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Gintaras Kantvilas

Gintaras Kantvilas
Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery · Tasmanian Herbarium

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Publications

Publications (296)
Article
Two new species of Lambiella Hertel from Tasmania are described and illustrated: L. parvipsephota Kantvilas, which is similar to the widespread L. psephota (Tuck.) Hertel but differs by lacking norstictic acid in the thallus and sedifolia-grey pigment in the apothecia, and by having smaller apothecia and ascospores, 8−13 × 5−7.5 µm; and L. plumbea...
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Dictyomeridium tasmanicum sp. nov. (Trypetheliaceae) is described from the bark of coastal Allocasuarina verticillata in southeastern Tasmania. The new lichen has a thin, UV-, epiphloeodal thallus, small but prominent, pleurothelioid ascomata with eccentric to lateral ostioles, and bisporous asci containing comparatively large, muriform-euseptate a...
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The genus Neophyllis F.Wilson in Australia is considered to comprise two morphologically and chemically distinct species, N. pachyphylla (Müll.Arg.) Gotth.Schneid. and N. melacarpa (F.Wilson) F.Wilson. The confusion surrounding the application of the former name is clarified and revised descriptions of both are presented.
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Flora and fauna surveys were conducted at the Musselroe Wind Farm property in 2018 and 2019 as part of the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery’s ongoing research, collection-building and nature-discovery program. The property was found to have significant ecological and nature conservation values and this survey program increases the number of voucher...
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Flora and fauna surveys were conducted at the Spring Bay Mill property and adjacent area near Triabunna in 2019 as part of the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery’s ongoing research, collection-building and nature-discovery program entitled Expeditions of Discovery. Although a large portion of the mill site has experienced significant disturbance, som...
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The genus Arthothelium A. Massal. in Tasmania comprises ten species. Five of these are described as new: A. bacidinum Kantvilas, a saxicolous, littoral species with subglobose apothecia, non-macrocephalic ascospores, 25−40 × 11−19 μm, and containing the pigment Endoaurantiacum-gold which yields a K+ red reaction; A. insolitum Kantvilas, lichenicolo...
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Two species of the lichen genus Ochrolechia from cool temperate latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere are described and illustrated: O. alectoronica Imshaug ex Kantvilas & Fryday sp. nov., validated on a type from Campbell Island and also occurring in Tasmania and the Auckland Islands; and O. weymouthii Jatta, widespread in Tasmania and the southern...
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The new genus Australidea Kantvilas, Wedin & M. Svensson is described to accommodate Lecidea canorufescens Kremp., a widespread lichen in temperate Australasia. It is characterized by a crustose thallus with a green photobiont, reddish brown, biatorine apothecia with an internally hyaline, cupulate proper exciple constructed of branched and anastom...
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Isoetes jarmaniae sp. nov. is described as a new lycophyte endemic to Tasmania, Australia, where it is confined to peat-bound karstic wetlands in several river valleys in the south-west wilderness. While seemingly morphologically closest to I. drummondii, this quillwort has features that are globally uncommon in Isoetes and unknown in other Austral...
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Five species of Enterographa Fée from Tasmania are treated: the foliicolous E. bella R.Sant., the corticolous E. divergens (Müll.Arg.) Redinger, and three saxicolous species, E. cretacea P.M.McCarthy & Elix, E. subgelatinosa (Stirt.) Redinger, and E. ophiolithica Kantvilas, the last being new to science. The new species is known only from Tasmania...
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Caloplaca tephromelae Kantvilas, Suija & Motiej., a lichenicolous species growing on saxicolous thalli of species of Tephromela , is described from Tasmania. The new species is characterized by lecanorine to zeorine apothecia with a whitish grey thalline margin devoid of anthraquinone pigments, a non-inspersed hymenium, paraphyses without oil vacuo...
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Nineteen lichen species are recorded for the first time from Tasmania: Amandinea conranensis Elix & P.M.McCarthy, Bacidia laurocerasi (Delise ex Duby) Zahlbr., Buellia extenuatella Elix & Kantvilas, Catinaria atropurpurea (Schaer.) Vězda & Poelt, Collema crispum (Huds.) Weber ex F.H.Wigg., Diploschistes euganeus (A.Massal.) J.Steiner, D. gyrophoric...
