Giuseppe Aulicino

Giuseppe Aulicino
Parthenope University of Naples | Università Parthenope · Department of Science and Technology

PhD in Polar Sciences

About

55
Publications
11,255
Reads
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544
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - October 2019
Parthenope University of Naples
Position
  • Researcher
October 2018 - October 2019
Università Politecnica delle Marche
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present several study cases focused on marine, oceanographic, and atmospheric environments, which would greatly benefit from the use of a deployable system for small satellite observations. As opposed to the large standard ones, small satellites have become an effective and affordable alternative access to space, owing to their lo...
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on the analysis of the time variability of the morphology of the Drygalski ice tongue (DIT), Antarctica, using-for the rst time-satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. A time series of Sentinel-1 interferometric wide swath SAR imagery collected from 2016 to 2021 is considered and an unsupervised methodology, based on a g...
Chapter
Ocean state and sea-air interactions exert a relevant role on the variability of the atmospheric circulation at several timescales from months to decades and centuries. In this framework, marine meteorological observations provide a unique source of information for the description of atmospheric parameters and constitute a key input to numerical mo...
Chapter
Satellite remote sensing provides repeated global observations of key ocean surface variables. These observations are complementary to in situ measurements. In fact, remotely sensed information fills some in situ gaps in temporal and spatial coverage, while in situ measurements, being a point-wise source of information, provide critical ground-trut...
Chapter
This chapter describes the instruments and platforms used to measure the physical properties of seawater to study the density field and dynamics of the ocean. Firstly, instruments used to measure temperature and salinity from ships are introduced: CTD system, XBT/XCTD, and underway probes. Lagrangian (drifters and floats) and Eulerian (single point...
Article
Litter reduction in the coastal and marine environment represents a major challenge but must be prioritized to preserve biodiversity and ecosystems, as well as the goods and services that humans derive from seas and oceans. This paper reviews the available global scientific literature focusing on marine beach litter and tracks its evolution and tre...
Article
Full-text available
The Western Mediterranean basin (WMED) is characterized by the presence of energetic and dynamic mesoscale cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies. They mainly originate along the Algerian and the Northern currents and have a large influence on the basin circulation. Eddies can last for months, with longer lifetimes associated with the anticyclones, which...
Article
Ocean biomass distribution has a growing importance in the world economy as a global strategic reserve, due to environmental and industrial applications and its variability related to climate change. Satellite imagery allows multi-resolution methodologies to obtain estimation, and hopefully classification, of biomass content over sea surface. This...
Article
Full-text available
In 2018 we celebrated 25 years of development of radar altimetry, and the progress achieved by this methodology in the fields of global and coastal oceanography, hydrology, geodesy and cryospheric sciences. Many symbolic major events have celebrated these developments, e.g., in Venice, Italy, the 15th (2006) and 20th (2012) years of progress and mo...
Article
Full-text available
In 2018 we celebrated 25 years of development of radar altimetry, and the progress achieved by this methodology in the fields of global and coastal oceanography, hydrology, geodesy and cryospheric sciences. Many symbolic major events have celebrated these developments, e.g., in Venice, Italy, the 15th (2006) and 20th (2012) years of progress and mo...
Article
The aim of the present study is to assess the full effect on the albedo of both sea ice extent decrease and snowline retreat in the Arctic during the last three decades. Averaged over the globe, the overall warming effect due to Arctic land and ocean albedo change corresponds to adding about 44% to the direct effect of human CO2 emissions during th...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents an 18-year-long (2002-2019) tide-gauge dataset collected on the Island of Ischia (Gulf of Naples, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea) that can contribute to the analysis of the basic features of sea-level variability in this region. Analysis of tidal constituents shows that the Gulf of Naples is characterized by the absence of any amphidrom...
Article
Full-text available
The detection, monitoring, and forecasting of sea-ice conditions, including their extremes, is very important for ship navigation and offshore activities, and for monitoring of sea-ice processes and trends. We summarize here recent advances in the monitoring of sea-ice conditions and their extremes from satellite data as well as the development of...
Article
Full-text available
Pancake and frazil ice represent an important component of the Arctic and Antarctic cryosphere, especially in marginal ice zones. The retrieval of their thickness by remote sensing is, in general, a difficult task. A processing system was developed and refined by the present authors in the framework of the EU SPICES project; it is meant for routine...
