Giovanni Scicchitano

Giovanni Scicchitano
Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro | Università di Bari · Department of Earth and geo-environmental sciences

Professor

About

82
Publications
31,696
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1,825
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Additional affiliations
January 2014 - March 2016
Geologis - Academic Spin Off
Position
  • CEO

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, machine learning and deep learning methodologies have gained increasing attention in various fields of research, including environmental studies. Some algorithms with deep learning can be used to identify coastal features, detect changes over time, and monitor human activities on the coast, providing important information for susta...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of geomorphological analysis in archaeological investigations is essential to describe physical geography and land morphology in order to understand the relationship between the environment and human activities. Recently, the sediment flow connectivity index (SfCI) has been demonstrated to be a powerful geomorphic indicator for defi...
Article
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Contaminated marine and coastal sediments represent the main source of secondary pollution for the aquatic environment and marine fauna, affecting, directly and indirectly, ecosystems and human health. The assessment of the distribution of chemical pollutants in marine sediments can therefore be considered a preliminary step for understanding the p...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the accidental exhumation of three ancient trees by farmers, we conducted a multidisciplinary study based on the stratigraphic analysis of boreholes, carbon-14 dating, aerial photo interpretation, and analysis of palaeobotanical and archaeological evidences. We reconstructed the formation and evolution during Roman times of a first “...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The digital age, which is the time when a large amount of information is available, has revolutionized the way Geomorphology studies are conducted. These studies were traditionally perfomed through field observations or physical experiments to study the origin, devolvement and composition of landforms. However, freely available satellite images mak...
Poster
Full-text available
A comparison between two machine learning algorithms for the automatic detection of beach litter on the Torre Guaceto beach (Apulia, Italy)
Conference Paper
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Novel methodologies for beach litter monitoring take advantage of machine learning techniques applied to highresolution aerial-photogrammetric images acquired by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). In this study, a first attempt to classify multiple lasses of litter items from very high resolution images derived from an aerophotogrammetric survey is p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
“Mediterranean hurricanes”, known as Medicane or tropical like cyclones, are extreme marine events that are increasing in the last decades. They form in the autumn and winter months when warm sea surface temperatures combine with cool surrounding air to create low-pressure systems that interact with moist air from the Mediterranean. Despite being s...
Conference Paper
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Medicanes represent a unique weather phenomenon in the Mediterranean Sea, combining features of both tropical and extra-tropical cyclones. The recent Medicane Helios induced a severe windstorm that caused storm surges and flooding impacting coastal regions of southeastern Sicily. To assess the hydrodynamic parameters, such as tide phase, storm surg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, machine learning and deep learning methodologies have gained increasing attention in various fields of research, including environmental studies. Segmentation with deep learning can be used to identify coastal features, detect changes over time, and monitor human activities on the coast, providing important information for sustaina...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal erosion occurs due to different processes involving physical and ecological systems. One of these factors is the degree of water stress experienced by dune vegetation. While healthy dune vegetation can help to stabilize the dune systems, water-stressed vegetation can instead enhance dune erosion. In this study, remote sensing techniques wer...
Article
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Beach rocks are located along many coasts of the Mediterranean basin. The early diagenesis environment and the mean sea level along the shoreline make these landforms useful in the reconstruction of relative sea-level changes and, in particular, as SLIPs (sea-level index points). The beach rocks surveyed along the Ionian coast of Apulia were found...
Preprint
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In this work, we study a Mediterranean cyclone, that was called Helios and took place during the period 9–11 February 2023 in the southeastern part of Sicily and Malta Island, by a multiparametric approach combining microseism results with sea state and meteorological data provided by wavemeter buoy, HF Radar, hindcast maps and satellite SEVIRI ima...
Article
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Space Archaeology (SA), also known as Satellite Archaeology, Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology, or Archaeology from Space, is part of the wider interdisciplinary field of Remote Sensing for Archaeology. The application of satellite data in archaeological investigations has proven useful for landscape observation and analysis, the detection o...
Conference Paper
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Coastal systems are characterized by energetic and mass balances which influence the physical and biological features on the coasts. Waves, currents, and tides define the energetic balance of the coastal system at different time scales, while marine and continental processes together with biogenic ones determine the sedimentary volumes for the mass...
