Gonia Jarema

Gonia Jarema
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Linguistics and Translation

About

126
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (126)
Poster
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to explore the experiences and needs of users of communication aids and/or applications (people with aphasia and their family members). Exploring the experiences of users could contribute to the development of more user-appropriate aids.
Article
Cognitive Reserve (CR) refers to cognitive resources acquired through experiences along the lifespan that allow for flexibility in coping with neurocognitive changes. Investigating the role of CR measures across well-established psycholinguistic features can provide new insight into how CR interplays with cognition. Sixty-five Italian older adults...
Article
This study investigates the effect of stress change during compound processing in Modern Greek. Twenty-five native speakers were tested in a cross-modal lexical decision task and a naming task in order to test for performance differences across stress-change vs. non-stress-change compounds. No statistically significant difference was found for the...
Chapter
Full-text available
In many ways, and on many levels, the notion of a polylogue captures core features of the mental lexicon. This is the case when we consider the construct of the mental lexicon as a psycholinguistic construct — the dynamic cognitive system that constitutes lexical ability. It is also the case when we consider how words themselves, as the shared poss...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This novel study explores language processing in a real-world context, namely walking in a street. It combines performing lexicality judgments while walking on a self-paced treadmill in a virtual environment that simulates the real world to create a dual-task paradigm to evaluate cognitive-motor interference in older adults and healthy young indivi...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies showed that high Cognitive Reserve (CR, years of education and experience and knowledge acquired in life) is correlated with language proficiency as measured with vocabulary size, verbal analogy, and semantic processing. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between CR and the ability in retrieving differe...
Presentation
Full-text available
Here the link of the abstract published: https://www.frontiersin.org/10.3389/conf.fnhum.2018.228.00009/5656/Academy_of_Aphasia_56th_Annual_Meeting/all_events/event_abstract
Poster
Full-text available
Results of a survey asking what people with communication difficulties want in order to overcome real-world linguistic obstacles in a controlled public environment such as a mall or museum.
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude investigue l'interaction entre les systèmes dugenre grammatical chez les bilingues roumain-français afin de déterminer quels facteurs (déterminants cognats, nombre) modulent cette interaction et à quel niveau du lexique mental. Cette étude analyse également les caractéristiques du genre neutre roumain dont le statut est encore sujet à d...
Poster
Full-text available
This pilot project proposes to help close the void in older bilingual research by investigating whether or not the same metalinguistic awareness found for young bilinguals is being utilized by bilinguals who are over 50 years old.
Article
Full-text available
Sentences such as "The author started the book" are indeterminate because they do not make explicit what the subject (the author) started doing with the object (the book). In principle, indeterminate sentences allow for an infinite number of interpretations. One theory, however, assumes that these sentences are resolved by semantic coercion, a ling...
Article
An acerbic footnote in Volume 3 (1818) of the five-volume great work of Franz Joseph Gall and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim, Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General and of the Brain in Particular with Observations on the Possibility of Understanding the Many Moral and Intellectual Dispositions of Man and Animals by the Configuration of Th...
Article
Background: Derived words have constituted an important bridge between aphasiology and psycholinguistics by addressing the extent to which morphology affects representation and processing in the mind/brain. Aims: Our goal was to assess how properties of whole words and their overlapping substrings affect the manner in which English derivationally s...
Article
We explored the way grammatical gender is represented in the bilingual mental lexicon in order to determine whether the grammatical gender of the first language (L1) affects the production of nouns in the second language (L2). Furthermore, we explored the representation of the Romanian “neuter” gender to see if it is distinct from the masculine and...
Article
Theoretical accounts of Greek compounds argue for a close relation between their stress properties and their underlying structure. Compounds that preserve and receive stress at the same position as their second constituent are analyzed as stem-word constructions, while those that receive antepenultimate stress are viewed as belonging to the stem-st...
Article
Full-text available
In the present research, we investigated the processing of Italian mass and count nouns and of their semantic and morphosyntactic attributes in people with neurodegenerative disease. The performance of a group of 26 Italian participants with Alzheimer's disease was studied in a semantic judgment task and a syntactic judgment task. Results were anal...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive reserve could be defined as the accumulation of experiences, abilities, knowledge and changes that occur throughout the lifespan. One of the most difficult changes in life is the experience of emigrating to a foreign country. The present investigation aimed to compare the cognitive reserve of two paired groups of elderly: Italians living...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Few studies have investigated how individuals diagnosed with post-stroke Broca's aphasia decompose words into their constituent morphemes in real-time processing. Previous research has focused on morphologically complex words in non-time-constrained settings or in syntactic frames, but not in the lexicon. Aims: We examined real-time pro...
Article
Based on experimental evidence obtained from non-brain-damaged subjects, Taft and Forster (1976) suggested that, in English, initial constituents of polymorphemic words may play a more important role in lexical access than second constituents. However, Lima and Pollatsek (1983) found no clear constituent-specific access mode for compounds. Using a...
