Giovanna Calogiuri

Giovanna Calogiuri
University of South-Eastern Norway | USN · Faculty of Health and Social Sciences

Professor in Health Sciences; PhD Physical activity and Health; MSc Sport Sciences
Professor in Health Sciences at the University of South-Eastern Norway and Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences

About

83
Publications
30,871
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Introduction
I'm Professor in Health Sciences, with emphasis on physical activity and technology, funded by the Drammen City Municipality in University of South-Eastern Norway at Drammen in Norway. I did PhD in Physical Activity & Sport at the University of Milan and Postdoc in Occupational Sciences at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. My research focuses on issues in physical activity and health, especially in relation to sleep-wake patterns and restorative experiences in nature.
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Leader of the research group for Assessment of Physical Activity and Health
August 2015 - present
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Master's Student
Description
  • https://www.inn.no/content/view/full/118277/language/nor-NO
August 2014 - present
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Master's Student
Description
  • https://www.inn.no/content/view/full/118278/language/nor-NO
Education
December 2011
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)
Field of study
  • Occupational Sciences
November 2005 - February 2009
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Physical Activity and Sport
October 2000 - April 2005
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Sport Sciences

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Aim The aim of this study was to assess whether the outcomes of immersive virtual nature (IVN) varies between seasons. Background IVN has received increased interest in recent years due to its potential applications within health and design. However, factors influencing people’s responses to IVN are largely unknown. Seasons affect a variety of hum...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Nature Connectedness, an individual’s cognitive, affective, and behavioral connection with the natural world, has been linked to various health and well-being outcomes. As Nature Connectedness can be elicited and strengthened through direct contact with nature, in the past decade studies have investigated whether similar effects can be ac...
Article
Full-text available
Background Moving to a different country often leads to changes in a person's health-related behaviours such as, among others, engagement in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Italian immigrants in Norway have tripled in the past 15 years, but little is known about their lifestyle and health. The aim of this study was to examine i) the...
Article
Full-text available
Studies show that green exercise (i.e., physical activity in the presence of nature) can provide the synergistic psychophysiological benefits of both physical exercise and nature exposure. The present study aimed to investigate the extent to which virtual green exercise may extend these benefits to people that are unable to engage in active visits...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Most studies on immigrant health focus on immigrant groups coming from extra-European and/or low-income countries. Little attention is given to self-rated health (SRH) in the context EU/EEA migration. To know more about health among European immigrants can provide new insights related to social determinants of health in the migration co...
Article
Full-text available
The salutogenic effects of green exercise are widely recognised, yet many individuals do not engage in this health-related behaviour. Using a convergent mixed methods approach, this study explored the impact of Immersive Virtual Nature (IVN) on the decision-making process relating to green exercise. Three experimental trials were conducted (overall...
Article
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Introduction: At Hernes Institutt workplace visit (WPV) facilitated by occupational therapists, has been introduced as a part of the interdisciplinary occupational rehabilitation program. The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate factors associated with return to work (RTW) in a group of patients who had participated in WPV. Furtherm...
Article
Background: During Finnmarksløpet (FL, one of the longest distance sleddog races in the world), veterinarians are exposed to extreme environmental conditions and tight working schedules, with little and fragmented sleep. Objective: The aim of this case study was to examine cardiovascular parameters and sleep-wake patterns among veterinarians wor...
Article
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Background: As mobility within the European Economic Area (EEA) is on the rise, it is important to understand migrants’ health and health-related behaviours, such as physical activity (PA), within this context. Virtually nothing is known about the health of Italian immigrants in Norway, a group that over the past 15 years has tripled in size. The p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Migrating to a different country is a life-event that can affect negatively a person’s lifestyle and health. Immigrants often experience lower self-rated health and poorer mental health compared with the general population of the host country. Virtually nothing is known about the health of Italian immigrants in Norway, a group that ove...
Article
Full-text available
As mobility within the European Economic Area (EEA) is on the rise, it is important to understand migrants' health-related behaviors (such as physical activity [PA]) within this context. This study investigated i) the extent to which Italian immigrants in Norway perceive that moving had a negative or positive impact on their PA; ii) possible differ...
