligence assessment. London, Sage. Boyle, G. J., Saklofske, D. H., & Matthews, G. (2012). (Eds.), Sage benchmarks in psychology: Psychological assessment, Vol. 2: Personality and clinical assessment. London, Sage. Bo...
Book
Full-text available
Boyle, G. J., Matthews, G., & Saklofske, D. (2008). (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment: Vol. 1 - Personality theories and models. Los Angeles: Sage. ISBN - 1-4129-2365-4 Boyle, G. J., Matthews, G., & Saklofske, D. (2008). (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment: Vol. 2 - Personality measurement an...
Book
Full-text available
Boyle, G. J., & Saklofske, D H. (2004). (Eds.), Sage benchmarks in psychology: The psychology of individual differences, Vol. 1: Intelligence. London: Sage. ISBN: 0-7619-4409-5 Boyle, G. J., & Saklofske, D H. (2004). (Eds.), Sage benchmarks in psychology: The psychology of individual differences, Vol. 2: Personality. London: Sage. ISBN: 0-7619-440...
Article
Full-text available
Raymond B. Cattell, was born on March 20, 1905 in West Bromwich, England. He died on February 2, 1998 in Honolulu, Hawaii, and is buried in the Valley of the Temples, Oahu. Having won a full scholarship to the University of London, Cattell completed a BSc (Hons) degree in chemistry and physics in 1924, aged 19 years. Over a remarkable 70‐year caree...
Article
Full-text available
Raymond B. Cattell, was born on March 20, 1905 in West Bromwich, England. He died on February 2, 1998 in Honolulu, Hawaii, and is buried in the Valley of the Temples, Oahu. Having won a full scholarship to the University of London, Cattell completed a BSc (Hons) degree in chemistry and physics in 1924, aged 19 years. Over a remarkable 70‐year caree...
Article
Personality-stress subtypes measured via the Short Interpersonal Reactions Inventory (SIRI) have been claimed to predispose to cancer, cardiovascular disease, or overall good health. We examined such associations in a 1993–1996 study on health risk factors in Australians aged over 50 years. 2197 women and 919 men completed the questionnaire, with n...
Article
The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ), Goal Orientation Questionnaire (GOQ), Revised Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F), and Academic Volitional Strategy Inventory (AVSI) plus a brief demographics questionnaire were administered to 395 Thai, and 313 Australian undergraduate students to investigate cross-cultural differences in personality, m...
Article
Research into a paradigm of human personality first requires the taxonomic delineation of normal and abnormal personality trait constructs, dynamic (motivation) traits, and transitory (emotional/mood) states. The Cattellian Psychometric Model is such an empirically-derived taxonomy of factor-analytically elucidated psychological constructs. Followi...
Article
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In the Philippines, non-therapeutic genital cutting is viewed as a culturally sanctioned rite of passage from boyhood to manhood. Strong social and peer pressure is exerted on boys aged between 8-16years to submit to destructive genital cutting, despite the fact that many men who have been subjected to genital cutting during infancy or childhood of...
Article
Full-text available
The authors of a recent meta-analysis[1] of studies into male circumcision and HIV describe their findings as "compelling." We disagree. They reported a remarkably high degree of inconsistency with 97% of variation across studies due to heterogeneity rather than chance (an astounding, rarely seen level of heterogeneity). Using recently described me...
Article
Full-text available
Ullmann et al. recently published a pilot study in Translational Psychiatry in which they report failing to find a statistically significant reduction in either hair cortisol or hair cortisone levels in circumcised men as compared with genitally intact (noncircumcised) men. Based on such null findings, the authors purport to have "refuted the psych...
Article
The two most prominent individual differences researchers of the twentieth century were Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell. Both were giants of scientific psychology, each publishing scores of books and hundreds of empirical peer-reviewed journal articles. Influenced by Hebb's distinction between physiological (Intelligence A) and experiential...
Article
Full-text available
Empathy is an essential component of social interactions and may be related to personality characteristics. However, this issue has not been extensively examined in a Chinese sample. Students at six universities in China (N = 257) completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R), and the Depr...
