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Gippoliti Spartaco

Gippoliti Spartaco
Società Italiana per la Storia della Fauna "Giuseppe Altobello"

Mammal taxonomist and zoo curator

About

242
Publications
111,130
Reads
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Introduction
My main interest has been the identification of priority species (or higher taxa) and geographic areas for in situ and ex situ conservation. In recent years I have investigated the effects of taxonomy over conservation priorities. Currently I'm criticising the use of BSC as a base of mammal taxonomy in Europe and elsewhere in the Old World. Among the other research field, I do cite interest for historical mammal collections in Italy and elsewhere. I'm also interested in zoo management..
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - June 2008
ISE Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi
Position
  • external researcher
January 2001 - December 2006
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • CNR - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Publications

Publications (242)
Article
Riassunto Nel presente contributo, per la prima volta, si tenta una sintesi della storia ed evoluzione della gestione dei felidi selvatici nei giardini zoologici italiani. Si traccia quindi un resoconto dei diversi criteri espositivi adottati, delle problematiche sanitarie, delle ricerche e dei successi riproduttivi ottenuti, anche al fi ne di migl...
Article
Full-text available
Zoos are well-known for conservation efforts benefiting wildlife, including some European bird species such as the bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus and waldrapp ibis Geronticus eremiticus. In Italy there has generally been a lack of scientific interest towards zoos, and ornithology is no exception. Yet, zoo collections not only may present valuabl...
Article
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There is an increased recognition of the threat status of the African lion (Panthera leo), once a widespread top predator of open African habitats.However, our knowledge about the biology of the species is often based on a few study sites in South and East Africa, and the present subspecific taxonomy developed by the IUCN reinforces an idea of homo...
Article
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Zoological gardens (sensu latu) are among the institutions which manage to better connect the general public with biodiversity as every year they receive millions of visitors. This study consists of an analysis of the mammalian collections of 26 Italian zoos which have been granted a zoo license according to the Legislative Decree DL73/2005. In our...
Article
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Many users of taxonomic lists believe them to be based on consistent data, but this is rarely true, and biased knowledge may be the rule rather than the exception. In the present essay on the taxonomy of primates of the Horn of Africa, I show how taxonomic history has consequences for the present appreciation of primate diversity in the region, and...
Article
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In Italy, differently from other countries, a national museum of natural history is not present. This absence is due, among the other reasons, to its historical political fragmentation up to 1870, which led to the establishment of medium-sized museums, mostly managed by local administrations or universities. Moreover, a change of paradigm in biolog...
Article
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The osteological collection of the Museo Civico di Zoologia of Rome (MCZR) counts 2 complete skeletons, 4 skulls with mandible, 4 skulls, 5 mandibles, 1 molariform tooth, and 11 more or less complete tusks of extant elephants. This research aims to identify to which elephant among those that lived in captivity and died at the Zoological Garden of R...
Article
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The scientific role of zoological gardens has received scanty attention even in cases, such as Italian Primatology, where they seemed to have played a considerable role, especially in the field of behavioral studies. Notably, the relationship between zoos and primatology in Italy is much longer than the 40 years of life of official Primatology. The...
Article
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Edoardo Zavattari graduated at Turin University first in Medicine in 1908 and later in Natural Sciences in 1911. His earlier papers dealt with systematics of Hymenoptera but from the beginning he showed a growing interest in tropical biology and in 1913 he specialized in Tropical Medicine in London. After the First World War, he travelled extensive...
Article
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ABSTRACT The presence of the swamp cat, Felis chaus, is reported for the first time for the fauna of Eritrea on the basis of a specimen housed in Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali in Turin. This species was never reported for Eritrea, and its diffusion along the Nile Valley beside Egypt's borders is little known. It is likely more extended than u...
Article
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Ecotourism can fuel an important source of financial income for African countries and can therefore help biodiversity policies in the continent. Translocations can be a powerful tool to spread economic benefits among countries and communities; yet, to be positive for biodiversity conservation, they require a basic knowledge of conservation units th...