Chapter
The world is progressively becoming disconnected from real or authentic nature due to urbanization, degradation of natural environments, and a general reduction in time spent outdoors. At the same time, virtual reality (VR) technology is becoming more and more accessible to consumers. This chapter will explore ways in which virtual nature can not o...
Article
Norway is becoming one of the new destinations of the Italian immigration, and the number of Italians living in Norway has substantially increased since 2008. Using data from official sources and from a recent mixed-methods research, the purpose of this paper is to present the main characteristics of the Italians in Norway and shed light on the pro...
Article
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In launching this Research Topic, our objective was to capture contemporary perspectives on the conceptualization and measurement of human-nature interactions, and advance future research perspectives. The ubiquitous nature of the challenge is exemplified by a diverse and expansive list of countries of our contributors, which ranges among 15 differ...
Article
Full-text available
Background People with an immigration background often have poorer health than the general population. Italians in Norway have tripled throughout the past 15-years, but little is known about their health. Health literacy (HL) has been emerging as a fundamental construct in enabling citizens to play an active role in improving their own and theirs c...
Article
Objectives Sleep disturbances are common in people with dementia and increase with the severity of the disease. Sleep disturbances are complex and caused by several factors and are difficult to treat. There is a need for more robust and systematic studies dealing with sleep disturbances in older people with dementia. The aim of this study was to in...
Article
Full-text available
Natural environments have been shown to trigger psychological and physiological restoration in humans. A new framework regarding natural environments restorative properties is proposed. Conditioned restoration theory builds on a classical conditioning paradigm, postulating the occurrence of four stages: (i) unconditioned restoration, unconditioned...
Article
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Mental health in the workplace is a societal challenge with serious economical and human costs. Most prevalent mental disorders in the workforce (e.g., depression), however, are preventable. There is widespread agreement about the favorable effects of nature exposure and consequently, nature-based interventions (NBI) in the workplace have been prop...
Article
Full-text available
Being exposed to natural environments is associated with improved health and well-being, as these environments are believed to promote feelings of "being away" from everyday struggles, positive emotional reactions and stress reduction. Despite these positive effects, humanity is becoming increasingly more distanced from nature due to societal chang...
Book
Full-text available
Studies have shown how the move to another country is an event that has a possible negative impact on people’s health. Italian immigrants have not been specifically studied in previous investigations in Norway, and therefore information is lacking. Although the prevalence of Italian immigrants in Norway is low, especially when compared with other i...
Article
Full-text available
Mass participation sporting events (MPSEs) are viewed as encouraging regular exercise in the population, but concerns have been expressed about the extent to which they are inclusive for women. This study focuses on an iconic cross-country skiing MPSE in Norway, the Birkebeiner race (BR), which includes different variants (main, Friday, half-distan...
Article
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Immersive virtual environments (IVEs) technology has emerged as a valuable tool to environmental psychology research in general, and specifically to studies of human–nature interactions. However, virtual reality is known to induce cyber sickness, which limits its application and highlights the need for scientific strategies to optimize virtual expe...
Chapter
“My business is to paint what I see, not what I know is there.” J.M.W Turner Lack of physical activity a major risk factor for global premature mortality and a large proportion of adults aged 18 years and over are insufficiently active worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need to tackle the problem of physical inactivity at a population leve...
Chapter
“Two world trends are powerfully reshaping human existence: the degradation…of large parts of the natural world, and unprecedented technological development. At the nexus of these two trends lies technological nature.” Kahn et al. (2009) With a focus on so-called immersive virtual environments, in this chapter we will explore ways in which techn...
Chapter
Full-text available
“We are like islands in the sea, separate on the surface but connected in the deep.” William James The concept of ‘Blue Mind’ coined by Wallace J. Nichols (2014) which has popularized water-based activities as a pathway to well-being and health provides a fitting backdrop for this chapter. The term refers to a “mildly meditative state characteri...
Chapter
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"Research has shown that people with a greater sense of vitality don't just have more energy for things they want to do, they are also more resilient to physical illnesses. One of the pathways to health may be to spend more time in natural settings. “ Richard M. Ryan
Article
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Introduction: Vertebral fractures are common osteoporotic fractures, affecting 2-46% of the population, causing morbidity and increased risk of mortality. Physical activity has beneficial effects for bone health, including increased bone mineral density and reduced hip fractures. However, evidence concerning prevention of vertebral fractures is sc...