Article
Full-text available
Empathy is an essential component of social interactions and may be related to personality characteristics. However, this issue has not been extensively examined in a Chinese sample. Students at six universities in China (N=257) completed the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R), and the Depres...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the major approaches to measure empathy, considers their validity and reliability, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of each approach. Empathy is a complex multifaceted construct that is important for interpersonal relationships and social functioning in normal and pathological populations. This complexity is also r...
Chapter
Full-text available
The origins of this volume go back over 50 years to a collection of social attitude measures compiled by the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan (see Robinson & Shaver, 1969). The original work was substantially updated and configured as an edited volume by Robinson, Shaver and Wrightsman in 1991. Its scope was increased to cover p...
Book
Full-text available
Boyle, G. J., Saklofske, D. H., & Matthews, G. (2014). (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs. Elsevier/Academic Press.
Chapter
Full-text available
Several multidimensional measures of state-trait affect dimensions have been reviewed, including the Melbourne Curiosity Inventory (MCI); the State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI); the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule - Extended (PANAS-X); the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV); the Profile of Mood States (POMS-2); the Multiple Affect Adj...
Book
Full-text available
Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs assists researchers and practitioners by identifying and reviewing the best scales/measures for a variety of constructs. Each chapter discusses test validity, reliability, and utility. Authors have focused on the most often used and cited scales/measures, with a particular emphasis on thos...
Article
Full-text available
Morris and Krieger (2013) have argued that male circumcision does not impact adversely on sexual sensation, satisfaction, and/or function. In the present paper, it is argued that such a view is untenable. By selectively citing Morris' own non-peer-reviewed letters and opinion pieces purporting to show flaws in studies reporting evidence of negative...
Article
Full-text available
Morris and Krieger (2013) have argued that male circumcision does not impact adversely on sexual sensation, satisfaction, and/or function. In the present paper, it is argued that such a view is untenable. By selectively citing Morris' own non-peer-reviewed letters and opinion pieces purporting to show flaws in studies reporting evidence of negative...
Article
Full-text available
Non-therapeutic infant male circumcision is a permanent surgical alteration to the penis that may cause significant physical, sexual and psychological harm. Physical harms include unintended adverse effects of the surgery itself (e.g., complications such as bleeding, infection, excessive removal of foreskin leaving insufficient shaft skin to accomm...
Article
Full-text available
-The McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) aims to measure sensory, affective, and evaluative dimensions of pain. However, the structural dimensionality of the MPQ remains somewhat uncertain. Exploratory (EFA) factor analyses were used to investigate the structure of the MPQ based on the responses of a diverse sample of 448 pain patients (M age = 43.1 yr...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter consists of psychometrically-oriented reviews of 16 self-report tests of anger or hostility in adults. We begin with the historic Buss–Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI: Buss & Durkee, 1957), but focus more importantly on its factor analytically improved and updated revision, the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ: Buss & Perry,...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals can show different empathy responses towards others depending on in-group and out-group biases. The present research tested empathy biases related to ethnicity when targets were depicted in negative and positive contexts. Caucasian (n = 99) and Asian (n = 99) participants gave subjective ratings for images depicting same or other ethnic...
Chapter
Full-text available
On the basis of three seriously flawed sub-Saharan African randomized clinical trials into female-to-male (FTM) sexual transmission of HIV, in 2007 WHO/UNAIDS recommended circumcision (MC) of millions of African men as an HIV preventive measure, despite the trials being compromised by irrational motivated reasoning, inadequate equipoise, selection...
Chapter
Full-text available
On the basis of three seriously flawed sub-Saharan African rand-omized clinical trials into female-to-male (FTM) sexual transmission of HIV, in 2007 WHO/UNAIDS recommended circumcision (MC) of millions of African men as an HIV preventive measure, despite the trials being compromised by irrational motivated reasoning, inadequate equipoise, selection...
