Grazia Tucci

Grazia Tucci
University of Florence | UNIFI · Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale (DICEA)

Associate Professor

About

154
Publications
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Introduction
Grazia Tucci currently works at the Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICEA), University of Florence. The research path and subjects at the basis of her scientific activity and teaching profile have been focusing on the disciplines involving measurement and its application to Cultural Heritage and their context, from small-to-large scale.

Publications

Publications (154)
Article
The development of remote sensing techniques dramatically improved the human knowledge of natural phenomena and the real time monitoring and interpretation of the events happening in the environment. The recently developed terrestrial, aerial and satellite remote sensors caused the availability of huge amount of data. The large size of such data is...
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Recovery of land knowledge can help to advance the understanding of socio-ecological systems like traditional sustainable agricultural systems. Such efforts require transdisciplinary inquiry, data acquisition and analysis, as well as the development of data-integrated design processes for implementing recovered knowledge in the design of such syste...
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During the last decade, the use of semantic models of 3D buildings and structures kept growing, fostered in particular by the spread of Building Information Models (BIMs), becoming quite popular in several civil engineering and geomatics applications. Nevertheless, semantic model production usually requires quite a lot of human interaction, which m...
Article
Plastic is the third world’s most produced material by industry (after concrete and steel), but people recycle only 9% of plastic that they have used. The other parts are either burned or accumulated in landfills and in the environment, the latter being the cause of many serious consequences, in particular when considering a long-term scenario. A s...
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Point cloud semantic segmentation is a key step for automatically deriving an informative building model from the 3D data reconstruction obtained by 3D surveying tools, such as laser scanners and photogrammetry. Such representation increases the richness of the information available of the represented building, leading to an at least rough interpre...
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The interest in high-resolution semantic 3D models of historical buildings continuously increased during the last decade, thanks to their utility in protection, conservation and restoration of cultural heritage sites. The current generation of surveying tools allows the quick collection of large and detailed amount of data: such data ensure accurat...
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Comparing photogrammetric performances of four user-grade unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) is the main aim of this paper. This study investigates what is the more suitable UAS for specific applications considering the required scale factor, such as for architectural, environmental and restoration purposes. Some photogrammetric surveys were conducted...
Article
This paper shows results of comparing performances of four unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in terms of photogrammetric survey’s quality. This study aims to investigate what is the more suitable UAS for specific applications considering the required scale factor, such as for architectural, environmental, and restoration purposes. A series of photogr...
Chapter
On the 50th anniversary of the 1966 flood, the University of Florence, together with many other institutions, promoted the “Florence 2016 Project” by collecting materials, launching new research activities, supporting projects and events to obtain tangible results for the prevention of future disasters and identify good practices for the protection...
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The study presents results from applying the Real Aperture Radar interferometry technique and Digital Image Correlation through a mobile phone camera to identify static and dynamic deformations of a gantry during surveying operations on the Michelangelo’s David at the Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze Museum in Florence. The statue has considerabl...
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Understanding socio-ecological systems and the discovery, recovery and adaptation of land knowledge are key challenges for sustainable land use. The analysis of sustainable agricultural systems and practices, for instance, requires interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research and coordinated data acquisition, data integration and analysis. Howe...
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Creating three-dimensional as-built models from point clouds is still a challenging task in the Cultural Heritage environment. Nowadays, performing such task typically requires the quite time-consuming manual intervention of an expert operator, in particular to deal with the complexities and peculiarities of heritage buildings. Motivated by these c...
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The paper points the attention to some hidden parts of metric surveys, that usually are not enough documented in scientific papers but in technical reposts. Reporting encountered challenges and discussing identified technical solutions and methodologies to overcome bottlenecks and operative issues, highlights the novelty of the presented experience...
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The paper presents results from applying Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique to determine deformations and verify stability on a gantry during surveying operations on the Michelangelo’s David at the Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze museum in Florence. An advanced hi-resolution Structured-light 3D scanner has been used to create a hi-detaile...