Article
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Zoological gardens and biodiversity conservation: the Italian contribution. Zoological Gardens are not simply an assemblage of captive exotic living animals, but rather are a unique educational facility with several conservation and research opportunities. Zoos evolve thanks not only to technological development but also because of the scientific...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Preambolo: A. Gli animali selvatici (la fauna) sono elementi vitali per l'ecosistema. B. La loro conservazione è pertanto indispensabile. C. L'utilizzo della fauna per finalità umane, esercitato in modo consapevole o anche inconsapevole, può portare a conseguenze negative. D. Esserne consci è solo un primo dovere per Homo sapiens. E. Anche la f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A public proposal of a group of naturalists and researchers about the major goals which should be pursued and hopefully achieved to boost the conservation of Italian biodiversity. This should be obtained by identifying crucial and focal arguments, such as protected areas, faunal management, commercial fishing, commercial breeding, agricultural envi...
Article
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The crested porcupine Hystrix cristata is one of the most well-known members of the Family Hystricidae, yet very little is known regarding its geographic variability in Africa. Two alternative hypotheses exist; pre-1940s classical taxonomy supported the existence of a distinct Eastern African species, Hystrix galeata, whereas recent molecular data...
Article
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RIASSUNTO Nel 1947 Elena d'Orléans, duchessa d'Aosta, donò la sua collezione di trofei di caccia alla Biblioteca Nazionale "Vittorio Emanuele III" che ha sede nel Palazzo Reale di Napoli. Tali reperti, insieme alla ricca biblioteca personale, un grande archivio fotografico, una collezione etnologica e numerosi cimeli di famiglia costituiscono il Fo...
Article
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The occurrence and the history of Neotropical mammal specimens in the collections of naturalistic museums in Rome, Italy, and their scientific utilization is here reviewed. These specimens belong to several scientific expeditions made after the discovery of the new Continent. The oldest specimens date back to the famous Museum of Athanasius Kircher...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Noé Ark or Intelligence Gardens? Zoo's role in biodiversity conservation
Article
La specifi cità della gestione delle specie esotiche nei giardini zoologici è aspetto scarsamente apprezzato al di fuori della ristretta cerchia di professionisti che vi hanno esperienza diretta. Nel presente contributo si off re un resoconto circa l'evoluzione dei criteri espositivi che hanno interessato le due specie di Primati mantenuti nello Zo...
Article
Full-text available
In Italia i musei di storia naturale e le collezioni scientifiche da essi ospitate ricevono poca attenzione e rischiano di scomparire, ma sono essenziali per lo studio e la conservazione della biodiversità
Article
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Recent conservation history of Cervus corsicanus Erxleben, 1777 is reviewed and future prospects discussed in the framework of increasing knowledge of its evolutionary history. This unique deer is definitively not native to Sardinia and Corsica but owes its survival to a protohistoric assisted colonization by humans. Accordingly, populations in Sar...
Article
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Sebbene la storia dell'ambientalismo sia segnato dalla presenza di studiosi e appassionati che spesso lavoravano o collaboravano con musei naturalistici sensu lato, ben pochi tentativi sono stati fatti in Italia per comunicare al pubblico questa storia. Ciò appare incomprensibile e soprattutto deleterio ai fini di un riconoscimento della questione...
Article
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Riassunto-Alulah Taibel (1892-1984): un rimarchevole orni-tologo, avicoltore e biologo di zoo. Alulah Taibel è stato uno zoologo italiano di origine austriaco-yemenita. Terminata la sua carriera militare dopo la Prima Guerra Mondiale e laureatosi in Scienze Naturali a Bologna nel 1925, è stato direttore della Stazione di Pollicoltura di Rovigo e di...
Chapter
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Taxonomic revisionary work is essential for our understanding of our planet’s biodiversity. Yet recent findings specifically concerned with large mammal taxonomy has sometimes been received with open scepticism by the community of conservation biologists, population geneticists in particular. The present contribution offers a taxonomist’s perspecti...
Chapter
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Activities of zoological gardens are increasingly scrutinized by researchers other than biologists and sectors of society. While this is evident proof of the relevance of zoos in present-day societies, the historical and scientific evidence supporting today zoo conservation mission is not always well-known outside the conservation community. In thi...