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The lichen genus Lecanactis Körb. in Tasmania comprises six species: L. abietina (Ach.) Körb., which is widespread and pan-temperate; L. latispora Egea & Torrente and L. neozelandica Egea & Torrente, both shared with New Zealand and with the former recorded here from the Auckland Islands for the first time; L. mollis (Stirt.) Frisch & Ertz, shared...
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Two species of Mazosia occur in Tasmania: the foliicolous, pantropical M. phyllosema and M. corticola, here described as new to science. The new species is characterised by a corticolous thallus containing psoromic acid and three-septate ascospores, 17–27 × 4–6.5 μm; it occurs in Tasmanian and Victoria.
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Some thelotremoid lichens of Tasmania are reviewed. The following new combinations are proposed: Gintarasia asteliae (Kantvilas & Vĕzda) Kantvilas, G. minor (Kantvilas & Vĕzda) Kantvilas and G. tasmanica (Kantvilas & Vĕzda) Kantvilas. A revised description of Schizotrema schizolomum (Müll.Arg.) Mangold & Lumbsch, based on Tasmanian collections, is...
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Buellia acervicola Elix & Kantvilas, B. paradisana Elix & Kantvilas and Tetramelas oreo- philus Elix & Kantvilas are described as new to science, and Buellia macveanii Elix is re- ported for the first time from Tasmania.
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Two Tasmanian species of the genus Cresponea are treated: C. graemeannae Kantvilas sp. nov., characterized by a very thin, saxicolous thallus, apothecia with a thick, radially fissured margin, thinly pruinose disc, hypothecium inspersed with oil droplets, and 5–9-septate ascospores, 25–40 × 6–8 μm; and C. subpremnea (Kantvilas & Vĕzda) Kantvilas co...
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The new combination Ocellomma rediuntum (Stizenb. ex Hasse) Kantvilas, Gueidan & Tehler is proposed, supported by morphological, anatomical and molecular data. Hitherto known only from the Californian coast, this species is here recorded for Kangaroo Island (South Australia), Victoria and Tasmania. It is described and illustrated from Australian co...
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The circumscription of the lichenized ascomycete genus Icmadophila Trevis. in the family Icmadophilaceae Triebel was investigated. Sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and large subunit of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nuLSU) were generated for the five Icmadophila species and additional members of Icmadophilaceae from the genera Diba...
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New species and new records of the lichen genus Rhizocarpon from Tasmania, with a key to the Australian taxa 36 37 New species and new records of the lichen genus Rhizocarpon from Tasmania, with a key to the Australian taxa Patrick M. McCarthy Abstract Rhizocarpon austroalpinum P.M.McCarthy, Elix & Kantvilas, R. exiguum P.M.McCarthy, Elix & Kantvil...
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The new combination Angiactis banksiae (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas & Stajsic is proposed. The ecology of this remarkable species, known from coastal south-western Western Australia, Victoria, Flinders Island (Tasmania) and southern New South Wales, is discussed.
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Thelidium carbonaceum (Verrucariaceae), a new saxicolous lichen from Tasmania Abstract The lichen Thelidium carbonaceum P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas (Verrucariaceae) is described from siliceous rock in southwestern Tasmania. It has very small, thin thalli that are jet-black and rimose-areolate along with diminutive, semi-immersed perithecia, 0.08-0.17...
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Thirty-five species of Micarea are recorded for Tasmania. Ten are described as new to science: M. ceracea Coppins & Kantvilas (also known from Victoria and New South Wales), characterized by a thallus containing perlatolic and didymic acids, pallid apothecia and 3(-4)-septate ascospores, 10-21 × 3·5-6 µm; M. cinereopallida Coppins & Kantvilas (also...
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A ten-year study of the lichens of Kangaroo Island, South Australia, based on extensive fieldwork and a review of more than 1500 herbarium specimens, revealed a remarkable flora of 366 taxa. Fourteen appear to be restricted to the island, although they could be expected to occur on the southern Australian mainland, which is most similar to Kangaroo...
