Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto

Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre | UNIROMA3 · Department of Science

Biological Sciences (MS)

About

199
Publications
97,205
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Introduction
My research lines are: 1) Systematics and Biogeography of scarab beetles (Coleoptera Scarabaeoidea), in particular saproxylic, saprophagous and coprophagous species; 2) Animal ecology and biodiversity conservation, with a special attention to beetles communities and small vertebrates (amphibians, reptiles and small mammals); 3) Ethnozoology (zoological culture) and bushmeat analysis (traditional hunting) of rural people, with applications to wildlife management in tropical ecosystems.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • After the fusion between the Department of Environmental Biology, with other two departments (Geology, Biology) and some research units of Physics and Electronic Engineering, I became affiliated with the resulting Department of Science.
January 2009 - December 2012
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Since 2009 to 2012 I was affiliated to the Department of Environmental Biology, then merged with other two departments (Geology, Biology) and some research units of Physics and Electronic Engineering, to form the Department of Science.
March 2004 - December 2008
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 1970 - October 1977
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Biological Sciences

Publications

Publications (199)
Article
Full-text available
Cork oak landscapes are fascinating ecosystems, historically managed for cork extraction. The persistence in this habitat of many hollow veteran trees provides suitable micro‐habitats for saproxylic beetles. We investigated the saproxylic beetle community of two isolated cork oak woodlands of central Italy with different degree of recovery after hu...
Article
Full-text available
In Italy, differently from other countries, a national museum of natural history is not present. This absence is due, among the other reasons, to its historical political fragmentation up to 1870, which led to the establishment of medium-sized museums, mostly managed by local administrations or universities. Moreover, a change of paradigm in biolog...
Article
We sampled 70 urban ponds (0.001 to >1 ha) in Rome, Italy, to obtain richness and abundance data for wintering wild birds and domestic birds in relation to pond size. The aim was to test the hypothesis that the species-area relationship differs between wild and domestic birds, with the presence of the latter linked with anthropogenic factors, not p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Declining biodiversity of marine ecosystems is impairing the functionality of seas and shore and their capability to provide ecological services and recover from perturbations due to human pressure. The European Union issued the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), providing criteria and methods to analyse the dominant pressures o...
Article
Full-text available
We studied species-area and diversity-dominance patterns in fish communities of a mosaic of urban ponds (Rome, Italy). We detected 10 fish species (all introduced) in 40 isolated ponds (12.9% of the total; n = 311). The log-transformed species-area relationship (logS = 0.04 logA + 0.16) was significant. Assuming the lack of mechanisms of natural im...
Article
We report the first case of sexual interaction between two phylogenetically unrelated species (coypu Myocastor coypus and pond slider Trachemys scripta, a freshwater pond turtle), both of them non-native in the study area, a remnant coastal wetland of Tyrrhenian, central Italy (41°57'34.0''N 12°02'58.0''E). We inductively propose two different hypo...
Article
Full-text available
The Authors provide new data on the occurrence of some scarab beetles in Sardinia, with taxonomic and ecological considerations. A male individual of Dorcus parallelipipedus (Linnaeus, 1758) was found on the beach near to the Liscia river mouth (NE Sardinia). The presence of this forest dwelling species in the island may be due to a case of introdu...
Article
The authors report the first data of an Afrotropical and Mediterranean grasshopper, Brachycrotaphus tryxalicerus, for the Italian peninsula. In the Mediterranean area this species had been previously found only in Spain, Sicily and Egypt. A basic habitat description with details on the dominant vegetation is given for each locality of the Italian p...
Article
Full-text available
A geometric morphometric analysis, conducted as part of a taxonomic review of the genus Pseudoathyreus (Coleoptera: Bolboceratidae), allowed us to highlight the differences within a group of closely related species spread from the Sahel region to India, supporting the traditional morphological approach and confirming the presence of a newly discove...
