Graham A. Tyson

Graham A. Tyson
Charles Sturt University · School of Psychology

PhD

About

76
Publications
27,134
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study investigated the baseline prevalence of general psychological distress reported by students in a regional Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Institute in Australia. In addition, the relationship between psychological distress, emotion-focused coping and academic success at the end of one semester of study was explored. Met...
Article
Objective There is pressure domestically and internationally to abandon the “4 + 2” pathway in order to more closely align with other western countries. Yet there is limited empirical evidence to support the benefits of the “postgraduate” pathway above that of the internship model. This study examined the training pathways to qualify for registrati...
Article
This study examined whether: (1) the non-academic constructs of psychological well-being, motivation to learn and quality of life (QOL) explained the variance in the academic achievement of students with disability; and (2) students with a mental health disability (MHD) differed from students with other disability on academic achievement and on the...
Chapter
This chapter reports the results of a study that examined whether students with disability differed from students without a disability on their motivation to learn and their quality of life. Students with a disability (13 males, 52 females; mean age=41.13, SD=44.67) and their non-disabled counterparts (35 males, 185 females; mean age=37.60, SD=10.8...
Article
Objective To identify similarities and differences in beliefs about the causes of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) held by Asian (Japanese) women and Western (Australian) women, and hence, to examine the applicability of belief models of eating disorders (ED) across different cultures. Method Four hundred three Japanese and 256 Australian female university stu...
Article
Full-text available
The detection of deception has been relatively unexplored from a cross-cultural standpoint. In such context, the observers and communicators may have different cultural norms and expectations of behavior. These differences may create the potential for bias and errors. To investigate this, 71 Australian students (20 males and 51 females), with a mea...
Article
This study examined the explanatory models of bulimia nervosa (BN) held by members of professionals in the medical, psychological, and allied health fields; the general public; and female university students. The participants (N = 787) were presented with 44 potential causal explanations for BN and were asked to rate the importance of each in the d...
Article
With the approaching release of the DSM V in 2013, there has been much debate about the proposal to remove the diagnostic label of Asperger’s disorder from the new DSM. This study explored how health and education professionals perceive the conditions of autism and Asperger’s disorder and their views on the proposed diagnostic changes. Analysis of...
Article
Research has established that the term plagiarism is open to different interpretations, resulting in confusion among students and staff alike. University policy on academic integrity/misconduct defines the behaviours that all stakeholders must abide by, and the parameters for reporting, investigating and penalising infringements. These definitions...
Article
The Think First program was implemented in five NSW correctional centres between 2003 and 2007. This study is a longitudinal evaluation of Think First using the pre- and post-test scores of four questionnaire measures (the Social Problem Solving Inventory – Revised; Barratt Impulsivity Scale, version 11; Locus of Control Behaviour; and the Crime PI...
Chapter
Key health organisations in Western countries, such as the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2008) in the United Kingdom, and more recently, the American Academy of Paediatrics (2011) in the United States, have advocated multimodal and multidisciplinary approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of Attention-deficit hyperactivit...
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Full-text available
Research on perceptions of child sexual abuse has documented gender bias favouring female perpetrators. The current study aimed to determine if previous findings into perceptions of child sexual abuse translated to perceptions of abuse of adolescent students by school teachers using a theoretical framework of attribution and gender development theo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study used a Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model to identify the factors influencing the future work expectations and outcomes of employees with a musculoskeletal injury. Participants: Australians with a compensable work injury (N=174), mean age=43.7 years, 53.2% male, 48.3% back injury , and 34.2% unskilled. Methods: A TPB...
Article
Key health organisations in Western countries, such as the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2008) in the United Kingdom, and more recently, the American Academy of Paediatrics (2011) in the United States, have advocated multimodal and multidisciplinary approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of Attention-deficit hyperactivit...
Article
With current preparation for the release of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013, many changes have been proposed for the diagnostic criteria, including changes to the pervasive development disorder category — of which Asperger's disorder is a part. Using focus group discussions this study e...
Article
This study examined parental and professional beliefs about the efficacy of various treatment strategies for ADHD. Parents of children with and without ADHD and seven medical and nonmedical professional groups (N = 673) completed a questionnaire examining their beliefs about the efficacy of various treatment regimes. Principle component analysis id...
Article
To investigate the participation of adults living with traumatic brain injury in regional and rural NSW as measured by the Participation Objective Participation Subjective (POPS) measure. A quantitative survey of a single cohort as the first of a two phase mixed methods study. One hundred and thirty-one adults with a TBI were recruited through eigh...
