Gisèle Sapiro

Gisèle Sapiro
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Centre de sociologie européenne (CSE)

Professor

About

203
Publications
41,138
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Introduction
My research interests concern the Sociology of culture, of literature, of intellectuals, of law, of translation, globalization, the history of the Social Sciences and the Humanities, and the epistemology of the social sciences. My approach is historical sociology based on field theory and mixed-methodologies (quantitative and qualitative), comparative and transnational. I currently work on literary agents, on the making of world authorship, and on the International sociological association.
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - present
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Position
  • Directrice d'études
October 1995 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Research Director

Publications

Publications (203)
Article
Diversos factores externos e internos moldean y condicionan el campo literario: la educación, el mercado del libro, el estado-nación, los movimientos políticos, las organizaciones internacionales (como la UNESCO) y autoridades concretas, como los premios. Aquí se examinan estos factores en diferentes escalas espaciales —“internacional”, “transnacio...
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The globalization of the book market has been largely the work of a specific category of intermediaries: literary agents. Trends towards isomorphism at the most professionalized pole of the global book market stem from imitation by competition and the spread of professional standards. US dominance in the global publishing industry has gone hand in...
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This paper is the product of a roundtable discussion held at the international conference Horizons of Engagement: Eternalizing Bourdieu, organized by the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory of Belgrade, Serbia, the Centre for Advanced Studies of The University of Rijeka, Croatia, the École Normale Supérieure of Paris, France, and the French...
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Various external and internal factors shape and condition the literary field: education, the book market, the nation state, political movements, international organizations (like unesco), and specific authorities such as prizes. These factors are examined in this article at different spatial scales: "international," "transnational," "global," "worl...
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International literature festivals are a surprisingly big business. As Gisèle Sapiro points out in this chapter, there are now more than 450 such festivals in the English-speaking world alone, and some of them draw paying audiences in the hundreds of thousands. Unlike readings, which traditionally take place in independent bookshops or university a...
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The international success of Bourdieu, attested by the numerous translations of his books, may seem paradoxical for a body of work so firmly anchored in empirical studies centered on France. This oeuvre has been in effect received and appropriated as a theoretical reference and “research program” (Lakatos). This chapter analyzes the geography and s...
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Studying the international diffusion of structuralism throws light on various mechanisms that characterize the transnational circulation of ideas: the label’s instability, the part played by international conferences and collective publications, and the importance of national and disciplinary stakes. The first importations of structuralist texts (1...
Book
This edited collection analyses the reception of a selection of key thinkers, and the dissemination of paradigms, theories and controversies across the social sciences and humanities since 1945. It draws on data collected from textbooks, curricula, interviews, archives, and references in scientific journals, from a broad range of countries and disc...
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This paper revisits the uses of the concept of autonomy in sociological analysis of the conditions of production and circulation of symbolic goods. Part 1 provides an overview of autonomy in three intellectual traditions: the sociology of professions, Marxist reflection theory, and field theory. Despite some divergences and the partial incompatibil...
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Referência para o artigo original: Sapiro, Gisèle. Le champ est-il national ? La théorie de la différenciation sociale au prisme de l’histoire globale. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, (N°200), p. 70-85, 2013/5. DOI 10.3917/arss.200.0070
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English translation of the introduction of the special issue "Champs intellectuels transnationaux" Electronic distribution by Cairn on behalf of Le Seuil.
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This article examines current transformations of the writing profession in France. Based on qualitative research (interviews with writers and their representatives, as well as organisers of literary events) and on a national survey conducted in 2016 by the Centre national du livre, it emphasises the tension between symbolic and professional recogni...
