Giusy Lofrano

Giusy Lofrano
University of Rome Foro Italico · Department of MovementHealth and Human Science

PhD

About

121
Publications
89,947
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,012
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Consultant scientist
October 2013 - present
Università degli Studi di Salerno
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2010 - December 2013
Salerno Province
Position
  • Consultant scientist

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
Microplastic debris from direct and indirect human activities is considered a major threat to the marine biodiversity mainly due to its abundance, durability, persistence, and ability to accumulate contaminants from the environment. Derelict tubular plastic nets of various colours (blue (BN), yellow (YN), green (GN), pink (PN), and white (WN) net),...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the proliferation of Harmful Cyanobacterial Blooms (CyanoHABs) has increased with water eutrophication and climate change, impairing human health and the environment in relation to water supply. In drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs), the bio-coagulation based on natural coagulants has been studied as an eco-friendly alternativ...
Article
Monolithic composite aerogel based on N-doped TiO2 (NdT) photocatalyst dispersed into syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) matrix was used for atrazine (ATZ) degradation under ultra-violet (UV) and visible light (Vis) irradiation. sPS/NdT composite aerogel, with a polymer/photocatalyst 90/10 wt ratio, was achieved by super critical CO2 extraction of chlo...
Preprint
Nano Zero-Valent Iron (nZVI) and Activated Carbon (AC) addition is recently developed techniques applied for the remediation of sediments and aqueous solutions contaminated with hydrophobic organic compounds. However, an important point that must be underlined consists in the possible occurrence of eco(toxico)logical secondary effects, especially w...
Article
Thirty contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) were identified and quantified in hospital wastewater (HWW) by LC-MS and their removal by solar photo Fenton (SPF) with ethylenediamine-N,N’-disuccinic acid (EDDS) at spontaneous pH (7.5) was compared to other solar driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (namely, sunlight/persoxydisulphate (SPD) an...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the continuous development, production and consumption of nanoparticles (NPs), their release, fate and effects in marine coastal environment can represent a major concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and compare it to bulk ZnSO 4 on three macroinvertebrates: the isopod Cymodoce truncata (...
Article
Solar driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (an alternative solar photo Fenton like process (SPF), sunlight/H2O2 (SHP) and sunlight/chlorine (SCL)) and respective dark conditions, were compared for the first time to conventional (chlorination and UV-C radiation) disinfection processes, in the inactivation of E. coli and Entero strains inoculat...
Article
Significant release of rare earth elements (REEs) into the environment is mainly due to active or abandoned mining sites, but their presence is globally increasing due to their use in several industrial sectors. The effects on primary producers as Raphidocelis subcapitata are still limited. This research focused on La and Ce as the two most widespr...
Article
The alteration of rare earth elements (REEs) biogeochemical cycles has increased the potential effects related to their environmental exposure in a one-health perspective. Cerium (Ce), gadolinium (Gd), lanthanum (La), and neodymium (Nd) are frequently related to technological applications and their environmental concentrations are already in the μg...
Article
Full-text available
The removal of contaminants of emerging concern from urban wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) remains a challenge to promote safe wastewater reuse practices. Macrolides are the most abundant antibiotics detected in untreated wastewater and their concentration in WWTPs effluents is only partially reduced by conventional treatments. Among several ad...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated sediment spatial and seasonal distribution of trace elements (TEs) (n = 16) and human health effects along the Hooghly River Estuary (India). The index of geo-accumulation (Igeo), enrichment factor (EF), hazard quotient (HQ), modified hazard quotient (mHQ) and toxic risk unit (TRI) were calculated to estimate sediment pollut...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional fertilization practices in agroecosystems concern the supply of bioavailable nutrients, such as mineral fertilizers. A consolidated alternative to restoring the long-term fertility of agricultural soils is their amendment with organic fertilizers. Soil amendment with biowaste compost or sewage sludge represents a sustainable strategy t...
Article
A continuous flow photocatalytic packed-bed reactor irradiated by UV-LEDs was employed for the degradation of two toxic anionic azo dyes: Eriochrome Black-T (EBT) and Methyl Orange (MeO). Commercial anatase TiO2 in pellets form was used as packing material for the photoreactor. The experimental tests were carried out using both distilled and tap wa...
