Glenn Ballard

Glenn Ballard
University of California, Berkeley | UCB · Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

PhD

About

208
Publications
383,245
Reads
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8,064
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
3739 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
Additional affiliations
January 1989 - present
University of California, Berkeley
Education
July 1998 - June 2000
University of Birmingham
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering
September 1974 - May 1976
Holy Names College
Field of study
  • Business Administration
September 1964 - May 1968
St. John's College
Field of study
  • Liberal Arts

Publications

Publications (208)
Article
A relevant problem in the construction sector is low productivity due to the high variability and uncertainty of projects, which makes it necessary to increase efficiency through better project planning and control. The last planner system (LPS) has proven to increase planning reliability; however, improving the management of commitments in weekly...
Article
Full-text available
The average cost and time overrun of frequent changes in ETO and construction projects is high, and with steadily increasing cost constraints, productivity increase is critical for future competitiveness. Successful lean implementations in project-based production systems have led to great reductions in waste and time to market. However, companies...
Article
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Twenty-first century infrastructure needs to respond to changing demographics, becoming climate neutral, resilient and economically affordable, while remaining a driver for development and shared prosperity. However, the infrastructure sector remains one of the least innovative and digitalised, plagued by delays, cost overruns and benefit shortfall...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty-first century infrastructure needs to respond to changing demographics, becoming climate neutral, resilient and economically affordable, while remaining a driver for development and shared prosperity. However, the infrastructure sector remains one of the least innovative and digitalised, plagued by delays, cost overruns and benefit shortfall...
Article
The focus of this study is the applicability of the Last Planner System (LPS) to modular offshore wind construction. Following a design science approach, a conceptual model for LPS adapted to modular offshore wind construction was developed, then refined and evaluated in a field study. The field study investigated was an offshore wind project in th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A behavior-based approach to quality has been proposed to highlight the impact that upstream behaviors have on the overall outcomes of construction projects. The focus of this pioneering approach is first to understand that certain behaviors lead to conversations in which expectations are clearly identified and understood by the different project p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The correct implementation of the Last Planner® System has been proven to increase the reliability of the planning and performance levels of projects by managing commitments. However, the current management of commitments in weekly planning meetings has not been sufficiently analyzed to teach people how to make reliable promises. Therefore, it is e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is an increasing trend towards more integrated project delivery (IPD) methods in the construction industry. However, the definition of IPD and its practical framework includes a wide range of collaborative principles or strategies. A synthesis of the research on IPD can provide a better understanding of the variety of practices and dimensions...
Conference Paper
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Competitive Dialogue (CD) and Best Value Procurement (BVP) are two different approaches to early contractor involvement (ECI) in public projects. However, it is not clear which approach is best suited for what kind of project situations, and which is better for implementing lean in public procurement. The purpose of this paper is to explore the sim...
Chapter
Full-text available
Glenn Ballard ist einer der Größen in der Lean Construction Bewegung und hat in seiner langjährigen Erfahrung im Bauwesen zahlreiche Projekte beratend begleitet. Er hat das Last Planner System® ursprünglich konzipiert und weltweit bekannt gemacht. In diesem Kapitel erklärt Ballard die Funktionsweise des Last Planner Systems® und die Vorteile als Ko...
Conference Paper
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Some evidence exists that lean projects are safer, but we don’t understand why. Providing an explanation is one of the objectives of the Construction Safety Research Group formed by the Project Production Systems Laboratory (P2SL). In this paper, we describe the research program of the group and its findings in year one of three, including an expla...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify how the newly emerging UK practice of “Collaborative Planning” (CP) for construction project delivery aligns with the advocated principles of the Last Planner System (LPS) of production planning and control. Design/methodology/approach – A mixed, qualitative, exploratory approach was adopted for th...
Article
Full-text available
The lean ideal is to deliver customer value without waste. Traditional sustainability outcomes, which are attributed to the pursuit of the lean ideal in construction projects, consisted of economic outcomes instead of environmental outcomes. This paper explores how lean design methods can reduce construction and demolition and C & D waste and contr...
Article
Full-text available
The lean ideal is to deliver customer value without waste. Traditional sustainability outcomes, which are attributed to the pursuit of the lean ideal in construction projects, consisted of economic outcomes instead of environmental outcomes. This paper explores how lean design methods can reduce construction and demolition (C&D) waste and contribut...
Article
Full-text available
The lean ideal is to deliver customer value without waste. Traditional sustainability outcomes, which are attributed to the pursuit of the lean ideal in construction projects, consisted of economic outcomes instead of environmental outcomes. This paper explores how lean design methods can reduce construction and demolition (C&D) waste and contribut...
Data
Full-text available
Target Value Design (TVD) has shown positive results on schedule, budget and products’ delivery with higher benefits for the owner. Familiarity with basic requirements of its elements and collaborative business practices have been hallmarks of successful TVD adoptions, particularly in healthcare. However, there has been little discussion about the...
Data
Full-text available
