Glen A Tarran

Glen A Tarran
Plymouth Marine Laboratory | PML

About

185
Publications
19,454
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5,246
Citations
Citations since 2016
45 Research Items
2313 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300

Publications

Publications (185)
Article
Full-text available
Temperature and nutrient supply interactively control phytoplankton growth and productivity, yet the role of these drivers together still has not been determined experimentally over large spatial scales in the oligotrophic ocean. We conducted four microcosm experiments in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic (29°N-27°S) in which surface plankton a...
Article
Abstract A key uncertainty for predicting future ocean oxygen levels is the response and feedback of organic matter respiration demand. One poorly constrained component of the respiration demand is the oxygen‐to‐carbon remineralization ratio—the respiration quotient. Currently, multiple biological hypotheses can explain variation in the respiration...
Preprint
Plankton monitoring by microscopy offers long-term ecological perspective of plankton communities but is biased towards those organisms that can be distinguished using the microscope. Genetic identification of marine plankton has become standard but is still not used. This study is a comprehensive study genetically measured taxa in the Western Chan...
Article
Full-text available
The recycling of scarce nutrient resources in the sunlit open ocean is crucial to ecosystem function. Nitrification directs ammonium (NH4+) derived from organic matter decomposition towards the regeneration of nitrate (NO3-), an important resource for photosynthetic primary producers. However, the technical challenge of making nitrification rate me...
Article
Full-text available
Choline and glycine betaine (GBT) are utilized as osmolytes to counteract osmotic stress, but also constitute important nutrient sources for many marine microbes. Bacterial catabolism of these substrates can then lead to the production of climate active trace gases such as methylamine and methane. Using radiotracers, we investigated prokaryotic cho...
Article
Full-text available
Phytoplankton biomass, through its proxy, Chlorophyll a , has been assessed at synoptic temporal and spatial scales with satellite remote sensing (RS) for over two decades. Also, RS algorithms to monitor relative size classes abundance are widely used; however, differentiating functional types from RS, as well as the assessment of phytoplankton str...
Article
Full-text available
Human activities are changing the Arctic environment at an unprecedented rate resulting in rapid warming, freshening, sea ice retreat and ocean acidification of the Arctic Ocean. Trace gases such as nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) play important roles in both the atmospheric reactivity and radiative budget of the Arctic and thus have a high p...
Preprint
Full-text available
The recycling of scarce nutrient resources in the sunlit open ocean is crucial to ecosystem function. Ammonium oxidation, the first stage of the nitrification process, directs ammonium derived from organic matter decomposition towards the regeneration nitrate, an important resource for photosynthetic primary producers. However, the technical challe...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed descriptions of microbial communities have lagged far behind physical and chemical measurements in the marine environment. Here, we present 971 globally distributed surface ocean metagenomes collected at high spatio-temporal resolution. Our low-cost metagenomic sequencing protocol produced 3.65 terabases of data, where the median number of...
Article
Compelling evidence is presented that sub-micron picoplankton shape, internal structure and orientation in combination leads to a disproportionate enhancement of differential forward scatter compared with differential side scatter when analyzed with a flow cytometer. Theoretical evidence is provided which results in an order of magnitude amplificat...
Article
Full-text available
Phytoplankton play a central role in the regulation of global carbon and nutrient cycles, forming the basis of the marine food webs. A group of biogeochemically important phytoplankton, the coccolithophores, produce calcium carbonate scales that have been hypothesized to deter or reduce grazing by microzooplankton. Here, a meta-analysis of mesocosm...
Article
Full-text available
Optical models have been proposed to relate spectral variations in the beam attenuation (cp) and optical backscattering (bbp) coefficients to marine particle size distributions (PSDs). However, due to limited PSD data, particularly in the open ocean, optically derived PSDs suffer from large uncertainties and we have a poor empirical understanding o...
Article
Full-text available
Size-spectral approaches quantify the efficiency of energy transfer through food webs, but theory and field studies disagree over how changes in temperature, nutrients, and extreme weather impact on this efficiency. We address this at two scales: via 6 years of weekly sampling of the plankton size spectrum at the Plymouth L4 shelf sea site, and via...
Preprint
Full-text available
Detailed descriptions of microbial communities have lagged far behind physical and chemical measurements in the marine environment. Here, we present 720 globally distributed surface ocean metagenomes collected at high spatio-temporal resolution. Our low-cost metagenomic sequencing protocol produced 2.75 terabases of data, where the median number of...
Article
Full-text available
