Giorgio Brunialti

Giorgio Brunialti
Terradata Environmetrics · Spin Off company of the University of Siena - Italy

PhD

About

87
Publications
29,080
Reads
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1,990
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on environmental monitoring by means of indicator species. I’m currently engaged in the standardisation of biomonitoring methods within the Working Group CEN TC264 “Biomonitoring with mosses and lichens”. As well as on methodological aspects, I deal also on quality assurance procedures in environmental monitoring and on the influence of environmental variables on biodiversity and lichen biology.
Additional affiliations
December 2007 - March 2014
UNI (Italy) and TerraData environmetrics
Position
  • Expert member of the CEN Working Group 'Biomonitoring methods with mosses and lichens'
Description
  • Standardization of the European standards: EN16413 Biomonitoring with lichens - Assessing epiphytic lichen diversity. EN16414 Biomonitoring with mosses - Accumulation of atmospheric contaminants in mosses collected in situ
April 2006 - present
Terradata Environmetrics
Terradata Environmetrics
Position
  • project manager of applied and research projects in the field of environmental monitoring and assessment
January 2002 - December 2009
Università degli Studi di Genova
Position
  • Bioaccumulation and bioavailability of trace elements in mosses and lichen transplants. Implementation to bioaccumulation sruveys in urban environments
Education
October 2002 - October 2005
Università degli Studi di Siena
Field of study
  • Environmental Science and Technology
October 1991 - April 1998

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
Microclimatic conditions are important in determining lichen distribution at small scale, and may determine whether the species persist when the surrounding environmental conditions have drastically changed. This is the case with forest management, since a sudden variation of microclimatic conditions (increase of solar radiation, temperature, wind...
Article
Full-text available
1) Research Highlights: The work studied the beta diversity patterns of epiphytic lichens as a function of their reproductive strategies in old-growth and non-old growth forests from the Mediterranean area. (2) Background and Objectives: The reproductive strategies of lichens can drive the dispersal and distribution of species assemblages in forest...
Article
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We present new data concerning lichen species of the Italian flora and confirm 36 national red-listed species.
Article
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Although coppice forests represent a significant part of the European forest area, especially across southern Countries, they received little attention within the Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) processes and scenarios, whose guidelines have been mainly designed to high forests and national scale. In order to obtain “tailored” information on th...
Article
Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) indicators consider the main ecological and socioeconomic functions of forests but do not currently include some key groups widely adopted to assess the effects of forest management, such as herbaceous vascular plants, epiphytic lichens, and wood-decay fungi. Moreover, they are shaped into high forests while in t...
Article
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Climate and weather fluctuations and changes are the most important environmental driver of tree canopy defoliation, an indicator of forest health. We examined the relationship between tree defoliation and Basal Area Increment (BAI), a dimension of tree growth related to wood biomass increment, carbon sequestration and therefore to the climate chan...
Article
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Understanding the patterns of biodiversity and their relationship with environmental gradients is a key issue in ecological research and conservation in forests [...]
Article
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Forest logging can be detrimental for non-vascular epiphytes, determining the loss of key components for ecosystem functioning. Legal logging in a Mediterranean mixed oak forest (Tuscany, Central Italy) in 2016 heavily impacted sensitive non-vascular epiphytes, including a large population of the threatened forest lichen Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hof...
Article
Epiphytic lichens represent one of the most suitable indicators of forest continuity and management, especially in the context of ancient and old-growth forests. Nevertheless, they have not yet been included among Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) indicators to which Pan-European forest policy and governance refer. In addition, currently adopted...
Technical Report
These guidelines are based on the review of best practices and results of recent methodological and applicative studies. The guidelines address the use of epiphytic lichens (bioaccumulation by native lichens and lichen transplants) to monitor spatial and temporal trends of element concentrations (macro-elements and trace elements) related to atmosp...
Article
Due to several ecosystem services provided to the community, the multifunctional management of forests has acquired an important role over the years. The current Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) guidelines are based on planning programmes which are able to achieve targets from socio-economic and environmental points of view. In this paper, SFM i...
