Giovanna Ciaravino

Giovanna Ciaravino
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Department of Health and Animal Anatomy

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

About

24
Publications
2,902
Reads
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125
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
120 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - April 2021
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2014 - October 2018
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • PhD in Animal Medicine and Health
October 1999 - March 2005
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Veterinary Medicine

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are two major transboundary animal diseases of swine with important socioeconomic consequences at farm, subnational and national level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct cost of outbreaks and their control at country/regional level in four countries: namely CSF in Colomb...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction In Spanish dairy cattle farms, veterinarians working with farmers in the field mainly influence the implementation of biosecurity measures. However, veterinarians working in governmental institutions may also influence such implementation. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of veterinarians in official services in rel...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the temporal and spatial distribution of found dead African swine fever (ASF) positive wild boar carcasses from 2017 to January 2021 in affected European countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Poland, Serbia and Slovakia. During this period, a total of 21,785 cases were confirmed in 19,071 un...
Preprint
Full-text available
African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are two major transboundary animal diseases of swine with important socioeconomic consequences at farm, subnational and national level. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct cost of outbreaks and their control at country/regional level in four countries: namely CSF in Colomb...
Article
Full-text available
The high-resolution WGS analyses of MTBC strains have provided useful insight for determining sources of infection for animal tuberculosis. In Spain, tuberculosis in livestock is caused by Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae, where wildlife reservoirs play an important role. We analyzed a set of 125 M. bovis isolates obtained from livestoc...
Article
This study was carried out in two regions in Spain (Catalonia and Galicia) through eight focus groups; four for dairy farmers and four for veterinarians. The results showed that dairy farmers and veterinarians attributed responsibility to one another for not following biosecurity practices. The study brings to light contradictions among veterinaria...
Article
Introduction: This study aims to assess the most likely causes of Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) breakdowns in Spanish cattle herds and to identify the main risk factors at farm-level. Methods: Causes of bTB breakdowns were assessed through a qualitative risk-assessment based on decision-trees by analysing surveillance data from 3819 bTB breakdowns d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: The implementation of biosecurity measures on dairy farms is influenced by the diversity of people and contexts on the farm, where veterinarians are the main source of information for farmers. Thus, the main objective of this study was to explore and examine communication dynamics between veterinarians and dairy farmers in relation to...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberculosis (TB) in wildlife challenges epidemiological surveillance and disease control. An outbreak of TB was detected in a free-ranging wild boar population of a Natural Park in Catalonia (Spain) and the outbreak investigation was conducted in the area. During the study period (2015-2020), 278 wild boars were analyzed by gross pathology, histop...
Article
The level of commitment among farmers and veterinarians may have a significant influence on the effectiveness of control efforts against tuberculosis in cattle (bTB), facilitating or hindering the achievement of its eradication. In this study, we investigated the opinions and attitudes of farmers and veterinarians towards the bTB eradication progra...
Article
Full-text available
Biosecurity measures are a set of management procedures that prevent the risk of introducing and spreading infectious diseases to a farm, although these measures are rarely implemented in dairy farms. There are some studies that have identified that the decision to implement biosecurity measures can be influenced by several psychosocial factors (at...
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, the eradication of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle has had some setbacks and therefore we need to re-evaluate the current surveillance strategies. The Spanish cattle TB surveillance system consists of three components: a) routine skin testing, b) slaughterhouse surveillance, and c) pre-movement controls. Our objectives were to assess the effe...
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, despite years of efforts to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB), the disease is still endemic, with some areas of high prevalence. In this context, the surveillance and control plans may need to be re-evaluated, and understanding the dynamics of bTB spread within Spanish herds may help to develop new strategies for reducing the time for d...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several "non-biological" factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication pro-gramme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases...
Technical Report
This surveillance report on seven priority food- and waterborne diseases is the second dedicated epidemiological report for campylobacteriosis, listeriosis, non-typhoidal salmonellosis, shigellosis, Shiga toxin/verocytotoxinproducing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) infections, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, and yersiniosis, offering detailed analyses...
Article
Early detection of an infectious disease incursion will minimize the impact of outbreaks in livestock. Syndromic surveillance based on the analysis of readily available data can enhance traditional surveillance systems and allow veterinary authorities to react in a timely manner. This study was based on monitoring the number of cattle carcasses sen...
Technical Report
This report describes the occurrence of invasive bacterial diseases (IBD) in Europe during 2012, based on data collected through The European Surveillance System (TESSy). IBD remain an important public health issue across Europe and continue to cause serious disease in several countries, particularly among young children and the elderly. The main a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In Spain, varicella vaccination for susceptible adolescents was introduced in the routine immunization schedule in 2005. Vaccination courses have been readily available at Spanish pharmacy counters since 2004. Between 2006 and 2008, Navarra, Madrid, Ceuta and Melilla –four Spanish regions- also included children in their routine immunization progra...
Article
Full-text available
After an urgent inquiry into a suspected international outbreak of Salmonella Goldcoast infection was launched by Hungary in October 2009 a nationwide multidisciplinary investigation was carried out in Italy. The aims were to verify whether the higher than expected number of cases of S. Goldcoast infection that had occurred in Italy in the previous...
Article
From 2006 to date, serious epidemic waves of a Blue tongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) have occurred in Central-Northern Europe. In 2007, more than 12,000 outbreaks were recorded in Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg and Germany. Every year, Italy, particularly the Veneto Region, imports several hundred thousands cattle for the restocking of...

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