Article
This book presents new work on the psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics of compound words. It shows the insights this work offers on natural language processing and the relation between language, mind, and memory. Compounding is an easy and effective way to create and transfer meanings. By building new lexical items based on the meanings of exist...
Article
Full-text available
Two psycholinguistic experiments were carried out in Italian to test the role played by the feature that distinguishes mass nouns from count nouns, as well as by the feature that distinguishes singular nouns from plural nouns. The first experiment, a simple lexical decision task, revealed a sensitivity of the lexical access system to the processing...
Article
In the present study we use a cross-modal (auditory-visual) priming paradigm to examine the influence on word recognition of phonological/orthographic variation between morphologically related nouns. We exploit particular characteristics of a highly inflected language, Polish, in which consonantal stem-boundary (portre/tc/e-portre/t/ 'portrait') an...
Article
Full-text available
Healthy monolingual older adults experience changes in their lexical abilities. Bilingual individuals immersed in an environment in which their second language is dominant experience lexical changes, or attrition, in their first language. Changes in lexical skills in the first language of older individuals who are bilinguals, therefore, can be attr...
Chapter
This chapter aims to uncover whether the principles underlying the cognitive processes involved in the storage and access of compounds are generalizable across languages. It reviews five cross-linguistic investigations that included the following comparisons: Greek vs. Polish, German vs. Greek vs. Polish, Dutch vs. English (2), and French vs. Bulga...
Article
Although lexicosemantic deficits are not typically seen in older adults, some studies indicate that age-related changes in semantic processing may occur. We had groups of older and younger adults perform speeded lexical decision on mass (e.g., honey), count (e.g., car), and dual nouns, which may be either mass or count (e.g., lamb). Singular dual n...
Article
In this article, we review the current state of knowledge on the types of morphological difficulty that aphasic patients encounter. We also consider the ways in which morphological deficits vary depending on the language involved and the manner in which those difficulties differ depending on the area of damage to the brain and the resulting aphasic...
Article
The present study examines on-line processing of mass nouns (e.g. honey), count nouns (e.g. table) and dual (metonymic) nouns (e.g. chicken) in healthy elderly controls with no evidence of cognitive impairment, patients suffering from probable Alzheimer's disease (pAD), and patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Participants perfo...
Article
Semantic and syntactic contributions to processing of mass and count nouns were assessed by examining the performance of a patient suffering from a pure semantic deficit. Semantic and syntactic processing was evaluated on grammaticality judgement and sentence-picture matching tasks, respectively, where each task involved mass and count readings of...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological parsing has often been studied with words in isolation. In this study we used sentence context to investigate how structural analyses of morphologically complex words are affected by the semantic content of their carrier sentences. Our main stimuli were trimorphemic ambiguous words such as unlockable (meaning either ''not able to be l...
Article
The present study investigates the on-line performance of a non-fluent Bulgarian-speaking aphasic patient and nine matched control participants in the recognition of prefixed verbs. A visual primed lexical decision experiment was employed to probe the role of aspect, semantic transparency, and root status (free vs. bound) in the recognition pattern...
Article
The understanding of the nature and extent of morphological processing is critical to the overall investigation of how words are organized in the mind. In this overview article, we discuss the nature of morphological processing and the domain of morphological processing research. We claim that investigations crucially involve the understanding of r...
Article
In this paper we investigated the effects of configurational asymmetry in prefixed verbs in French. We used a simple lexical decision paradigm to compare prefixed verbs with external and internal prefixes as specified in linguistic theory (Di Sciullo, 1997) where external prefixes do not change the aktionsart and the verb argument structure of the...
Article
This study examines the processing of a specific linguistic distinction, the mass/count distinction, in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Fourteen AD and 10 MCI subjects were tested using a sentence grammaticality judgement task where grammaticality violations were caused by determiner-noun mismat...
Article
The issue of regular-irregular past tense formation was examined in a cross-modal lexical decision task in Modern Greek, a language where the orthographic and phonological overlap between present and past tense stems is the same for both regular and irregular verbs. The experiment described here is a follow-up study of previous visual lexical decis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Words that differ by only one letter are orthographic neighbors (Colheart, Davaleaar, Jonassen, & Besner, 1977). Generally, words with many neighbors have faster decision latencies (Andrews, 1989; Sears, Hino, & Lupker, 1995). Neighborhoods may, but need not, include inflected forms. In English, inflected and uninflected neighborhood counts are nec...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the possibility that interfixes in multiconstituent nominal compounds in German and Dutch are functional as markers of immediate constituent structure. We report a lexical statistical survey of interfixation in the lexicons of German and Dutch which shows that all interfixes of German and one interfix of Dutch are significantly...
