Gregory Gerasimov

Gregory Gerasimov
Endocrinology Research Centre · Department of Endocrinology

Doctor of Medicine

About

150
Publications
3,859
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
302
Citations
Introduction
Prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders (globally, with focus on Eastern Europe and Central Asia); epidemiology on NCD; fortification of salt and other staple foods.

Publications

Publications (150)
Article
Full-text available
The Letter to Editor presents an analysis of some sections of the clinical guidelines «Diseases and conditions associated with iodine deficiency» published in No. 3 of the journal «Problems of Endocrinology» for 2021. In particular, the discussion deals with the coding of thyroid diseases according to ICD-10, depending on the iodine status of the p...
Article
Full-text available
The year 2020 marks the centenary of the publication of a classic study by American physicians D. Marine and O. Kimball on the effectiveness of endemic goiter prevention in children in Akron, Ohio. Although goiter has been known from immemorial times, there is still a problem with determining the normal size of the thyroid gland, without which the...
Article
In recent years, significant progress has been made at the global level in eliminating of iodine deficiency. However, until recently, there has been a gap in methods for estimating iodine intake with industrially processed foods (IPF) produced with iodized salt (IS). The aim of this work was to study the iodine consumption with IPF and kitchen salt...
Article
Armenia was one of the first post-Soviet countries, that after a relatively short break has restored the production of iodized salt at the beginning of the 2000s, and in 2004 adopted a decree that made the production and import of iodized salt mandatory, as well as its use in the food industry. A 2016 national survey showed high sustainability of t...
Article
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Radioactive iodine, flying out of the destroyed reactor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, like a corona virus quickly spread throughout Europe. Iodine deficiency in the regions of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia adjacent to nuclear power plants became a factor in increased uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland in children and after 5 ye...
Article
Full-text available
This time, the traditional column De Gustibus was prepared by three authors who began writing fragments of this article in late January early February this year, once again discussing position of various departments and individuals about the development and adoption of the federal law Prevention of iodine deficiency disorders in Russian Federation....
Article
Full-text available
With bated breath we follow the fate of the long-suffering law On the prevention of diseases caused by iodine deficiency. What can be expected in terms of improving public health after the adoption and successful implementation of this bill, which provides for the enrichment with iodine of edible salt of extra, higher and first varieties, grinding...
Article
Full-text available
The urgency of the problem of endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP) is currently in no doubt. This is due to the fact that relatively recently methods of objective assessment of the state of the eyeball and orbital tissues using ultrasound (ultrasound), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have appeared. At the same time, the etio...
Article
Full-text available
In their practice, both endocrinologists and obstetrician-gynecologists often encounter various diseases of the thyroid gland (thyroid gland) in pregnant women, which is of significant clinical and scientific interest both to study the pathology of these disorders and to treat them.
Article
Full-text available
The journal Clinical and Experimental Thyroidology published the reprint of the article “Salt iodization decreased the risk of thyrotoxicosis in Denmark by the halve” (doi: 10.14341/ket10379). This article for “De Gustibus” section was prepared by a guest author, Chairman of the Global Iodine Network and Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of...
Article
Full-text available
The discussion in this column is not about legislation but about issues that are closer to the readership. What products mainly provide for the need of the human body in iodine in Russia and other (near and far) countries of the world? For example, is there such a substance as an “optimal thyroid diet” and how can it be achieved both by healthy peo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Iodine is a necessary nutrient for the synthesis of thyroid hormones and essential in human development. Being naturally deficient in iodine, Armenia launched a national universal salt iodization (USI) strategy in 2004. Although high rates of goiter continued to be reported, iodine status has not been studied since 2005. Therefore, this...
Article
Full-text available
Medicine is an ancient science. In the modern sense, the medical profession began to form after bloodletting as a universal way of restoring the balance of bodily juices was replaced by more scientific and less crippling methods. But in medical practice it often happens that new methods of diagnosis and treatment get along with very ancient ones, a...
Article
Full-text available
From the beginning of the 1990s until the end of the 2000s, Russian thyroidology developed under the auspice of “median ioduria”. The emergence of available techniques, such as urinary iodine analysis and the estimation of thyroid volume by ultrasonography, multiplied by the vast expanses of Russia, gave researchers an uncultivated field for epidem...
Article
Full-text available
The obituary is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding scientist Gabriella Morreal de Escobar (1930–2017). She was known for many scientific discoveries in thyroidology, changing the view on the physiology and pathology of the thyroid gland.
