Giovanni Mento

Giovanni Mento
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of General Psychology

PhD in Psychobiology, PostDoc

About

63
Publications
11,242
Reads
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797
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - present
University of Padova
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Tenure of the master degree course in "Developmental Neuropsychology"
January 2009 - present
University of Padova
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
January 2006 - December 2009
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Neuropsychology, High-density Electrophysiology, Attention, Executive Functions

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
In a recent study we outlined the link between Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) and the neural correlates of affective predictions, as constructed by the brain (generation stage) to prepare to relevant stimuli (implementation stage), and update predictive models according to incoming stimuli (updating stage). In this study we further explored whethe...
Preprint
Due to pandemic-imposed restrictions on lab-based research, we have recently witnessed a flourishing of online studies in experimental psychology, based on the collection of fine behavioral measures such as reaction times (RTs) and accuracy. However, it remains unclear whether participants’ alerting levels may have a different impact on behavioral...
Article
Childhood epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (CECTS), Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) and Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) are some of the most common pediatric epileptic syndromes. Despite the relatively benign (self-limited) course of epilepsy, current evidence suggests that these conditions are associated with an increased risk of neuropsycholog...
Preprint
People use their previous experience to predict present affective events. Since we live in ever-changing environments, affective predictions must generalize from past contexts (from which they are implicitly learned) to new, potentially ambiguous contexts. This study investigated how past (un)certain relationships influence subjective experience fo...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent study (Duma et al., 2020), we used the dynamic temporal prediction (DTP) task to demonstrate that the capability to implicitly adapt motor control as a function of task demand is grounded in at least three dissociable neurofunctional mechanisms: expectancy implementation, expectancy violation and response implementation, which are suppo...
Article
Machine learning approaches have been fruitfully applied to several neurophysiological signal classification problems. Considering the relevance of emotion in human cognition and behaviour, an important application of machine learning has been found in the field of emotion identification based on neurophysiological activity. Nonetheless, there is h...
Article
Machine learning approaches have been fruitfully applied to several neurophysiological signal classification problems. Considering the relevance of emotion in human cognition and behaviour, an important application of machine learning has been found in the field of emotion identification based on neurophysiological activity. Nonetheless, there is h...
Article
Full-text available
During childhood, the body undergoes rapid changes suggesting the need to constantly update body representation based on the integration of multisensory signals. Sensory experiences in critical periods of early development may have a significant impact on the neurobiological mechanisms underpinning the development of the sense of one’s own body. Sp...
Article
Objective The aim of the present study is to investigate with noninvasive methods the modulation of dynamic functional connectivity during interictal epileptiform discharge (IED) Method We reconstructed the cortical source of the EEG recorded IED of 17 patients with focal epilepsy. We then computed dynamic connectivity using the time resolved phas...
Article
Full-text available
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) can influence emotional predictions, constructed by the brain (generation stage) to prearrange action (implementation stage), and update internal models according to incoming stimuli (updating stage). However, neurocomputational mechanisms by which IU affects emotional predictions are unclear. This high-density EEG s...
Article
Emotions were recently reconsidered as predictions, constructed by the brain (generation stage) to prearrange action (implementation stage), and update internal models according to incoming stimuli (updating stage). However, it is unclear how emotional predictions are shaped by stimuli predictability. This study investigated the role of stimuli pre...
Article
Full-text available
Some deaf children continue to show difficulties in spoken language learning after cochlear implantation. Part of this variability has been attributed to poor implicit learning skills. However, the involvement of other processes (e.g. verbal rehearsal) has been underestimated in studies that show implicit learning deficits in the deaf population. I...
Article
Task-switching is one of the most popular paradigms to investigate cognitive control. The main finding of interest is the switch cost: RTs in switch trials are longer than RTs in repetition trials. Despite the massive amount of research in these topics, little is known about the underlying temporal dynamics of the cortical regions involved in these...
Article
Self-limited focal epilepsy of childhood (SFEC) is often related to mild impairments in several neuropsychological domains, including cognitive flexibility, which is generally considered a process requiring volition and attention. However, recent evidence showed that it can be implicitly adjusted exploiting simple ‘stimulus-response’ associations a...
Article
Prediction about event timing plays a leading role in organizing and optimizing behavior. We recorded anticipatory brain activities and evaluated whether temporal orienting processes are reflected by the novel prefrontal negative (pN) component, as already shown for the contingent negative variation (CNV). Fourteen young healthy participants underw...
Article
Starting from the evidence that complex tasks (e.g., driving) require lots of cognitive resources, this research aims at assessing the change of attentional electrophysiological correlates during an oddball task performed while driving a simulator. Twenty-four participants drove along six courses on a moped simulator, preceded by a baseline conditi...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated the effect of global temporal prediction on the brain capability to implicitly adjust proactive motor control. We used the Dynamic Temporal Prediction (DTP), in which local and global predictions of an imperative stimulus were manipulated by using different stimulus-onset asynchronies (SOAs), presented with several di...
Article
