Giovanni Busetta

Giovanni Busetta
Università degli Studi di Messina | UNIME · Dipartimento di Economia

Economics

About

27
Publications
8,817
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
125
Citations
Introduction
Giovanni Busetta currently works at the Department of Economics, Università degli Studi di Messina. Giovanni does research on discrimination in the labour market against several minority groups (overweight, foreigners and unattractive), discrimination indexes, Okuns law and microfinance. moreover, he started to study from a couple of years the effects of COVID- 19 pandemic on student's anxiety.
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
March 2005 - September 2008
Parthenope University of Naples
Position
  • Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"
September 2004 - March 2005
Education
October 2001 - September 2002
University of Essex
Field of study
  • Economics
September 2000 - March 2004

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has produced an extensive aggravation of people’s anxiety level. Different policies aimed at fighting the spread of the virus could affect anxiety in various ways. We built an ad hoc web-based survey, administered to the student population of three Italian universities at the beginning of the pandemic and at one year’s distanc...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the vulnerability of specific population sections, with regards to economic and work conditions, mental and physical well-being, and context-based factors, emphasizing the need for timely policy measures aimed at counteracting the Italian economic framework’s fragility—which poorly adapts to unexpected circumst...
Article
Full-text available
Access to the Italian job market is undermined by several kinds of discrimination influencing the opportunities for individuals to obtain a job. In this study, we analyze together the impact of three of the most relevant kinds of discrimination operating in the Italian labor market: gender, race, and weight. Our aim is to assess whether gender and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This article deals with the impact of ethnic origin on individual employability, focussing on the first stage of the hiring process. Deeply, the authors' goal is to fathom whether there is a preference for native job candidates over immigrants, decomposing the discrimination against minority groups into its statistical and taste-based comp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the impact of being attractive and not being native on the gender gap in the opportunity of obtaining a job in Italy. To do so, we propose a field experiment that consists in sending 9680 fictitious curricula vitae to real firms looking for employees. We estimate an Heckit model in order to consider different response from firms...
Article
Full-text available
Il tasso di letalità associato al nuovo Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in Italia è attualmente il più alto al mondo. Tasso di letalità che molti studiosi affermano essere irreale. La difficoltà nel conoscere esattamente il numero dei contagiati comporta una stima della letalità basata soltanto sui pazienti effettivamente confermati a seguito del tampone, i...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies indicate that the manner in which children spend their time affects their cognitive and social development. But, the time that a child dedicates to compulsory and extra-curricular activities depends on a set of key factors such as family demographic and economic characteristics, social and behavioral norms, and how parents allocate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Access to Italian job market is characterized by a strong degree of discrimination. In this study, we analyze three kinds of discrimination together: gender, race and weight, in order to investigate whether gender and race increase or decrease the impact of weight-based discrimination. To do so, we sent fictitious résumés including photos of either...
Article
Full-text available
Types of discrimination are usually distinguished by economic theory in statistical and taste-based. Using a correspondence experiment, we analyze which of the two affects Italian labor market the most. In this respect, we studied the difference in discrimination reserved to first- and second-generation immigrants, taking gender differences into ac...
Chapter
Full-text available
“Non essere italiano dalla nascita rappresenta un ostacolo per trovare un lavoro, o un lavoro adeguato, per il 36,2% degli stranieri e il 22% dei naturalizzati” (Istat, 2015). Questi sono alcuni tra i maggiori risultati emersi dall’approfondimento tematico sull’integrazione di stranieri e naturalizzati nel mercato del lavoro, condotto dall’ISTAT ne...
Research
Full-text available
This paper deals with the impact of attractiveness on individual’s employability, stressing the first stage of the hiring process. During a field experiment from August 2011 to September 2012 we sent 8256 fictitious CVs to 1542 advertised on-line job openings, with attractiveness of the photo included in the CVs (or lack thereof) being the only sig...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper deals with the impact of ethnic origin on individual's employability, stressing the first stage of the hiring process. We studied whether there is a preference for Italian candidates over foreigners and, if so, whether it depends on gender, type of work, education and/or level of customer contact required. To do so, we collected data thr...
Article
This paper evaluates the impact of beauty on employability, stressing the first stage of the hiring process. In particular, we studied the Italian labor market in order to ascertain whether there exists a preference for attractive applicants according to gender and raci al characteristics. The sample analyzed consists of observations collected by s...
Conference Paper
The paper deals with the impact of beauty on employability of people, stressing the first stage of the hiring process. In particular, we studied if there exists a preference for attractive candidates and if it does whether it depends on sex, physical features and racial characteristics. We monitored all relevant agencies offering jobs in Italy from...
Article
Full-text available