Article
Full-text available
Background. Georgia historically was a country with moderate to severe iodine deficiency and high prevalence ofendemic goiter. A representative countrywide iodine survey conducted in Georgia in 2017 confirmed optimal iodine nutrition of the population with median UIC 298 mcg/L in SAC and 211 mcg/L in PW. Aim. The aim of this study was to assess st...
Article
Full-text available
The first 1000 days of life (the period between conception and the second birthday) is a window of opportunity for brain development, a unique period when the foundations for optimal growth and development of the nervous system are laid throughout the entire life. Previously it was believed that the main factor that negatively affects the psychomot...
Article
Full-text available
Стратегия всеобщего йодирования соли стала мощным импульсом для стран Юго-Восточной Европы и Центральной Азии за период с 2000 по 2009 г. К концу первого десятилетия несколько стран региона уже достигли оптимального потребления йода; другие страны стремительно двигались к достижению той же цели и лишь в нескольких странах прогресс в сторону всеобще...
Article
Full-text available
В своей регулярной колонке автор обсуждает опыт стран региона Восточной и Южной Европы и Центральной Азии в аспекте принятия проекта федерального закона “О внесении изменений в статью 15 Федерального закона «О качестве и безопасности пищевых продуктов»”, который сейчас находится на рассмотрении в российских органах власти. Эти изменения устанавлива...
Article
Full-text available
Вместе с глобализацией и развитием интернета появились, а затем размножились, международные научные журналы открытого доступа (ОД), в которых рукописи можно опубликовать за определенную плату. Нужно сразу оговориться, что основная часть журналов ОД публикуется вполне добропорядочными издательствами, проводящими закрытое рецензирование поступающих к...
Article
Full-text available
Мало кто обратил внимание на то, что как-то незаметно исполнилось 20 лет с официального возрождения программы йодной профилактики в постсоветской России. В своей регулярной колонке автор вдается в воспоминания, рассказывает о сегодняшней ситуации с йоднойобеспеченностью и пытается ответить на извечный российский вопрос “что делать?”.
Article
Full-text available
The current performance indicator for universal salt iodisation (USI) is the percentage of households using adequately iodised salt. However, the proportion of dietary salt from household salt is decreasing with the increase in consumption of processed foods and condiments globally. This paper reports on case studies supported by the Global Allianc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The current performance indicator for universal salt iodization (USI) is the percent of households using adequately iodized salt. However, the proportion of dietary salt from household salt is decreasing with the increase in consumption of processed foods and condiments globally. This paper reports on case studies supported by the GAIN-UNICEF USI P...
Article
Full-text available
Позиции, которые ранее в общественной жизни занимала беспристрастная экспертиза, сегодня сильно пошатнулись. В эпоху интернета, Википедии и социальных сетей народные массы перешли грань от естественного скептицизма в отношении мнения экспертов к активному противопоставлению собственного невежества сумме накопленных наукой и практикой данных. Парадо...
Article
Full-text available
How different should be approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid diseases among countries / regions where iodine deficiency is successfully eliminated through universal salt iodization, and the places that preserved various degrees of iodine deficiency? What diagnostic and therapeutic tactics in relation to thyroid diseases should be ch...
Article
Full-text available
In my previous column I have statred discussion about validity and trustfulness of sciebtific publications. In this publication I want to talk more about original articles that are kind of fodder for the science industry.
Chapter
Radiation is one of the few accepted risk factors for thyroid cancer. The majority of radiation-induced thyroid carcinomas are well-differentiated papillary carcinomas. Children treated with X-rays for various benign conditions were found to be at increased risk of developing thyroid cancer. Likewise, survivors of the atomic bomb exposures in Hiros...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Due to historical reasons, Abkhazia is one of the few regions of the former Soviet Union where status of iodine nutrition of the population is still unknown and activities for the prevention of iodine deficiency are not carried out. Aim. To assess the status of iodine nutrtition of Abkhazian population (schoolchildren and pregnant women...
Article
Full-text available
In everyday life doctors have to verify whether they can trust certain diagnistic procedures and treatment methods. There are different study types that vary in terms of their validity. This article reviews application of famous approach "trust but verify" to the selection of medical literature.
Article
Full-text available
Aim. To determine the effectiveness of the implementation of the National Program for the Prevention of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2010–2014, the iodine sufficiency of the country’s population and the main risk groups – pregnant and lactating women – was assessed. Methods. 1815 samples of dietary salt have been examined...