Article
Full-text available
The Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV) and the Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ) are two separately developed multidimensional instruments purported to index simultaneously a number of fundamental emotional/mood states. The two instruments combined quantify some 20 primary mood states, which. in practice, may provide too complex a picture to be of...
Article
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The Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) is hereby advised to revise its circumcision policy statement, warning medical doctors to avoid possible civil and/or criminal liability by deferring all non-therapeutic circumcision of children until they reach an age at which they can personally and legally grant fully-informed consent.
Article
Full-text available
In a recent issue of the BJUI, Professor Podnar (2012) reported his findings concerning the clinical elicitation of the penilo- cavernosus reflex in genitally intact men as compared with circumcised men. Previously, Taylor (2007) had reported that, ‘Almost certainly, removal of the prepuce and its ridged band distorts penile reflexogenic functions...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Recently, the lexicon of pain was refined into a parsimonious set of words making up the Pain Descriptor System (PDS). The present study investigated the latent structure of the sensory category of the PDS with its 24 descriptors distributed equally across 8 subcategories. A sample of 629 chronic pain patients rated the degree to which...
Article
Full-text available
In the Journal of the American Medical Association , Tobian and Gray [ 1 ] seek to re-evaluate the risks and alleged benefi ts of male circumcision (MC), but seem blithely unaware that two authoritative medical associations, the Dutch Medical Association and Royal Australasian College of Physicians, have just completed comprehensive reviews [ 2,3 ]...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the lexicon of pain was refined into a parsimonious set of words making up the Pain Descriptor System (PDS). The present study investigated the latent structure of the sensory category of the PDS with its 24 descriptors distributed equally across 8 subcategories. A sample of 629 chronic pain patients rated the degree to which each of thes...
Article
Full-text available
In 2007, WHO/UNAIDS recommended male circumcision as an HIV- preventive measure based on three sub-Saharan African randomised clinical trials (RCTs) into female-to-male sexual transmission. A related RCT investigated male-to-female transmission. However, the trials were compro- mised by inadequate equipoise; selection bias; inadequate blinding; pro...
Article
Full-text available
Unos 650 millones de hombres y 120 millones de mujeres que viven en la actualidadsufrieron modificaciones genitales. Los partidarios de la cirugía genital han considera-do que realizar la circuncisión y el cambio de sexo sin consentimiento en niños y niñasprácticamente no tiene secuelas psicológicas negativas. Sin embargo, la creciente evi-dencia e...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematics and English achievement was investigated among 277 Year 10 Australian students. Using the School Motivation Analysis Test (SMAT) as the measure of dynamic motivational traits, significant achievement variance (25 per cent for Mathematics; 34 per cent for English) was accounted for independently from that due to abilities and personality...
Article
Full-text available
The School Motivation Analysis Test (SMAT) is a 190-item, objective (T-data), multidimensional instrument for measuring factor analytically derived adolescent motivation dimensions. The SMAT was administered to 109 high school students (63 females, 46 males) enrolled in a Melbourne metropolitan foreign language school. Sten scores on the SMAT dynam...
Article
Full-text available
El cuestionario del dolor de McGill (Melzack, 1975) es el instrumento de evaluacion de dolor de mayor difusion. El MPQ consta de 20 subclases de descriptores verbales de dolor que miden las dimensiones (categorias) sensorial, afectiva y evaluativa. Tambien se otorga una puntuacion de intensidad para cada descriptor dentro de cada subclase. Seis de...
Article
Full-text available
We detail the misunderstandings, errors and fallacies in Letters to the Editor criticising our Editorial in the MJA entitled “The case for boosting infant male circumcision in the face of rising heterosexual transmission of HIV” (David A Cooper, Alex D Wodak and Brian J Morris). The very low risk and considerable benefits of male circumcision attes...
Article
Full-text available
Tobacco smoking or nicotine administration on its own can influence cognitive task performance. This study examined the effects of acute nicotine administration on verbal task performance and a physiological index of arousal. Healthy non-smoking participants received either a 2-mg sublingual nicotine tablet or placebo. Participants next completed v...
