Giulio Lucarini

Giulio Lucarini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Heritage Science (ISPC)

Doctor of Philosophy University of Naples L'Orientale

About

71
Publications
26,684
Reads
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783
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
506 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Introduction
I hold a permanent post as Researcher at the Institute of Heritage Science (ISPC), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), and an Adjunct Professorship in Prehistory and Protohistory at the University of Naples L’Orientale. Since finishing my PhD at L’Orientale, my research has mainly focused on human adaptations to the environment and the emergence of food production in North Africa. I am interested in the study of material culture, especially lithic production and function.
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
October 2018 - present
University of Naples "L'Orientale"
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2017 - August 2019
University of Cambridge
Position
  • Fellow
Education
January 2002 - April 2006
University of Naples "L'Orientale"
Field of study
  • African Studies
September 1994 - April 2001
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Archaeology

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
The excavation of the 8000-year-old Hidden Valley village has highlighted the importance of wild plant exploitation in the Mid-Holocene contexts of the Farafra Oasis. This site yielded high numbers of plant macro-remains, which were analysed during the early 2000s by A.G. Fahmy. Among these, Sorghum and other species of wild grasses, often found ch...
Article
Mediterranean Africa forms a crucial junction between the wider Saharan zone and the rest of the Mediterranean. In contrast to its well-investigated history from the first millennium BC onward, its antecedent dynamics are very poorly understood, and deeper archaeological histories of the Mediterranean therefore remain unbalanced and incomplete. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
The MedAfriCarbon radiocarbon database and its accompanying web application are outcomes of the MedAfrica project — Archaeological deep history and dynamics of Mediterranean Africa, ca. 9600–700 BC. The dataset presented here in Version 1.0 of the database includes 1587 archaeological 14C dates from 368 sites in Mediterranean Africa. The database i...
Chapter
The author group in the original version of this article contained a mistake. The second author’s name should be Barbara E. Barich, instead of Barbara B. E. Barich. The correct name appears above. The original article has been corrected.
Chapter
The widespread utilization of laminar industries with backed retouch is the most characteristic feature of North African Later Stone Age contexts—from the Maghreb to the Nile Valley—between the end of the Pleistocene and the Early Holocene. These laminar microliths represent a true technological revolution triggered by the need for new tools to exp...
Article
This article discusses archaeobotanical evidence from two Sheikh el-Obeiyid villages and the Bir el-Obeiyid playa, which are located along the course of the Wadi el-Obeiyid and on the top and escarpment of the Northern Plateau, at the northern edge of the Farafra Oasis, Egypt. The villages and playa are both part of a settlement system which develo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This communication presents the results of fieldwork and analyses carried out by the Gilf Kebir Archaeological and Conservation Project in the framework of the Italian-Egyptian Environmental Cooperation. In 2010 a programme of conservation of the caves with prehistoric rock art located along Wadi Sura, Gilf Kebir Plateau (Egypt) was launched. Here...
Book
Full-text available
The Neolithisation of the Mediterranean Basin involved a change from a procurement to a productive economy. Although the domestication of most of the plants and animals associated with the Old World Neolithic occurred in the Levantine Fertile Crescent, the Second Neolithic Revolution that resulted in elements of the Neolithic such as domesticates a...
Article
Full-text available
In the 12,000 years preceding the Industrial Revolution, human activities led to significant changes in land cover, plant and animal distributions, surface hydrology, and biochemical cycles. Earth system models suggest that this anthropogenic land cover change influenced regional and global climate. However, the representation of past land use in e...
Article
Review of the book: The prehistory of the Sudan by Elena A.A. Garcea. New York, Springer, 2020, pp. xvii + 196, $59.99/51,99 € (paperback), ISBN 978-3-030-17187-3. Also available as an eBook ($44.99/42,79 €) and online, ISBN 978-3-030-47185-9.
Article
Full-text available
The so-called neolithization process (ca. 6000/5500–4000 BC) in Mediterranean Africa and the Sahara has been increasingly researched in recent years. In contrast, relatively little is known, especially in Mediterranean Africa, of the period between the beginnings of irreversible climatic deterioration in the Sahara, around 4000–3500 BC, and the ons...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we discuss the geological, min-eralogical, and geochemical characteristics of the proposed sources of pigments used in the Wadi Sura rock art, southwestern Egypt. Colors used in the paintings include white, yellow, and several reddish hues ranging from pale red to dark reddish brown, rare black, and greenish hues. The results of Ra...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue of the African Archaeological Review originated from the 22-1 Session organized by the 25th ACSPT-UISPP Commission (Art and Civilisations in the Sahara During Prehistoric Times - Union Internationale des Sciences Préhistoriques et Protohistoriques) at the 18th UISPP World Congress, held in the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne...
Article
The eastern Maghreb is a key area for understanding environmental and cultural dynamics during the early and middle Holocene. Capsian populations from around 10000-7500 cal BP were among the last foragers in the region. Capsian sites are known as escargotières (land shell middens), and locally called rammadiyat (meaning ashy mound). As taphonomic c...
Article
Full-text available
The widespread utilization of laminar industries with backed retouch is the most characteristic feature of North African Later Stone Age contexts—from the Maghreb to the Nile Valley—between the end of the Pleistocene and the Early Holocene. These laminar microliths represent a true technological revolution triggered by the need for new tools to exp...