Okun's law, named for its proposer, Arthur Okun, was first applied during the 1960s in the USA to describe the relationship between economic growth and unemployment fluctuations. Several attempts were later made to test the empirical applicability of the relationship to different countries and historical periods. Heterogeneous results were generall...
Article
La condizione di accessibilità abitativa (housing affordability) viene definita come la possibilità per una famiglia di acquistare, o prendere in affitto, un’abitazione adeguata alle proprie esigenze abitative impiegando una quota accettabile del proprio reddito. Obiettivo del presente lavoro è stabilire se esiste un effetto della regione e del gra...
Chapter
La disciplina sulle “tecniche di attenuazione del rischio di credito” costituisce una delle novità di maggior rilievo inserite nell’Accordo sui requisiti minimi patrimoniali del 2007 (Basilea II). Essa stabilisce la possibilità che soggetti terzi indipendenti, come ad esempio i Confidi, dotati di idonei mezzi patrimoniali, forniscano forme di garan...
Conference Paper
Income inequalities depend on a large range of components, which influence living conditions of private households. Not all these elements are strictly monetary, and non-monetary components sometimes can be even more important than monetary ones. While international literature has analysed extensively the impact of monetary income on income inequal...
Article
In many countries, Mutual Loan-Guarantee Societies (MLGSs) are assuming ever-increasing importance for small business lending. In this paper we provide a theory to rationalise the raison d'^etre of MLGSs. The basic intuition is that the foundation for MLGSs lies in the inefficiencies created by adverse selection, when borrowers do not have enough c...
Article
The paper analyzes the relationships between mutual loan-guarantee societies (MLGS), small firms and banks trying to evaluate the role played by the guarantees granted by MLGSs and by different banks on the availability and the cost of credit. We focus on a sample of firms member of a specific MLGS and we run different econometric exercises in orde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Le condizioni di vita delle famiglie vengono condizionate da una molteplicità di fattori non rigorosamente monetari, che esercitano un’influenza sul livello di benessere spesso non meno rilevante di quelle strettamente monetarie. Mentre l’interesse rivolto dalla letteratura internazionale nei confronti dei fattori monetari è stato sempre piuttosto...
Article
Full-text available
[ABSTRACT] Okun's law turns out from the relationship between economic growth and unemployment fluctuations of the American economy during the sixties. Following his results several analyses tried to test the empirical relevance of the relation, initially estimated by Okun, for different countries and historical periods. Generally, authors found he...
Article
Full-text available
Mutual Loan Guarantee Societies (MLGSs) are crucial players in credit markets of many European and non-European countries. In this paper we provide a theory to rationalize the raison d'e'tre of MLGSs. The basic intuition is that the foundation for MLGSs lies in the inefficiencies created by adverse selection, when borrowers do not have enough colla...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the vulnerability of specific population sections, with regards to economic and work conditions, mental and physical well-being, and context-based factors, emphasizing the need of timely policy measures aimed at counteracting the Italian economic framework’s fragility – which poorly adapts to unexpected circumstances. Identifying the most vulnerable groups is therefore essential with a view to carrying out targeted measures. Concerning University, the economic downturn caused by COVID-19 could likely result in a decrease in enrollments to both the first and further years of study, with significant consequences on the future of students and the system as a whole. The class of students is of great interest, as it is made up of individuals differing from each other in many ways. Suffice it to think about differences between on-site and off-site students, or between full-time and working students. The identification of the most vulnerable groups is essential to tackle inequalities in economic, well-being, and digital terms. In the present phase, we intend to develop an index that identifies the key risk factors, classifying university students according to their vulnerability level. The vulnerability index can be a guiding tool for policy interventions, to be applied in the case of another pandemic or any other emergency situation that implies the impossibility of reaching the sites where education takes place. The definition of such interventions will be the subject of the second phase of the project. In terms of policy actions, the results of this project can provide useful knowledge about the actual conditions of Italian students. In order to develop the composite indicator of vulnerability, we will use data from an ad hoc questionnaire, already administered to the students of the three universities (Messina, Udine and Politecnica delle Marche) during the lockdown. The gathered evidence concerns demographic, economic, labor, context-based, on-line teaching, time use, and psychological well-being features. Further waves will allow for the assessment of the effective impact of the pandemic on students’ academic careers, lifestyles, and on the economic and labor conditions.
Project
Access to Italian job market is characterized by several kinds of discrimination influencing the opportunities of obtaining a job for individuals. In this study, we try to analyze together three of the most relevant kinds of discrimination operating in the Italian labor market: gender, race and weight. Our aim is to analyze whether gender and race increase or decrease the impact of weight-based discrimination. To do so, we sent fictitious resumes including photos of either obese or thin applicants in response to online job offers. Our results indicate that the strongest kind of discrimination operating in the Italian labor market is the one connected to the candidate's provenience. Moreover, discrimination based on body weight appears to be more relevant within immigrants than within natives. Finally, gender gap appears to increase within the obese candidates' group compared to the normal weight candidates' one. This is a particularly relevant result because the increase in the obesity rate forecasted for the next years could produce an increase also in the gender gap, which in Italy is already massive.