Full-text available
Machine learning approaches have been fruitfully applied to several neurophysiological signal classification problems. Considering the relevance of emotion in human cognition and behaviour, an important application of machine learning has been found in the field of emotion identification based on neurophysiological activity. Nonetheless, there is h...
Article
Human behavior is continuously shaped not just as a function of explicitly responding to external world events but also by internal biases implicitly driven by the capacity to extract statistics from complex sensory patterns. Two possible sources of predictability engaged to generate and update temporal expectancy are the implicit extraction of eit...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most important sources of predictability that human beings can exploit to create an internal representation of the external environment is the ability to implicitly build up subjective statistics of events’ temporal structure and, consequently, use this knowledge to prepare for future actions. Stimulus expectancy can be subjectively shap...
Preprint
Full-text available
Machine Learning (ML) approaches have been fruitfully applied to several classification problems of neurophysiological activity. Considering the relevance of emotion in human cognition and behaviour, ML found an important application field in emotion identification based on neurophysiological activity. Nonetheless, the literature results present a...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptually categorizing a face to its racial belonging may have important consequences on interacting with people. However, race categorical perception (CP) has been scarcely investigated nor its developmental pathway. In this study, we tested the neurolinguistics rewiring hypothesis, stating that language acquisition modulates the brain processi...
Article
Previous electrophysiological studies of lateralized visual working memory (VWM) identified an ERP component, defined as contralateral delay activity (CDA), directly modulated by the number of items held in memory. One of the main candidate as the cortical source of this ERP component is the inferior intraparietal sulcus (IPS). Moreover, previous n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In this study, we investigated the neural correlates of the anticipatory activity of randomly presented faces and sounds of both high and low arousal level by recording EEG activity with a high spatial resolution EEG system. Methods: We preregistered the following three hypotheses: 1) a contingent Negative Variation (CNV) difference in...
Article
Recent studies suggest that both top-down and bottom-up temporal orienting (TO) of attention are established early and show stable trajectories in typical development. Yet, no evidence is available about atypical development of TO. In the present study, we first investigate the interplay between top-down and bottom-up temporal attention mechanisms...
Article
Full-text available
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is defined as a fetal growth retardation, resulting in an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th centile for gestational age. IUGR developing brain is affected by the atypical fetal growth, presenting altered structure and connectivity and increased risk for neurodevelopmental impairments. Behaviorally, IUG...
Article
Temporal orienting of attention operates by biasing the allocation of cognitive and motor resources in specific moments in time, resulting in the improved processing of information from expected compared with unexpected targets. Recent findings have shown that temporal orienting operates relatively early across development, suggesting that this att...
Article
Contrary to other phobias, individuals with blood phobia do not show a clear-cut withdrawal disposition from the feared stimulus. The study of response inhibition provides insights into reduced action disposition in blood phobia. Twenty individuals with and 20 without blood phobia completed an emotional go/no-go task including phobia-related pictur...
Article
Full-text available
The study of neural pre-stimulus or “anticipatory” activity opened a new window for understanding how the brain actively constructs the forthcoming reality. Usually, experimental paradigms designed to study anticipatory activity make use of stimuli. The purpose of the present study is to expand the study of neural anticipatory activity upon the tem...
Data
Topographic scalp distribution of the evolution of anticipatory activity of the “No Crash End” condition in the three phases of the Time-on-Task analysis. (TIF)
Article
Threat stimuli typically elicit a psychophysiological response pattern supporting the organism's preparation for active defence. Differently, blood stimuli prompt a distinctive autonomic response pattern and sustained processing, which do not call for clear-cut mobilisation for action. However, the contribution of motor disposition in these respons...
Article
Full-text available
Anticipating events occurrence (Temporal Expectancy) is a crucial capacity for survival. Yet, there is little evidence about the presence of cortical anticipatory activity from infancy. In this study we recorded the High-density electrophysiological activity in 9 month-old infants and adults undergoing an audiovisual S1–S2 paradigm simulating a lif...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal orienting (TO) is the allocation of attentional resources in time based on the a priori generation of temporal expectancy of relevant stimuli as well as the a posteriori updating of this expectancy as a function of both sensory-based evidence and elapsing time. These processes rely on dissociable cognitive mechanisms and neural networks. Y...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The main objective of this study was to compare the neurophenomenology of the Out-of-Body- Experience (OBE) state induced by hypnotic suggestion on a group of five selected participants with other states of consciousness, specifically the state of imagined OBE and hypnosis. From a phenomenological point of view, a comparison of the OBE sta...
Article
We explored a novel method to electrophysiologically measure visuo-spatial recognition memory using a modified version of the Virtual Tray of Objects Task (VTOT). Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded from 18 healthy volunteers during performance in the VTOT. Participants were required to detect random repetitions of three-dimensional visual...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to generate temporal prediction (TP) is fundamental to our survival since it allows us to selectively orient our attention in time in order to prioritize relevant environmental information. Studies on adult participants showed that externally and internally driven mechanisms can be engaged to establish TP, both resulting in better behav...
Article
