Giovanni Antonio Travaglino

Giovanni Antonio Travaglino
Royal Holloway, University of London | RHUL · Department of Law and Criminology

PhD

About

69
Publications
30,791
Reads
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846
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - August 2015
University of Kent
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVIDiSTRESS Consortium launched an open-access global survey to understand and improve individuals' experiences related to the crisis. a year later, we extended this line of research by launching a new survey to address the dynamic landscape of the pandemic. this survey was released with the goal of a...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Communicating in ways that motivate engagement in social distancing remains a critical global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study tested motivational qualities of messages about social distancing (those that promoted choice and agency vs. those that were forceful and shaming) in 25,718 people in 89 countries...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research (Zick et al. 2008) suggested that animosity toward social minorities in Europe is intertwined,forming a syndrome of Group-Focused Enmity (GFE). In the current research, we extended the notion of GFE byidentifying the GFE structure in a non-European context (South Korea). We also tested a novel hypothesis thatstipulates an interpla...
Article
Full-text available
Since late 2019, the coronavirus SARS-COV-2 responsible for the COVID-19 disease has continued to spread across different regions of the world. As a result, governments have been implementing measures for controlling the disease which rely on people's cooperation. In this research, we considered predictors and implications of people's beliefs that...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the COVIDiSTRESS Consortium launched an open-access global survey to understand and improve individuals’ experiences related to the crisis. A year later, we extended this line of research by launching a new survey to address the dynamic landscape of the pandemic. This survey was released with the goal of a...
Article
Full-text available
To tackle the spread of COVID‐19, governments worldwide have implemented restrictive public health behavioural measures. Whether and when these measures lead to positive or negative psychological outcomes is still debated. In this study, drawing on a large sample of individuals (Ntotal = 89,798) from 45 nations, we investigated whether the stringen...
Research
Full-text available
The concepts of crime and politics continuously redefine each other’s boundaries. Crime has been used as an expression of dissent against power. The actions of bandits, pirates, smugglers and – more recently – urban gangs, mafias and hackers have been construed, not without controversy, as acts of resistance against predatory appropriation, institu...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about...
Article
Full-text available
Norm enforcement may be important for resolving conflicts and promoting cooperation. However, little is known about how preferred responses to norm violations vary across cultures and across domains. In a preregistered study of 57 countries (using convenience samples of 22,863 students and non-students), we measured perceptions of the appropriatene...
Article
Full-text available
The worldwide spread of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) since December 2019 has posed a severe threat to individuals' well-being. While the world at large is waiting that the released vaccines immunize most citizens, public health experts suggest that, in the meantime , it is only through behavior change that the spread of COVID-19 can be controlled...
Article
Full-text available
Norm enforcement may be important for resolving conflicts and promoting cooperation. However, little is known about how preferred responses to norm violations vary across cultures and across domains. In a preregistered study of 57 countries (using convenience samples of 22,863 students and non-students), we measured perceptions of the appropriatene...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented health crisis. Many governments around the world have responded by implementing lockdown measures of various degrees of intensity. To be effective, these measures must rely on citizens’ cooperation. In the present study, we drew samples from the United States (N = 597), Italy (N = 606), and Sout...
Article
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173 429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173 429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
This research seeks to expand our knowledge of what underlies group performance in Hidden Profile decision tasks, adopting a mixed methods approach. We created a new mental simulation intervention designed to improve group decision outcomes and information exchange and tested it across two studies. We supplemented our quantitative statistical analy...
Article
Six experiments examined responses to groups whose attitudes deviated from wider social norms about asylum and immigration (in the United Kingdom), or about taxation levels (in the U.S.). Subjective group dynamics (SGD) theory states that people derogate in-group individuals who deviate from prescriptive in-group norms. This enables members to sust...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVIDiSTRESS global survey collects data on early human responses to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic from 173,429 respondents in 48 countries. The open science study was co-designed by an international consortium of researchers to investigate how psychological responses differ across countries and cultures, and how this has impacted behaviour, copin...
Article
Full-text available
This N = 173,426 social science dataset was collected through the collaborative COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey-an open science effort to improve understanding of the human experiences of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic between 30th March and 30th May, 2020. The dataset allows a cross-cultural study of psychological and behavioural responses to the Coronavir...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that positive intergroup contact among disadvantaged group members may predict a so‐called sedative effect according to which positive contact is associated with reduced support for social change. Conversely, positive contact is associated with increased support for social change toward equality among advantaged group me...
Article
Full-text available
Health psychology shows that responses to risk and threat depend on perceptions as much as objective factors. The present study focuses on the precursors of perceived threat of COVID-19. We draw on political and social psychology and use the aversion amplification hypothesis to propose that subjective uncertainty and political trust should interact...
