Giuseppe Lanza

Giuseppe Lanza
University of Catania | UNICT · Department of Medical Surgery Speciality (SMC)

MD

About

126
Publications
21,884
Reads
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2,245
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2018 - present
University of Catania
Position
  • Researcher
May 2013 - October 2018
Oasi Città Aperta
Position
  • Consultant
March 2008 - March 2013
University of Catania
Position
  • Resident in Neurology
Education
October 2001 - October 2007
University of Catania
Field of study
  • Medicine and Surgery
October 2001 - October 2007
University of Catania
Field of study
  • Medicine and Surgery

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
Sexual dysfunctions are common side effects reported by patients during antidepressant treatment. When they occur, patients often discontinue psychopharmacological therapy, with a negative impact on the underlying psychiatric disease. Recently, great attention has been paid to the use of nutraceuticals in the management of psychiatric disorders, al...
Article
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Cancer is one of the most common causes of death; in parallel, the incidence and prevalence of central nervous system diseases are equally high. Among neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer’s dementia is the most common, while Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most frequent neurodegenerative disease. There is a significant amount of evidence on...
Article
Introduction With this study we aimed to: 1) identify subjects with hyperprolactinemia in a clinical sample of patients; 2) compare the neurologic, psychiatric, and sleep conditions found in patients subgrouped by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and hyperprolactinemia; 3) identify patients with hyperprolactinemia and EDS not supported by the pre...
Article
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(1) Background: As a lysosomal storage disorder, Fabry’s disease (FD) shows variable clinical manifestations. We applied our multidisciplinary approach to identify any organ damage in a sample of adult patients with different pathogenic variants. (2) Methods: 49 participants (mean age 44.3 ± 14.2 years; 37 females), underwent a multidimensional cli...
Article
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Background: a reduced intracortical facilitation (ICF), a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) measure largely mediated by glutamatergic neurotransmission, was observed in subjects affected by isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). However, direct comparison between iRBD and Parkinson's disease (PD) with RBD is currently lacking. Methods...
Article
Coffee intake has been recently associated with better cognition and mood in mild vascular cognitive impairment (mVCI). As tobacco can reduce the caffeine half-life, we excluded smokers from the original sample. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), mini-mental state examination (MMSE), Stroop Colour-Word Interference Test (Stroop), activities o...
Article
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Background: Giant pituitary adenomas are benign intracranial tumours with a diameter ≥4 cm. Even if hormonally non-functional, they may still cause local extension, leading to symptoms that include mostly gland dysfunction, mass effects, and, much less frequently, apoplexy due to haemorrhage or infarction. Neurological presentation of giant pituit...
Article
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Cognitive impairment, also known as cognitive decline, can occur gradually or suddenly and can be temporary or more permanent. It represents an increasingly important public health problem and can depend on normal aging or be linked to different neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is now well-established that lifesty...
Article
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. The number of cases of PD is expected to double by 2030, representing a heavy burden on the healthcare system. Clinical symptoms include the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain, which leads to striatal dopamine deficiency and,...
Article
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We report on our remote speech therapy experience in post-stroke aphasia. The aim was to test the feasibility and utility of telerehabilitation to support future randomized controlled trials. Post-stroke aphasia is a common and disabling speech disorder, which significantly affects patients’ and caregivers’ health and quality of life. Due to CO...
Chapter
Sleep homeostasis is a complex neurobiologic phenomenon involving a number of molecular pathways, neurotransmitter release, synaptic activity, and factors modulating neural networks. Sleep plasticity allows for homeostatic optimization of neural networks and the replay-based consolidation of specific circuits, especially important for cognition, be...
Article
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Purpose of Review The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive update on the clinical assessment, diagnosis, complications, and treatment of primary central nervous system vasculitis (PCNSV). Recent Findings The developments in neuroimaging, molecular testing, and cerebral biopsy have enhanced clinical assessment and decision making, provi...
Article
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Background Celiac disease (CD) is now viewed as a systemic disease with multifaceted clinical manifestations. Among the extra-intestinal features, neurological and neuropsychiatric symptoms are still a diagnostic challenge, since they can precede or follow the diagnosis of CD. In particular, it is well known that some adults with CD may complain of...
Article
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REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) is the polysomnographic (PSG) hallmark of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD), a feature essential for the diagnosis of this condition. Several additional neurophysiological aspects of this complex disorder have also recently been investigated in depth, which constitute the focus of this narrative...
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of this study were: (1) to identify subjects with hyperprolactinemia in a clinical sample of patients; (2) to compare the neurologic, psychiatric, and sleep conditions found in patients subgrouped by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and hyperprolactinemia; and (3) to identify patients with hyperprolactinemia and EDS not supported b...
Article
Full-text available
Neuropsychological studies indicate the presence of cognitive changes in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Indeed, OCD may be included among the dysfunctions of the frontal lobes and their connections with the limbic system, associative cortex, and basal ganglia. P300 is a positive component of the human event-related potential (ER...
Article