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3D building modeling is becoming an important support in civil engineering, architecture and cultural heritage applications. Despite static laser scanning can be considered as the state-of-the-art in such kind of applications, mobile mapping techniques can be considered as a suitable alternative to quickly gather geospatial information. Outdoor mob...
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Plastic pollution has become one of the main global environmental emergencies. A considerable part of used plastics materials is dispersed or accumulated in the environment with a significant damaging impact on many terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.Artificial Intelligence has proven a fundamental approach in last years for the detection of plasti...
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Tree detection has been considered in a number of forest-related applications, mostly related to the need of determining the presence and position of trees, and, in certain cases, the associated biomass. Most of the tree detection methods are typically based on the use of LiDAR surveys, and they often aim either at determining tree crowns or stems....
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This paper presents results from applying semi-automatic point cloud segmentation methods in the underground tunnels within the Military Shrine’s conservative restoration project in Cima Grappa (Italy). The studied area, which has a predominant underground development distributed in a network of tunnels, is characterized by diffuse rock collapsing....
Conference Paper
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Three-dimensional acquisition techniques, reality-based modelling and virtual reality are tools used in Digital Humanities prevalently for displaying the results of a study, but they can also suggest new methods of investigation to humanities scholars. In a case study regarding art history, these techniques made it possible to recreate the layout o...
Conference Paper
The work presents results obtained performing a survey campaign specifically designed to formulate an effective restoration project in a critical context. Within the remarkable project, promoted and financed by the Italian Presidency of the Council of the Ministers, and the Italian Ministry of Defence, for designing the conservative restoration pla...
Conference Paper
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In recent years, the numerous advantages introduced by Building Information modelling (BIM) have led in its application on the heritage environment and giving birth to the concept of H-BIM (Heritage BIM). The resulting demand in heritage survey data processing has focused this research on the development of strategies and methods to improve the con...
Conference Paper
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The significance of preservation of cultural heritage is undeniable, which is why both their geometric documentation and the creation of their digital “twins”, i.e. reconstructions and replicas at any scale, are essential procedures. A special category of cultural heritage is sacred sites which combine historical, spiritual and religious values. Th...
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This paper reports the knowledge process and the analyses performed to assess the seismic behavior of a heritage masonry building. The case study is a three-story masonry building that was the house of the Renaissance architect and painter Giorgio Vasari (the Vasari’s House museum). An interdisciplinary approach was adopted, following the Italian “...
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The high level of automation, user-friendliness and cost-effectiveness of photogrammetry have contributed significantly to its popularisation among amateur users in recent years. Paradoxically, this situation poses challenges when relying on the accuracy of the derived 3-D products requiring control procedures to be implemented. In this context, we...
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A project for realizing replicas of a couple of marble statues starting from reality-based 3D models is being presented in this paper. On the crowning element of the baptistry, consecrated to San Giovanni in Corte in Pistoia (Italy), there were originally a couple of marble statues that, in the 1980s, were removed to preserve them better and to avo...
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In the past, it was difficult to exhaustively document gardens and artificial grottoes with traditional manual survey techniques and maybe also for this reason the restoration Charters used to pass over the need of an accurate survey. Currently, high resolution sampling allows to obtain 3-D data acquisition and realistic and metrically accurate rep...
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This paper presents the geomatic contribution to the hydrographical survey applied to the Arno River in Tuscany (Italy) that has been performed to obtain both underwater cross-sections as well as riverbank height using point cloud data from echo-sounder and terrestrial laser scanner so that water flow storage capability could be further estimated w...
Chapter
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Rotary kilns are industrial furnaces used for the continuous processing of raw materials at high temperature, consisting in long steel cylinders lined with refractory bricks and revolved by gears. They are subjected to complex stresses and deformations due to high temperatures and heavy loads, so monitoring and planned maintenance are essential to...
