Giuseppe La Torre

Giuseppe La Torre
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases

Medicine

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891
Publications
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Publications

Publications (891)
Article
Immunization is the best protection against chickenpox, measles and rubella. It is important to identify and immunize susceptible healthcare workers to prevent and control hospital infections. Our aim was to estimate the susceptibility level of healthcare workers at a Teaching Hospital in Rome concerning these diseases and the factors associated to...
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Background: Mental health problems are common in healthcare workers as they are exposed to a variety of risk factors. Healthcare professionals face extraordinary stressors in the medical environment. They demonstrate high levels of stress, anxiety, depression and burnout, and sleep disorders, which inevitably lead to medication errors and lower st...
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The seasonal flu vaccine is the most important way to prevent influenza epidemics, so it is useful to increase the awareness of health professionals. The aim of our study is to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and behavior about flu vaccination among healthcare professionals in times of COVID-19. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out bet...
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Background: Health care providers (HCPs) and health care students experience a huge amount of stress due to high workloads and pressure to perform and are likely to develop anxiety, depression and burnout. Objective: The objective was to carry out an umbrella review of systematic and narrative reviews on the effectiveness of mindfulness-based in...
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forced companies to make decisions to re-assess working-time and location in order to ensure business survival. The resorting to Smart Working (SW) has been adopted to support business continuity, especially in the banking sector. Objective: This study aims at evaluating the attitude and opinions of the bank emp...
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Background Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a non-marginal cause of stroke/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and is associated with high stroke recurrence rate. Some studies have investigated the best secondary prevention ranging from antithrombotic therapy to endovascular treatment (ET). However, no direct comparison between all the possib...
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This study aims to investigate whether HCWs infected with COVID-19 may experience potential psychological consequences and a higher incidence of depression, anxiety, work-related stress, and burnout compared to non-infected HCWs. A case–control study with 774 participants was conducted comparing COVID-19-infected HCWs (cases) and non-infected HCWs...
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Background: Ion channel inhibition may offer protection against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Inflammation and reduced platelet count occur during COVID-19 but precise quantification of risk thresholds is unclear. The Recovery-SIRIO study aimed to assess clinical effects of amiodarone and verapamil and to relate patient phenotypes to outcom...
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Objectives The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence and determinants of workplace violence and the sociodemographic risk factors associated. Study design This was a multicenter cross-sectional study. Methods The study was performed using self-compiled Italian version of the World Health Organization's questionnaire on workplace viole...
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Objective: Pilates is a popular system of exercise that is recommended for healthy individuals and patients with low back pain (LBP). The restoration of muscle function in lumbopelvic stability and pelvic floor muscles has been fostered by practices based on this strategy. Restoring or sustaining the motor control of the lumbar spine and proper bo...
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Our study aims to understand how students of various backgrounds and academic fields retrieve information on Climate Change (CC) and highlights their knowledge on the main causes and consequences of CC, and on the role of healthcare workers in the fight towards this threat. A cross-sectional study was performed between January and December 2020 thr...
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Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the industrialized world and a large part of stroke survivors is of working age. A very important goal for these people is to return to work after stroke as it facilitates independent living and guarantees a high level of self-esteem and life satisfaction. Aim: To find th...
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Background: This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with workplace bullying, sexual harassment and racial harassment among Italian health workers. Methods: We recruited 3129 participants using an online Italian translation of the 'Workplace Violence in the Health Sector Country Case Stu...
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IntroductionItaly is one of the high-income countries hit hardest by Covid-19. During the first months of the pandemic, Italian healthcare workers were praised by media and the public for their efforts to face the emergency, although with limited knowledge and resources. However, healthcare workers soon had to face new challenges at a time when the...
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Context: In Europe, during an era of globalization in which traveling and studying abroad is becoming easier and more affordable, an open question remains on whether different European medical schools educate students with a dissimilar level of preparedness and/or satisfaction. Objective: To develop and validate the EUropean Students' Preparedne...
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Introduction For young adults, the first year of higher education represents a transition period into adulthood associated with an increased risk of developing depression, anxiety, and stress, contributing to deteriorating physical and mental health. The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between depressive symptoms and social capital...
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Background The therapeutic care pathway for a patient with a stoma starts with a preoperative diagnosis and the decision to form an ostomy, followed by postoperative education, and it continues for as long as the stoma is in place. Clinical studies in this area are often limited to analysing a specific stage in this process, and less attention has...
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Background: Sleep is a vital physiological process regulated by the circadian clock and homeostatic mechanisms. Shift work is necessary to ensure continuity of healthcare provision. Worldwide, nurses work night shifts on a rotational or permanent basis. Objective: To analyse the impact of circadian rhythm disruption due to night shift work on th...
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Background: on the 9 March 2020, the Italian government declared a state of lockdown on the entire national territory aimed at reducing the spread of SARS-CoV-2, causing strong repercussions for people's lifestyles. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of the lockdown on the nutritional status and lipid profile of employees of an Italian...
