Giuseppe Sciumè

Giuseppe Sciumè
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Molecular Medicine

PhD

About

56
Publications
6,707
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,451
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Principal Investigator
November 2016 - December 2018
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2015 - November 2016
National Institutes of Health
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (56)
Preprint
Full-text available
Innate Lymphoid Cells (ILCs) play a key role in tissue mediated immunity and can be controlled by co-receptor signaling. Here we define a subset of ILCs that are Tbet+NK1.1- and are present within the tumor microenvironment (TME). We show programmed death-1 receptor (PD-1) expression on ILCs within TME is found in Tbet+NK1.1-ILCs. PD-1 significantl...
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies and leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite its complex pathogenesis and progression, CRC represents a well-fitting example of how the immune contexture can dictate the disease outcome. The presence of cytotoxic lymphocytes, both CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) c...
Article
Full-text available
Trogocytosis modulates immune responses, with still unclear underlying molecular mechanisms. Using leukemia mouse models, we found that lymphocytes perform trogocytosis at high rates with tumor cells. While performing trogocytosis, both Natural Killer (NK) and CD8+ T cells acquire the checkpoint receptor PD-1 from leukemia cells. In vitro and in vi...
Article
In vivo establishment and long-term persistence of a heterogeneous memory or an adaptive NK cell pool represents a functional adaptation to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in humans. Memory NK cells are commonly identified by lack of the FcεRIγ signalling chain, variably associated to the preferential but not completely overlapping expressio...
Chapter
Comprehensive transcriptomic and epigenomic programs that regulate lymphocyte development and response have been defined over the past two decades thanks to the completion of the human genome project and developments in high-throughput sequencing. This body of work has redefined how we conceive lymphocyte subsets and states, revealing the networks...
Article
Full-text available
Type 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILC1) are tissue-resident lymphocytes which provide early protection against bacterial and viral infections. Discrete transcriptional states of ILC1 have been identified in homeostatic and pathological contexts. However, whether these states delineate ILC1 with different functional properties is not completely understo...
Article
Full-text available
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are innate lymphocytes playing essential functions in protection against microbial infections and participate in both homeostatic and pathological contexts, including tissue remodeling, cancer, and inflammatory disorders. A number of lineage-defining transcription factors concur to establish transcriptional networks whi...
Article
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells ensure immunity at environmental interfaces and help maintain barrier integrity of the intestinal tract. This wide range of innate lymphocytes is able to provide fast and potent inflammatory responses that, when deregulated, have been associated with pathogenesis of inflamma...
Article
Full-text available
The precise control of cytokine production by innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and their T cell adaptive system counterparts is critical to mounting a proper host defense immune response without inducing collateral damage and autoimmunity. Unlike T cells that differentiate into functionally divergent subsets upon antigen recognition, ILCs are developme...
Article
MicroRNAs are important regulators of immune responses. Here, we show miR-221 and miR-222 modulate the intestinal Th17 cell response. Expression of miR-221 and miR-222 was induced by proinflammatory cytokines and repressed by the cytokine TGF-β. Molecular targets of miR-221 and miR-222 included Maf and Il23r, and loss of miR-221 and miR-222 express...
Article
Innate immune responses rely on rapid and precise gene regulation mediated by accessibility of regulatory regions to transcription factors (TFs). In natural killer (NK) cells and other innate lymphoid cells, competent enhancers are primed during lineage acquisition, and formation of de novo enhancers characterizes the acquisition of innate memory i...
Article
Full-text available
The past century has witnessed major advances in the control of many infectious diseases, yet outbreaks and epidemics caused by (re-) emerging RNA viruses continue to pose a global threat to human health. As illustrated by the global COVID19 pandemic, high healthcare costs, economic disruption and loss of productivity reinforce the unmet medical ne...
Preprint
Full-text available
Leucocytes often perform trogocytosis, the process by which cells acquire parts of the plasma membrane from interacting cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that trogocytosis modulates immune responses, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, using two mouse models of leukemia, we found that cytotoxic lymphocytes perform trogoc...
Chapter
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) ensure protection against pathogens by quickly reacting to the alterations of the cytokine milieu taking place upon infection. More than 50 cytokines and growth factors activate the Janus kinases (JAKs), leading to phosphorylation of members of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family. Activati...