Article
Full-text available
Lichen biomonitoring programs focus on temporal variations in epiphytic lichen communities in relation to the effects of atmospheric pollution. As repeated surveys are planned at medium to long term intervals, the alternation of different operators is often possible. This involves the need to consider the effect of non-sampling errors (e.g., observ...
Article
Full-text available
The interpretation of lichen bioaccumulation data is of paramount importance in environmental forensics and decision-making processes. By implementing basic ideas underlying previous interpretative scales, new dimensionless, species-independent “bioaccumulation scales” for native and transplanted lichens are proposed. Methodologically consistent el...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Deliverable of LIFE14 ENV/it/000514 FutureForCoppiceS project: Scientific synthesis and evaluation of project results (with Synthesis for resource managers and policy makers). https://www.futureforcoppices.eu/en/documents/summary-report.html
Book
Full-text available
Tree health monitoring provides important information for conservation, management and improvement of forest resources. Such monitoring began in Europe in the '80s, as part of the pan-European ICP-Forests program, to respond to the concerns arising from the impact of pollutants and atmospheric depositions. Currently, forest monitoring has seen its...
Article
Currently, change in lichen community structure depends on a combination of several pollutants instead of just one. Consequently, alpha lichen diversity no longer represents an effective response variable for assessing trends in atmospheric pollutants over time. Here we investigated the value of the relationship between alpha diversity and differen...
Article
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We investigated the significance of tropospheric ozone as a factor explaining recent tree health (in terms of defoliation) and productivity (in terms of Basal Area Increment, BAI) in 15 ICP Forests Level I and one Level II plots in Alpine forests in Trentino (N. Italy). Mean daily ozone summer concentrations varied between 30-72 parts per billion (...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This deliverable fits under EU BON Work Package (WP) 5 “EU BON testing and validation of concepts, tools, and services” led by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). This deliverable provides the main results from task 5.3 “Testing EU BON services for management, decision makers and stakeholders: applications across different s...
Article
The effectiveness of surrogate taxa as ecological indicators for biodiversity assessment and monitoring depends on different factors, such as the spatial scale of analysis. In this study we explored the effects of the grain size and the choice of predictor variables on the strength of the community congruence relationships between vascular plants,...
Chapter
Although lichen diversity values are broadly used as bioindicators, mainly for air pollution , lichen communities can be substantially influenced by other ecological factors, such as tree species and forest structure, and microclimatic conditions. In particular, species composition may be a suitable indicator for climate and land-use effects as wel...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarises the cumulative effort of the biodiversity monitoring community of the EU-funded project EU BON (European Biodiversity Observation Network) on the principles and guidelines for the establishment and operation of relevant test sites mainly in Europe. The report focuses on the requirement to meet the challenges of the biodiversi...
Article
We tested the hypothesis that structural variables related to old-growth features affect the distribution of Lobaria pulmonaria in a Mediterranean National Park of Italy. A total of 36 plots, with old-growth characteristics and representing overall three forest types (beech- oak- and mixed- forests) were studied. The lichen was absent in about half...
Article
We tested the hypothesis that structural variables related to old-growth features affect the distribution of Lobaria pulmonaria in a Mediterranean National Park of Italy. A total of 36 plots, with old-growth characteristics and representing overall three forest types (beech- oak- and mixed- forests) were studied. The lichen was absent in about half...
Chapter
The old-growth forests play a vital role in the conservation of biodiversity and mostly of rare and endangered species. Their structural characteristics (presence of deadwood, habitat and substrate continuity) ensure the growth and dispersal of species particularly sensitive to forest management. The distribution and ecology of indicator species of...
Article
We investigated the bioaccumulation of selected trace elements in samples of the lichen Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. transplanted across two seasons in the urban area of Genoa (NW Italy), which is heavily affected by traffic and industrial pollution. Total concentration of most elements did not exhibit differences between seasons, exceptions being A...