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Nurses working rotating shifts (RS) are at risk of circadian rhythm disruption, which can affect sleep quality and can lead to emotional stress, anxiety, and depression. Aerobic exercise is a type of repetitive and structured physical activity that involves the metabolic system, which utilizes oxygen to produce energy and has been demonstrated to i...
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Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relia-bility and validity of the lifestyle (Miller-Smith) and life expectancy (Schneider) questionnaires in the Italian setting in order to make this instrument available for the determination of lifestyle and hope level in the different domains of everyday life. Method: Before testing...
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Preoperative brain shift after severe brain injury is a prognostic factor for survival. The aim of this study was to determine whether preoperative brain shift in conditions other than severe head injury has significant prognostic value. We analyzed a radiological database of 800 consecutive patients, who underwent neurosurgical treatment. Brain sh...
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Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of bright light exposure, modafinil, and armodafinil for improving alertness during working time among nurses on the night shift. Methods: We carried out a literature search using the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science electronic databases regarding articles pertaining to workplace interventions fo...
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Aims Sport specialization is an actual trend in youth athletes, but it can increase injury risk. The aim was to determine the eventual correlation between sports specialization and injury risk in various sports, using a biopsychosocial approach. Methods 169 sport-specialized athletes completed [(38 female, 131 male); overall (11.2 ± 2.7 years), (5...
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Objectives To describe the ophthalmological characteristics in a Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) cohort and to evaluate how therapeutic advances have changed the course of the uveitis. Methods Analysis of a retrospective cohort study of consecutive JIA pediatric patients including JIA-associated uveitis (JIA-U) and comparison with a previous s...
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The study aimed to investigate the association between social capital indicators and depressive symptoms among university students from Brazil. The study drew on a sample of 579 randomly selected university students, from a greater crossnational study conducted in 2018. Students completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing depressive sympt...
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Objective: SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) has been identified in China as responsible for viral pneumonia, now called COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019). Patients infected can develop common symptoms like cough and sore throat, and, in severe cases, acute respiratory syndrome and even death. To optimize the available...
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Introduction: The aim of the pilot randomized controlled field trial is to assess if a midwifery intervention is able to increase the maternal self-efficacy and reduce the stress level during the first six months after birth. Methods: The study was conducted in two different hospitals in Rome, Italy, involving women delivering at or beyond term,...
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Background In the last few years the possible etiological role of the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the outbreak of extrahepatic pathologies has being studied, including lymphomas. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around 257 million people live with chronic HBV infection, to date the vaccine is the most effective means of prevention....
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Riv Psichiatr 2021; 56(6): 1-7 1 SUMMARY. Purpose. This study analyzed the effectiveness of a training course on the recognition of subtle facial emotions in health and social workers, especially those who work in contact with difficult and aggressive patients in Psychiatric wards and emergency departments. Methods. A total of 177 health and social...
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Purpose To explore the risk factors for central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) by comparing a large sample of patients with healthy controls. Materials and Methods Multi-center case-control study. The study group includes patients affected by central retinal vein occlusion, confirmed angiographically, aged 50 years old or above (Group A). The contr...
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Background. Workers exposed to occupational hazards for the ocular apparatus are subject to health surveillance which includes an eye examination. Objectives. To assess the prevalence of eye diseases among University employees and analyze the association between socio-demographic factors and eye conditions by analyzing computerized data. Methods. A...
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Background. Disability Management (DM) was born to improve workers' health and to optimize return to work for people with disabilities. Objectives. The objective of this study was to elaborate a review of reviews published in literature on the use of Disability Management in international contexts and the strategies used to facilitate the return to...
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Aim. To develop and test the effectiveness of an E-learning program for promoting physical activity (PA) and wellness among nurses. Background. Restrictions during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic drastically changed many people's lives. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is an everyday challenge faced by the general population. Nurses are one of...
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Objective. The nursing coordinator plays a crucial role within health organizations. She/he represents the connection between organi- zational needs, clinical-care needs and company objectives. In order to be a nurse manager one must have acquired managerial characteristics, including strategic, relational and operational skills. Study design. In t...
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Scientific and technological advances in the diagnosis of neoplastic disease and the introduction of increasingly accurate and personalized anti-cancer treatments have significantly improved the chances of survival of most cancer patients, particularly at a young age. Since the interest of the research community in the life prospects of young cance...
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Purpose: This study analyzed the effectiveness of a training course on the recognition of subtle facial emotions in health and social workers, especially those who work in contact with difficult and aggressive patients in psychiatric wards and emergency departments. Methods: A total of 177 health and social workers were involved in the training...
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Background: Adequate training in tobacco, nicotine dependence and treatment is lacking in Medical School education. With the rise in popularity of electronic alternatives to cigarettes, future physicians should also be provided with the more recent scientific evidence on these products during their undergraduate studies. We introduced an e-learnin...
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Gelli-Bianco law (Law no. 24/2017) intervenes both in order to divide healthcare liability between the healthcare professional and the facility in which he/she exercises and to incentivize the latter to adopt an organizational model suitable for managing the risk associated with the provision of any healthcare service, including the information for...