Article
A considerable amount of the plastics produced around the world is now dispersed throughout the environment, and in particular in aquatic ecosystems. This can have damaging consequences for plants, animals and human beings. This study investigates some approaches for detection and monitoring of plastics waste in river habitats through multispectral...
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Rockfall risk is usually characterized by a high frequency of occurrence, difficulty in prediction (given high velocity, lack of noticeable forerunners, abrupt collapse, and complex mechanism), and a relatively high potential vulnerability, especially against people and communication routes. Considering that larger rock- falls and rockslides are ge...
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The advent of the smartphones brought with them higher processing capabilities and improved camera specifications which boosted the applications of mobile-based imagery in a range of domains. One of them is the 3-D reconstruction of objects by means of photogrammetry, which now enjoys great popularity. This fact brings potential opportunities to de...
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The democratization and accessibility of low-cost devices for image acquisition and the development of highly automated procedures for orientation and dense image matching allow almost every person to be a potential producer of photogrammetric models. The diffusion of image-based technologies to produce 3D models amongst wider audiences entails how...
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The research on Carlo III bridge in Moiano (Benevento, Italy) has been an opportunity for testing the HBIM methodology to the architectural heritage in terms of not only gathering information but as a design tool. The bridge, almost without previous drawings and documents, was surveyed with an integrated approach using laser scanner, photogrammetry...
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Nowadays, mobile mapping systems are widely used to quickly collect reliable geospatial information of relatively large areas: thanks to such characteristics, the number of applications and fields exploiting their usage is continuously increasing. Among such possible applications, mobile mapping systems have been recently considered also by railway...
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Boulder/rock mass movements generate ground vibrations that can be recorded by geophone networks. Generally, there are two methods applied to rockfall trajectory reconstruction or rockfall seismic localization. One method uses seismic wave arrival times and is achieved by minimizing the differences in signal arrival times between multiple stations...
Article
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a powerful non‐destructive investigation tool widely used in archaeology. Its capabilities are greatly enhanced when it is operated in combination with a terrestrial laser scanner. This article reports on the radar investigation of the floor of Palazzo Vecchio's Great Hall. This monumental hall has been decorated b...
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This paper discusses the first results of an ongoing two-year research activity aimed to identify the actual dynamic behavior of the Pulpit of Giovanni Pisano in Pistoia in order to design a long-term structural health monitoring system. First steps of the research have foreseen a Photogrammetric and Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) survey of the st...
Article
The technological evolution that marks the passage from traditional cartographies towards topographic databases in term of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) is characterised, at the surveying level, by the availability of different sources and tools for acquiring data: remote sensing, drones, laser scanners, etc. These multi-diversity sources have...
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This paper focuses on the implementation of new techniques for bathymetric inspections. The scope is the exploitation of sensors, usually and commonly used for navigation, namely the altimeter and the Forward Looking Sonar (FLS), for identifying objects which are laying on the sea floor. In this particular framework, the low spatial resolution and...
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p>The paper deals with an ongoing research activity for developing a Building Information Model (BIM) for the facility and collections management of museums. The BIM success lies not only in its application for the design and construction of buildings but also because it helps the information management of a building throughout its life cycle. Comp...
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Premessa Le criticità evidenziate in passato nella docu-mentazione dei giardini manieristi e degli appa-rati di fontane, grotte e ninfei che li connotano sono da riferirsi alla difficoltà di misurare e re-stituire quelle forme organiche che ne costitui-scono l'essenza, se non ricorrendo a rappresenta-zioni semplificative di ridotta capacità descrit...
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The monitoring and metric assessment of piles of natural or man-made materials plays a fundamental role in the production and management processes of multiple activities. Over time, the monitoring techniques have undergone an evolution linked to the progress of measure and data processing techniques; starting from classic topography to global navig...
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The paper presents multi-sensor applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) on three different cases of study, belonging to the wide category of Cultural Heritage (CH). The contribution aims to examine the efficacy of different methodological approach of surveys made in VIS and TIR range with aerial platforms. The use of UAV on two archaeologic...