Article
Full-text available
Review of the official medical statistics on prevalence and incidence on thyroid diseases in Russia made me feel sad. Not because it is too bad or showing trends that are threatening to public health. Sadly, this statistics is simply not trustworthy...
Article
Full-text available
Should adult people be taught how to eat well, dress themselves and even what water to drink? Are health communication program really effective and what factors should be taken into account? All these in new column “De Gustibus”.
Article
Full-text available
Is early disease detection always beneficial? What are the differences between “Birds”, “Rabbits” and “Turtles”? These and other questions under discussion in the “De Gustibus” column.
Article
Full-text available
Why health care system in Russia lags even public nutrition in its development? Current status of health care and ways for its improvments are discussed in this column.
Article
Full-text available
Background.Previous surveys showed chronic iodine excess - median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) over 500 mcg/l — supposedly due to water contamination in population of Turinsk, a town in Sverdlovsk Region of Russia.Aim.Conduct an assessment of the effects of chronic iodine excess on thyroid function and spectrum of thyroid abnormalities in sch...
Article
Full-text available
Issues of implementation of WHO Guidelines on fortification of food grade salt with iodine for the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders in countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia are discussed.
Article
Full-text available
There are certain conditions, such as prediabetes, subclinical hypothyroidism or "low T syndrome" with questionable clinical significance. Should we treat these conditions or ...?
Article
A survey of the current management of Graves' disease was performed in the USSR among members of All Union Endocrine Society. The questionnaire was based on the format used previously for a survey of members of European Thyroid Association. The aim of a similar survey in the USSR was to obtain a comprehensive pattern of management of Graves' diseas...
Article
В советской журналистике был такой жанр очерка – “Письмо позвало в дорогу”. Можно сказать, что поводом для написания настоящей колонки послужила весточка белорусской коллеги на форум Тиронет для врачей: “У нас в Белоруссии в областях, загрязненных радионуклидами после аварии на Чернобыльской АЭС (ЧАЭС), УЗИ широко используется для скрининга рака ЩЖ...
Article
Full-text available
By 2000, the global track record on universal salt iodization (USI) indicated 26% access to adequately iodized salt in the Central and Eastern Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/ CIS) Region. Aimed at extracting lessons learned, this study examined experiences, achievements, and outcomes of USI strategies in CEE/CIS countries during th...
Article
К моментy выхода этого номера журнала в свет в России, Украине и Беларуси будут отмечать 25-летнюю годовщину аварии на Чернобыльской АЭС. Вот уже четверть века прошло после этого трагического события, которое так сильно повлияло на судьбы миллионов людей и всей страны в целом.
Article
An insufficient intake of micronutrients has massive and permanent nature and influence negatively to health, growth and vitality of the entire nation. One-third part of Russian schoolchildren suffer from deficiency of iron and iodine. Every year in Russia 215,000 children are born with brain damages associated with iodine deficiency. Raising the p...
Article
Article presents results of implementation of successful program of elimination of iodine deficiency in Belarus. Government decree (2001) requires mandatory use of iodized salt in food industry and public catering. While retail trade of non-iodized salt is not prohibited, all foods shops must have iodized salt on sale. All these measures resulted i...
Article
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
In Georgia a law was passed in 2005 that banned the import and sale of non-iodized salt. To measure the impact of this legislation, a national survey was conducted in November 2005. A cross-sectional school-based 30 cluster survey of children aged 6—12 years measured urinary iodine excretion (UIE) and the iodine content of household salt. Approxima...
Article
Iodine concentration in urine is the direct quantity indicator of the current consumption of iodine in the population. The most widespread method of determination of iodine in urine is cerium-arsenic method with preliminary processing samples of urine using the solution ammonium persulfate. The purpose of work was to develop updating of the given m...
Chapter
Radiation is one of the few accepted risk factors for thyroid cancer. Numerous studies have confirmed that the thyroid gland is one of the most radiation-sensitive human organs and that thyroid cancer is one of the most common radiogenic malignancies. Analysis of these studies is problematic, however, owing to difficulties in dose assessment, long-...
Article
The guidelines presented do not pretend to be a systematic presentation of all aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of nodular goiter and are not intended to replace guidelines for various medical disciplines. In real clinical practice, situations may arise that are beyond the scope of the recommendations presented, in connection with which the f...
Article
The Interregional center of public health and development assisted by Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy undertook, 1999-2000, a study of the standard of knowledge, attitude and conduct of consumers in respect to the use of iodinated salt (IS) in the prevention of iodine-deficient diseases (IDD). It was demonstrated that, on the average per one distri...