Article
Full-text available
Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of multiple autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Immunologic and transcriptomic profiling have revealed major alterations on natural killer (NK) cell homeostasis associated with JAK inhibitions, while information on other innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) is still lacking. Herein, we observ...
Article
The immune system employs an array of effector cells to ensure tissue homeostasis and protection against pathogens. Lymphocytes belonging to both the adaptive and innate branches share several functions, comprising the ability to directly kill stressed or transformed cells, and to provide helper responses through specific production of cytokines. T...
Article
Full-text available
Differentiation of Natural Killer (NK) cells is a stepwise process having its origin in the bone marrow and proceeding in the periphery, where these cells follow organ specific trajectories. Several soluble factors and cytokines regulate the distinct stages of NK cell differentiation, and ultimately, their functional properties. Cytokines activatin...
Article
Full-text available
NK cell maturation is a continuous process, which initiates in the bone marrow and proceeds in peripheral tissues, where NK cells follow distinct differentiation routes. Drastic phenotypic changes are observed during progression from precursors to mature NK cells, including changes of expression and functionalities of several chemoattractant recept...
Article
Immunity to pathogens is ensured through integration of early responses mediated by innate cells and late effector functions taking place after terminal differentiation of adaptive lymphocytes. In this context, innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) and adaptive T cells represent a clear example of how prototypical effector functions, including polarized exp...
Article
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) producing IL‐22 and/or IL‐17, designated as ILC3, comprise a heterogeneous subset of cells involved in regulation of gut barrier homeostasis and inflammation. Exogenous environmental cues in conjunction with regulated expression of endogenous factors are key determinants of plasticity of ILC3 towards the type 1 fate. He...
Article
Full-text available
Mucosal epithelia encounter both physicochemical and biological stress during their life and have evolved several mechanisms to deal with them, including regulation of immune cell functions. Stressed and damaged cells need to be cleared to control local inflammation and trigger tissue healing. Engagement of the activating NKG2D receptor is one of t...
Article
Full-text available
The discovery of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) with selective production of cytokines typically attributed to subsets of T helper cells forces immunologists to reassess the mechanisms by which selective effector functions arise. The parallelism between ILCs and T cells extends beyond these two cell types and comprises other innate-like T lymphocytes...
Article
Full-text available
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) patrol environmental interfaces to defend against infection and protect barrier integrity. Using a genetic tuning model, we demonstrate that the signal-dependent transcription factor (TF) STAT5 is critical for accumulation of all known ILC subsets in mice and reveal a hierarchy of STAT5 dependency for populating lymphoi...
Article
Full-text available
The family of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) consists of a heterogeneous group of cytokine-producing cells that have features in common with adaptive T helper (Th) cells. Cytokines acting through the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathways are key players in both Th and ILC biology. Observations in animal m...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Dysregulation of innate and adaptive immune responses contributes to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its associated premature vascular damage. To date, no drug targets both systemic inflammatory disease and the cardiovascular complications of SLE. Tofacitinib is a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor that blocks sign...
Article
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) play key roles in host defense, barrier integrity, and homeostasis and mirror adaptive CD4(+) T helper (Th) cell subtypes in both usage of effector molecules and transcription factors. To better understand the relationship between ILC subsets and their Th cell counterparts, we measured genome-wide chromatin accessibilit...
Article
Natural Killer (NK) cells are key innate immune effectors against multiple myeloma (MM), their activity declining in MM patients with disease progression. To identify the mechanisms underlying NK cell functional impairment, we characterized the distribution of functionally distinct NK cell subsets in the bone marrow (BM) of MM-bearing mice. Herein...
Article
Full-text available
The roles of EZH2 in various subsets of CD4(+) T cells are controversial and its mechanisms of action are incompletely understood. FOXP3-positive Treg cells are a critical helper T cell subset, and dysregulation of Treg generation or function results in systemic autoimmunity. FOXP3 associates with EZH2 to mediate gene repression and suppressive fun...
Article