Cell abundances of Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus, and autotrophic picoeukaryotes were estimated in surface waters using principal component analysis (PCA) of hyperspectral and multispectral remote-sensing reflectance data. This involved the development of models that employed multilinear correlations between cell abundances across the Atlantic O...
Article
Full-text available
Continental margins are disproportionally important for global primary production, fisheries and CO 2 uptake. However, across the Northeast Atlantic shelves, there has been an ongoing summertime decline of key biota-large diatoms, dinoflagellates and copepods-that traditionally fuel higher tropic levels such as fish, sea birds and marine mammals. H...
Article
This dataset contains depth profiles of the mean abundance of cyanobacteria and small (<20 um) phytoplankton reported in cells per millilitre. Samples were measured using flow cytometry during the Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) cruise AMT25 (JR15001). The samples were collected between September and November 2015 from 200 m to the surface, usin...
Article
Full-text available
There has been an overall decline in copepod populations across the North Atlantic over the past few decades. Reasons for these declines are unclear, and several major species, including the cyclopoid copepod Oithona similis, have maintained stable populations at station L4 in the western English Channel. To identify the factors contributing to thi...
Article
There is increasing interest in the use of microalgae grown on wastewater to provide useful metabolites. Several bacteria have been shown to affect the growth rate and quality of the algae, but it is not clear if this is specific to a particular group of bacteria or if nutrient conditions can also influence this interaction. The bacterial community...
Article
Depth-resolved flow cytometric observations have been used to determine the size distribution and refractive index (RI) of picoplankton throughout the Atlantic Ocean. Prochlorococcus frequently showed double size distribution peaks centered on ${0.75 \pm 0.25}$0.75±0.25 and ${1.75 \pm 0.25}\,\,{\rm \unicode{x00B5}{\rm m}}$1.75±0.25µm; the smallest...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluate the effects of nutrient limitation on cellular composition of polar lipid classes/species in Chlorella sp. using modern polar lipidomic profiling methods (liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry; LC-MS/MS). Total polar lipid concentration was highest in nutrient-replete (HN) cultures with a significant reduction in monogalactosyl...
Article
Full-text available
Marine microscopic particles profoundly impact global biogeochemical cycles, but our understanding of their dynamics is hindered by lack of observations. To fill this gap, optical backscattering measured by satellite sensors and in-situ autonomous platforms can be exploited. Unfortunately, these observations remain critically limited by an incomple...
Article
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Supplementary materials with lots of interesting details
Article
Full-text available
The unicellular cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the most dominant resident of the subtropical gyres, which are considered to be the largest biomes on earth. In this study, the spatial and temporal variability in the global distribution of Prochlorococcus was estimated in the Atlantic Ocean using an empirical model based on data from 13 Atlantic M...
Article
Full-text available
Coccolithophores are key components of phytoplankton communities, exerting a critical impact on the global carbon cycle and the Earth’s climate through the production of coccoliths made of calcium carbonate (calcite) and bioactive gases. Microzooplankton grazing is an important mortality factor in coccolithophore blooms, however little is currently...
Article
Full-text available
The differences among phytoplankton carbon (Cphy) predictions from six ocean color algorithms are investigated by comparison with in situ estimates of phytoplankton carbon. The common satellite data used as input for the algorithms is the Ocean Color Climate Change Initiative merged product. The matching in situ data are derived from flow cytometri...
Article
Full-text available
The seasonal variability of plankton metabolism indicates how much carbon is cycling within a system, as well as its capacity to store carbon or export organic matter and CO2 to the deep ocean. Seasonal variability between November 2014, April 2015 and July 2015 in plankton respiration and bacterial (Bacteria + Archaea) metabolism is reported for t...
Article
Full-text available
Spring phytoplankton blooms are important events in Shelf Sea pelagic systems as the increase in carbon production results in increased food availability for higher trophic levels and the export of carbon to deeper waters and the sea-floor. It is usually accepted that the increase in phytoplankton abundance and production is followed by an increase...
Article
The seasonal cycle of resource availability in shelf seas has a strong selective pressure on phytoplankton diversity and the biogeochemical cycling of key elements, such as carbon (C) and phosphorus (P). Shifts in carbon consumption relative to P availability, via changes in cellular stoichiometry for example, can lead to an apparent 'excess' of ca...
Article
We report novel in situ speciated observations of monoterpenes (α- and β-pinene, myrcene, δ3-carene, ocimene, limonene) in seawater and air during three cruises in the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, in/over generally oligotrophic waters. Oceanic concentrations of the individual monoterpenes ranged from below the detection limit of <1 pmol L-1 to 5 pmo...