Article
Full-text available
Integrative approaches as an opportunity for the conservation of forest biodiversity, edited by Daniel Kraus and Frank Krumm, European Forest Institute, Freiburg, 2013, 284 pp., available for free (ISBN 978-952-5980-06-6). [...] This book focuses on the opportunity to promote the conservation of forest biodiversity by enhancing integrative approach...
Article
Full-text available
Biological monitoring by means of lichens as accumulators of trace elements is a very suitable tool to assess and monitor air pollution and it has been adopted in several surveys in Italy in the last 30 years. In this paper, we try to make a critical analysis of this topic in order to understand the state of research and applications in this field....
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the effect of forest type on epiphytic lichen communities and selected indicator species, useful for long-term monitoring programs in Mediterranean forests. The results showed that only few species are common to many plots while others are locally rare. Epiphytic lichen diversity and communities were significantly inf...
Article
1. We attempted to elucidate the roles of b-diversity components and similarity in shaping Lobaria pulmonaria lichen communities in Italian forests to provide scientic tools for improving their long-term conservation. 2. A total of 20 sites were selected by stratied random sampling, including ve chestnut forests, seven beech–silver r forests and ei...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past 10 years, three National Parks have been established in southern Italy. This bought to the scientific attention the status of natural resources in these territories. The knowledge base completion, that includes also usually neglected organisms, is necessary for managing biodiversity. Although lichens are not included in the European c...
Article
The variability of biological data is a main constraint affecting the quality and reliability of lichen biomonitoring surveys for estimation of the effects of atmospheric pollution. Although most epiphytic lichen bioindication surveys focus on between-site differences at the landscape level, associated with the large scale effects of atmospheric po...
Article
Epiphytic lichens have long been used as ecological indicators. Lichen biomonitoring surveys were carried out by five experienced teams and the results compared across the entire process, from sampling design planning to species counting. The five teams received the same background information and worked in parallel but independently in the same ar...
Article
Full-text available
The results of two biomonitoring surveys of air quality by means of epiphytic lichens in the area of the geothermal fields of Larderello and Travale Radicondoli (Metalliferous Hills, Tuscany, central Italy) are reported. In particular, the Index of Lichen Biodiversity (IBL) was detected for 24 stations in the surroundings of Sasso Pisano and for 22...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated a fragmented Mediterranean oak forest to evaluate so called edge effect on species richness and composition of epiphytic lichen communities colonizing tree trunks. The results showed that in Mediterranean oak forest patches, epiphytic lichen diversity and communities are significantly influenced by microlimatic variab...
Article
Full-text available
The results of a survey aimed at testing the hypothesis that the lichen Evernia prunastri, when transplanted in an agricultural area with high atmospheric NH(3) concentrations, would respond to NH(3) air pollution accumulating nitrogen in its thalli and showing changes in the concentration of assimilation pigments are presented. The results confirm...
Article
Full-text available
Invasions of Typha (cattail) and/or Phragmites (common reed) in wetland ecosystems result in changes in species richness, diversity and composition of vascular plants. These invasions are particularly harmful in lakes where threatened species and/or communities are found. The spread of two species of Typha (T. angustifolia and T. latifolia) and of...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of the Important Plant Area (IPA) program - integral part of the CBD Global Strategy for Plant Conservation - is the constitution of a network of the most important natural or semi-natural sites for wild plant and fungi conservation. Giving lower plants and fungi the same importance as vascular plants, the program provides to individual countri...
Article
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This study is focused on the selection of variables affecting lichen and bryophyte diversity in Mediterranean deciduous forests. Plots representing two forest types (Fagus sylvatica and Quercus cerrisforests) and two forest continuity categories (old-growth (OG) and non-OG forests) were selected in the Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park (Ital...
Article
Full-text available
terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or...
Article
In Italy, many lichen species rare at the national level share their ecological requirements with Lobaria pulmonaria. The aim of this work is to test this lichen as a potential indicator for assessing forest sites which are worthy of conservation for lichens in Italy. The hypothesis to be tested is that stands hosting large and viable populations o...