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Objective The aim of the study was to investigate the variables associated with work ability, work-family conflict and the relationship between these variables. Methods An observational prospective study was conducted and involved 436 employees of a Teaching Hospital in Rome. Data collection was performed using the following tools: the Work Abilit...
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The aim of this study is to assess the effect of contact time, contact distance and the use of personal protective equipment on the determination of SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers (HCWs). This study consists of an analysis of data gathered for safety reasons at the Sapienza Teaching Hospital Policlinico Umberto I in Rome through the sur...
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The aim of this cross-sectional pilot survey was to assess patients’ perception and acceptance of a tele(oral)medicine program during the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted a telephone survey on 84 patients of MoMax ambulatory at the Department of Oral Sciences and Maxillofacial Surgery at “Sapienza” University of Rome, Polyclinic Umberto I. Demograph...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the synergistic effect of non-adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and lifestyle habits on the occurrence of breast cancer (BC). Patients and methods: A case-control study was carried out from September 2018 to February 2019 at the Teaching Hospital "Umberto I" in Rome. A Food Frequency Question...
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This retrospective and observational cohort study investigated chest computed tomography (CT) findings, cycle threshold (Ct) values in RT-PCR of SARS-CoV-2 and secondary infection occurrence to predict prognosis in COVID-19 patients. At hospital admission, CT findings and Ct values were collected. Microbiology tests performed after 48 hours from ho...
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Purpose Labour market marginalisation (LMM), i.e. long-term unemployment (LTU), long-term sickness absence (LTSA) and disability pension (DP), among young individuals with common mental disorders (CMDs) are a challenge for the welfare system, and refugees and non-refugee migrants seem particularly vulnerable. The aim was to investigate the risk of...
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Objectives: The objective of this study was to measure the burden of burnout in a sample of healthcare workers (HCWs) consisting of general practitioners, professors from the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, nurses, medical students and nursing students. Study design: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Methods: A descriptive analysis was ca...
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Background : Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) is the “state of the art” management tool for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) suspicion. The role of non‐contrast MRI is investigated to move toward a more personalized, less invasive, and highly cost‐effective PCa diagnostic workup. Objective : To perform a non‐systematic review of the existing literat...
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Conclusions: The present tool is adequate to investigate attitudes towards Smart Working among healthcare workers. Background: During the most difficult phases of the Covid-19 he-alth emergency, when access to the usual work location was not allowed due to the constraints related to the pandemic, Smart Working enabled business continuity in the...
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The purposes of this study were: (1) to adapt two validated questionnaires used to evaluate maternal confidence (KPCS-IT) and maternal stress (PSS-IT) to the Italian context, in order to (2) measure the stress level and the self-efficacy in an Italian sample of mothers. The validation process has provided the construction of an online questionnaire...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives To describe the ophthalmological characteristics in a Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) cohort and to evaluate how therapeutic advances have changed the course of the uveitis. Methods Analysis of a retrospective cohort study of consecutive JIA pediatric patients including JIA-associated uveitis (JIA-U) and comparison with a previous s...
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Full-text available
Objectives This study aims to apply the synovitis assessment in routine care of naïve Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and to develop a multiparametric nomogram for baseline diagnostic and treatment response prediction. Methods 1015 patients [545 RA, 167 Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA), 199 Undifferentiated Peripheral Inflammatory Arthritis (UPIA), 18 crystal...
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Background: In 2015, 37% of Italian adolescents reported to have smoked in the past month. The study aimed to evaluate smoking beha-viour on the school premises and to study the influence of the school environment on student smoking. Methods: Around 900 junior high-school students, aged 11-13 years old completed an online survey in November 2016...
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Background: In Italy, an anti-smoking law was issued in 2003, with the aim of reducing tobacco smoking inside public places. Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the observance of the smoking ban in Italy, during the period 2010-2014, in several workplaces and to evaluate the perception of workers, both smokers and non-smokers, on this...
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Mental health problems are very common among university students. NoiBene is an evidence-based intervention for the promotion of well-being and the prevention of psychological distress among university students. NoiBene was tested in two studies. In study 1, a randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted to investigate the efficacy of NoiBene on...
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COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on March 12, 2020. Italy has been the most affected country in the world, right after China. Healthcare workers (HCWs) were among the hardest hit by this event from both a working and psychological point of view. The aim of this web-based cross-sectional study is to assess the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic o...
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Formaldehyde is an organic compound and the simplest form of aldehyde, and is one of the most common indoor pollutants. Since early '80, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends that formaldehyde should be considered a potential occupational carcinogen and that appropriate measures should be undertaken to reduce...
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The COVID-19 pandemic fast-tracked digital education implementation plans for many higher educational institutions and academic staff around the world. In Europe, academics (n=43) from 5 countries, participated in a training programme designed to teach them how to effectively design, deliver and evaluate online study-units. This paper presents a mi...
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Background: Evidence is needed on the effectiveness of wearing face masks in the community to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of face mask use in a community setting and to predict the effectiveness of wearing a mask. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCISEARCH,...