Article
Contaminated sediment is a major issue for aquatic environments, but attention must be kept even during remediation activities that can negatively affect resident biota especially when applied in situ. For the first time, the species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach was applied to amendments used for in situ sediment remediation considering...
Article
Textile wastewaters contain refractory dyes that cause pollution and socio-economic issues, thus calling for efficient remediation techniques such as photocatalysis. We review the fabrication, functionalization, performance and limitations of doped catalysts for degrading and mineralizing dyes. We present developments in photocatalyst immobilizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Analytical models for the simulation of contaminants’ fate and transport in the unsaturated zone are used in many engineering applications concerning groundwater resource management and risk assessment. As a consequence, several scientific studies dealing with the development and application of analytical solutions have been carried out. Six models...
Article
Microalgae are considered good bioindicators of marine environmental quality. Frequently, they are used to investigate the toxicity of sediment elutriates, but their sensitivity is disputed. This paper compared the sensitivity of Phaeodactylum tricornutum (diatom), Skeletonema costatum (diatom), and Dunaliella tertiolecta (green alga), analyzing 25...
Article
The sensitivity of the copepods Acartia tonsa, commonly used in standardized tests for environmental risk assessment and A. clausi, the dominant autochthonous congener species in the Mediterranean Sea, was assessed using sediment-derived elutriates from the industrial area of Bagnoli-Coroglio and nickel chloride as referent toxicant. Acute A. claus...
Article
Micro- and/or mesocosms are experimental tools bringing ecologically relevant components of the natural environment under controlled conditions closest to the real world, without losing the advantage of reliable reference conditions and replications, providing a link between laboratory studies and filed studies in natural environments. Here, for th...
Article
The release of toxic contaminant of emerging concern from urban wastewater treatment plants (UWTPs) into the environment calls for more effective (tertiary) treatment methods. In this manuscript, homogeneous solar-driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), namely H2O2/sunlight, solar photo-Fenton (Fe⁺²/H2O2/sunlight) and solar photo-Fenton with et...
Article
Contaminants of emerging concern (including pharmaceuticals) are not effectively removed by municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), so particular concern is related to agricultural wastewater reuse due to their possible uptake in crops irrigated with WWTPs effluents. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) and solar AOPs have been demonstrated t...
Article
Cerium (Ce, CeCl3) and Erbium (Er, ErCl3) are increasingly used in many electronic devices facilitating the alteration of their biogeochemical cycles (e.g. e-waste). Previous surveys stated that their environmental concentrations due to natural or anthropogenic events can reach up to 161 μg/L in ore mine effluent for Ce with a mean water concentrat...
Article
Nonylphenol ethoxylated (NPEOs) nonionic surfactants have been increasingly used in different industrial, commercial and domestic applications. Unfortunately, they are classified as endocrine disrupting chemicals (and also considered as contaminants of emerging concern) having adverse effects on animal and human reproduction. The treatment of nonyl...
Article
A wide range and globally active agro-industries such as olive oil processing, winery, tannery, textile and food production discharge a large volume of wastewater containing tannins. Tannins are complex structured chemicals which cause high organic content, requiring high dissolved oxygen in wastewater treatment plants or producing oxygen depletion...
Article
This opinion paper focuses on the role of eco-toxicological tools in the assessment of possible impacts of emerging contaminants on the aquatic ecosystem, hence, on human health. Indeed, organic trace pollutants present in raw and treated wastewater are the pivot targets: a multidisciplinary approach allows defining the basic principles for managin...
Article
Full-text available
Continuous input into the aquatic ecosystem and persistent structures have created concern of antibiotics, primarily due to the potential for the development of antimicrobial resistance. Degradation kinetics and mineralization of vancomycin B (VAN-B) by photocatalysis using T i O 2 and ZnO nanoparticles was monitored at natural pH conditions. Phot...
Article
The release of antibiotics in aquatic ecosystems from the effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) is of great concern due to possible chronic toxic effects as well as contribution to antibiotic resistance spread. In the present work, the degradation of the antibiotic chloramphenicol (CAP) by ultraviolet (UV)/peracetic acid (PAA) (an advance...