We have read with interest the Letter to the Editor by Drs. Zhuang and Zhong, who presented the clinical data of 68 patients with Wilson's disease (WD) who were admitted to the hospital before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and appreciated their findings on hepatic and some extrahepatic manifestations. Nevertheless, gi...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a powerful tool to probe in vivo brain circuits, as it allows to assess several cortical properties such as excitability, plasticity and connectivity in humans. In the last 20 years, TMS has been applied to patients with dementia, enabling the identification of potential markers of the pathophysiology and...
Article
Background Although several studies have shown the involvement of specific structures of the central nervous system, the dopaminergic system, and iron metabolism in restless legs syndrome (RLS), the exact location and extent of its anatomical substrate is not yet known. The scope of this new study was to investigate the brain subcortical gray struc...
Article
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Background: Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a chronic refractory itchy dermatosis. Although psychiatric comorbidity is known, research in cognitive impairment is lacking. We evaluated the occurrence and types of cognitive impairment in a series of inpatients with PN. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of all the patients with PN admitted t...
Article
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Background: Celiac disease (CD) may present or be complicated by neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) probes brain excitability non-invasively, also preclinically. We previously demonstrated an intracortical motor disinhibition and hyperfacilitation in de novo CD patients, which revert back afte...
Article
The auditory mismatch negativity, a component of the event-related potential elicited by an unexpected stimulus in a sequence of acoustic stimuli, provides an objective measure of the accuracy of the echoic information processing of the human brain in vivo . Auditory mismatch negativity is also a useful probe of cortical glutamatergic N -methyl- d...
Article
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Introduction Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons due to the accumulation of α-synuclein in the substantia nigra. Mitochondria are known to play a key role in cell respiratory function and bioenergetics. Indeed, mitochondrial dysfunction causes an insufficie...
Article
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To date, interest in the role of coffee intake in the occurrence and course of age-related neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders has provided an inconclusive effect. Moreover, no study has evaluated mocha coffee consumption in subjects with mild vascular cognitive impairment and late-onset depression. We assessed the association between diffe...
Article
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Background: Neuroinvasive properties of SARS-CoV-2 have allowed the hypothesis of several pathogenic mechanisms related to acute and chronic neurological sequelae. However, neuropathological correlates have been poorly systematically investigated, being retrieved from reports of single case or limited case series still. Methods: A PubMed search...
Article
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Hypertensive crisis, defined as an increase in systolic blood pressure >179 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >109 mmHg, typically causes end-organ damage; the brain is an elective and early target, among others. The strong relationship between arterial hypertension and cerebrovascular diseases is supported by extensive evidence, with hypertension b...
Article
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Background: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can non-invasively probe cortical excitability in movement disorders, although clinical significance is still controversial, especially at early stages. We compare single-pulse TMS in two prototypic synucleinopathy and tauopathy-i.e., Parkinson's disease (PD) and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (P...
Article
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Background: While the association between motor-evoked potential (MEP) abnormalities and motor deficit is well established, few studies have reported the correlation between MEPs and signs of pyramidal tract dysfunction without motor weakness. We assessed MEPs in patients with pyramidal signs, including motor deficits, compared to patients with py...
Article
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The exact relationship between cognitive functioning, cortical excitability, and synaptic plasticity in dementia is not completely understood. Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is deemed to be the most common cognitive disorder in the elderly since it encompasses any degree of vascular-based cognitive decline. In different cognitive disorders, in...
Article
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Fatigue is a common state associated with a weakening or depletion of one’s physical and mental resources, that leads to the inability to continue the individual functioning at a normal level of activity. Frequently, fatigue represents a response to infections, inflammation and autoimmune diseases. The scope of this study was to evaluate the fatigu...
Article
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Fabry disease (FD) is a rare cause of end-stage renal disease requiring kidney transplantation. Data on the incidence of unrecognized FD in kidney transplant recipients are scarce and probably underestimated. This study evaluated the incidence of FD in a population of kidney recipients, with a particular focus of the multidisciplinary approach for...
Article
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Purpose: The advancements in the next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have allowed for rapid, efficient, and cost-time-effective genetic variant detection. However, in both clinical practice and research setting, sequencing is still often limited to the use of gene panels clinically targeted on the genes underlying the disease of interest....
Article
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Background: Patients with Fabry's disease (FD) may be asymptomatic or show a spectrum of clinical manifestations, including cerebrovascular disease, mainly affecting posterior circulation. Few and conflicting studies on cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) in asymptomatic FD (aFD) subjects have been published...
Article
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Increasing evidence suggests that Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) can also invade the central nervous system (CNS). However, findings available on its neurological manifestations and their pathogenic mechanisms have not yet been systematically addressed. A literature search on neurological complications reported in pati...
Article