Article
Full-text available
The Algerian Basin is a key area for the general circulation in the western Mediterranean Sea. The basin has an intense inflow/outflow regime with complex circulation patterns, involving both fresh Atlantic water and more saline Mediterranean water. Several studies have demonstrated the advantages of the combined use of autonomous underwater vehicl...
Conference Paper
We present data collected in the framework of the Algerian BAsin Circulation Unmanned Survey - ABACUS project supported by the EU through the JERICO and JERICO-NEXT calls.ABACUS main objective is the monitoring of the basin circulation and of the surface and intermediate water masses physical and biological properties in a key region of the Mediter...
Conference Paper
The Algerian Basin is a key component of the general circulation in the Western Mediterranean Sea. The presence of both fresh Atlantic water and more saline Mediterranean water gives the basin an intense inflow/ outflow regime and complex circulation patterns. Energetic mesoscale structures that evolve from meanders of the Algerian Current into iso...
Article
Full-text available
We present data collected in the framework of the Algerian BAsin Circulation Unmanned Survey (ABACUS) project. The main objective of ABACUS is the monitoring of the basin circulation and of the surface and intermediate water masses' physical and biological properties in a key region of the Mediterranean Sea circulation. Data presented here have bee...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The PRE-SWOT experiment was conducted onboard R/V García del Cid between 5 and 17 May 2018 in the southern region of the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean Sea). PRE-SWOT aimed at anticipating the daily high-resolution 2D SSH fields that Surface Water & Ocean Topography (SWOT) will provide during the fast sampling phase after launch in selecte...
Article
This paper presents a processing scheme whose aim is to provide a tool for a rapid measurement of pancake ice size distribution from aerial photographs. The test images used in this study were collected during the flights of the Twin Otter of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) which assisted the cruise of the research ship ‘Sikuliaq’ in carrying o...
Article
Full-text available
We present data collected in the framework of the Algerian BAsin Circulation Unmanned Survey - ABACUS project. ABACUS main objective is the monitoring of the basin circulation and of the surface and intermediate water masses physical and biological properties in a key region of the Mediterranean Sea circulation. Data have been collected through dee...
Article
Dissolved iron (Fe) distribution and speciation was determined in water samples (0–200 m) collected in a coastal area near Terra Nova Bay during the austral summer of 2014. Nutrients, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll-a, phytoplankton composition and prokaryotic biomass distribution were investigated in combination with measurements of the physical pro...
Conference Paper
Since 2017 the fracture of the Larsen-C ice shelf has been regularly observed in the Eastern Weddell Sea (68°S, 61°W, Antarctica). This process led to the final collapse in 2017, when an area of about 6000 km2 (i. e., about 9-12% of the whole shelf) was lost. In this study the resulting calved iceberg, termed as "A-68" from the US National Ice Cent...
Article
Full-text available
We present here sea surface salinity (SSS) and temperature (SST) data collected on board the S.A. Agulhas-I and S.A. Agulhas-II research vessels, in the framework of the South African National Antarctic Programme (SANAP). Onboard Sea-Bird thermosalinographs were regularly calibrated and continuously monitored in-between cruises, and no appreciable...
Conference Paper
The Algerian Basin is a key component of the general circulation in the Western Mediterranean Sea. The pres- ence of both fresh Atlantic water and more saline Mediterranean water gives the basin an intense inflow/outflow regime and complex circulation patterns. Energetic mesoscale structures that evolve from meanders of the Algerian Current into is...
Conference Paper
Since 2014 a series of deep glider cruises were conducted in autumn in the Western Mediterranean Sea between the Balearic Islands and the Algerian coast, in the framework of the “Algerian BAsin Circulation Unmanned Survey - ABACUS”. The main objective of the project is to monitor the basin circulation, and to collect data on the physical and biolog...
Article
Full-text available
We present here sea surface salinity (SSS) and temperature (SST) data collected onboard the SA Agulhas-I and SA Agulhas-II research vessels, in the framework of the South African National Antarctic Programme (SANAP). Onboard SeaBird ThermoSalinoGraphs were regularly calibrated and continuously monitored in-between cruises, and no appreciable sensor...
Article
Full-text available
Operational analyses and re-analyses, provided by ECMWF for the period 1972–2015, were used to investigate the behaviour of the surface heat fluxes between ocean and atmosphere, estimated via empirical formulae, over the Ross and Weddell Seas. The presence and thickness of sea ice cover, which strongly affects ocean-atmosphere interactions, was est...
Article