Article
The article is devoted to the clinical recommendations of the Russian Association of Endocrinologists for the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis in adults
Article
The territory of Serbia has been long known to be an iodine de­ficiency area. The surveys conducted in the past 50 years have shown that iodine deficiency disorders ranged from small goiters to endemic cretinism. The iodine deficiency control program has been implemented in Serbia since 1951, in so doing, the salt con­centration of iodine (as potas...
Article
The article is devoted to the salt iodination is an effective way of liquidation of iodine-deficient diseases in Russia
Article
Full-text available
The Chernobyl nuclear disaster of April 26, 1986, triggered a chain of devastating events that later included an unexpected increase in childhood thyroid cancer and evidence of iodine deficiency (ID) in Russia. For the Russian people the Chernobyl event had profound psychological impacts, provoking anxiety about nuclear technology and mistrust of g...
Article
The article is presented in the form of comments on E. P. Kasatkina’s paper offered for discussion: "Diffuse Nontoxic Goiter. Problems in Classification and Taxonomy".
Article
The article is devoted to the total iodination of table salt for prevention of iodine deficiency diseases.
Article
The efficiency of therapy with a combined thyroxin-iodine drug and monotherapy with thyroxin was compared in patients with diffuse nontoxic goiter (DNG), and the effect of iodine intake was evaluated. The study was carried out in an outpatient setting by the double blind method in 46 women aged 18-50 years with DNG: 22 were treated by the combined...
Article
Regular (for 5 years) addition of salt iodinated with potassium iodinate to diets of children living in a region with moderate iodine deficiency normalized iodine content in the organism, decreased the incidence of goiter from 22.6 to 7.3% (according to ultrasonic data), and prevented an increase in the incidence of goiter during the prepubertal pe...
Article
Approaches to diagnosis and treatment of endocrinoophthalmopathy practiced by the leading endocrinologists in Russia are analyzed. The interviews were carried out using questionnaire suggested by Research Group of European Thyroidology Association for a similar study in Europe in 1998. The data of the European and Russian studies are compared.
Chapter
Radiation is one of the few accepted risk factors for thyroid cancer. Numerous studies have confirmed that the thyroid gland is one of the most radiation-sensitive human organs and that thyroid cancer is one of the most common radiogenic malignancies. Analysis of these studies is problematic, however, due to difficulties in dose assessment, long-te...
Article
Endocrinological and cardiological parameters were assessed in coronary patients with nodular euthyroid goiter before and during treatment in order to define the optimal protocols of L-thyroxin therapy. Ultrasonic examination of the thyroid, fine needle puncture biopsy and cytological analysis of biopsy specimens, measurements of thyrotropic hormon...
Article
Seventy-six case histories of patients operated on at Surgical Department of Endocrinology Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences in 1992-1993 were analyzed in order to evaluate the remote results of surgical treatment of diffuse toxic goiter (DTG) and potentialities of their predicting before surgery. The following factors were...
Article
Epidemiological screening has been carried out in West Siberia in order to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiencies. The incidence of goiter was assessed, iodine excretion with the urine measured in children, and levels of neonatal thyrotropic hormone (TTH) measured in the course of screening for congenital hypothyrdsis. The findings confirmed...
Article
A significant place in the practical activities of endocrinologists is occupied by the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid diseases. Among them, one of the most common is autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). The prevalence of AIT among the population of different countries ranges from 0.1-1.2% in children to 6-11% in women over 60 years of age (Matsuura et...
Article
Iodination of foodstuffs is one basic trend in prevention of iodine deficit and diseases caused by it. The production of iodine salt is rather expensive, and hence, another highly prevalent foodstuff was chosen as "iodine carrier": bread. Bread is traditional food in Russia and its consumption is stable throughout the year. Bread baking is centrali...
Article
The study is an attempt to assess the relationship between the immunoreactivity of nuclear p53 and the classic factors predicting an unfavorable outcome of papillary thyroid cancer. Thyroid tissue from Russian and American patients with highly differentiated papillary cancer is examined. A positive immunoreactivity of p53 is detected more frequentl...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two different starting doses of methimazole (MMI) on the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with Grave's disease and, specifically, to elucidate the effects of various independent factors on the efficacy of MMI. Sixty untreated hyperthyroid patients were enrolled in the t...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Project targeted to countries of Eastern Europe and. Central Asia