Giuseppina Roscigno

Giuseppina Roscigno
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology

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49
Publications
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1,102
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Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Hypoxia plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and drug resistance, and it is recognised as a major factor affecting patient clinical outcome. Therefore, the detection of hypoxic areas within the tumour micro-environment represents a useful way to monitor tumour growth and patients’ responses to treatments, properly guiding the choice of the most su...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) shuttle proteins, RNA, DNA, and lipids crucial for cell-to-cell communication. Recent findings have highlighted that EVs, by virtue of their cargo, may also contribute to breast cancer (BC) growth and metastatic dissemination. Indeed, EVs are gaining great interest as non-invasive cancer biomarkers. However, little is k...
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Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive breast cancer subtype. TNBC progression is sustained by the recruitment of a strong tumor microenvironment (TME) mainly composed of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) able to endorse tumor hallmarks. Increasing evidence demonstrated that exosomes mediate the crosstalk between cancer cell...
Article
Background Administration of iodinated contrast medium (CM) during invasive cardiovascular procedures may be associated with impairment of kidney function. Objectives Urinary dickkopf-3 (DKK3), a stress-induced renal tubular epithelium–derived glycoprotein, has been identified as a biomarker predicting both acute kidney injury (AKI) and persistent...
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Lung cancer is still the leading cause of death by cancer worldwide despite advances both in its detection and therapy. Multiple oncogenic driver alterations have been discovered, opening the prospective for new potential therapeutic targets. Among them, KRAS mutations represent the most frequent oncogene aberrations in non-small cell lung cancer (...
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Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality in women. Despite advance in its management, the identification of new options for early stage diagnosis and therapy of this tumor still represents a crucial challenge. Increasing evidence indicates that extracellular vesicles named exosomes may have great potential as early diagnostic biomarkers...
Article
Exosomes are emerging as promising target for early diagnosis and therapy in diff erent oncological conditions including breast cancer (BC). However, the development of tools able to easily and specifi cally target cancer cell-derived exosomes still represent a fundamental issue that is required to realize their clinical utility. Nucleic-acid aptam...
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Tumorigenesis is a complex and multistep process in which sequential mutations in oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes result in enhanced proliferation and apoptosis escape. Over the past decades, several studies have provided evidence that tumors are more than merely a mass of malignant cancer cells, with the tumor microenvironment (TME) also cont...
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Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy in females in terms of both incidence and mortality. Underlying the high mortality rate is the presence of cancer stem cells, which divide indefinitely and are resistant to conventional chemotherapies, so causing tumor relapse. In the present study, we identify miR-216a-5p as a downregulated microRNA in...
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Despite the benefit associated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy for glioblastoma treatment, the majority of the patients experience a relapse following initial therapy. Recurrent or pregressive GBM usually do not responde anymore to standard therapy and this is associated to poor patient outcome. Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) are a subset of cel...
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Due to the progress made in the area of precision and personalized medicine in the field of cancer therapy, strategies to selectively and specifically identify target molecules causative of the diseases are urgently needed. Efforts are being made by a number of different laboratories, companies, and researchers to develop therapeutic molecules that...
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Background One limitation in the breast cancer research field is that there are few in vitro models of breast cancer able to predict drug response and thus clinical patients’ outcome, mainly because the present models do not take account of the tumor heterogeneity. To address this issue, we developed an in vitro 3D organoid culture system using pri...
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Background Increasing evidence indicates that the release of exosomes by tumor cells play a key role in tumor progression, drug resistance, immune surveillance escape, angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. For this reason, cancer-derived exosomes are emerging as very interesting targets for early diagnosis and therapy in cancer, including b...
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Background Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Despite progress in surgical and medical neuro-oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal. It has been demonstrated that the modest benefit of conventional therapies is due to the presence of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) that cause tumor relapse and chemo...
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Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released into biological fluids where they act as carriers of various molecules, including proteins, lipids, and RNAs, between cells, modulating or perturbing specific physiological processes. Recently, it has been suggested that tumoral cells release excessive amounts of exosomes that, through their cargo, promo...
Article
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Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Despite progress in surgical and medical neuro-oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal, with a median survival of only 14-15 months. The modest benefit of conventional therapies is due to the presence of GBM stem cells (GSCs) that cause tumor relapse and chemoresis...
Article
Very recent red-emissive carbon nanodots (CDs) have shown potential as NIR converting tools to produce local heat useful in cancer theranostics. Besides, CDs seem very appealing for clinical applications combining hyperthermia, imaging and drug delivery in a single platform capable of selectively targeting cancer cells. However, CDs still suffer fr...