Article
Full-text available
The cultural dimension of power distance refers to individuals’ acceptance of power inequalities in society. Countries characterized by high power distance at the collective level face more domestic extremism. However, research has yet to examine how individual differences in power distance orientation may affect individuals’ intentions to engage i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that positive intergroup contact among disadvantaged groupmembers may predict a so-called ‘sedative’ effect according to which positive contact isassociated with reduced support for social change. Conversely, positive contact is associatedwith increased support for social change toward equality among advantaged group mem...
Article
Full-text available
People comply with governmental restrictions for different motives, notably because they are concerned about the issue at hand or because they trust their government to enact appropriate regulations. The present study focuses on the role of concern and political trust in people’s willingness to comply with governmental restrictions during the Covid...
Preprint
The presence of organized crime is a worldwide problem. There is, however, variation in the degree to which nations and societies are susceptible to organized crime’s activities. In the present study, in a sample of one hundred nations, we examined the question of whether cross-national differences in the perceived impact of organized crime are ass...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted two studies examining the factors underlying individuals' legitimization of hackers (digital actors operating on the internet). Drawing on the social banditry framework, and research on political action, we focused on the mediating role of anger in the association between external political efficacy and perceived legitimization of hack...
Chapter
To convey their adherence to masculine honor dictates, and strengthen the importance of such beliefs within the community, criminal organizations may use a variety of different channels. One such a channel is direct social interaction with community members. In this chapter, we examine the antecedents and consequences of intergroup contact between...
Chapter
Illegal agents can create alternative systems of governance that displace the state. Their power is grounded in their ability to embody and disseminate cultural values shared within the community. In this volume, we have analyzed these questions in the context of Italian criminal organizations. In this chapter, we discuss future research directions...
Chapter
To be efficient and function over a long period of time, a system of authority cannot rely exclusively on coercion but needs to be legitimized by individuals. Illegal groups’ secret power is not exempted from this requirement of legitimacy. Whereas official authorities tend to ground their legitimacy in the rule of law, illegal groups must, by defi...
Chapter
Criminal organizations and organized crime are phenomena that have entered public imagination through media representations and mythologized narratives. In this chapter, we survey both lay and scientific definitions of criminal organization. Although generally portrayed as alien and foreign threats, socio-scientific analyses emphasize the social em...
Chapter
In this chapter, we apply Intracultural Appropriation Theory (ICAT) to the issue of communities’ perceptions of and intentions to oppose criminal organizations in southern Italy. Specifically, we discuss evidence for the processes of strategic exploitation and social embedding postulated by ICAT. Criminal organizations draw on a set of values and n...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L’indagine COVIDiSTRESS è stata disegnata da un consorzio internazionale di scienziati sociali, denominato COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey Consortium, affiliati ad oltre 50 università e centri di ricerca. Lo studio misura le implicazioni della pandemia da coronavirus (COVID-19) ed ha coinvolto oltre 150.000 partecipanti in più di 50 paesi diversi. Il CO...
Preprint
Full-text available
This N=173,426 social science dataset was collected through the collaborative COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey – an open science effort to improve understandings of the human experiences of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic between 30th March and 30th May, 2020. The dataset allows a cross-cultural study of psychological and behavioural responses to the Coronavi...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is increasing negative emotions and decreasing positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes may have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we will examine the impact of reappraisal, a widely studied and highly effective form of emotion regulation. Pa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented health crisis. Many governments around the world have responded by implementing lockdown measures of different degrees of intensity. To be effective, such measures must rely on citizens’ compliance and collaboration. In the present study (N = 1896), we examined predictors of compliance with soci...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals’ engagement with video games and the internet features both social and potentially pathological aspects. In this research, we draw on the social identity approach and present a novel framework to understand the linkage between these two aspects. In three samples (Nstudy1 = 304, Nstudy2 = 160, and Nstudy3 = 782) of young Chinese people f...
Book
This Brief presents a social psychological approach to understanding the reaction of communities to organized crime and illegal groups. Based on a new theoretical framework and the latest empirical evidence, this book explores questions of how criminal organizations are able to gain power and exert governance over entire territories. This book draw...
Article
Full-text available
In the month approaching the 2014 Scottish Independence referendum, we tested the Identity‐Deprivation‐Efficacy‐Action‐Subjective Well‐Being model using an electorally representative survey of Scottish adults (N = 1,156) to predict voting for independence and subjective well‐being. Based on social identity theory, we hypothesized for voting intenti...
Article
Full-text available
Italian mafia-type groups exert governance over the community. To do so, they must engage in contact with community members. Previous research indicates that individuals’ endorsement of masculine honour values is associated to more frequent contact with members of criminal organisations (COs). The present research examines the relationship between...
Article
Full-text available