Article
A continuous flow micro-reactor irradiated by UV-LEDs was employed to treat coloured wastewater by adsorption and simultaneous photocatalysis. Zinc oxide (ZnO) immobilized on commercial zeolites pellets in spherical shape (ZEO) was used as catalytic material in a micro-reactor maximizing the photocatalyst exposition to light sources, irradiating un...
Article
The determination of organotin compounds (OTCs) in environmental matrices has been subject to great scientific attention during last years, as the accuracy and sensitivity of analytical methods need to be improved in order to be able to detect the compounds of interest in a complex matrix such as sediment. The European Union Water Framework Directi...
Article
Most studies investigating the toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) focused on the effect of size, whereas exposure concentration and duration remained poorly understood. In this study, the effect of acute and sub-acute exposures of ZnO NPs on Zn compartmentalization and biomarkers' expression were investigated in Rutilus rutilus caspicus...
Article
Polluted sediment represents a great problem for aquantic environments with potential direct acute and chronic effects for the biota and can be tackled with both in situ and ex situ treatments. Once dredging activities are not compulsory, sediment can be kept in place and managed with techniques involving the use of amendment and/or capping. Before...
Poster
The river Sarno is known for its serious pollution. After years of environmentalist battles, a parliamentary commission of inquiry and several extraordinary commissioners, some significant works have been carried out, but much remains to be done. "Goletta del fiume Sarno" is a campaign to monitor the waterways of the Hydrographic Basin and active c...
Article
The Sarno River is considered the most polluted river in Europe and one of the ten most polluted rivers in the world. So far, its quality has been usually evaluated by water and sediment analyses of either inorganic or organic pollutants. However, a biomonitoring approach would be of paramount importance in the evaluation of river quality, since it...
Article
Antibiotics are emerging pollutants released into the environment through wastewater and manure or effluents from livestock plants. Compared to the wide literature on the effects of antibiotics on the development of drug-resistant bacteria and on the adverse effects on animals and human beings, the effects on plants are less investigated. Here we e...
Article
Full-text available
Zero valent iron (ZVI) is an electron donor that is used to reduce or indirectly oxidize several contaminants in soil and groundwater (e.g. halogenated species). The development of stable nano-scale ZVI (nZVI) products has gained a growing interest in environmental remediation with numerous applications all over the world. Several studies addressed...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, it was observed that there is an increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in aquaculture. Manufacturers are trying to use nano-based tools to remove the barriers about waterborne food, growth, reproduction, and culturing of species, their health, and water treatment in order to increase aquaculture production rates, being the safe-by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A multistep methodology for the evaluation of the energetic behaviour of a wastewater treatment plant has been carried out, in according to Horizon2020 Enerwater methodology. The study took into account each phase of the process scheme, in order to obtain specific electricity consumption values for all the electro-mechanic devices. Data from both t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, a modeling study focused on optimizing the PAA disinfection performance in a full-scale contact tank currently operated at the Nocera (Italy) Wastewater Treatment Plant is presented. The disinfection process was monitored for over 2 weeks by collecting full-scale data on plant variability in flow, disinfectant demand/decay and microb...
Article
The fate of indigenous surface-water and wastewater antibiotic resistant bacteria in a mild slope stream simulated through a hydraulic channel was investigated in outdoor experiments. The effect of (i) natural (dark) decay, (ii) sunlight, (iii) cloudy cover, (iv) adsorption to the sediment, (v) hydraulic conditions, (vi) discharge of urban wastewat...
Article
Year-by-year, the amount of antibiotics for human and veterinary use increases. Their presence in both treated and untreated wastewater was highlighted in several studies, suggesting that traditional activated sludge processes are unsuitable for their efficient removal. In this review paper, we summarized the role of advanced oxidation processes (A...
Article
Full-text available
Low-calorie sweeteners are widespread. They are routinely introduced into commonly consumed food such as diet sodas, cereals, and sugar-free desserts. Recent data revealed the presence in considerable quantities of some of these artificial sweeteners in water samples qualifying them as a class of potential new emerging contaminants. This study aime...
Chapter
The removal of emerging contaminants from wastewater is urgently required and even more necessary for wastewater reuse. Since conventional WWTPs are not designed to treat water polluted with pharmaceuticals present at trace levels, the applied treatments are mostly ineffective in their removal. Therefore the use of more efficient processes for remo...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment tends to accumulate inorganic and persistent hydrophobic organic contaminants representing one of the main sinks and sources of pollution. Generally, contaminated sediment poses medium- and long-term risks to humans and ecosystem health; dredging activities or natural resuspension phenomena (i.e., strongly adverse weather conditions) can r...