Conference Paper
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Anthropogenic debris, mainly composed of plastic materials, in the marine and coastal environments is increasing at a dramatic pace, thus becoming a global environmental issue for the coastal areas. Beach litter is of particular concern because of its high potential impact on coastal systems, human health, society, and the economy. Beach litter may...
Article
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Investigation of sea-level positions during the highly-dynamic Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3: 29–61 kyrs BP) proves difficult because: (i) in stable and subsiding areas, coeval coastal sediments are currently submerged at depths of few to several tens of meters below the present sea level; (ii) in uplifting areas, the preservation of geomorphic fea...
Article
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South-eastern Sicily is one of the most seismically active areas of the Mediterranean Sea, marked by a high level of crustal seismicity, causing major earthquakes (up to Mw ~7). As a consequence, this area is prone to earthquake-generated tsunamis, which affected the Ionian coast of Sicily in historical times. These tsunamis left geomorphic and sed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Investigation of sea-level positions during the highly-dynamic Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3: 29-61 kyrs BP) proves difficult because: i) in stable and subsiding areas, coeval coastal sediments are currently submerged at depths of few to several tens of meters below present sea level; ii) in uplifting areas, the preservation of geomorphic features...
Article
The coastal vulnerability along the Mediterranean coasts is increasing, especially in response to the occurrence of tropical-like cyclones, known as Medicanes, which have become more intense than in the past. A peculiar case was the impact of Medicane Zorbas in September 2018 along the coasts of south-eastern Sicily, where it caused inland flooding...
Article
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The global sea-level rise (SLR) projections for the next few decades are the basis for developing flooding maps that depict the expected hazard scenarios. However, the spatially variable land subsidence has generally not been considered in the current projections. In this study, we use geodetic data from global navigation satellite system (GNSS), s...
Article
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Quaternary uplift is well documented in SE Sicily, a region prone to damaging seismic events, such as the 1693 “Val di Noto” Earthquake (Mw 7.4), the largest seismic event reported within the Italian Earthquake Catalogue, whose seismogenic source is still debated and, consequently, the long‐term seismic hazard is poorly‐understood. However, the spa...
Article
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The coasts of the Mediterranean Sea are dynamic habitats in which human activities have been conducted for centuries and which feature micro-tidal environments with about 0.40 m of range. For this reason, human settlements are still concentrated along a narrow coastline strip, where any change in the sea level and coastal dynamics may impact anthro...
Article
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Over the last few years, several authors have presented contrasting models to describe the response of boulders to extreme waves, but the absence of direct observation of movements has hindered the evaluation of these models. The recent development of online video-sharing platforms in coastal settings has provided the opportunity to monitor the evo...
Article
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The dynamics of the sandy coast between Castellaneta and Taranto (Southern Italy) has been influenced by many natural and anthropogenic factors, resulting in significant changes in the coastal system over the last century. The interactions between vertical components of sea-level changes and horizontal components of the sedimentary budget, in combi...
Article
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This article is a response to the publication by Nick Marriner, David Kaniewski, Christophe Morhange, Clement Flaux, Matthieu Giaime, Matteo Vacchi and James Goff entitled “Tsunamis in the geological record: Making waves with a cautionary tale from the Mediterranean”, published in October 2017 in Science Advances. Making use of radiometric data set...
Article
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Boulder detachment from the seafloor and subsequent transport and accumulation along rocky coasts is a complex geomorphological process that requires a deep understanding of submarine and onshore environments. This process is especially interesting in semi-enclosed shallow basins characterized by extreme storms, but without a significant tsunami re...
Article
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The evolution of coastal and transitional environments depends upon the interplay of human activities and natural drivers, two factors that are strongly connected and many times conflicting. The urge for efficient tools for characterising and predicting the behaviour of such systems is nowadays particularly pressing, especially under the effects of...
Article
This paper documents the analysis of a coastal boulder deposit that was recently identified along the northern Adriatic coast (Premantura Promontory, Istria, Croatia). Accumulations of large boulders have not previously been reported in the northern Adriatic, which can be viewed as a semi-enclosed basin. A multidisciplinary approach was used to inv...
Article
We report detailed morphometric observations on several MIS 5.5 and a few older (MIS 11, 21, 25) fossil tidal notches shaped along carbonate coasts at 80 sites in the central Mediterranean Sea and at an additional six sites in the eastern and western Mediterranean. At each site, we performed precise measurements of the fossil tidal notch (FTN) widt...