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The Boboli Monumental Garden, from the first half of the 17th century, houses “secret” spaces such as the Giardino delle Camelie, a secluded space reserved only for members of the Medici family. The particular configuration, both in plan and height, and the state of conservation of the Garden required a thorough survey with photogrammetric and lase...
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The recent outbreak of geospatial information to a wider audience, represents an inexorable flow made possible by the technological and scientific advances that cannot be opposed. The democratization of Geomatics technologies requires training opportunities with different level of complexity specifically tailored on the target audience and on the f...
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The paper presents the case study of the survey of the sail vaults of the main building of the Forest Research Institute in Dehradun. The building has been acquired with photogrammetric and laser scanner techniques during the Ground Based 3D Modelling (Photogrammetry and TLS) tutorial, at the ISPRS TC V Mid-term Symposium held in Dehradun, India in...
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The recent introduction of new technologies such as augmented reality, machine learning and the worldwide spread of mobile devices provided with imaging, navigation sensors and high computational power can be exploited in order to drammatically change the museum visit experience. Differently from the traditional use of museum docents or audio guide...
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The paper presents preliminary findings from a research study designed to assess the health status of a medieval bridge built on 1500 under the Medici dynasty over the river Sieve, close to Florence. The structure, a two span stone bridge with a main central pillar, experienced some restructuring interventions from 1555 to the present. The left spa...
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The paper discusses the first outcomes of an ongoing research activity aimed at developing a general BIM-based methodology for the organization and the management of the information needed for maintenance and safety assessment of museums. The Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze (Florence, Italy) which has a very complex spatial organisation as a res...
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GAMHer (Geomatics data Acquisition and Management for landscape and built Heritage in a European perspective) is a three-year research project financed under the Italian PRIN 2015 framework (Progetti di Ricerca di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale). The project, started in February 2017 under the University of Bologna coordination, links other 5 Italia...
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Italian dry-stone wall terracing represents one of the most iconic features of agricultural landscapes across Europe, with sites listed among UNESCO World Heritage Sites and FAO Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). The analysis of microclimate modifications induced by alterations of hillslope and by dry-stone walls is of partic...
Chapter
This paper presents an interdisciplinary approach for identification and assessment of historic buildings that combines Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) survey and Finite Element (FE) numerical modeling. The structural analysis of an historic building requires the development of an interconnected series of operations aimed at obtaining a satisfacto...
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Detailed and accurate measurements can be done by using laser scanning technology compared to conventional methods in documentation of cultural heritage. Accuracy of measured data directly affects the protection of historical buildings and decision-making process. By processing laser scanning data, multipurpose 3d models can be obtained and all wor...
Article
Detailed and accurate measurements can be done by using laser scanning technology compared to conventional methods in documentation of cultural heritage. Accuracy of measured data directly affects the protection of historical buildings and decision-making process. By processing laser scanning data, multipurpose 3d models can be obtained and all wor...
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The Laboratory of Geomatics for Environment and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (GECO – University of Florence) has been involved since 2011 in a process of technological transfer in collaboration with the Oficina del Historiador de La Ciudad de La Habana (OHcH). The know-how transfer concerning geomatics techniques for documentation and surveyin...
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Current close-range photogrammetry makes it possible to obtain 3-D models from imagery acquired with off-the-shelf digital cameras or other low-cost devices and processed with affordable software or apps in an almost automatic way. For this reason, a wider and wider public (often without a specific training, as archaeologists, architects, landscape...
Chapter
In 2013 the preliminary interdisciplinary studies for the maintenance of the facades of the Baptistery of Florence included a complete survey of the building. Like in the case of the previous most recent surveys, its geometry was studied with the most up-to-date technologies available. The 3-D model, integrated with the contributions by the other r...
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A 3D city model is a representation of an urban environment with a three-dimensional geometry of common urban objects and structures, with buildings as the most prominent feature. In the last decades, 3D city models appear to have been predominantly used for visualisation; however, nowadays they are being increasingly employed in a number of domain...