Article
Plagiarism is perceived to be a growing problem and universities are being required to devote increasing time and resources to combating it. Theory and research in psychology show that a thorough understanding of an individual's view of an issue or problem is an essential requirement for successful change of that person's attitudes and behaviour. T...
Article
This study contributes to the labour market research into nurse shortage in an Australian regional context. It indicates that supply decisions are influenced by family circumstances, attachment to regional life and characteristics of the profession, particularly the emphasis on caring. Aspects of nursing work, particularly workloads and working wit...
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Full-text available
The past decade has seen an increase in the application of Braithwaite's reintegrative shaming theory as a framework for restorative justice programs. However, to date the theory has received little empirical attention. The current study set out to contribute to the empirical testing of the theory by exploring the appropriateness of the causal mode...
Article
Current best practice guidelines advocate a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, no research has yet examined whether parents and professionals share common beliefs about ADHD. This study examined the implicit beliefs about the characteristics and causes of ADHD held...
Article
Full-text available
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most recent diagnostic label used to describe a behavioural condition of which the essential features are developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity and overactivity. ADHD has attracted both controversy and attention from the professional and scientific community. However,...
Article
To confirm the prevalence of depression in a sample of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients; to identify the most significant predictors of depression in RA and to explore patients attitudes to medication in relation to depression. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 134 RA patients (77% female, 23% male). Participants were divided...
Article
The objective of this prospective study was to investigate the usefulness of the Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (OMPQ) to predict return to work outcomes following a compensable musculoskeletal injury. Participants (n=196 injured workers, 66% male, 36% with back pain) were screened at 4-12 weeks, and followed up at 6 months, post-injury....
Article
Research in America, Canada and England indicates that professionals involved in the investigation of child sexual abuse cases have differing perceptions of seriousness, punishment and impact on the child, based on the professional's gender and the perpetrator's gender. The aim of this study was to investigate if such gender effects are prevalent i...
Article
Full-text available
In the light of the debate in recent times on crime and ethnicity, this paper examines cultural differences in the perception of the seriousness of delinquent behaviours. A total of 907 adolescents attending high schools in metropolitan NSW participated in the study and rated the perceived seriousness of 26 behaviours. Based on self-reported cultur...
Article
Research in other parts of the world suggests that adolescents invoke a multiplicity of causes to explain juvenile offending. The extent to which the different explanations are endorsed appears partly to be a function of cultural and demographic characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate South African adolescents' explanations for de...
Article
Lay explanations for juvenile delinquency given by Australian adolescents from either collectivist or individualist cultural backgrounds were examined. After controlling for socioeconomic and demographic variables, differences were found between the groups, with the individualistic group tending to emphasize more individual-oriented explanations. T...
Article
Studies have shown that modifications to the physical environment of psychiatric institutions are associated with positive changes in patients' behaviour, attitudes and perceptions. However, little attention has been paid to the impact such modifications to the physical environment have on the nursing staff. The building of two completely new wards...
Article
Both self-efficacy and fear-avoidance beliefs have been shown to be predictors of the level of disability in low back pain suffers. What is not clear from the literature, however, is whether the two constructs are differentially predictive of disability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pain self-efficacy and fear-a...
Article
Research suggests that lay people invoke a multiplicity of causes to explain crime and juvenile offending. The extent to which the different explanations are endorsed appears to be partly a function of demographic characteristics. Abrams, Simpson, and Hogg (1987) suggested that those who are in psychological proximity to delinquency are more likely...
Article
The behaviour of nursing staff in each ward of a psychiatric hospital was observed at 5-min intervals for between 7 and 10 h per day for 10 days. The nurses' behaviour was equally divided between interacting with patients, interacting with staff, solitary task oriented behaviour and other behaviours. There was less staff-patient interaction in the...
Article
Comments on an article by A. Colman (see record 1992-07516-001) regarding the impact of social psychological principles in a legal breakthrough in South African murder trials. G. A. Tyson argues that there are some inaccuracies in Colman's report, including the chronology of events and the point at which the breakthrough occurred. (PsycINFO Databa...
Article
Comments on an article by A. Colman (see record 1992-07516-001) regarding the impact of social psychological principles in a legal breakthrough in South African murder trials. G. A. Tyson argues that there are some inaccuracies in Colman's report, including the chronology of events and the point at which the breakthrough occurred.
Article