Article
The coastal area of southeastern Sicily (Italy) is undergoing weak land subsidence, heavy coastal retreat, land flooding and exposed to severe storms associated with high-waves, also in consequence of the global sea level rise, which is expected to raise even more that 1 m by 2100 AD depending on different estimates. This value will be even larger...
Article
Late Holocene (~6.5 ka) shorelines represented by tidal notches, beach deposits, wave-cut terraces and intertidal organic rims are raised from few decimetres up to 5.5 m above the present sea level in the southern part of the Calabrian Arc, southern Italy. At five localities (Capo Vaticano and Scilla in southern Calabria and Taormina, Schisò, Capo...
Article
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Through the analysis of geomorphological processes coupled to archaeological time markers in one selected site – Ognina in south-eastern Sicily – this paper investigates ritual practices and sacred places associated with sea-level change and shoreline locations. The interdisciplinary approach adopted in this research also provides new data on relat...
Conference Paper
The accumulation of large boulders related to extreme waves are well documented in different areas of the Mediterranean coasts, such as in Turkey, Algeria, Egypt, Greece (Lesbos and Crete islands), France, Spain, Malta, Italy (Sicily and Apulia regions). These deposits have been associated to storm or tsunami events or both, depending on the local...
Article
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The coast of the Mediterranean provide several remnants of ancient coastal quarries, which are now useful to study sea level change occurring during the last millennia. Millstones quarries were exploited with same quarrying techniques from rocks like beachrocks, sandstones or similar lithologies, were shaped to be suitable to grind olives, seeds an...
Article
We present and discuss the genesis, age and evolution of indented landforms carved at sea level in correspondence of carbonatic headlands in three sites of the central Mediterranean coasts, between Marseille (France) and Balzi Rossi (Italy), the island of Tavolara (Sardinia, Italy) and the promontory of Tindari (Sicily, Italy). The shape of these a...
Conference Paper
MEDFLOOD-MOPP is a new project launched in 2016 and funded by INQUA for the period 2016-2020.The project stems from the results of MEDFLOOD, which, in 2012, started bridging the communities of earth scientists and archeologists working on sea-level problems in the Mediterranean Sea (Rovere et al., 2012). Results of MEDFLOOD included several publica...
Conference Paper
We present and discuss the genesis, age and evolution of indented landforms carved at sea level in correspondence of carbonatic headlands in three sites of the central Mediterranean coasts, between Marseille (France) and Balzi Rossi (Italy), the island of Tavolara (Sardinia, Italy) and the promontory of Tindari (Sicily, Italy). These landforms can...
Conference Paper
We present and discuss the genesis, age and evolution of indented landforms carved at sea level in correspondence of carbonatic headlands in three sites of the central Mediterranean coasts, between Marseille (France) and Balzi Rossi (Italy), the island of Tavolara (Sardinia, Italy) and the promontory of Tindari (Sicily, Italy). These landforms can...
Conference Paper
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The availability of very high resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEM), represent a main tool for hazards analysis and landscape morphology evolution. During the past years DEMs have been traditionally generated by aerial photogrammetric surveys from aircrafts, providing accurate results by at high costs. The recent developments of ultra-light Unm...
Conference Paper
Industrial and civil infrastructures often heavily impact on coastal environment both on emerged and submerged areas. Pipelines, for example, deeply influence, with their presence, morphology, hydrodynamic and water chemistry of the seabed and the overlying water column where they have been laid. This changing can damage various marine biocenosis d...
Conference Paper
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c) Area Marina Protetta Plemmirio – Siracusa, Via Gaetano Abela – Comprensorio del Castello Maniace (96100) Siracusa, Gianfranco.Mazza@plemmirio.it Testo articolo L'impatto di onde estreme ha da sempre rappresentato per i popolamenti costieri un importante fattore di rischio, ancor più nell'ultimo secolo, durante il quale gli insediamenti sono inte...
Article
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The accumulation of large boulders related to waves generated by either tsunamis or extreme storm events have been observed in different areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Along the eastern low-lying rocky coasts of Malta, five sites with large boulder deposits have been investigated, measured and mapped. These boulders have been detached and moved fr...
Article
Full-text available
The accumulation of large boulders related to waves generated either by tsunamis or extreme storm events has been observed in different areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Along the NE and E low-lying rocky coasts of Malta tens of large boulder deposits have been surveyed, measured and mapped. These boulders have been detached and moved from the seaflo...
