Gordon Wong

Gordon Wong
The University of Hong Kong | HKU · Department of Anaesthesiology

MBBS, BSc(Med), FANZCA, FHKCA, MD,

About

123
Publications
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Publications

Publications (123)
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent social distancing measures caused unprecedented disruption for medical and healthcare education. This study examined medical teachers’ experience with emergency remote teaching during the pandemic and their acceptance of online teaching after the pandemic. Methods In this sequential mixed methods...
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Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and is intricately linked to learning and memory. Its activity depends on the expression of AMPA and NMDA receptors and excitatory amino transporters on neurons and glial cells. Glutamate transporters prevent the excess accumulation of glutamate in synapses, which can...
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Background Benefits of intercalation during an undergraduate medical degree are well-recognized. The University of Hong Kong implemented a compulsory Enrichment Year (EY) in its Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degree programme (MBBS) in 2016. In their third year of study, students could work on an area of interest in any of three progr...
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Neuroinflammation is closely related to the pathogenesis of perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs), which is characterized by the activation of microglia, inflammatory pathways and the release of inflammatory mediators. Sigesbeckia orientalis L. (SO) is a traditional Chinese medicine which demonstrates anti-inflammatory activities in differe...
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The functions of the complement system to both innate and adaptive immunity through opsonization, cell lysis, and inflammatory activities are well known. In contrast, the role of complement in the central nervous system (CNS) which extends beyond immunity, is only beginning to be recognized as important to neurodevelopment and neurodegeneration. In...
Preprint
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Background Perioperative neurocognitive dysfunction remains a significant problem in vulnerable groups such as the elderly. While experimental data regarding its possible pathogenic mechanisms accumulates, therapeutic options for this disorder are limited. In this study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effect of a period of preconditioning resista...
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Background: Clinical procedural skills are vital components of medical education. Increased student intake and limited capacity of medical schools necessitate more efficient ways to deliver clinical skill teaching. This study employed a flipped classroom, peer-assisted learning approach to deliver clinical skill teaching. It aimed to determine the...
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Importance: Postoperative ileus is common after abdominal surgery, and small clinical studies have reported that intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine may be associated with improvements in postoperative gastrointestinal function. However, findings have been inconsistent and study samples have been small. Further examination of the effe...
Article
Background Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) detected in patient blood samples are relevant as diagnostic and prognostic markers offering insights into tumour behaviour and guiding treatment of cancer at an individualised level. The aim of this study is to ascertain the feasibility of detecting CTCs in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) using two di...
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IntroductionPost-operative visceral pain is common in early postoperative period after laparoscopic surgery. As a kappa opioid receptor agonist, the antinociceptive effects of nalbuphine in visceral pain are consistent across a multitude of experimental conditions irrespective of species. We hypothesized that preemptive nalbuphine can decrease the...
Article
The highly expressed P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in the intestine plays a key role in preventing drugs across the intestinal epithelium, which linked by tight junctions (TJs). Thus increasing the oral bioavailability of Pgp substrate-like drugs (PSLDs) remains a great challenge. Herein, we construct a nanocarrier system derived from Brij-grafted-chitosan...
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Cellular senescence, a state of irreversible growth arrest triggered by various stressors, engages in a category of pathological processes, whereby senescent cells accumulate in mitotic tissues. Senolytics as novel medicine against aging and various diseases through the elimination of senescent cells has emerged rapidly in recent years. Exercise is...
Preprint
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Background: Infiltration of macrophages into the central nervous system (CNS) is involved in many neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and autism. Despite extensive studies into neuroinflammation associated macrophage infiltration into the CNS, its underlying mechanisms and pathological roles...
Article
Continuous epidural analgesia during surgery can effectively inhibit surgically induced stress and inflammatory response. It also spares opioid use and reduces postoperative pain. This study explored the effects of intraoperative epidural anesthesia on quality of life and central nervous system injury in elderly patients after esophagectomy. Elderl...
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Background: The application of bedside ultrasound to evaluate gastric content and volume can assist in determining aspiration risk. Applying positive pressure ventilation via supraglottic airway devices (SAD) can result in a degree of gastric insufflation. This study assessed and compared the antral cross-sectional area (CSA) in patients undergoin...