Article
Full-text available
On the evening of June 7th, 2019, Augusto Vigna Taglianti died in Rome at the age of almost 76 years, after a long illness, tenderly assisted by his wife Giuliana. Formerly a Professor of Entomology at the Sapienza University of Rome, he was a Full Member of the Italian National Academy of Entomology and of the National Academy of Sciences (the “Ac...
Article
Full-text available
Only one fact is certain when sexing the Ring-necked Parakeet visually: adult males have a rose-coloured ring and a black bib that is fully developed by their third year. Sexually immature males (those <3 years old) and females are considered impossible to separate without using biometric measures, some additional to those in previous literature. W...
Article
Full-text available
The island of Asinara, located in the northwest of Sardinia, is characterized by a large number of feral grazing mammals belonging to four herbivorous species (horse, donkey, mouflon, and goat) and an omnivorous one (wild boar). Hand-collections of scarabs in 2014 and the examination of unpublished records revealed the presence of five species new...
Poster
Full-text available
Many stag beetles species (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) exhibit sexual dimorphism, males are usually larger than female bearing exaggerated mandibles used as weapons during male-male combats. Although the evolution of animal weapons is traditionally envisioned as occurring via intrasexual combat, this overly simplistic view does not take account of the r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many stag beetle species (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) show a marked variation in size and shape of body and mandibles in males. Developing exaggerated mandibles, larger males gain an enhanced fighting ability; whereas smaller males, investing less energy in weaponry, could benefit from a higher survival probability. Different weapon investments and morp...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate delimitation of species is crucial for a stable taxonomy, which provides the foundation for the study of evolutionary biology, ecology and essentially all biological disciplines. Several approaches towards impartial and repeatable taxonomic practices are available but all existing methods have potentially unacceptable shortcomings. In part...
Article
Full-text available
Forest structural complexity could be a good predictor of overall species diversity. Since tree harvesting has a negative effect on forest structure, it is important to analyse the effects of this disturbance on sensitive groups, as forest birds. In this study, we aimed to shed light on this aspect by analysing a set of univariate metrics in bird c...
Book
Full-text available
The book is a collection of scientific articles written by many authors and edited by Carpaneto GM, Audisio PA, Bologna MB, Roversi FP and Mason F. Published by Pensoft (Sofia), the volume contents are the main results of the Life Project MIPP (Monitoring Insects with Public Participation). It includes single articles on the most important saproxy...
Book
Full-text available
Edizione italiana del libro intitolato "Guidelines for the monitoring of the saproxylic beetles protected in Europe", curato da GM Carpaneto, PA Audisio, MA Bologna, PF Roversi e F Mason. Il volume è una sintesi dei risultati scientifici del Progetto Life MIPP (Monitoring Insects with Public Participation) e consiste in una raccolta di articoli scr...
Article
Full-text available
Sengis are small mammals in the order Macroscelidae that are shrew-like in appearance. They are cursorial and saltatorial, insectivorous and omnivorous. We studied Macroscelides spp. and Elephantulus rupestris with overlapping distributions in South Africa and Namibia. They have similar life histories and are good candidate species for comparative...
Article
Full-text available
The longhorn beetle Morimus asper exhibits the typical sexual dimorphism of cerambycid beetles: males have longer antennae than females and the antennal length also varies greatly among males of the same population. This study explores the sexual dimorphism in M. asper and the scaling relationship between antennal length and body size in males. Our...
Article
Full-text available
The Rosalia longicorn (Rosalia alpina) is a strictly protected saproxylic beetle, widely distributed in Central and Southern Europe and mainly associated with ancient beech forests. To improve knowledge about the conservation status of R. alpina in Italy, available molecular markers (microsatellites and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I(COI)) we...
Article
Full-text available
The study of behavioural ecology of rare and elusive species can be challenging, but it is an important issue for monitoring populations in planning conservation actions. This is especially true for arboreal insects inhabiting old-growth forests, whose habits are scarcely known and rely on many anecdotal data, such as the stag beetle Lucanus cervus...