Introduction Multiple Sclerosis (MS) manifests with a plethora of signs and symptoms affecting brain structures and spinal pathways. The multitude of lesions in MS patients makes difficult to establish the relative role of each of them to lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Generally, the subcortical white-matter lesions result in detrusor overact...
Article
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Several studies explored the effects of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in dementia, suggesting a role in slowing down cognitive decline. Nevertheless, in 2003 a systematic review concluded there was insufficient evidence to recommend a clinical use, although a meta-analysis in the same year showed a significant advantage for ALC for clinical scales and p...
Article
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Background: Genetic familiar causes of oro-facial dyskinesia are usually restricted to Huntington's disease, whereas other causes are often missed or underestimated. Here, we report the case of late-onset oro-facial dyskinesia in an elderly patient with a genetic diagnosis of Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 2 (SCA2). Case presentation: A 75-year-old...
Article
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In the last years, there has been a significant growth in the literature exploring the pathophysiology of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). As an “umbrella term” encompassing any degree of vascular-related cognitive decline, VCI is deemed to be the most common cognitive disorder in the elderly, with a significant impact on social and healthcare...
Preprint
Background: the growing application of parenchymal transcranial Doppler sonography (pTCS) helps the diagnosis of a wide range of neurological diseases, especially movement disorders. Here, we report a patient with an unusual gait disorder in whom pTCS performed at the Emergency Room rapidly provided diagnostic clues towards a degenerative movement...
Preprint
Background: the growing application of parenchymal transcranial Doppler sonography (pTCS) helps the diagnosis of a wide range of neurological diseases, especially movement disorders. Here, we report a patient with an unusual gait disorder in whom pTCS performed at the Emergency Room rapidly provided diagnostic clues towards a degenerative movement...
Article
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Document recommendation systems for locating relevant literature have mostly relied on methods developed a decade ago. This is largely due to the lack of a large offline gold-standard benchmark of relevant documents that cover a variety of research fields such that newly developed literature search techniques can be compared, improved and translate...
Article
Becker’s disease is an inherited muscular dystrophy caused by mutations in the gene coding for the dystrophin protein that lead to quantitative and/or qualitative protein dysfunction and consequent muscle degeneration. Studies in animal models demonstrate that, while eccentric or high intensity training are deleterious for dystrophic muscles, low-i...
Article
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Fatigue is characterized by reduced energy level, decreased muscle strength, and a variable degree of cognitive impairment. Recent evidences seem to link vitamin D deficiency to fatigue. The aim of this study was to assess and compare vitamin D status in a cohort of older subjects with and without fatigue. We recruited a total of 480 subjects, 240...
Article
Study Objectives Previous studies found an early impairment of the short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF) to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in Parkinson’s disease. However, very little is known on the TMS correlates of REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD), which can precede the onset of a α-synucle...
Article
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Migrainous infarction (MI) is a rare complication of migraines that accounts for 0.5-1.5% of all ischemic strokes. Although the pathogenesis of MI is still debated, cortical spreading depression and the consequent biochemical cascade and hemodynamic changes are presumed to play an important role. Here we describe a case of MI and systematically rev...
Preprint
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Background: Advancements in the next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have allowed for efficient genetic variant detection at reduced costs. Methods: We describe an ad hoc NGS-based custom designed resequencing gene panel to identify genetic variants in 8 patients with dementing disorders. Results: We found variants of TREM2 and APP genes in...
Article
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Acute brain ischemia causes changes in several neural networks and related cortico-subcortical excitability, both in the affected area and in the apparently spared contralateral hemisphere. The modulation of these processes through modern techniques of noninvasive brain stimulation, namely repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), has be...
Article
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Some evidence suggests that high-intensity motor training slows down the severity of spinocerebellar ataxia. However, whether all patients might benefit from these activities, and by which activity, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We provide an update on the effect and limitations of different training programmes in patients with spin...
Article
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Background: Cervical myelopathy (CM) is a common cause of morbidity and disability in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and, therefore, early detection is crucial for the best surgical intervention and follow-up. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) non-invasively evaluates the conduction through the cortico-spinal tract, also allowing...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Emotional processes and responses are underestimated in stroke patients because the massive clinical picture of large hemispheric strokes often hides these symptoms. We report on a patient with peculiar unpleasant emotional responses after temporal stroke. Case presentation: We describe a 62-years old man with significant unpleasant...
Preprint
Background: emotional processes and responses are underestimated in stroke patients because the massive clinical picture of large hemispheric strokes often hides these symptoms. We report on a patient with peculiar unpleasant emotional responses after temporal stroke. Case presentation: we describe a 62-years old man with significant unpleasant emo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cervical myelopathy (CM) is a common cause of morbidity and disability in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and, therefore, early detection is crucial for best surgical intervention and follow-up. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) non-invasively evaluates the conductivity along the cortico-spinal tract, also allowing precl...