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This chapter studies the institutional development of the SSH in France. The first part concentrates on the two major historical phases of their institutionalization as academic disciplines, their professional development, and the autonomization of scientific fields in these domains, focusing primarily on seven disciplines: economics; political sci...
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Pierre Bourdieu zählt zu den bedeutendsten und einflussreichsten Soziologen des 20. Jahrhunderts; gegenwärtig ist er der meistzitierte Sozialwissenschaftler der Nachkriegszeit. Innerhalb der Rechtssoziologie und der sozialwissenschaftlichen Rechtsforschung wird diese Bedeutung bislang zu wenig wahrgenommen, denn im Vergleich zu anderen soziologisch...
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Resumo O trabalho centra a atenção no desenvolvimento histórico da sociologia enquanto campo passível de ser analisado com as ferramentas da sociologia histórica. Num primeiro momento, o trabalho destaca o processo histórico de nacionalização da pesquisa e da capacitação da sociologia, procurando transcender o nacionalismo metodológico, uma vez que...
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Este artículo analiza los factores que fomentan o ­dificultan­ la­ circulación­ de­ la­ literatura­ más­ allá­ de­ sus­ fronteras­ geográficas y culturales,­ es ­decir, ­de ­los ­que ­participan en los mecanismos de producción de la literatura mundial.­ A­ los­ efectos­ del­ análisis,­estos factores­ pueden­ clasificarse ­en ­cuatro ­categorías: ­p...
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The international circulation of ideas depends on a series of social factors and on the action of intermediaries, as Bourdieu pointed out. The circulation of scholarly books in translation offers a relevant site of observation of intellectual exchanges across cultures. What academic books are translated and why? This paper proposes a general framew...
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Full text available on : http://www.revue-silene.com/f/index.php?sp=comm&comm_id=201
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Full text: http://www.sociologica.mulino.it/journal/article/index/Article/Journal:ARTICLE:1012 Abstract: The Symposium is a contribution to the burgeoning field of research on the social life of ideas. It focuses on one central aspect of ideas’ life, namely the patterns and mechanisms of their circulation across languages and national borders. Insp...
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El concepto de «campo» permite circunscribir la acción de los individuos a nivel meso (intermedio entre los enfoques macro y micro), en esferas sociales diferen­ ciadas que tienen sus propias reglas de juego y sus intereses especí cos. Elabora­ do de manera rigurosa por Pierre Bourdieu a partir de los años 60 para pensar el proceso de diferenciació...
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La història intel·lectual usa les categories de dreta i esquerra sense tenir en consideració la seua aplicació als mons culturals i el seu significat. Aquest article presenta una anàlisi d’aquesta qüestió a partir de l’estudi de la lògica d’importació de la categorització política de dreta i esquerra en el camp literari francés i en la manera com a...
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‘Forces of Solidarity and Logics of Exclusion: The Role of Literary Institutions in Times of Crisis’, written by Gisèle Sapiro, assesses the marginalization of writers from literary institutions under the Vichy regime due to their Jewish origins or political opinions. In her essay, Sapiro gestures more broadly to an understanding of mechanisms of e...
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This paper analyzes the factors that trigger or hinder the circulation of literary works beyond their geographic and cultural borders, i.e. participating in the mechanisms of the production of World Literature. For the sake of analysis, these factors can be classified into four categories: political (or more broadly ideological), economic, cultural...
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In the early 1930s, when he started being translated into French, Faulkner was an unknown author in the transnational literary field. Questioning the role of intermediaries—publishers, translators, critics, authors—in the circulation of literary works and in the making of world literature, this article focuses on the role of the French publisher Ga...
Chapter
The meaning of a literary work is not independent from the conditions of its production and reception. Thus, while a work's meaning cannot be reduced to its appropriations, neither can the role of its receptions in its cultural and social signification be denied. Jauss ’ concept of “horizon of expectations” to address this phenomenon is limited to...
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From the 19th century onwards, famous literary trials have caught the attention of readers, academics and the public at large. Indeed it is striking that more often than not, it was the texts of renowned writers that were dealt with by the courts, as for example Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and Charles Baudelaire’s Les Fleurs du Mal in France,...
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One of the most important thinkers of the second half of the twentieth century, French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu (1930–2002) developed a theory of social domination and reproduction based on the concepts of ‘habitus’, ‘capital’ (economic, cultural, social), ‘field’, and ‘symbolic violence’. This theoretical framework is rooted in extensive empiri...
