Gisbert Fanselow

Gisbert Fanselow
Universität Potsdam · Department Linguistik

About

85
Publications
7,763
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,620
Citations
Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
510 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
Full-text available
People perceive sentences more favourably after hearing or reading them many times. A prominent approach in linguistic theory argues that these types of exposure effects (satiation effects) show direct evidence of a generative approach to linguistic knowledge: only some sentences improve under repeated exposure, and which sentences do improve can b...
Article
Full-text available
In Czech, German, and many other languages, part of the semantic focus of the utterance can be moved to the left periphery of the clause. The main generalization is that only the leftmost accented part of the semantic focus can be moved. We propose that movement to the left periphery is generally triggered by an unspecific edge feature of C (Chomsk...
Chapter
This exploratory study contributes to the discussion of possible differences in the syntactic judgments of experts and non-experts. In particular, we investigated whether experts in a narrow sense (syntacticians) and experts in a broader sense (linguists not specializing in syntax) react differently to superiority violations in embedded clauses (wh...
Chapter
In der Syntaxtheorie gibt es verschiedene Ansätze, um die grammatische Variation zwischen Sprachen zu erfassen. Grundsätzlich lassen sich diese auch auf die grammatische Variation innerhalb einer Sprache anwenden, etwa bei der Beschreibung zweier Dialekte. Innersprachliche Variation weist aber Eigenschaften auf, die nahelegen, eine andere Modellier...
Article
Do the grammars of English and German contain a ban on moving the lower of two wh-phrases (Superiority), or is the lower acceptability due simply to the complexity of processing the longer dependency that results when the lower wh-phrase is moved? The results of four acceptability-judgment studies suggest that a pure processing account is inadequat...
Book
Full-text available
The volume is a celebration of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Noam Chomsky's groundbreaking Aspects of the Theory of Syntax.
Article
This article presents several acceptability rating experiments concerned with crossing wh-movement in German multiple questions. Our results show that there is no general superiority effect in German, thus refuting claims to the contrary by Featherston (Linguistics 43: 667–711, 2005). However, acceptability is reduced when a wh-phrase crosses a wh-...
Article
Full-text available
In Czech, German, and many other languages, part of the semantic focus of the utterance can be moved to the left periphery of the clause. The main generalization is that only the leftmost accented part of the semantic focus can be moved. We propose that movement to the left periphery is generally triggered by an unspecific edge feature of C (Chomsk...
Chapter
In the past ten years, considerable progress has been made towards the goal of unifying the locality conditions of various subsystems of UG. At present, three major approaches may be distinguished within this research programme: while the theories developed by (1983), Koster 1984a, 1987 and (1982) express generalizations about local domains in term...
Article
This paper presents the results of a pilot study concerned with regional variation in the acceptability of long distance movement ('Satzverschränkung') in German. We show that the likelihood of the production of such constructions decreases from South to North. Places with a Bavarian dialect background show a particularly high productivity of long...
Article
This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar: the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality. Gradience is at the centre of controversial issues in the theory of grammar and the understanding of language. The acceptability of words and sen...
Article
Full-text available
Content: 1 Introduction 2 A restrictive theory of head movement 2.1 Preliminary Remarks 2.2 Theoretical Problems of Head Movement 2.3 Remnant Phrasal Movement 2.4 Münchhausen Style Head Movement 3 Verb Second Movement 3.1 Introductory Remarks 3.2 Problems of V/2 constructions: Does V really move to Comp? 3.3 The preverbal position 3.4 The Second Po...
Article
Inhalt: 1. Superiorität in einfachen Sätzen 2. Transitive Sätze mit Dativ-Objekten 3. Effekte durch extrem markierte Abfolgen?
Article
Full-text available
This paper defends the view that syntax does not directly interact with information structure. Rather, information structure affects prosody, and only the latter has an interface with syntax. We illustrate this point by discussing scrambling, focus preposing, and topical-ization. The position entertained here implies that syntax is not very informa...
Article
The guidelines for syntactic annotation contain the layers that are especially relevant for queries related to the interaction of information structure with syntax. The layers of this level are constituent structure, grammatical functions, and semantic roles.
Article
The guidelines for morphological annotation contain the layers that are necessary for understanding the structure of the words in the object language: morphological segmentation, glossing, and annotation of part-of-speech.
Chapter
It has often been observed that changes in constituent order may reduce the acceptability of sentences even in so-called free word order languages. Languages seem to have a "canonical" arrangement of arguments (typically subject > object), and whenever a syntactic rule (topicalization, focus movement, scrambling) changes this canonical order, the r...
Article
Full-text available
0. One of the merits of generative syntax is that it has broadened the data base for syntactic research in a very profound way. There was, e.g., little (if any) discussion of the role syntax plays for anaphoric and pronominal binding before generative syntax came into being, and there was little or no knowledge about restrictions on the placement o...
Article
This paper sketches the view that syntax does not directly interact with information structure. Therefore, syntactic data are of little help when one wants to narrow down the interpretation of terms such as “focus”, “topic”, etc.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter begins by defining gradience in terms of an individual speaker's grammar. It also identifies gradient phenomena in various domains of grammar such as semantic ambiguities, syntactic blends, and in phonological entities including intensity and length, among others. It then discusses the theories of gradience in phonology and syntax. © 2...
Article
This paper investigates the nature of the attraction of XPs to clauseinitial position in German (and other languages). It argues that there are two different types of preposing. First, an XP can move when it is attracted by an EPP-like feature of Comp. Comp can, however, also attract elements that bear the formal marker of some semantic or pragmati...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate two formalizations of Optimality Theory, a successful paradigm in linguistics.We first give an order-theoretic counterpart for the data and processinvolved in candidate evaluation.Basically, we represent each constraint as a function that assigns every candidate a degree of violation.As for the second formalization, we define (after...
Article
It has been claimed that the functional architecture of German clauses involves heads such as [Topic] that are defined by their information structure value, and that movement to the specifier position of such heads is (partially) responsible for free word order in German. This paper argues that this view is misguided. (i) There is no evidence for a...
Article
This article proposes a new base generation account of free constituent order. Scrambling as movement is incompatible with central assumptions of the Minimalist Program:it cannot involve the checking of strong categorial features. Concentrating on German, the article refutes the standard empirical arguments for scrambling and shows that free consti...
Article
Full-text available
The processing of locally ambiguous wh-phrases has received much attention in the last years, and experimental results reported in the literature converge in at least one respect: if a clause-initial NP is locally ambiguous between a subject and an object interpretation, the human parser strongly prefers the former reading. The present chapter cons...
Article
Full-text available
36 01 1 74
Chapter
Within early generative grammar as developed in the sixties, grammatical rules and principles were exclusively formulated in terms of constituent structure, and there was no reference at all to grammatical functions like subject and objects, these terms being defined as the NP immediately dominated by S and VP, respectively (cf. e.g. Chomsky 1965)....
Article
Order preservation effects are documented with a number of movement operations in various languages, among them wh-movement in English (superiority), multiple wh-movement in Bulgarian, object shift in Danish and Icelandic, pronoun fronting in German, Case-driven NP raising in English, and quantifier raising in German. Beginning with Lakoff (1971),...
Article
Full-text available
32 01 1 402

Network

Cited By

Projects