Article
Full-text available
One of the basic tools to quantify biodiversity is based on the use of surrogate species. Such groups of species are easily assessed and may reflect the diversity of other important and less easily detectable taxa (cross-taxon surrogacy). Among these key groups of species, the vascular plant flora has great potential in determining diversity of oth...
Article
Concerns for short-term effects of global changes on biodiversity have been reported from several regions, including Mediterranean areas highly affected by desertification processes. Beside climate changes, human activities are the primary cause of land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas. Along a typical Mediterranean land-use...
Chapter
Full-text available
Lichens have been widely used as biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution, because these organisms respond to phytotoxic gases (especially SO2 and NOx) at cellular, individual and community level. Nevertheless, due to the biological and ecological variability of the organisms, scientists often find difficult to discern the effects of pollution agains...
Article
Rapid Biodiversity Assessments (RBAs) of lichen communities, obtained by means of simplified sampling lists based on morphospecies, showed good correlations with Lichen Diversity Values (LDVs), based on the complete identification of lichen species only when performed by operators with high levels of taxonomic knowledge. Furthermore, the use of hig...
Article
Thirty-five lichen species, collected during several trips in Italy are listed. These records are additions to the lichen flora of Liguria (21 species), Toscana (5), Sicilia (1), Abruzzo (1), Lazio (1), Sardegna (1); one species is new to N Italy and 2 to C Italy. Additional information is given for some other rare species, while the occurrence of...
Article
The effects of reduced nitrogen compounds on epiphytic lichen vegetation have been largely investigated in northern Europe. This paper reports for the first time results of a study carried out on pine trees in the Mediterranean basin. Contrary to the usual acidophytic lichen colonization of pine bark, in this case a nitrophytic lichen vegetation wa...
Article
The results of long-term biomonitoring of nine elements (Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, V, Cu, Zn, Fe and Al) with the epiphytic lichen Xanthoria parietina over a seven year time span are reported. A total of 51 sampling stations were monitored in two surveys, obtaining information about heavy metal concentrations in a large area characterized by a high impact of...
Article
Effects of high ammonia emissions and nitrogen deposition were investigated on lichens around a pig stockfarm (ca. 7,000 animals) in central Italy. Four sites were selected along a transect at 200, 400, 1000 and 2500 m from the stockfarm, the diversity of epiphytic lichens was measured and transplanted thalli of Xanthoria parietina and Flavoparmeli...
Article
Full-text available
200 infrageneric taxa of lichenised and lichenicolous fungi are reported from the Abetone area (Tuscan - Emilian Apennines, Central Italy). Psilolechia clavulifera (Nyl.) Coppins is a new addition to the lichen flora of Italy, other 17 taxa are new to Central Italy, 26 to Tuscany, 2 to Emilia Romagna. The presence of some taxa previously known from...
Article
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The results of 2 biomonitoring surveys carried out over a span of 7 years (1996-2003) in the Province of Ancona (central Italy) using the diversity of epiphytic lichens are reported. According to a recent standardisation process, in 2003 a different protocol was adopted, raising the problem of data comparability with the previous study. For this re...
Article
Full-text available
The results of a transplant experiment with the fruticose lichen Evernia prunastri aimed at monitoring the trends of trace elements deposition in a repeated biomonitoring study are reported. Data comparability between the two surveys and interpretation of the results were addressed in this study. The ratio between the concentration of each element...
Article
Sampling requirements related to lichen biomonitoring include optimal sampling density for obtaining precise and unbiased estimates of population parameters and maps of known reliability. Two available datasets on a sub-national scale in Italy were used to determine a cost-effective sampling density to be adopted in medium-to-large-scale biomonitor...
Article
24 species from Marche and Molise regions (Central-southern Italy), sampled during two biomonitoring surveys, are reported. 7 of these are new to Marche and 13 to Molise. The other species are interesting for their distribution and give useful informations about the climatic conditions of the survey areas. Vengono segnalate 24 specie di licheni, ri...