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Borrowed from the Aristotelian–Thomist tradition, the concept of habitus was occasionally used in sociology and philosophy to designate an acquired and stable disposition. While phenomenologists (Husserl namely) were interested in its role in the construction of the self (ego) through past experience, it served sociologists such as Weber and Elias...
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Developed in sociology by Pierre Bourdieu, the concept of field is a heuristic tool for exploring the differentiation of social spheres of activity. The article first traces the origins and genesis of the concept in Bourdieu's theory. It then turns to the general theory of fields that Bourdieu has elaborated, based on empirical research on the lite...
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In 2014, Zeruya Shalev won the prestigious Femina prize for foreign literature. This study of the reception of her first two novels translated in French in the written media examines judgments formulated at the two poles of the field of criticism, the pole of small-scale circulation and the pole of large-scale circulation, using Bourdieu’s field th...
Book
In this article, critical discourses and their relation to censorship and to moral or ideological expectation are differentiated according to their degree of autonomy or heteronomy, and to their degree of euphemization (dominant) or politicization (dominated). This study adopts a diachronic perspective too, in order to understand the evolution of t...
Book
The trajectory of André Malraux, the writer who became the minister of culture, reveals the evolution of the rapports between the literary field and the political field from 1920 to 1960. It testifies to the politicisation of the literary field and the constitution of culture as a category of public intervention. His knowledge of Asiatic cultures a...
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Texte paru dans : J.-C. Barbier et M. Poussou-Plesse, dir. Protection sociale : le savant et la politique, Paris, La Découverte, coll Recherches. 2017, pp. 23-54 Parler du sociologue politique, c'est précisément parler de ce croisement, mais les questions professionnelles ne sont pas spécifiques à cette sociologie sectorielle, car on y trouve tous...
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Translation has become an object of study for the social sciences, especially sociology. Sociology approaches translation both as a social practice and as a cultural product involving agents (such as authors, translators, editors, and critics) and institutions (such as translation schools, literary and academic journals, publishing houses, and stat...
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In the wake of the research on authorship, this article analyzes the role of law in the construction of authorship and of the social responsibility of the writer, as well as in the professionalization of the writing occupation. The paper aims at renewing the reflection on the contribution of law to the history of literature, on the basis of an appr...
Book
Special Issue - Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales (201-202, 2014)
Article
This article provides a new reading of Field Theory from a transnational perspective in light of the criticism taking issue with its alleged "methodological nationalism". The field is an abstract concept that allows for the methodological autonomization of a space of activity defined in relational terms, provided that this autonomization is histori...
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The autonomization of the literary field is not only the fruit of a reaction against the market, as analyzed by Bourdieu. It is brought about as well against the moral and political expectations influencing literature. Those expectations are codified in the laws through the penal responsibility of the author, which, according to Michel Foucault, is...
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Is the Field National? This article provides a new reading of Field Theory from a transnational perspective in light of the criticism taking issue with its alleged “methodological nationalism”. The field is an abstract concept that allows for the methodological autonomization of a space of activity defined in relational terms, provided that this au...
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This paper focuses on the relation between translation and identity through the case of translators from Modern Hebrew literature into French. The conditions of acquisition of linguistic skills and the paths that lead to the translational practice are analysed on the basis of a study of the social properties and trajectories of the translators, whi...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
The INTERCO-SSH project sets out to assess the state of the Social Sciences & Humanities (SSH) in Europe and to understand the factors that facilitate or hinder international exchanges. It aims to outline potential future pathways that could promote cooperation across disciplinary and national boundaries. The project uses the tools of the SSH to study the SSH in their socio-historical context, including their relationship with the political and economic powers. It compares the process of institutionalisation of seven academic disciplines in order to identify the sociological factors that have shaped the “academic unconscious” of scholars. Furthermore, it investigates the transfer of knowledge between countries and disciplines, the geographical mobility of scholars and the circulation of ideas. http://interco-ssh.eu/en/