Many survivors of preterm birth experience neurodevelopmental disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, visual and hearing problems. However, even in the absence of major neurological complications, premature babies show significant neuropsychological and behavioural deficits during childhood and beyond. While the clinical tools routinely used to asses...
Article
To examine how impulsiveness influences the emotional modulation of behavioral and neural correlates of response inhibition. Twenty-nine healthy individuals scoring high (HI, N=16) or low (LI, N=13) on motor impulsiveness performed an emotional Go/Nogo task, including the presentation of pleasant, neutral and unpleasant pictures. Behavioral [reacti...
Article
Temporal prediction (TP) is a flexible and dynamic cognitive ability. Depending on the internal or external nature of information exploited to generate TP, distinct cognitive and brain mechanisms are engaged with the same final goal of reducing uncertainty about the future. In this study, we investigated the specific brain mechanisms involved in in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive impairment, mainly characterised by executive dysfunction, occurs in about half of cases in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). There is evidence that gender influences some clinical features of the disease, but its influence on the cognitive spectrum is unknown. Our objective was to investigate the impact of gender on cogni...
Article
The present study investigated whether dysphoric individuals have a difficulty in disengaging attention from negative stimuli and/or reduced attention to positive information. Sad, neutral and happy facial stimuli were presented in an attention-shifting task to 18 dysphoric and 18 control participants. Reaction times to neutral shapes (squares and...
Article
Full-text available
In this perspective article, I summarized certain theoretical and methodological issues concerning the investigation of the contribution of cognitive and motor processes to the electrophysiological stimulus-preceding activity. In particular, the question of whether the contingent negative variation (CNV) is a marker reflecting both cognitive expect...
Article
Full-text available
How we compute time is not fully understood. Questions include whether an automatic brain mechanism is engaged in temporally regular environmental structure in order to anticipate events, and whether this can be dissociated from task-related processes, including response preparation, selection and execution. To investigate these issues, a passive t...
Data
CNV amplitude and slope values for single subjects. (TIFF)
Article
L’obiettivo del presente lavoro è quello di illustrare il contributo delle Neuroscienze cognitive dello sviluppo (Johnson, 2005), recente prospettiva teorica e metodologica nata dalla convergenza di discipline quali le neuroscienze, la psicologia dello sviluppo cognitivo, la genetica e altre, sull’acquisizione di nuove conoscenze circa la relazione...
Article
The aim of the present review is to illustrate the recent contribution of the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience (Johnson, 2005) on the gain of new knowledge on the relationship between neural mechanisms and cognitive processes underlying both typical and atypical cognitive development. Specifically, the review focuses on the preterm birth as a c...
Article
It has been shown that children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) exhibit specific cognitive deficits. However, the neuropsychological profile has not yet been fully characterized. In order to control for the contribution of motor impairments as a confounding variable that is usually present when assessing children with muscular pathologies, w...
Article
The recent application of neuroimaging techniques in the field of human cognitive development is providing the practical basis for researchers to face speculative queries that had been impossible to address before enabling them to respectively describe "how the brain is" and "how the brain works" at birth or even before. These techniques encompass...
Article
Full-text available
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I) is a neuromuscular disorder with a heterogeneous phenotype. It is caused by mutations in the Fukutin Related Protein (FKRP) gene, which is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. FKRP functions in CNS are largely unknown. To investigate possible cognitive impairment in LGMD2I and to describe brain MRI fea...
Article
Auditory processing during sleep was investigated in premature infants by auditory event related potentials (AERPs). Twenty-six premature infants (mean GA 30 week- range 25-35) admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit were studied, prior to discharge, in active and quiet sleep at a mean post-conceptional age of 35 weeks. Infant state was determin...
Article
In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging has allowed researchers to individuate the earlier morphological development of the right hemisphere compared with the left hemisphere during late-gestational development. Anatomical asymmetry, however, does not necessarily mean functional asymmetry, and whether the anatomical differences between hemisphe...
Conference Paper
Objective: To investigate the influence of active and quiet sleep on auditory event related potentials recorded in preterm infants. Methods: Eighteen preterm newborns underwent auditory event related potentials during quiet and active sleep, before discharge from neonatal intensive care unit. An auditory oddball paradigm was used with frequently oc...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of gestational age on the auditory event-related potentials (AERPs) in preterm newborns of extremely low (23-29 weeks, N=20) and low gestational age (30-34 weeks, N=19). All subjects were tested at the same post-conceptional age of 35 weeks. An auditory oddball paradigm was used with frequently o...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has allowed researchers to individuate an earlier morphological development of the right hemisphere compared to the left hemisphere before birth. Anatomical asymmetry, however, does not necessarily mean functional asymmetry and whether the anatomical differences between hemispheres at this early age...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Preterm birth is known to be related with both neurological and cognitive deficits, such as phonological and speechrelated disorders. Mismatch Negativity (MMN) is a preattentive change-specific component of Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) occurring in response to infrequent changes in the physical properties of homogeneous series of sounds. It has...
Article
This thesis was aimed at investigating the presence of cognitive processing related to pitch detection and discrimination in preterm newborns. By means of the recording of auditory event-related potentials (AERPs) we explored the presence of functional asymmetries between hemispheres as well as the influence of the sleep state (Active vs. Quiet sle...

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