Conference Paper
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Biologi evoluzionisti e genetisti di popolazione sono spesso ignari delle problematiche che circondano la tassonomia di molti grandi mammiferi apparentemente ben conosciuti. A volte un approccio storico può essere di aiuto a comprendere i reali rapporti filetici esistenti tra le popolazioni di quelli che oggi spesso consideriamo specie politipiche...
Chapter
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Rather, given the extreme particularity of species and how little we know about them as a whole, taxonomy can justly be called the pioneering exploration of life on a little known planet. E.O. Wilson, 2004
Article
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Although conservation biology and biodiversity are today disciplines that no serious biologist can ignore, yet the practical importance and scientific value of taxonomy is greatly overlooked in today conservation practice. This is particularly true for researchers that have spent most of their time investigating the biology and management of a few...
Article
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L’articolo fa il punto sulle conoscenze relative alle zebre di pianura senza criniera (Equus quagga) dell’Africa nord-orientale, con particolare riguardo alla piccola popolazione somala. Mentre sono stati segnalati singoli individui privi di criniera in diverse località dell’Africa orientale, popolazioni di zebre senza criniera si trovano nel Sud S...
Conference Paper
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Aims of EU legislation and international zoo associations is to mitigate the extinction of biodiversity through quality conservation education that raises awareness, connects people to nature and encourages sustainable behaviors in the millions of people that engage with zoos and aquariums annually. This must be associated and integrated with aware...
Conference Paper
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Il termine endemico è associato dai naturalisti a specie animali e vegetali che hanno generalmente areali geografici molto limitati e sono quindi 'unici' di un dato territorio.
Article
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A review of historical literature plus the examination of zoos and museum specimens and available photos from internet source revealed the hidden diversity of the bongo antelopes, presently Tragelaphus eurycerus. While the Kenya montane form isaaci has received most conservation support in recent years, the present review highlights the species sta...
Article
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Aperta al pubblico nel 1994, l’Oasi di Sant’Alessio rappresenta nei fatti una originale sintesi tra un giardino zoologico e un’oasi naturalistica. Per questo motivo rappresenta un tassello originale nel quadro della messa in pratica del concetto di “Bioparco”, soprattutto per quanto riguarda la coesistenza di fauna e flora e la susseguente sensazio...
Article
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Conservation problems are social and economic, not scientific, yet biologists have traditionally been expected to solve them" George B. Schaller, 1992 After a review of the taxonomic knowledge regarding the Marsican bear, the authors summarize the reasons for which a different and more incisive approach is necessary for its conservation, with the n...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation problems are social and economic, not scientific, yet biologists have traditionally been expected to solve them" George B. Schaller, 1992 After a review of the taxonomic knowledge regarding the Marsican bear, the authors summarize the reasons for which a different and more incisive approach is necessary for its conservation, with the n...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic rescue is a measure to mitigate the effects of reduced genetic variation in endangered small, isolated (inbreed) populations by introducing new genetic variation into such populations. This is usually accomplished by translocating individuals from a related population, assumed to belong to the same, often polytypic species, into the endange...
Article
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In recent decades the name hilgerti Neumann, 1902 has been utilized to indicate the East African representative of Chlorocebus pygerythrus (F. Cuvier, 1921). In the present note the taxonomic history of Chlorocebus in North-East Africa is briefly reviewed and integrated with a discussion of hilgerti holotype and the results of recent genetic studie...
Article
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The large-bodied, terrestrial primates in the tribe Papionini are among the most intensely studied animals in the world, yet for some members of this tribe we know comparatively little about their evolutionary history and phylogeography. Geladas (Theropithecus gelada Rüppell, 1835), endemic primates of the Ethiopian highlands, are largely unstudied...