Article
Full-text available
Recent works (Evelpidou et al., 2012) suggest that the modern tidal notch is disappearing worldwide due sea level rise over the last century. In order to assess this hypothesis, we measured modern tidal notches in several of sites along the Mediterranean coasts. We report observations on tidal notches cut along carbonate coasts from 73 sites from I...
Article
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Detailed mapping of geomorphological and biological sea-level markers around the Capo Vaticano promontory (western Calabria, Italy), has documented the occurrence of four Holocene paleo-shorelines raised at different altitudes. The uppermost shoreline (PS1) is represented by a deeply eroded fossilifer-ous beach deposit, reaching an elevation of ∼2....
Article
Full-text available
Detailed mapping of geomorphological and biological sea-level markers around the Capo Vaticano promontory (western Calabria, Italy), has documented the occurrence of four Holocene paleo-shorelines raised at different altitudes. The uppermost shoreline (PS1) is represented by a deeply eroded fossiliferous beach deposit, reaching an elevation of ∼2.2...
Article
It is always difficult to write about the premature departure of a brilliant colleague and a generous friend as such was Sergio to all of us. Driven by an insatiable curiosity for the sea and its infinite mysteries, Sergio graduated in geological sciences in 1995 with a PhD from the University La Sapienza of Rome, with a dissertation on geomorpholo...
Article
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The submerged sill in the Strait of Messina, which is located today at a minimum depth of 81 m below sea level (bsl), represents the only land connection between Sicily and mainland Italy (and thus Europe) during the last lowstand when the sea level locally stood at about 126 m bsl. Today, the sea crossing to Sicily, although it is less than 4 km a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The accumulation of large boulders related to large waves generated by tsunami and extreme storm events have been observed in different areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Along the NE and E low-lying rocky coasts of Malta a tens of large boulder deposits have been observed (Furlani et al., 2011; Mottershead et al., 2014). In the Sicily-Malta channel h...
Article
The coasts of Italy still preserve several remnants of coastal quarries built in antiquity, that now provide insights into the intervening sea-level changes occurred during the last millennia. In this paper, we show and discuss a new class of sea level indicator consisting of millstones carved along the rocky coast of southern Italy since 2500 BP,...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of repeated high precision leveling observations during the last 40 years along lines of the Italian fundamental network allowed us to estimate very recent vertical movements in eastern Sicily and southern Calabria (Italy). The network is measured by the Italian Istituto Geografico Militare (IGM) and we have analyzed three leveling lin...
Article
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The coastline of the Maddalena peninsula (south-eastern Sicily, Italy) is characterised by the occurrence of a boulder field associated to an extended soil stripping area and by a gravel/sandy berm. The accumulation of the boulders has been mostly correlated to the impact of the December 28, 1908 tsunami wave. The use of Terrestrial Laser Scanner s...
Article
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a b s t r a c t Detailed mapping of geomorphological, biological and archaeological sea-level markers around the Capo Schisò volcanic headland, a few kilometers south of Taormina, north-eastern Sicily, has documented the occurrence of three Holocene paleo-shorelines raised at different altitudes. The uppermost shoreline (PS1) is represented by a fo...
Article
The accumulation of large boulders resulting from tsunamis or large waves is a phenomenon that has been observed in different areas along the Mediterranean Sea, mainly along the shoreline of the Messina Straits and the Apulian coasts. It is known through historical records that very few large earthquakes have originated close to the Maltese Islands...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t In order to detect ongoing vertical crustal movement and assess both tectonic instability and marine invasion risk in the south-eastern Sicily coastal area, Holocene sea-level indicators have been compared to the sea-level curve for the same period. A stratigraphical and sedimentological study, accompanied by 14 C AMS dating, has be...
Article
New data are presented for late Holocene relative sea-level changes in two coastal sites of Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy. Reconstructions are based on precise measurements of submerged archaeological remains that are valuable indicators of past sea-level position. The archaeological remains are millstone quarries carved on sandstone coastal...
Article
Detailed mapping of Holocene shorelines outcropping a few meters above the present sea-level at Capo Milazzo, the main headland of NE Sicily, supplied evidence of the interplay between abrupt and steady uplift. Field analysis revealed two shorelines at distinct elevations, which were characterized through position and radiometric dating of geomorph...