Data
Full-text available
smoking or nicotine administration on its own can influence cognitive task performance. This study examined the effects of acute nicotine administration on verbal task performance and a physiological index of arousal. Healthy nonsmoking participants received either a 2-mg sublingual nicotine tablet or placebo. Participants next completed various ve...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports sex differences in cognitive task performance that emerged when 39 Australian university undergraduates (19 men, 20 women) were asked to solve verbal (lexical) and visual-spatial cognitive matching tasks which varied in difficulty and visual field of presentation. Sex significantly interacted with task type, task difficulty, late...
Chapter
Full-text available
Personality traits have been a central part of the study of personality for 70 years or more, from early studies by personologists to more recent studies by Cattell and Eysenck, and their associates. Most of the research has used data from self-report inventories and rating scales and these have posed problems, such as response distortion, that hav...
Article
Full-text available
The wording of university academic job advertisements can reflect a commitment to equity (affirmative action) as opposed to academic merit in hiring decisions. The method of judgemental content analysis was applied by having three judges rate 810 Australian tenure- stream advertisements on seven-point magnitude scales of equity and merit. The influ...
Article
Full-text available
The wording of university academic job advertisements can reflect a commitment to equity (affirmative action) as opposed to academic merit in hiring decisions. The method of judgemental content analysis was applied by having three judges rate 810 Australian tenure-stream advertisements on seven-point magnitude scales of equity and merit. The influe...
Article
Full-text available
Personality traits have been a central part of the study of personality for 70 years or more, from early studies by personologists to more recent studies by Cattell and Eysenck, and their associates. Most of the research has used data from self-report inventories and rating scales and these have posed problems, such as response distortion, that hav...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the personality profile of direct service personnel employed in community residential units for the intellectually disabled. Comprehensive assessment of both the normal and abnormal personality trait domains was carried out for a large sample of 110 employees, using the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ), a psychometric instr...
Article
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The present research note provides an overview of the demographic characteristics of direct-service personnel employed in Melbourne community residential units for intellectually disabled individuals. Findings indicate that many of these employees are relatively inexperienced participants in the workforce, and that they are predominantly young, sin...
Chapter
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The approach being taken is in part a focus on contrasting the multidimensional personality assessment instruments constructed using factor analysis by Raymond B. Cattell and his colleagues and those multidimensional scales developed using other approaches to assessing people, notably the construct-oriented methods advocated by Douglas Jackson. Des...
Article
Full-text available
Extract:This chapter cannot provide an exhaustive review of the many approaches to personality assessment that are in common use today because of the vast size of the area. With entire books devoted to individual instruments, a brief chapter such as this is necessarily limited in its scope. In particular, the chapter will not address methods of pro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Raymond B. Cattell was a prodigious, psychometrically oriented behavioural scientist, listed among the top ten most highly cited psychologists of the twentieth century (Haggbloom et al., 2002: 142). Cattell led a team of internationally visible researchers in undertaking a programmatic series of innovative psychometric research studies into the str...
Chapter
Full-text available
Extract: Contemporary personality research generally adopts an interactionist model, whereby traits and situationally sensitive states interact in influencing behavioural outcomes. However, some support for the casual nature of the Big Five has been forthcoming (Paunonen and Ashton, 2001). For example, it has been argued that individuals vary on ea...
Chapter
Full-text available
Extract: Raymond B. Cattell, PhD, DSc (London) was ranked among the top ten most highly cited psychologists of the twentieth century (along with Freud, Piaget, Eysenck, and Skinner), as indexed in the peer-reviewed psychological journal literature (Haggbloom et. al., 2002:142). Over the span of more than half a century, Cattell undertook an extensi...
Article
Full-text available
Extract: Technically, there are very few actual 'tests' of personality- the Objective-Analytical Battery being an exception. Most so-called 'tests' of personality are in fact, self-report scales or rating scales based on reports of others. Such scales quantify subjective introspections, or subjective impressions of others' personality make-up. At t...