Data
Absolute values of homing procedures for each activity for the 24h and single time slots. Values for Unknown are due to lack of visual contacts. Table B. Absolute values of homing procedures in each position (AG: above ground; OG: on ground; UG: underground; UVP: unknown vertical position; on Deadwood; Over 2 m: Over 2 metres high on trees) for the...
Data
A stag beetle male equipped with radio transmitter (LB-2X, 0.31 g; Holohil Systems Ltd., Carp, Ontario, Canada) and marked with a numbered sticker on the right elytron, walking on a tree trunk in the evening.
Article
The stag beetle, Lucanus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae), is a flagship species for the conservation of European old-growth forests. Despite its popularity and many studies conducted, the lack of knowledge of its habits and ecological requirements leads to difficulties in locating the species in the field and to provide information...
Article
Full-text available
Lucanus cervus is one of the most charismatic saproxylic beetles, widely distributed in Europe. The species is typical of mature deciduous forests, especially oak woodlands. Loss and fragmentation of suitable habitats is one of the major threats for this species which is included in Annex II of the Habitats Directive. Despite several studies carrie...
Article
Full-text available
One aim of the MIPP Project (http://www.lifemipp.eu) was to develop non-invasive monitoring methods for selected saproxylic beetles. In this paper, a method is proposed for monitoring the larvae of Osmoderma eremita in their natural habitat (i.e. hollow trees), using a conservation detection dog (CDD). Wood mould sampling (WMS), the standard method...
Article
Full-text available
Osmoderma eremita (Scopoli, 1763) is a saproxylic scarab beetle protected by the Habitats Directive in the European Union. The present paper is part of a special issue on monitoring of saproxylic beetles protected in Europe and starts with a revision of the current knowledge on systematics, ecology, ethology and conservation of O. eremita and its a...
Article
Full-text available
The Life Project “Monitoring of insects with public participation” (LIFE11 NAT/IT/000252) had as the main objective to develop and test methods for the monitoring of five beetle species listed in the Annexes of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC): Osmodermaeremita (hermit beetle, Scarabaeidae), Lucanuscervus (European stag beetle, Lucanidae), Ceramb...
Article
Full-text available
The Life Project “Monitoring of insects with public participation” (LIFE11 NAT/IT/000252) had as the main objective to develop and test methods for the monitoring of five beetle species listed in the Annexes of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC): Osmoderma eremita (hermit beetle, Scarabaeidae), Lucanus cervus (European stag beetle, Lucanidae), Cera...
Article
Full-text available
Animal body size commonly exhibits a remarkable variation in response to environmental conditions. Latitude, when correlated with temperature, rainfall and seasonality, represents one of the main determinants of variation in body size, as well as in allometry. It has long been recognised that populations of larger body size are found in colder envi...
Article
Full-text available
The European stag beetle, Lucanus cervus, is a flagship species for biodiversity conservation of old-growth forests and is protected under the Habitats Directive. Although it has been the focus of active research in the last two decades, many aspects of its ecology and habitat requirements for the larvae remain poorly known, particularly to what ex...
Article
Full-text available
Dung beetles highly depend on the ephemeral microhabitat dung which is food resource and larval habitat at the same time. Environmental conditions surrounding a dung pad, such as vegetation structure, have an impact on dung beetle assemblages. We investigated the influence of dung conditions and surrounding habitat characteristics on Mediterranean...
Article
The patterns of the occurrence and distribution of alien freshwater turtle species in an urban pond archipelago (Rome, Italy) were analysed, with the aim of exploring the role of a set of factors (type of ponds, landscape context, size area, distance from the nearest road) with a generalized linear model approach. A total of 311 ponds subdivided in...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of conservation actions requires a reliable assessment of presence and/or abundance of targeted species. This is particularly difficult for rare and elusive species. In this study the use of bottle traps and the effects of two potential baits in relation to height in the trees were tested to detect presence and assess abundance o...