Poster
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Background Mass participation sporting events have increased in popularity in the last two decades, thought concerns have been expressed about the extent to which they are inclusive for different groups of the population, including women (Murphy & Bauman, 2015). For instance, in the iconic cross-country ski race Birkebeinerrennet (BR), women make u...
Article
Full-text available
This multi-case study approach explores nature connectedness, resilience and attitudes towards the environment and sustainability among extreme sport performers. Uniquely, the participants in order to be advocates for sustainable sporting activity waived their anonymity. The achievements of the sample include channel swims, summitting Everest, ski-...
Article
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We aimed to examine the evidence for the proposed additive effect of exercise in the presence of nature (green exercise) by systematically reviewing studies that investigated the effects of outdoor or virtual green exercise compared with indoor exercise. Our review updates an earlier review, whose searches were conducted in April 2010. Trials were...
Chapter
This paper describes a series of studies on mushers (overall n= 33) who participated in the 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 endurance dog sled race Finnmarksløpet (FL), in the northern part of Norway. The race, which includes two classes, 500km and 1000km, goes through several checkpoints (CPs) placed four to ten hours apart. The participants’ maximal ox...
Chapter
Sleep deprivation can lead to a series of health problems such as of cognitive and neurobehavioral deficits, as well as alterations in the metabolic, endocrine, and immune systems. This paper summarizes our research on sleep recovery and sleep problems in participants in the Finnmarksløp (FL), Europe’s longest dog-sled race that takes place every y...
Chapter
Objective. The purpose was to summarize results from our projects studying hydration status in mushers participating in the long-distance dog sled races, Finnmarksløpet (FL). Methods. Urine samples from six male mushers, participating in the 2007 FL and two female mushers, participated in the 2008 FL, were collected. To evaluate hydration status, u...
Article
This study describes pacing strategies adopted in an 86-km mass-participation cross-country marathon mountain bike race (the ‘Birkebeinerrittet’). Absolute (km·h⁻¹) and relative speed (% average race speed) and speed coefficient of variation (%CV) in five race sections (15.1, 31.4, 52.3, 74.4 and 100% of total distance) were calculated for 8182 par...
Article
Full-text available
Background - As other westerns countries, a large portion of Norwegians do not meet the minimum recommendations for weekly physical activity (PA). One of the primary targets of the WHO’s Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases is to reduce insufficient PA by 10% within 2025. In order to effectively increase the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Being active in nature gives health benefits beyond those given by physical activity alone. Norwegians are generally known for being fond of green exercise. However, viewed in a public health perspective, the amount of weekly participation, as well as the motivational and sociodemographic factors that influence it, are of central importance. This a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is poor knowledge about the extent to which psychological distress influences oral health in older people in Norway. The aim of this study was two-fold: i) to describe the oral health of Norwegian elderly and their levels of psychological distress; and ii) to examine the relationship of psychological distress with self-rated oral...
Article
Full-text available
By combining physical activity and exposure to nature, green exercise can provide additional health benefits compared to physical activity alone. Immersive Virtual Environments (IVE) have emerged as a potentially valuable supplement to environmental and behavioral studies, and might also provide new approaches to green exercise promotion. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Long-distance dog sled races, e.g. Iditarod (Alaska) and Finnmarksløpet (Northern Norway), are extremely demanding sporting events that might expose mushers, handlers and a large number of organisers and volunteers to risks for their health. The purpose of this systematic literature review (PROSPERO registration n. CRD42017069136) was to identify a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: Inclusion in sports, especially with respect to groups that tend to be the least active (e.g. elderly, ethnic minorities, low socioeconomic status) is viewed as a key strategy for improving population health. Mass-participation sporting events have been increasingly viewed as an arena for inclusion and exercise promotion. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Exercise in natural environments (“green exercise”) confers numerous health benefits, but little is known about why people engage in green exercise. This study examined the importance of nature experiences as a motive for physical activity and the motivational profile of people who engage in green exercise compared to gym- and sports-based exercise...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: During the dog-sled race, the Finnmarkslop (FL), which lasts up to 7 days, participants get little sleep and what they get is fragmented; concerns have been raised about proper sleep recovery. The aim of this study was to examine awareness of sleep deprivation by FL participants and post-race sleep recovery after completion of the race. Method...