Target Value Design (TVD) has shown positive results on schedule, budget and products’ delivery with higher benefits for the owner. Familiarity with basic requirements of its elements and collaborative business practices have been hallmarks of successful TVD adoptions, particularly in healthcare. However, there has been little discussion about the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Target Value Design (TVD) has shown positive results on schedule, budget and products' delivery with higher benefits for the owner. Familiarity with basic requirements of its elements and collaborative business practices have been hallmarks of successful TVD adoptions, particularly in healthcare. However, there has been little discussion about the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to understand the academic landscape on collaboration in design, its characteristics and related concepts for promoting collaboration within in the project based production systems. We aim to answer to the following three questions: How to define collaboration in design and why individuals need to collaborate during d...
Article
Full-text available
Target Value Design (TVD) is a management practice that steers the design and construction of the project to the customer’s constraints while maximizing the value delivered within those constraints. TVD practice has been mostly pursued in private projects on which the client and key members of the project team all sign one multi-party contract. The...
Article
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Choosing a building system is not an easy task, especially when designers are concerned about the social and environmental impacts of their choices, as in the case of a net zero energy (NZE) building. In addition, economic constraints are commonly misunderstood so that all too often decisions are based on what is cheaper upfront and do not take the...
Article
Design teams must make numerous decisions in building design, including choosing materials. Lately, they have become more concerned about the social and environmental effects of their choices, in addition to the economic constraints. These concerns, in addition to the increasing offerings of construction materials and products and the engagement of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Latin America and the Caribbean are experiencing a severe housing shortage. The construction industry plays a pivotal role in housing provision and must find means to increase output and productivity in housing construction. However, inefficient production techniques, commonly associated with the building industry, exacerbate the problem. Adopting...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Last Planner System (LPS) and Location-Based Management System (LBMS) are both lean planning and controlling tools. A combination of these systems would bring much greater benefits than stand-alone implementations. However, previous research attempting to combine these methods has not been on sufficient level of detail for actual implementation...
Article
Overcoming the financial barriers to energy-efficiency (EE) investments requires efforts to explicitly evaluate energy-related risks during the commercial loan underwriting. To support such efforts, the objective of this paper is to suggest a novel target-setting practice that borrowers and lenders collaboratively can use during the early stages of...
Article
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Construction planning takes place at many levels. This paper pertains to the level called lookahead planning, during which planners make their plan more realistic as construction tasks approach execution. To improve the quality of lookahead planning, the construction industry has benefited from implementing the Last Planner® System (LPS) that empha...
Article
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Question: How to make shared risk and reward sustainable? Purpose: To bring to the attention of the construction community the risk that shared risk and reward approaches to project delivery are themselves at risk, and to promote practices that assure its sustainability. Research Method: Case study of a ‘failed’ shared risk and reward project by ac...
Article
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Multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) methods can help designers address the choosing problem in building detailed design. Many, however, appear to assume that all methods are equivalent. This paper argues that differences between MCDM methods matter. The first contribution of this paper is differentiating between the analytical hierarchy process (A...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that project success is dependent on the project management approach selected, relative to the challenges posed by the project, and to develop an analytical model for analyzing the performance of the project organization. Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on literature review, model...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Planning is often seen as an entirely technical process, but planning processes fail from competing interests and lack of collaboration. Well designed planning processes are social as well as technical. Reliable promising is the social glue, but you can't make a promise if you can't say "no" to a request. Today I am presenting the Last Planner syst...
Conference Paper
Extensive research and published material exists addressing owner, contractor, and supplier relationships and contracting methods. Also, there exist a variety of capital project delivery systems in construction industry, which all aim at delivering projects to project owners with desired quality and within expected cost and schedule. These project...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For many years, lean production has been successfully applied in large companies producing high volumes of standardized products. However, companies which operate in dissimilar environments have yet to expose a suitable model for pursuing the lean ideal, adapted and fine-tuned to the diverse characteristics demonstrated by producers of, for example...
Article
With the increased interest in applying integrated forms of project delivery to complex and uncertain construction projects, the building industry has been experiencing an increased demand for integrated project delivery (IPD). With the trend, many empirical studies have examined the collaborative characteristics of IPD and reported that participan...
Article
Full-text available
Teams engaged in building design are composed of multiple stakeholders, including architects, owners, engineers, and sometimes users. Members of the design team often have different and conflicting interests, especially when considering sustainability issues. For example, issues may include reducing embodied energy while creating an earthquake resi...
Article
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This study was motivated by the need to implement lean construction in a concrete division recently established by a general contracting firm that has been an advocate of lean for several years. After observing difficulties to implement lean in the first project undertaken by this concrete division, the research team decided to adopt an alternative...