Book
In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enab...
Article
Sediment tends to accumulate inorganic and persistent hydrophobic organic contaminants representing one of the main sinks and sources of pollution. Generally, contaminated sediment poses medium- and long-term risks to humans and ecosystem health; dredging activities or natural resuspension phenomena (i.e., strongly adverse weather conditions) can r...
Article
Full-text available
Textile dyes and their residues gained growing attention worldwide. Textile industry is a strong water consumer potentially releasing xenobiotics from washing and rinsing procedures during finishing processes. On a decentralised basis, also final consumers generate textile waste streams. Thus, a procedure simulating home washing with tap water scre...
Article
Two solar driven Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs), namely sunlight/H2O2 and sunlight/peracetic acid (PAA), were investigated for the inactivation of two bacterial families (Escherichia coli and Enterococci) in real urban wastewater. Preliminary lab scale experiments were performed by using a solar simulator in order to evaluate the proper initia...
Article
Full-text available
This study is focused on the biosorption of lead(II) ion onto surface of Carissa carandas and Syzygium aromaticum biomass from aqueous solution. The operating parameters, pH of solution, biomass dosage, contact time, initial metal ion concentration, and temperature considerably affect the biosorption efficiency of Pb(II). Biosorbent C. carandas lea...
Poster
Full-text available
A multistep methodology for the evaluation of the energetic behaviour of a wastewater treatment plant has been carried out. The study took into account each phase of the process scheme, in order to obtain specific electricity consumption values for all the electro-mechanic devices. Data from both tele-control system and direct measurements in field...
Article
Full-text available
The present study focused on the use of Carissa carandas leaves and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) powder as biosorbents for the removal of copper(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solutions. Results were investigated in batch mode and the observations were correlated with the pH variation, agitation time, dose of the adsorbent and i...
Article
Low-cost by-products from agricultural, household and industrial sectors have been recognized as a sustainable solution for wastewater treatment. They allow achieving the removal of pollutants from wastewater and at same time to contribute to the waste minimization, recovery and reuse. Despite numerous reviews have been published in the last few ye...
Article
Was Cumae supplied by the collection of rainwater, widely practiced for long time in the Mediterranean area, or by a branch of the Augustan Aqueduct? The main goal of Aqua Augusta was to provide water to Puteoli (civilian) and Misenum (military) that were two of the main harbors of the Empire. However, the ruins of the branch that would have flowed...
Article
Pollution by metal and metalloid ions is one of the most widespread environmental concerns. They are non-biodegradable, and, generally, present high water solubility facilitating their environmental mobilisation interacting with abiotic and biotic components such as adsorption onto natural colloids or even accumulation by living organisms, thus, th...
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation aims at examining the underground environment of Palermo city and its wide surrounding plain in relation to the human hydraulic structures and to their influence on the cultural, social and economic life of the city. The amazing craftsmanship, skilfulness and dexterity of the ancients is reflected in the complex undergroun...
Article
Full-text available
It has been said that Palermo is short of available water. However, nothing could be more wrong. Well-documented Arab sources and narrative chronicles reported an abundance of groundwater resources in Palermo Plain since the Middle Ages. The scarcity of sources and surface water in the Palermo Plain, compared to the groundwater abundance, led the i...
Article
Full-text available
Winery industries generate large volumes of high-strength wastewater whose characteristics greatly vary depending on either seasons, production technologies or scale of the wineries. Winery wastewater (WW) is persistent to degrade by means of the conventional activated sludge process because of the high organic loading and polyphenolic content espe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION The presence of pharmaceutical compounds and their metabolites in aquatic environments has recently raised a great deal of attention due to the potential subtle effects of these micropollutants on non-target species. Pharmaceuticals are released by different pathways since they are among the most frequently prescribed pharmaceuticals i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Arsenic (As) contamination, especially in groundwater, has been receiving increasing attention in recent years due to its adverse effects on human health and the environment. Its biogeochemical cycle involves several physico-chemical processes as well as biological mechanisms, in which microorganisms play a key role. The inorganic compounds arsenit...