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-27 signal through a shared receptor subunit and employ the same downstream STAT transcription proteins, but yet are ascribed unique and overlapping functions. To evaluate the specificity and redundancy for these cytokines, we quantified their global transcriptomic changes and determined the relative contributions of STAT...
Article
Full-text available
The discovery of the specification of CD4+ helper T cells to discrete effector ‘lineages’ represented a watershed event in conceptualizing mechanisms of host defense and immunoregulation. However, our appreciation for the actual complexity of helper T-cell subsets continues unabated. Just as the Sami language of Scandinavia has 1000 different words...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations of STAT3 underlie the autosomal dominant form of hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES). STAT3 has critical roles in immune cells and thus, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), might be a reasonable therapeutic strategy in this disease. However, STAT3 also has critical functions in nonhematopoietic cells and dissecting the prote...
Article
Full-text available
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-family cytokine TL1A (TNFSF15) costimulates T cells and promotes diverse T cell-dependent models of autoimmune disease through its receptor DR3. TL1A polymorphisms also confer susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we find that allergic pathology driven by constitutive TL1A expression depends on interleu...
Article
NK cell differentiation mainly occurs in the bone marrow (BM) where a critical role in the regulation of developing lymphocyte distribution is played by members of the chemokine receptor family. In mouse, the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 identifies a late stage of NK cell development characterized by decreased effector functions and expression of the...
Conference Paper
Through their functional diversification, distinct lineages of CD4+ T cells play key roles in either driving or constraining immune-mediated pathology. Transcription factors are critical in the generation of cellular diversity, and negative regulators antagonistic to alternate fates often act in conjunction with positive regulators to stabilize lin...
Article
Full-text available
Through their functional diversification, distinct lineages of CD4(+) T cells can act to either drive or constrain immune-mediated pathology. Transcription factors are critical in the generation of cellular diversity, and negative regulators antagonistic to alternate fates often act in conjunction with positive regulators to stabilize lineage commi...
Article
Full-text available
Responsiveness of maturing natural killer (NK) cells to chemotactic molecules directly affect their retention and relocation in selected bone marrow (BM) microenvironment during development, as well as their localization at sites of immune response during inflammatory diseases. BM is the main site of NK cell generation, providing microenvironmental...
Article
Full-text available
Interleukin (IL)-22-producing innate lymphoid cells (ILCs; ILC22) comprise a heterogeneous population of cells that are dependent on the transcription factor retinoid-related orphan γt (RORγt) and are critical for barrier function of the intestinal mucosa. A distinct ILC22 subset expresses the natural cytotoxicity receptor NKp46 (NKp46(+) ILC22); h...
Article
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a key immunosuppressive cytokine that counters T helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated pathology. To identify mechanisms by which IL-27 might exert its immunosuppressive effect, we analyzed genes in T cells rapidly induced by IL-27. We found that IL-27 priming of naive T cells upregulated expression of programmed death ligand 1 (...
Article
Full-text available
Distinct CD4(+) T cell subsets are critical for host defense and immunoregulation. Although these subsets can act as terminally differentiated lineages, they have been increasingly noted to demonstrated plasticity. MicroRNAs are factors that control T cell stability and plasticity. Here we report that naturally occurring regulatory T cells (T(reg)...
Article
Full-text available
During development in the bone marrow (BM), NK-cell positioning within specific niches can be influenced by expression of chemokine or adhesion receptors. We previously demonstrated that the maintenance in the BM of selected NK-cell subsets is regulated by the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis. In the present study, we showed that CX3CR1 is prevalently expressed o...
Article
Increasing pieces of evidence indicate that the chemokine system influences several aspects of brain physiology and pathology. A deregulated chemokine expression pattern is observed during neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis and brain tumor. Gliomas are the most common primary tumors affecting human central nervous system (CNS). Che...
Article
Full-text available
The chemokine CX3CL1 is constitutively expressed in the central nervous system by neurons and astrocytes controlling neuronal survival and neurotransmission. In this work, we analyzed the expression and function of the chemokine CX3CL1 and its receptor, CX3CR1, by human glioma cells. We show that both molecules are expressed on the tumor cell plasm...
Article
Full-text available
Herein we have analyzed chemokine involvement in the trafficking of developing and mature mouse natural killer (NK) cells in the bone marrow (BM). We observed drastic changes of CCR1, CXCR3, and CXCR4 expression and function during progression from precursor NK (pNK) cells to immature DX5- NK (iNK) and mature DX5+ NK (mNK) cells. pNK and mNK cells...

Network

Cited By