Article
Full-text available
The CITES data set for the years 1990–2010 were analyzed to depict the main patterns of trade for tortoises and freshwater turtles of wild origin. About 2 million wild individuals were traded over 20 years of monitoring, with 48 species (of 335 turtle species in total) belonging to 10 distinct families being regularly traded and over 100 being at l...
Article
Full-text available
The exaggerated male traits under sexual selection are widespread throughout the animal kingdom, including ornaments to attract mates and weapons to deter rivals. Many species of stag beetles show a considerable interspecific and intraspecific variation in mandible size and shape. In the present study we used traditional and geometric mor-phometric...
Article
Full-text available
Morimus asper is a saproxylic longhorn beetle associated with mature forests. Its flightless condition makes its colonization of new trees in fragmented areas difficult. Our 2-year mark-recapture study revealed new information about the survival ability, population dynamics and habitat preference of M. asper in three beech forests of central Italy....
Article
Assessing the conservation status of protected species needs quantitative population data, generally obtained using Capture-Mark-Recapture methods (CMR). The exploitation of natural marking (e.g. individual morphological traits) offers an interesting alternative, based on image analyses, which may result in a less manipulation of protected species...
Article
This work provides the first morphological analysis (both at gross and fine level) of the antennal structures in the genus Elater (Coleoptera, Elateridae). The typology, number and distribution patterns of the antennal sensilla in the rare saproxylic Elater ferrugineus (both male and female) were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Th...
Article
Developing protocols for threatened invertebrates is often challenging, because they are not only rare but also elusive. This is the case with the stag beetle (Lucanus cervus), a protected and flagship species for the saproxylic beetle fauna in Europe. We applied a standard transect walk at a European scale (8 countries, 29 transects) to test its p...
Article
Full-text available
We use data on game harvest from 60 Pygmy and non-Pygmy settlements in the Congo Basin forests to examine whether hunting patterns and prey profiles differ between the two hunter groups. For each group, we calculate hunted animal numbers and biomass available per inhabitant, P, per year (harvest rates) and killed per hunter, H, per year (extraction...
Article
Il presente lavoro è un contributo alla conoscenza dei Coleotteri Tenebrionidi del Sito d’Importanza Comunitaria “Foce Saccione – Bonifica Ramitelli” (IT7222217) (Molise). La ricerca è stata condotta attraverso un campionamento diretto di esemplari raccolti a vista e con setacciamenti della sabbia, integrato dalla raccolta di resti ed esemplari viv...
Article
This study explored the hole-nesting bird community for two years, in three beech forest stands of central Italy. Our experimental design involved 12 replicated sampling points in each study area for a total of 36 sampling points. Stand characteristics were measured through selected environmental variables (tree diameter, tree density, volume of de...
Article
The European stag beetle Lucanus cervus, widely distributed across Europe and in some Near East countries, is one of the best known coleopteran species listed in the European Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC and it is considered a flagship species for conservation of saproxylic fauna. Lucanus tetraodon is a closely related species whose geographical di...
Article
Full-text available
Resolving complexes of closely related and cryptic insect species can be challenging, especially when dealing with rare and protected taxa that are difficult to collect for genetic and morphological analyses. Until recently, populations of the genus Osmoderma (Scarabaeidae), widespread in Europe, were treated as a single species O. eremita (Scopoli...
Article
The aim of this study was to characterize the antennal morphology of Osmoderma eremita, a threatened scarab beetle inhabiting tree hollows. O. eremita males produce a sex pheromone, (R)-(+)-γ-decalactone, responsible mainly for the attraction of females but also other males. Gross and fine morphology of microstructures including sensilla, microscul...
Article
Full-text available
Pygmy populations occupy a vast territory extending west-to-east along the central African belt from the Congo Basin to Lake Victoria. However, their numbers and actual distribution is not known precisely. Here, we undertake this task by using locational data and population sizes for an unprecedented number of known Pygmy camps and settlements (n =...