Article
Isoprene surface ocean concentrations and vertical distribution, atmospheric mixing ratios and calculated sea-to-air fluxes spanning approximately 125 degrees of latitude (80 °N - 45 °S) over the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans are reported. Oceanic isoprene concentrations were associated with a number of concurrently monitored biological variables incl...
Article
The near-surface layer of the ocean is a habitat in which plankton are subjected to very different stresses to those in deeper layers. These include high turbulence and illumination, allowing increased visibility to predators, and exposure to harmful UV radiation. To provide insights into stress caused by UV, we examined the occurrence of protectiv...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) series of twenty-five cruises over the past twenty years has produced a rich depth-resolved biogeochemical in situ data resource consisting of a wealth of core variables. These multiple core datasets, key to the operation of AMT, such as temperature, salinity, oxygen and inorganic nutrients, are often only use...
Article
The effects of changes in CO2 concentration in seawater on phytoplankton community structure and photosynthesis were studied in the North Atlantic sub-tropical gyre. Three shipboard incubations were conducted for 48 h at ∼760 ppm CO2 and control (360 ppm CO2) from 49°N to 7°N during October and November 2010. Elevated CO2 caused a decrease in pH to...
Article
Cobalt (Co) and iron (Fe) are essential for phytoplankton nutrition, and as such constitute a vital link in the marine biological carbon pump. Atmospheric deposition is an important, and in some places the dominant, source of trace elements (TEs) to the global ocean. Dissolved cobalt (dCo) and iron (dFe) were determined along an Atlantic Meridional...
Article
Full-text available
Instrumental equipment unsuitable or unavailable for fieldwork as well as lack of ship space can necessitate the preservation of seawater samples prior to analysis in a shore-based laboratory. Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) is routinely used for such preservation, but its handling and subsequent disposal incur environmental risks and significant expense...
Article
Full-text available
Instrumental equipment unsuitable or unavailable for fieldwork as well as lack of ship space can necessitate the preservation of seawater samples prior to analysis in a shore-based laboratory. Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) is routinely used for such preservation, but its handling and subsequent disposal incur significant risks and expense. Benzalkonium...
Article
This study presents the first in-situ measurements of the chlorophyll a oxidation product, hydroxychlorophyll a as well as the chlorophyll a precursor, chlorophyll aP276 conducted over an annual cycle. Chlorophyll a oxidation products, such as hydroxychlorophyll a may be associated with the decline of algal populations and can act as an initial ste...
Chapter
This chapter describes methods for testing biocides against microbes. The first part describes a method using flow cytometry to test biocides against multispecies communities of planktonic microbial assemblage and Part 2 describes methods to test biocides against both single and multispecies biofilms.
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the relationship between picoeukaryote phytoplankton (<2 μm) and the deep layer of new production (NO3− uptake) in the nitracline of the eastern subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. Indices of NO3− uptake kinetics obtained within the lower 15% of the euphotic zone demonstrate that subsurface NO3− uptake maxima are coincident with local...
Article
Full-text available
Acetone is an important oxygenated volatile organic compound (OVOC) in the troposphere where it influences the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere. However, the air-sea flux is not well quantified, in part due to a lack of knowledge regarding which processes control oceanic concentrations, and, specifically whether microbial oxidation to CO2 repre...
Article
Full-text available
Fast Repetition Rate fluorometry (FRRf) measurements of phytoplankton photophysiology from an acrossbasin South Atlantic cruise (as part of the GEOTRACES programme) characterised two dominant ecophysiological regimes which were interpreted on the basis of nutrient limitation. South of the South Subtropical Convergence (SSTC) in the northern sub-Anta...
Article
Full-text available
Fast Repetition Rate fluorometry (FRRf) measurements of phytoplankton photophysiology from an across-basin South Atlantic cruise (as part of the GEOTRACES programme) characterized two dominant ecophysiological regimes which were interpreted on the basis of nutrient limitation. South of the South Subtropical Convergence (SSTC) in the northern sub-An...
Article
1] Phytoplankton are an important component of the oceanic carbon cycle. Yet, due to methodological constraints, the carbon biomass of phytoplankton is poorly characterized. To address this limitation, we have explored the bio-optical relationship between in situ measurements of the particle backscattering coefficient at 470 nm, b bp (470), and the...
Data
Members of the prokaryotic picoplankton are the main drivers of the biogeochemical cycles over large areas of the world's oceans. In order to ascertain changes in picoplankton composition in the euphotic and twilight zones at an ocean basin scale we determined the distribution of 11 marine bacterial and archaeal phyla in three different water layer...