Data
ML tree showing phylogenetic relationships among gelada and baboon haplotypes. Numbers at nodes refer to bootstrap values in %. (PDF)
Data
Bayesian tree showing phylogenetic relationships among gelada and baboon haplotypes. Numbers at nodes refer to posterior probabilities. (PDF)
Data
Best-fit models for protein-coding and non-protein-coding partitions for various gelada populations as obtained from jModeltest for the Bayesian skyline plots (BSPs). (PDF)
Data
Divergence age estimates (Ma) and respective 95% Highest Posterior Density (HPD) intervals. (PDF)
Data
Geographic provenance of gelada samples (decimal degrees), their mtDNA haplotypes (h-type), haplogroups (h-group) and GenBank Accession Numbers. * Sample from northern range but with central haplotype. (PDF)
Data
Selection for the “best” population model. (PDF)
Data
Results of the Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) analyses. (PDF)
Data
Nguyen N, Fashing PJ, Burke RJ. Determining the conservation status of gelada monkeys: Distribution, abundance and phylogenetic relationships of Theropithecus gelada across the Ethiopian Highlands. 2016; Unpubl. Final report to Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation. (PDF)
Preprint
Full-text available
Guide des mammiferes d'Europe, d'Afrique et du Nord ou Moyen-Orient. Adattamento all'edizione italiana di G. Amori e A. Nappi. La Mammalogia va a sud. Dopo un quarto di secolo è bello finalmente avere a disposizione una guida dei mammiferi dell'intero Paleartico occidentale e non, come succedeva spesso, una guida ai mammiferi delle Isole Britannich...
Preprint
Full-text available
Zoological materials collected by Leopoldo Traversi and his significance. Enrico Giglioli published a paper on the vertebrates collected by Traversi and Count Boutourline in Assab (Eritrea) and Shoa (Ethiopia) and described some new taxa. The holotype of Cercopithecus boutourlinii is still in the Zoological Museum of Florence University, while most...
Article
Full-text available
Der mysteriöse Apenninen-Braunbär und seine Schutzmaßnahmen in Zentralitalien Artenschutzberichte 22 Der mysteriöse Apenninen-Braunbär und seine Schutz-maßnahmen in Zentralitalien
Preprint
Introduzione Nei giardini zoologi il museologo scientifico deve porsi come obbiettivo non solo la corretta gestione ed il benessere degli animali che vi sono ospitati, ma anche una piena utilizzazione di questi nella strategia culturale dell'istituzione (Gippoliti, 2012). I grandi felini del genere Panthera appartengono a buon diritto alla ristrett...
Article
Full-text available
For more than half a century, little taxonomic revisionary work has been directed towards extant European mammals so that the limits of most geographically widespread polytypic species remained scientifically untested. Occasionally, taxonomic changes have been proposed and several new species have been resurrected / discovered in the last decades m...
Article
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Although empirical data are necessary to describe new species, their discoveries can be guided from the survey of the so-called circumstantial evidence (that indirectly determines the existence or nonexistence of a fact). Yet this type of evidence, generally linked to traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), is often disputed by field biologists due...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian taxonomy based on the diagnosability version of the Phylogenetic Species Concept – considered as an operational manifestation of the Evolutionary Species Concept - offers a sound and verifiable base for understanding mammalian classification. There is now strong evidence that a taxonomy dominated by the Biological Synthesis (overlumped) h...
Article
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A non-killing policy in biodiversity science has been recently promoted in some papers. Here the arguments pro collecting are reiterated and some issues concerning biological ethics, conservation biology and environmental awareness are stressed. Accordingly, naturalists involved with the study and preservation of biodiversity should not promote per...
Article
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In this paper, we commemorate the professional activity of Prof. Lorenzo Camerano 100 years after his death on 22 November 1917, with a special emphasis on his mammalogical studies. Our two aims are to widespread some of his little-known results on the systematic and phylogenetics of ungulates (particularly of the genus Capra) and to increase knowl...
Article
Full-text available
Many practices have been proposed in conservation education to facilitate a re-connection between nature and the young digital generation in anthropized contexts. In this paper we suggest that, at least in some specific circumstances (urban and suburban areas), non-native invasive species may have a paradoxical and positive impact in conservation e...
Article
Full-text available
Seventy years after his death, Reginald Innes Pocock’s prominence in mammalogy is demonstrated by the continuing amount of citations in recent works and the final acceptance of some of his systematic proposals at generic and suprageneric levels. Pocock’s ability to synthesize and integrate classical taxonomy with the then dominant polytypic species...