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Background: Given its favourable pharmacokinetic parameters, propofol is commonly used for sedative procedures. The agent is extensively metabolized in the liver and there are sporadic reports of propofol induced acute hepatitis. Case: A 73-year-old Chinese lady underwent a routine endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography with propofol sedat...
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Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common sequela following surgery and hospitalization. The prevention and management of POCD are important during clinical practice. POCD more commonly affects elderly patients who have undergone major surgery and can result in major decline in quality of life for both patients and their families. Acup...
Article
The cardioprotection of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is abolished under propofol maintained anesthesia. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel is present in the heart, and its activation could induce cardioprotection. Therefore, we tested whether the anesthetic propofol administration phase interfered with the RIPC-induc...
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Background: Both human and animal studies have shown beneficial effects of physical exercise on brain health but most tend to be based on aerobic rather than resistance type regimes. Resistance exercise has the advantage of improving both muscular and cardiovascular function, both of which can benefit the frail and the elderly. However, the neurop...
Article
Cambridge Core - Anesthesia, Intensive Care, Pain Management - Taking on TIVA - edited by Michael G. Irwin
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Background: We evaluated the relationship between ultrasonographical acquired parameters and short-term postoperative cognitive function in patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP). Methods: Ninety elderly patients scheduled for RALP had their optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the inte...
Article
Propofol and dexmedetomidine are commonly used in clinical situations where neuroinflammation may be imminent or even established but comparative data on their effects on neuroinflammatory and cognitive parameters are lacking. Using a murine model of neuroinflammation induced by systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS), this study compared the effects of...
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Growing evidence has shown the beneficial influence of exercise on humans. Apart from classic cardioprotection, numerous studies have demonstrated that different exercise regimes provide a substantial improvement in various brain functions. Although the underlying mechanism is yet to be determined, emerging evidence for neuroprotection has been est...
Article
Chitosan (CS), a nature-derived polysaccharide, is a promising nano-carrier material with good biocompatibility and biodegradability. However, the biomedical applications of CS are hindered because of its poor aqueous solubility. To circumvent this drawback, a series of Brij-grafted-chitosan copolymers (BCs) with various grafting degree of Brij-S20...
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Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs more frequently in elderly patients undergoing major surgery. Age associated cholinergic imbalance may exacerbate postoperative systemic and neuroinflammation, but the effect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAchR) stimulation on the development of POCD remains unclear. Aged male C57BL/6N mice (18...
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Background: Systemic inflammation induces neuroinflammation and cellular changes such as tau phosphorylation to impair cognitive function, including learning and memory. This study uses a single model, laparotomy without any pathogen, to characterize these changes and their responses to anti-inflammatory treatment in the intermediate term. Method...
Article
Introduction: Perioperative blood transfusion is not without risk and effort should be made to limit patients' exposure to allogeneic blood. However, there is conflicting data regarding the impact of anaemia on postoperative recovery in patients with repaired hip fractures. It is hypothesised that for a given baseline functional status and fractur...
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Background Interprofessional learning is gaining momentum in revolutionizing healthcare education. During the academic year 2015/16, seven undergraduate-entry health and social care programs from two universities in Hong Kong took part in an interprofessional education program. Based on considerations such as the large number of students involved a...
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Study Objective There are two windows of protection for remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), an early (ERIPC) and a late-phase (LRIPC). While ERIPC has been well studied, works on LRIPC are relatively scarce, especially for the kidneys. We aimed to compare the effects of early-phase versus late-phase RIPC in patients with laparoscopic partial ne...
Article
When providing total intravenous anaesthesia, careful selection of end-points is required in titrating dose to effect during induction. Although propofol and remifentanil have predominantly different pharmacodynamic effects, they are seen to interact in achieving loss of consciousness and analgesia. To highlight these differences, we performed a do...
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Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and its diverse complications. Hyperglycemia is associated with inflammatory responses in different organs and diabetic patients have a higher risk of developing neurodegenerative disorders. Methylglyoxal is a reactive advanced glycation end product precursor that accumulates in diabetic p...
Article