Article
This paper presents the results of the geochemical analysis carried out on the obsidian artefacts discovered at the archaeological site of Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, located along the Egyptian Red Sea coast, in between the modern cities of Safaja and Quseir. During the 12th and 13th Dynasties of Egypt the site hosted a port city from where the Egyptian ex...
Article
Full-text available
The Italian-Libyan Archaeological Project was launched in the early 1990s with the aim of investigating the development of human occupation in the region. Particular emphasis was given to the Final Pleistocene and Early Holocene phases in order to study the transition from late hunter-gatherer societies to the earliest food-production experiments....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to reconstruct the periods of growth and decline of human populations in Morocco and their potential impacts on the landscape over the past 10,000 years. In order to estimate the trends in the human population size between 10,000 and 3000 years ago, we used a summed probability distribution (SPD) of radiocarbon dates from a...
Chapter
This article discusses the harvesting and plant grinding techniques employed by the Holocene communities located between the Eastern Sahara and the south-eastern Mediterranean coast. In particular, the work reports data from research carried out at the Hidden Valley site in the Egyptian Western Desert, and at Haua Fteah cave located along the Cyren...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the framework of the general theme proposed by the UISPP for its 18th World Congress, this session aims to explore the economic, demographic and social responses to climate change in North Africa during the final Pleistocene and Holocene, bringing together specialists involved in innovative multidisciplinary projects. The phase of political inst...
Article
Full-text available
In 2010 the Italian-Egyptian Environmental Cooperation launched a safeguarding project for the preservation of the caves with prehistoric rock art located in the Gilf Kebir plateau in southwestern Egypt. The project was part of the cooperation program developed to establish the Egyptian Gilf Kebir National Park (GKNP) protected area. Given their ba...
Article
Full-text available
The North African region offers up essential data for the study of the origins of the earliest forms of plant exploitation. Data available from several Saharan and coastal areas in the region have revealed that the arrival of domestic wheat and barley from the Levant during the Mid Holocene did not replace the exploitation of autochthonous wild pla...
Article
Full-text available
This article considers three lithic artefacts (two sidescrapers and a gouge or plane) discovered at Augila Oasis, located in Cyrenaica along the dried riverbed of Wadi Nashoof and once directly in the line of the Western Desert trade and pilgrimage route. The three Augila tools belong to the so-called bifacial tradition, which spread in the eastern...
Book
Full-text available
http://www.insegnadelgiglio.it/prodotto/from-lake-to-sand/ The volume presents all the data collected during the cycle of research conducted by the Italian Archaeological Mission in the Farafra Oasis between 1990 and 2005. The 29 multidisciplinary essays contained in this book provide a detailed picture of the population of the Farafra Oasis, hith...
Article
The present paper focuses on the combination of archaeological and geological data sets in order to obtain a synthesis of Holocene occupational and environmental history in the Sheikh El-Obeiyid region of the Farafra Depression, Egypt. In this region, the Epipalaeolithic and Saharan Pastoral Neolithic sites are distributed along different landscape...
Article
The geological sources of obsidian in the Red Sea region provide the raw material used for the production of obsidian artefacts found in prehistoric sites on both sides of the Red Sea, as far afield as Egypt, the Persian Gulf and Mesopotamia. This paper presents the chemical characterization of five obsidian geological samples and 20 prehistoric ar...
Article
Full-text available
Italian Archaeological Mission in the Farafra Oasis – Egypt - The archaeologicalresearch in desert areas has long employed multidisciplinary fi eld and laboratorymethods. The Italian Archaeological Mission in the Farafra Oasis – Egyptof the Sapienza University of Rome benefi ts from three decades of experienceduring which it has kept pace with the...
Article
Full-text available
The paper reports on the fifth (2012) season of fieldwork of the Cyrenaican Prehistory Project. The primary focus of the season was the continuation of the excavation of the prehistoric occupation layers in the Haua Fteah cave. A small trench (Trench U) was cut into Holocene (Neolithic) sediments exposed on the south wall of Charles McBurney's Uppe...
Article
Full-text available
The paper reports on the fourth (2010) season of fieldwork of the Cyrenaican Prehistory Project, and on further results of analyses of artefacts and organic materials collected in the 2009 season. Ground-based LiDar has provided both an accurate 3D scan of the Haua Fteah cave and information on the cave's morphometry or origins. The excavations in...
Article
Full-text available
The Jebel Gharbi region, located on the northern edge of the Tripolitanian plateau, has been the object of research by the Italo-Libyan Joint Mission, directed by Barbara E. Barich (University of Rome "La Sapienza") and Elena A.A. Garcea (University of Cassino), since the 1990s. During the 2000 season an important settlement area was detected at th...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial research and geomatic resources applied to the archaeology of the Farafra Oasis (Western Desert, Egypt) SUMMARY-SPATIAL RESEARCH AND GEOMATIC RESOURCES APPLIED TO THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE FARAFRA OASIS (WESTERN DESERT, EGYPT)-Archaeological research in the desert areas of North Africa has long employed multidisciplinary field and laboratory m...
Article
Full-text available
The Jebel Gharbi represents the northern border of the Tripolitanian plateau. One of its most important features is the north facing slope which opens onto the Jefara coast. Since the 1990s the Italian and Libyan Joint Mission, directed by Barbara Barich of the University of Rome “La Sapienza,” has been carrying out a project to define the cultural...
Chapter
Full-text available