Article
Developing energy-efficient commercial buildings requires the use of an energy-related risk management practice that can increase the chance of achieving intended lifecycle financial goals. This paper suggests a management practice that deals with such energy-related risk, namely, project cost risk and performance risk. A prerequisite to applying t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Decisions in the architecture, engineering and construction industry need to be supported by decision-making methods. Choosing By Advantages (CBA) offers methods that support the creation of transparency and collaborative environments in which to make decisions. This paper provides an example of how CBA can be of support when choosing materials, in...
Chapter
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A slightly earlier version of this paper appeared as Appendix A in Eynon, John 2013 The Design Manager's Handbook (CIOB Wiley-Blackwell) pp165-190. A shorter version appeared in the CIOB's Construction Research and Information magazine in 2011. Abstract Purpose: To review the state-of-the-art of Lean Project Delivery (LPD), to show the relationsh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Target Costing (TC) has been used in the manufacturing industry as a means of managing product profitability during the product development process. Efforts to adapt the TC manufacturing approach to the construction industry resulted in a management approach called Target Value Design (TVD). So far TVD research and practice are linked and limited t...
Article
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The relationship between rhetoric and design has been the subject of numerous scholarly publications in the last fifty years, but has not been addressed by scholars of engineering design. This paper argues that the relationship is important for theory and practice of design in all its varieties, principally by providing evidence from the literature...
Article
Since the 1960's, there have been many initiatives for promoting theoretical understanding on design. However, in spite of definite progress, there are several puzzles and anomalies in the current theoretical landscape of design. We present an interpretation of the evolution of design theorizing that throws new light on these puzzles and anomalies....
Article
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This paper reports some early findings related to supplier development: the result of prequalification, performance evaluation and supplier development from 5 pilot regions in 3 countries. It is a follow-up to an IGLC paper presented in 2011. Supplier development can be seen as a third option when make or buy options do not lead to desired results....
Article
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This research was motivated by the identification of a practical problem with theoretical relevance. Empirical observation of a large infrastructure programme pointed out managerial difficulties to achieve the expected outcomes of that construction project. The observed problem is related to the challenge of collectively defining and pursuing a pro...
Article
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In an earlier paper, the first author argued that project budgets should be set based on the worth to the client of the asset to be designed and constructed, adjusted as needed for capital availability. However, cost estimates also play a role in the process of feasibility assessment and budgeting. When the client's allowable cost, what they are wi...
Article
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It is contended that the root cause for disagreement between lean construction proponents and management scholars is related to the new direction of management research which was proposed in 1959 in two influential books, by R.A. Gordon and J.E. Howell and by F.C. Pierson. It was argued that management was to be approached through three root stems:...
Data
Market- and customer-oriented activities represent a major resource investment for a firm. Activity-based costing (ABC) provides an enhanced means for marketers to assess the cost-versus-benefits of such activities. This article describes the usefulness of ABC to marketers at various levels of decision making: unit level, product level, channel lev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Researchers and practitioners in the Architectural, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry have been incorporating sustainability (environmental, social, and economic) aspects into decision-making, e.g., designers have selected materials with sustainability in mind. Many have used multi-criteria decision-making methods, appearing to assume th...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for greater understanding of the health impact of various design elements in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) as well as cost-benefit information to make informed decisions about the long-term value of design decisions. This is particularly evident when design teams are considering the transition from open-bay NICUs to single-f...
Article
Our experience in engineering education and practice indicates that methodologies for architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) design management are characterized only to a limited extent. In domains other than AEC such methodologies are well-established and contribute to improving design performance. A step towards advancing AEC design ma...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the principles, history, applications and current research issues associated with lean construction, in order to provide a foundation for future research in this area. Lean is a management approach that emerged in the automobile industry and spread initially to other forms of repetitive manufacturing and ultimately to service ind...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial loan underwriting for energy retrofits involves analyzing benefits and risks of energy efficiency (EE) improvement investments. We learned from interviews that current practices in commercial underwriting do not promote detailed collaboration between lenders and borrowers, and consequently erect financial barriers to making such investme...
Article
Full-text available
Target value design (TVD) is a management method for integrated project delivery (IPD) through the collaborative efforts among different stakeholders. This study uses game theory to explain how TVD fundamentally enables each stakeholder to collaborate on initial design alignment. According to the prisoner's dilemma, two people locked in separate ja...
Article
Full-text available
Target costing is an effective management technique that has been used in manufacturing for decades to achieve cost predictability during new product development. Adoption of this technique promises benefits for the construction industry as it struggles to raise the number of successful outcomes and certainty of project delivery in terms of cost, q...