Corruption degrades the quality of institutions, increases economic inequality and limits growth. Recent studies indicate that corruption is also associated with lower satisfaction with life. This research examines a potential explanation for this association and investigates the role of institutional trust in mediating the linkage between perceive...
Article
Full-text available
Criminal organisations have the ability to exert secret power – governance over the community and inhibition of opposition (omertà). Traditionally, omertà has been attributed to fear or passivity. Here, a model grounded in different premises, Intracultural Appropriation Theory (ICAT), stresses the central role of culture in sustaining relations of...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals’ cultural tendencies of horizontal/vertical individualism and collectivism interact with their dispositional traits and contextual factors to shape social interactions. A key dispositional trait is social value orientation (SVO), a general tendency toward competition (proself) vs. cooperation (prosocial) in social exchanges. The present...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we analyse the ideological content of the discursive strategies used by a group of migrant workers subjected to “Caporalato”, a form of illegal hiring and exploitation of farm day workers through an intermediary. Starting from a series of collective open interviews with farm workers, we examine the way in which both dynamics of exp...
Article
Full-text available
The discursive analysis of criminal organizations’ family dynamics and ideological devices may provide important insights into the inner functioning of these groups. In this article, we describe and analyze a specific set of discursive strategies and the thematic narratives emerging from a TV interview with Giuseppe Riina, a member of Cosa Nostra a...
Article
Can imagining contact with anti-normative outgroup members be an effective tool for improving intergroup relations? Extant theories predict greatest prejudice reduction following contact with typical outgroup members. In contrast, using subjective group dynamics theory, we predicted that imagining contact with anti-normative outgroup members canpro...
Article
Full-text available
Italian criminal organizations (COs) engage in contact with community members to assert their control over local populations in Southern Italy. According to intracultural appropriation theory, COs’ presence in these regions is legitimised by values of masculinity and honour. Here, we test the role of these values in drawing people closer to COs, fa...
Article
Leaders often deviate from group norms or social conventions, sometimes innovating and sometimes engaging in serious transgressions or illegality. We propose that group members are prone to be more permissive toward both forms of deviance in the case of ingroup leaders compared to other ingroup members or outgroup members and leaders. This granting...
Article
Full-text available
A few weeks prior to the EU referendum (23rd June 2016) two broadly representative samples of the electorate were drawn in Kent (the south-east of England, N = 1,001) and Scotland (N = 1,088) for online surveys that measured their trust in politicians, concerns about acceptable levels of immigration, threat from immigration, European identification...
Article
Full-text available
Italian criminal organisations (COs) are a serious global threat. Intracultural appropriation theory (ICAT) holds that such groups exploit cultural codes of masculinity and honour to legitimise and lower resistance to their actions. Such codes are an important feature of Southern Italian group membership. A large survey (N = 1,173) investigated the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Argues that the UK Referendum result reflects the rise of rivalrous cohesion in which different groups become increasingly insular and combative in efforts to cement their social identity and certainty. This fragmentation arises across multiple group boundaries (is not restricted to the immigration issue), representing a risk to overall macro socia...
Chapter
Full-text available
Restorative justice (RJ) aims to ‘restore harm by including affected parties in a (direct or indirect) encounter and a process of understanding through voluntary and honest dialogue’ (Gavrielides, 2007, p. 139). Many different RJ practices exist; however, typically they involve a meeting between the victim and the perpetrator, and perhaps also comm...
Article
Full-text available
A group may be badly affected if its leader transgresses important rules. Nonetheless, an emerging body of evidence suggests that in intergroup contexts, group members apply a double standard when judging ingroup leaders - They respond less punitively to transgressions by their leader than by non-leaders. In this article, two experiments investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Masculine honor is an important cultural code in the south of Italy. Italian criminal organizations (COs) manipulate and exploit this code to maintain legitimacy among local populations and exert social control in the territory where they operate. This research tested the hypothesis that different levels of identification—the region and the nation—...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research established that when in-group leaders commit serious transgressions, such as breaking enforceable rules or engaging in bribery, people treat them leniently compared with similarly transgressive regular group members or out-group leaders (‘transgression credit’). The present studies test a boundary condition of this phenomenon, speci...
Article
Full-text available
What is the role of culture in establishing young people’s pathways into gang membership? Italian criminal organizations (COs) exhibit adherence to codes of honor and masculinity, important values in the context where they originated. Here it is proposed that the embedding of these values at an individual level may lessen young people’s group-based...
Article
Full-text available
The Genoa G8 Summit of 2001 was marred by violence and conflicts between police and activists. Afterwards, these different groups constructed clashing discourses about the events. In turn, these discourses sustained different types of social representations about the nature of the conflict. Earlier analyses of hegemonic social representations exami...

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The project's overarching aim is to understand why people legitimize organized crime. The studies consider the role of culture, social change beliefs and group dynamics in enabling organized crime' illegal governance in society.
Project
This project examines the cultural underpinnings of individuals' engagement in political action across a variety of context, geographical areas and issues.
Project
This study explore the relationship between relational mobility, attachment style on forgiveness to infidelity in 3 countries: China, Italy and America.