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is traditionally associated with outpatient imaging studies. More recently, patients afflicted with vascular pathologies are increasingly undergoing endovascular treatments that require the use of iodinated contrast media (CM) agents, thus placing them as risk of developing CIN. As perioperative physicians, anaest...
Article
Background: Epidural anesthesia may attenuate the sympathetic hyperactivity and stress response from surgery. In this study, we compared the stress response, hemodynamic variables, and recovery profiles of patients undergoing total IV anesthesia (TIVA) and intraoperative dexmedetomidine with those receiving epidural anesthesia and TIVA. Methods:...
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Several studies suggest a relationship between anesthesia-induced tau hyperphosphorylation and the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. This study further characterized the effects of continuous propofol infusion on tau protein phosphorylation in rat, with or without temperature control. Propofol was administered intravenously to 8-1...
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Aims: CLARITY is a novel technique which enables three-dimensional visualisation of immunostained tissue for the study of circuitry and spatial interactions between cells and molecules in the brain. In this study we aimed to compare methodological differences in the application of CLARITY between rodent and large human post-mortem brain samples. I...
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Objectives: Remifentanil preconditioning attenuates myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury, but the underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. The Janus activated kinase-2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (STAT3) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathways are critical in both ischemic and pharm...
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Activation of Protein Kinase Cβ (PKCβ) plays a critical role in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in non-diabetic rodents. In the myocardium of diabetes, PKCβ2 is overexpressed that is associated with increased vulnerability to post-ischemic I/R injury with concomitantly impaired cardiomyocyte caveolin (Cav)-3 and Akt signaling as compar...
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Exposure to anesthetic agents has been linked to abnormal tau protein phosphorylation, an antecedent to the development of neurofibrillary tangles. This study evaluates the direct and indirect effects of dexmedetomidine. Primary culture of cortical neurons established from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat embryos were exposed to dexmedetomidine for 1 or 6 h...
Article
Background: Remote intrathecal morphine preconditioning (RMPC) induces cardioprotection, but the underlying mechanisms of this effect is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of spinal cord nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate/protein kinase G (NO/cGMP/PKG) signal pathway in the cardioprotection of RMPC in rats. Materi...
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OBJECTIVES:: Heme oxygenase-1 is inducible in cardiomyocytes in response to stimuli such as oxidative stress and plays critical roles in combating cardiac hypertrophy and injury. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 plays a pivotal role in heme oxygenase-1-mediated protection against liver and lung injuries under oxidative stress. W...
Article
Limited information is available on the management of the 'cannot intubate, cannot ventilate' (CICV) situation in infants. We compared the time to achieve adequate oxygenation following rescue ventilation using the Enk oxygen flow modulator (OFM) with a jet ventilator in a simulated CICV situation using the rabbit as an infant respiratory model. Fo...
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Remote intrathecal morphine preconditioning (RMPC) induces cardioprotection via a neural pathway. Intrathecal lidocaine (LID) blocks spinal cord nerve transmission. This study examine whether LID prevents the effects of RMPC. Anesthetized, open chest, male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of seven treatment groups 3 days after intrathecal c...
Article
Background Remote intrathecal morphine preconditioning (RMPC) induces cardioprotection but the underlying mechanisms of this effect is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of spinal cord NO/cGMP/PKG signal pathway in the cardioprotection of RMPC in rats. Materials and methods Anesthetized, open chest, male Sprague-Dawley rats...
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Introduction: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are widely used in treating anemia associated with renal failure. They are also now used perioperatively to reduce the use of allogeneic blood transfusions (ABTs) in patients undergoing surgery with anticipated high blood loss. Although they can reduce the risks associated with ABT and improve...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of dezocine (DEZ) versus placebo control (CON) and 2% lidocaine (LID) in prevention of injection pain due to DEZ. A prospective randomized double-blind, placebo-CON study was conducted in 75 adults, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, scheduled to undergo an elective s...
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Large body of evidences accumulated in clinical and epidemiological studies indicate that hearts of diabetic subjects are more sensitive to ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), which results in a higher rate of mortality at post-operation than that of non-diabetes. However, experimental results are equivocal and point to either increased or decreased...
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Introduction: There is data amassing in the literature regarding the potentially adverse effects of anaesthesia exposure on the developing human brain. The purpose of this article is to summarise current relevant data from clinical studies in this area. Methods: Articles from journals written in English were searched for using PubMed, Ovid and Me...