The Algerian Basin is a key component of the general circulation in the Western Mediterranean Sea. The presence of both fresh Atlantic water and more saline Mediterranean water gives the basin an intense inflow/ outflow regime and complex circulation patterns. Energetic mesoscale structures that evolve from meanders of the Algerian Current into iso...
Article
Full-text available
Polynyas are dynamic stretches of open water surrounded by ice. They typically occur in remote regions of the Arctic and Antarctic, thus remote sensing is essential for monitoring their dynamics. On regional scales, daily passive microwave radiometers provide useful information about their extent because of their independence from cloud coverage an...
Article
The early autumn voyage of RV Sikuliaq to the southern Beaufort Sea in 2015 offered very favourable opportunities for observing the properties and thicknesses of frazil-pancake ice types. The operational region was overlaid by a dense network of retrieved satellite imagery, including SAR (synthetic aperture radar) imagery from Sentinel-1 and COSMO-...
Article
Full-text available
A composite dataset (comprising geopotential height, sea surface temperature, zonal and meridional surface winds, precipitation, cloud cover, surface air temperature, latent plus sensible heat fluxes, and sea ice concentration) has been investigated with the aim of revealing the dominant time scales of variability from 1982 to 2013. Three covarying...
Poster
Full-text available
The Ross Sea is an important region in the global carbon cycle, however little is known about the effects of surface mesoscale processes (on spatial scale of 10 km and temporal ranges from hours to days) on the carbonate system chemistry and CO2 air–sea fluxes. To this purpose, the Ross Sea Mesoscale Experiment (RoME) project during the austral sum...
Article
The 0-200 m surface layer of the Ross Sea was studied during summer 2014 to investigate the lability of the particulate organic matter (POM) in response to physical parameters. With the use of satellite information, we selected three zones, characterised by different physical setting: a northern offshore area, crossing the summer-polynya area of th...
Article
Antarctic sea ice is constantly exported from the shore by strong near surface winds that open leads and large polynyas in the pack ice. The latter, known as wind-driven polynyas, are responsible for significant water mass modification due to the high salt flux into the ocean associated with enhanced ice growth. In this article, we focus on the win...
Conference Paper
Pancake and frazil ice represent an important component of the Arctic and Antarctic cryosphere. In particular, pancake ice is the result of a freezing process that takes place in turbulent surface conditions, typically associated with wind and wave fields. The retrieval of its thickness by remote sensing is, in general, a very difficult task. In th...
Article
Full-text available
A wave-propelled autonomous vehicle (Wave Glider) instrumented with a variety of oceanographic and meteorological sensors was launched from Gulf of Naples on the 12th of September 2012 for a two-week mission in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. The main objective of the mission was a preliminary evaluation of the potential of commercial autonomous platf...
Article
Full-text available
Despite an extensive bibliography for the circulation of the Mediterranean Sea and its sub-basins, the debate on mesoscale dynamics and their impacts on bio-chemical processes is still open because of their intrinsic time scales and of the difficulties in their sampling. In order to clarify some of these processes, the “Algerian BAsin Circulation U...
Article
Water samples (0-200m) were collected in a coastal area of the Ross Sea in January 2014 to evaluate the physical and biological forcing on the carbonate system at the mesoscale (distance between stations of 5-10km). Remote sensing supported the determination of the sampling strategy and helped positioning each sampling station. Total alkalinity, pH...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Satellite and in situ measurements for coastal water quality assessment and monitoring: a comparison between MODIS Ocean Color and SST products with Wave Glider observations in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea (Gulf of Naples, Italy). A wave-propelled autonomous vehicle (Wave Glider, WG) carrying a variety of oceanographic and meteorological sensors was...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Marine resources, representing one of the most significant of the Earth, deserve monitoring systems able to provide reliable and frequently updated information about their status and evolution. An integrated approach, based on the combination of in situ measurements, satellite observations and specific models, can represent the most adequate soluti...
Article
Full-text available
In polar regions, ocean–atmosphere interactions are strongly influenced by sea ice and its thickness. Since satellite passive microwave observations became available in the 1970s, significant progress has been made in the study of snow depth and sea ice concentration and extent in these regions. Estimating sea-ice thickness (SIT), instead, turned o...
Conference Paper
In polar regions, interactions between atmosphere and ocean are strongly influenced by the presence/absence of the ice cover and by its thickness. Since satellite passive microwave observations became available in the 1970s, significant progress has been made in the study of snow depth and sea ice concentration and extent in these regions. Estimati...

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