A factor which is often cited in textbooks as causing or precipitating riots is temperature. The support given for this contention is usually the finding of the US Riot Commission relating to the role of the ‘long hot summer’ in riots and the archival study by Baron and Ransberger of the relationship between temperature and riots in the late 1960s...
Article
Students from South Africa, Israel, and the United States (N = 343) were asked to answer questions (who, what, when, why) about a serious conflict in either the Middle East or South Africa. South Africans were asked about the Middle East, Israelis about South Africa, and United States respondents about one of the two conflicts. In spite of other fo...
Article
The Finding That Bilinguals Sometimes Respond Differently To The Same Item In Different Language Versions Of Questionnaires Is Usually Interpreted In Terms Of Social Psychological Processes Such As Accommodation, Ethnic Affirmation, Or Social Desirability. However, The Discrepant Responses Of Bilinguals May Be A Function Of The Way In Which The Lan...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine racial discrimination of South African students using playing strategy in the prisoners dilemma game as an unobtrusive measure. University students (30 white and 30 black men) each played two 30-trial games, one with a black confederate and one with a white confederate. In each game, the students played against...
Article
A decade after a study of predictions about the future of psychology, student predictions are elicited again. This time, the predictions are made by psychology students who are either beginners or in their final year. The two groups differ little in their forecasts. Jointly, the students incline to defer the occurrence of events until 2025 at the e...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the accuracy of genethliacal horoscopes by asking each of the 15 Ss and a member of her family or a close friend—the nominee—to try to identify which one of 5 cast horoscopes pertained to the S, i.e. was based on her birth data. In addition, each S was rated on 5 personality dimensions by the astrologer who cast the h...
Article
Full-text available
The psychological response to detention is examined. It is argued that detention imposes severe stress and that many detainees seem to exhibit the characteristic symptoms of a post-traumatic stress disorder. The contention that detention is stressful is based on the fact that detainees are held in isolation and have no control over the situation, b...
Article
The study sought to test in South Africa the hypothesis that the affective connotations given to colors are generalized to ethnic groups which are also color-coded. Forty Black and 40 White preschool children from urban day nurseries were assigned to either an experimental or a control group. Treatment for the experimental group Ss consisted of a n...
Article
The aim of the study was to examine the characteristics of people who consult astrologers. Questionnaires were given out by two astrologers to their clients and 67 (approx. 45%) were returned. The demographic data of these consultees were then compared with population data obtained from the census and personality and attitudinal data were compared...
Article
Reviews of the research on astrology indicate that there is little empirical support for traditional astrological theory. Despite this, most people who have their horoscope cast perceive it to be an accurate description of their personality. The present study discusses why horoscopes are perceived to be accurate. The degree of acceptance of general...
Article
Examined the incidence of the left-sided cradling position in 120 nulliparous female undergraduates with no history of pregnancy. Results disconfirm L. Salk's (1970) hypothesis and suggest that the leftward cradling preference emerges prior to the 1st pregnancy. Furthermore, head position of the infant does not appear to be a determinant of lateral...
Article
Crandall and Lehman (1977) suggest that an accummulation of life stresses causes a person to change his/her perceived locus of control. The present study argues that the converse is more likely, i.e., locus of control influences one's perception of life events. The SRRS and l-E scales were administered to 191 subjects. Locus of control did not corr...
Article
Full-text available
It has been suggested that when responding to a client's statement which contains two sequentially distinguishable messages, a counselor will tend to focus on the latter message, i.e., there is a recency effect. The present study investigated this contention empirically. Twenty-six experienced telephone counselors each responded to 12 client statem...
Article
Investigated the effect of living in a very race conscious society (South Africa) on eye-witness testimony when the "crime" is committed by members of different race groups. Two simulated assaults were carried out, which were almost identical except for the fact that in one a White assaulted a White, while in the other a Black assaulted a White. In...
Article
Two possible explanations for a relationship between date of birth and occupation could be astrology or the season of birth hypothesis. Which of these two explanations is more appropriate would depend on the exact nature of the relationship. The present study examined the relationship between date of birth and career, as defined by course of study,...
Article
Measurements of ethnocentrism (E-scale), authoritarianism (the 29 item F-scale of Adorno, Frenkel-Brunswik, Levinson & Sanford) and conservatism (Wilson & Patterson's C-scale) were obtained on groups of English (N = 29) and Afrikaans (N = 23) speaking students during 1975 and 1977. Significantly lower F and E scores for the Afrikaans-speaking subje...
Article
It has been suggested that Pellegrini's finding of a strong correlation between astrological birth sign and the Femininity scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) may be mediated by climatic variables during pregnancy. The present study tested the season of birth hypothesis with 615 South African college students by simply replicating...
Article
Thesis--University of the Witwatersrand. Includes bibliographical references.

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