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of different human processes that represent a new promising class of cancer therapeutics or therapeutic targets. Indeed, in several tumor types, including non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), the deregulated expression of specific miRNAs has been implicated in cell malignancy. As expression levels of the onco...
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive primary brain tumour in adults. Despite advances in surgical and medical neuro oncology, prognosis for GBM patients remains dismal, with a median survival of about 15 months. It has been demonstrated that the modest benefit of conventional therapies depends on a small population of cancer stem...
Article
Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer mortality among women. The main causes of death are related to recurrence and metastasis. One major limitation in the breast cancer research field is that there are few in vitro models of breast cancer able to predict clinical patients' outcome. The main reason of this failure is that the present...
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Background: Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are not routinely biopsied, resulting in a lack of tumor materials for molecular profiling. Here we sought to determine if plasma-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) captures the genetic alterations of HCC in patients who have not undergone systemic therapy. Patients and methods: Frozen biopsies from the pr...
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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), the major components of the tumor microenvironment may drive tumor progression. Exosomes mediate horizontal transfer of miRs, mRNAs and proteins, thus affecting breast cancer progression. Differential expression profile analysis identified three miRs increased in exosomes from CAFs as compared from normal fibro...
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Background: A low number (that is, ≤0.0038 per 100 peripheral mononuclear cells) of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) is common in diabetic patients. Statins increase EPC levels. It is unclear whether intensity of statin therapy has a different impact on EPC levels. Methods: Diabetic patients undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) impl...
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Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major components of the tumor microenvironment. They may drive tumor progression, although the mechanisms involved are still poorly understood. Exosomes have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in cancer. They mediate horizontal transfer of microRNAs (miRs), mRNAs and proteins,...
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by a strong self-renewal potential and a poor differentiation state. Since receptor-like tyrosine kinase (RYK) activates the WNT/β-catenin pathway essential for cancer stem cell maintenance, we evaluated its contribution in conferring stemness to GBM cells. Here, we report that Ryk (related-to-receptor...
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Breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer mortality among women. It has been proved that the onset of cancer depends on a very small pool of tumor cells with a phenotype similar to that of normal adult stem cells. Cancer stem cells (CSC) possess self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential as well as a robust ability to s...
Article
Herein, direct determination of small RNAs is described using a functional-polymer modified genosensor. The analytical strategy adopted involves deposition by electropolymerization of biotinylated polythiophene films on the surface of miniaturized, disposable, gold screen-printed electrodes, followed by the layer-by-layer deposition of streptavidin...
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TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising antitumor agent for its remarkable ability to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells, without affecting the viability of healthy bystander cells. The TRAIL tumor suppressor pathway is deregulated in many human malignancies including lung cancer. In human non-small cell lung cancer (...
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Glioblastoma is the most common primary brain tumor in adults; with a survival rate of 12 months from diagnosis. However, a small subgroup of patients, termed long-term survivors (LTS), has a survival rate longer then 12-14 months. There is thus increasing interest in the identification of molecular signatures predicting glioblastoma prognosis and...
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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small part of the heterogeneous tumor cell population possessing self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential as well as a great ability to sustain tumorigenesis. The molecular pathways underlying CSC phenotype are not yet well characterized. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNAs that play a powerful ro...
Article
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an early marker of acute kidney injury (AKI). Urine NGAL and serum NGAL (sNGAL) were assessed at 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours after contrast media (CM) exposure in 458 high-risk patients (development set). Optimal thresholds in predicting contrast-induced AKI (serum creatinine [sCr] increase ≥0.3 mg/dL...
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Glioblastoma is the most frequent brain tumor in adults and is the most lethal form of human cancer. Despite the improvements in treatments, patients survival remains poor. Nevertheless, a subset of patients survives longer than 3 years and they are classified as long-term survivors (LTS). The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the rare p...
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most deadly types of cancer. To date, the best clinical approach for treatment is based on administration of temozolomide (TMZ) in combination with radiotherapy. Much evidence suggests that the intracellular level of the alkylating enzyme O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) impacts response to...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most frequent brain tumor in adults and is the most lethal form of human cancer. Despite the improvements in treatments, survival of patients remains poor. To define novel pathways that regulate susceptibility to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in glioma, we have performed genome-wide expression p...
Article
The homeodomain transcription factors play crucial roles in many developmental processes ranging from organization of the body plan to differentiation of individual tissues. The homeodomain protein Distal-less-3 (DLX3) has an essential role in epidermal stratification and development of ectodermal appendages, placenta and bones. A four-nucleotide d...

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