Article
This research addresses the issues of frequency and regularity in verb reading and their importance for the organization of the mental lexicon in DLI francophones. A reading task probes response latencies and response accuracy for DLI and control participants on frequent and infrequent inflected forms of verbs. DLI participants are slower at readin...
Article
In the present study, we investigated the on-line recognition of gender-marked lexical items by three aphasic patients and eighteen matched control participants, all native speakers of Polish. Polish is unique in that it allows investigating grammatical gender across the major categories of nouns and verbs. Patients and their controls were tested u...
Article
In this paper we describe a non-fluent aphasic patient who presents a selective impairment in the inflectional morphology of verbs but not of nouns in a highly inflected language, Greek. Furthermore, the patient's impairment was observed in production, but not in comprehension. More specifically, the patient manifested a selective deficit in the pr...
Article
This article presents an overview of current research on the mental lexicon, as it is represented by articles in the spring 2002 Special Issue of Brain and Language. We examine current findings in terms of language, task, and population effects associated with how words are presented and processed in the mind. We discuss how such mental representat...
Article
The present study investigates the relationship between morphological regularity and form during lexical processing using a visual priming paradigm varying the prime duration. We addressed the effect of regularity on morphological facilitation in nouns and verbs by exploiting particular characteristics of a highly inflected language, Greek, in whic...
Article
This research addresses the issues of frequency and regularity in auditory verb recognition and their importance for the organization of the mental lexicon in DLI francophones. A primed auditory lexical decision task probes reaction times and response accuracy in DLI and control participants on frequent and infrequent, and regular and irregular, in...
Article
This study investigates the performance of two Italian nonfluent aphasic patients on noun-adjective agreement in compounds and in noun phrases. A completion, a reading, and a repetition task were administered. Results show that both patients were able to correctly inflect adjectives within compounds, but not in noun phrases. Moreover, they were sen...
Article
This study investigates the processing of polymorphemic words in a highly inflected language, Bulgarian. The roles of semantic transparency, aspect, and bound or free root status in the recognition of aspectual verb forms were probed in the visual modality in a simple lexical decision and a masked priming experiment at a short SOA. Results from the...
Article
This study investigates the processing of interfixed compounds within a primed lexical decision paradigm. Results from an experiment on German are compared with those from a previous study on Greek and Polish, demonstrating that patterns of morphological priming in German differ from those obtained in the other two languages. In all experiments com...
Article
This paper addresses the issues of frequency and morphological regularity in word recognition and their importance for the organization of the mental lexicon in developmentally language-impaired (DLI) francophones. Two visual lexical decision experiments (one simple, one primed) probe response latencies and response accuracy in DLI participants on...
Article
Full-text available
The German language shows a high degree of compounding. The process is very productive in the language and compounds may be formed from the combination of four or more roots. In addition, German compounding also shows the presence of interfixes between constituents in about 35% of all compounds. We report on a compound composition experiment that i...
Article
In opaque orthographies, such as English and French, three central dysgraphic syndromes have been described: surface dysgraphia, phonological dysgraphia, and deep dysgraphia. Writing breakdown patterns reveal that spelling can proceed by phoneme-to-grapheme conversion, or by a more direct or lexical approach. Ardila et al. (1989, 1991) claim that f...
Article
The present study addresses the issue of morphological manifestations specific to non-fluent aphasia in Greek. The off-line performance of a Greek-speaking aphasic patient is investigated using Paradis'(1987) Bilingual Aphasia Test. His difficulties with inflectional morphology are further probed through a series of comprehension, production, repet...
Chapter
Full-text available
This postulate by Goethe (*1749), the first protagonist of a new discipline of morphology (albeit first only within biology), confronts us with the main problem of processing studies of morphology: Are morphological constructions processed as wholes or with regard to their parts or, if both, under which conditions? This question has been of central...
Article
Full-text available
The way spoken language is represented by orthographic structure is thought to influence the cognitive reading mechanism for a language, and therefore language breakdown patterns should reflect this. The present article focuses on two patients, both monolingual native Spanish speakers, who were able to read words but showed great difficulty in read...
Article
This paper addresses issues of frequency and transparency in word recognition and their importance for the organization of the mental lexicon in Developmentally Language Impaired (DLI) francophones. A simple visual lexical decision task probes responses of DLI and control participants when presented with verbs. DLI participants are sensitive to who...
Article
This study investigates the way in which phonological change during derivation influences the access of complex words in the on-line performance of English-speaking subjects during word recognition. Three visual lexical decision experiments were administered (cross-modal priming, visual priming and simple). Overall, the results showed that the form...
Article
This study explores the role of semantic transparency and morphological headedness in the on-line visual recognition of French and Bulgarian compounds using a constituent repetition priming paradigm. The results reported show significant constituent priming effects for both languages. Moreover, distinct priming patterns emerged, demonstrating that...