Article
Full-text available
Extract: The thesis of these volumes is that the study of personality traits has advanced towards 'normal science' in the sense of a Kuhnian paradigm (cf. Eysenck, 1981; Kuhn, 1962). That is, most researchers in this area share a set of common core beliefs supported by empirical evidence. These include the relative stability of traits over time, a...
Article
Full-text available
Extract: This chapter will provide an outline of the historical development of the schizotypy construct, highlighting subtle theoretical differences in its conceptualisation, and related issues of measurement, factor structure, and the association with other dimensions of personality. The development of schizotypal personality models and their rela...
Book
Full-text available
A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments.
Book
Full-text available
A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many facets of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 2: Personality Measurement and Assessment. Covers psychometric measurement of personality.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While many personality instruments have been constructed, questions remain as to their predictive validity (Boyle & Saklofske, 2004). According to Meyer, Finn, Eyde et al. (2001, p. 128), " (a) Psychological test validity is strong and compelling, (b) psychological test validity is comparable to medical test validity, (c) distinct assessment method...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of an acute administration of nicotine on arousal and visual-spatial ability in healthy non-smoking participants was investigated. Healthy adult volunteers with a mean age of 19.98 years received a transdermal nicotine or placebo patch prior to completing a water-level task and two mental rotation tasks while concurrent psychophysiologic...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of detention on psychological status, and quality of life was examined in a sample of 150 former refugee detainees from the Woomera Detention Centre now living in the Australian community. Detainees completed a Psychological status inventory including the Truncated Firestone Assessment of Self-destructive Thoughts (T-FAST),the Quality of...
Data
Full-text available
The impact of detention on psychological status, and quality of life was examined in a sample of 150 former refugee detainees from the Woomera Detention Centre now living in the Australian community. Detainees completed a Psychological status inventory including the Truncated Firestone Assessment of Self-destructive Thoughts (T-FAST),the Quality of...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of detention on psychological status, and quality of life was examined in a sample of 150 former refugee detainees from the Woomera Detention Centre now living in the Australian community. Detainees completed a Psychological status inventory including the Truncated Firestone Assessment of Self-destructive Thoughts (T-FAST),the Quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate the effects of adult circumcision on sexual function in men circumcised only for religious or cosmetic reasons.
Article
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Article
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The effects of humour on health were investigated using a sample of 504 individuals comprising three groups (community group, university students, and respondents with a medical condition). Hypotheses were: (1). that after controlling for other variables, humour would be significantly associated with health: (2). that individuals with a greater sen...
Article
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Human beings have tended to describe their uniqueness in two ways. They can be distinguished from all other life forms on this planet by the very fact that they are the most intellectually developed species in the animal kingdom. However, this uniformity within human kind is further characterised by a vast range of individual differences. It is thi...
Article
Human beings have tended to describe their uniqueness in two ways. They can be distinguished from all other life forms on this planet by the very fact that they are the most intellectually developed species in the animal kingdom. However, this uniformity within human kind is further characterised by a vast range of individual differences. It is thi...
Article
Full-text available
While vaginal dryness is considered an indicator for female sexual arousal disorder,1,2 male circumcision may exacerbate female vaginal dryness during intercourse.3 O'Hara and O'Hara reported that women who had experienced coitus with both intact and circumcised men preferred intact partners by a ratio of 8.6 to one.4 Most women (85.5%) in that sur...
Article
Full-text available
While vaginal dryness is considered an indicator for female sexual arousal disorder, male circumcision may exacerbate female vaginal dryness during intercourse. O'Hara and O'Hara reported that women who had experienced coitus with both intact and circumcised men preferred intact partners by a ratio of 8.6 to one.4 Most women (85.5%) in that survey...
Article
Full-text available
THIS clearly written , comprehensive book identifies the emotions of anxiety, depression and anger as the core of negative affect, and relates each of these states to the pervasive problem of pain. In doing so, the book goes well beyond previously published accounts of pain and suffering, clearly establishing Dr Fernandez as a leading scholar in th...