Data
Full-text available
Figure serie S1. Prevalence of adult Norwegians engaging in weekly green exercise and other forms of physical activity by (n = 2168): (a) sex; (b) age group; (c) education level; (d) household income; (e) living situation; (f) having/not having young children in the household; (g) centrality; (h) region. The bars represent the prevalence of individ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical activity (PA) in natural environments, known as green exercise (GE), can provide health benefits above and beyond PA in other environments, but little is known about the extent to which GE is an accessible form of weekly PA across different social groups. This study aims to examine the “GE phenomenon” in Norway, and evaluate po...
Article
Full-text available
Background Dementia often eventually leads to dependency on others and finally to residential care. However, in Norway about half of the dementia population lives at home, due to individual and political wishes. There is scarce and inconclusive knowledge of how living in a nursing home differs from living at home for persons with dementia (PWDs) wi...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of natural environments (NEs) for physical activity (PA) has been studied extensively. However, there is scant evidence to explain the motivational processes underlying the NE-PA relation. The aim of this study was to investigate the NE-PA relation using an ecological framework, focusing on perception of NEs, childhood experiences an...
Article
Full-text available
Full-text available at http://hdl.handle.net/11250/2380640 BACKGROUND:Stress and mental fatigue are major health threats to employees in office-based occupations. Physical activity is widely used as a stress-management intervention for employees. Moreover, experiences in contact with nature have been shown to provide stress-reduction and restorati...
Article
Full-text available
-It was hypothesized that an individual's chronotype might influence the response to physical activity at a given time of day. This study aimed to analyze the psychophysiological responses during a walking task at different times of day in individuals with different chronotypes. Fourty-six students (M age = 24.8 yr., SD = 7.2) filled in the Morning...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In a pilot study designed as a randomized controlled trial we investigated the impact of a green-exercise intervention on psychological and physiological indicators of stress in office-based employees. Fourteen employees volunteered in a two-week long intervention, during which they exercised either in a nature area or in an indoor setting. Compare...
Article
Full-text available
Studies show that access to natural environments (NE) is associated with higher levels of physical activity (PA). Findings are, however, ambiguous. Furthermore, very few cross-sectional studies have investigated cognitive and motivational processes that might influence the NE-PA relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate whether perceiv...
Article
Full-text available
-According to attention-restoration theory (ART), natural environments can provide restorative experiences. In this pilot study, a mixed-methods approach was used to examine the potential of using exercise in a natural environment to enhance exercise behaviors. The study included an assessment study and an intervention study (overall n = 19). The p...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to observe the cardiovascular demands by monitoring the heart rate (HR) and the pacing strategy by evaluating the speed during a simulated cross-country skiing race. Eleven skiers (16.45 ± 1.67 yrs; 21.32 ± 2.03 kg m–2; 72.35 ± 4.69 mL min–1 kg–1) competed in a 10km event divided into four laps. The HR profile was classifi...
Book
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PREFACE Spring 2012 the leader for the project “Bicycle City Alta”, Gjermund Abrahamsen Wik, wanted to look at the benefits of cycling to work. Post doc at the Norwegian University of Life Science (UMB), former project coordinator at Finnmark University College (HiF) Dr. Giovanna Calogiuri, was interested to study the effect of outdoor activity com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tidligere studier har vist at naturen som arena for fysisk aktivitet (FA) kan gi flere helsegevinster sammenliknet med FA innendørs [1, 2]. FA eller trening i naturen kan skille seg fra tradisjonelt friluftsliv ved at selve naturopplevelsen kan være et sekundært mål og det kan enkelt gjennomføres i nær- og urbanområder (f.eks. i en park). Derimot,...
Article
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We monitored the physical activity levels of 42 children during a regular day in kindergarten, using various instruments. This study will provide knowledge about children’s activity levels in kindergarten. It also discusses whether children’s activity levels can be adequately evaluated by the teachers or if there is a need for technical measurement...
Article
Full-text available
Background: An understanding of how the living environment influences physical activity (PA) is of great importance for health promotion. Researchers have reported increased PA when there is a greater availability of nature within people's living environment. However, little has been said about underlying motivational processes. The aim of this st...