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The detection and identification of species of fungi in the environment using molecular methods heavily depends on reliable reference sequence databases. However, these databases are largely incomplete in terms of taxon coverage, and a significant effort is required from herbaria and living fungal collections for the mass-barcoding of well-identifi...
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The detection and identification of species of fungi in the environment using molecular methods heavily depends on reliable reference sequence databases. However, these databases are largely incomplete in terms of taxon coverage, and a significant effort is required from herbaria and living fungal collections for the mass-barcoding of well-identifi...
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An identification key to the 39 species of Menegazzia recorded for Australia and its offshore islands (including Tasmania) is presented. Distribution patterns are discussed and summarized. Mainland Australia supports 19 species, with seven endemics, and shares 12 species with Tasmania, six with New Zealand and one with South America. The new specie...
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Rinodina argopsina Elix & P.M.McCarthy, characterized by the presence of argopsin and zeorin, and R. teniswoodiorum Elix & Kantvilas, containing zeorin and arthothelin, are described as new to science from southern New South Wales and eastern Tasmania, respectively.
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Seven lichen species, Arthonia vinosa Leight., Caloplaca chalybaea (Fr.) Müll.Arg., Pertusaria alboatra Zahlbr., P. labuensis A.W.Archer & Elix, P. neilgherrensis (Müll.Arg.) D.D.Awasthi & P.Srivast., Rhizocarpon ridescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr. and Varicellaria hemisphaerica (Flörke) I.Schmitt & Lumbsch, are reported from Australia for the first time. New...
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Sixteen species of lichenicolous fungi are documented from Siphula -like lichens. Two new genera based on new species are introduced. Amylogalla Suija, Motiej. & Kantvilas, characterized by I+ blue, K/I+ violet vegetative hyphae and ascomatal wall, immersed, cleistohymenial, yellowish to orange ascomata, unitunicate, non-amyloid, 8-spored asci and...
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A flora and fauna survey was conducted at the east coast Tasmanian property Wind Song in 2017 as part of the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery’s ongoing research, collection-building and nature-discovery program. The survey recorded 885 taxa, primarily from the targeted groups of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens, butterflies, moths, beetles, sna...
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Kantvilas G. 2018: A new species of Dibaeis from Australia (Tasmania), with notes on the family Icmadophilaceae.-Herzogia 31: 562-570. The new species Dibaeis inundata is described from Tasmania and its relationships with other Australian species of the genus are discussed. A key to the four species in Australia is presented. The status of some oth...
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The genus Coenogonium Ehrenb. in Tasmania comprises seven species. New to science are: C. atherospermatis Kantvilas, Rivas Plata & Lücking, endemic to Tasmania and characterized by pale yellowish beige apothecia and relatively small ascospores, 6–8·5×2·5–3 µm; C. urceolatum Kantvilas, Rivas Plata & Lücking, likewise endemic to Tasmania and characte...
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Descriptions, illustrations, discussion and an identification key are presented for six saxicolous and terricolous species of the lichen genus Bacidia De Not. occurring in temperate Australia and Tasmania. Three species are described as new to science: B. lithophila Kantvilas from northern Tasmania, characterized by having only brown apothecial pig...
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Nomenclatural type definitions are one of the most important concepts in biological nomenclature. Being physical objects that can be re-studied by other researchers, types permanently link taxonomy (an artificial agreement to classify biological diversity) with nomenclature (an artificial agreement to name biological diversity). Two proposals to am...
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The new species, Micarea kartana Kantvilas & Coppins, is described from Kangaroo Island, South Australia. A member of the M. prasina Fr. complex, it is characterised by a goniocyst-like thallus that contains sedifolia-grey pigment and gyrophoric acid, grey to blackish apothecia, and 0-1-septate ascospores, 10-14 × 4-5.5 µm. It is compared briefly t...
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An eight-year study of the lichens of Kangaroo Island, based on extensive field work and a review of herbarium records, has revealed a diverse flora of more than 350 species. Of these, 24, including 15 that are endemic to the island, have been described as new to science. Many other species are new records for South Australia, Australia or the Sout...
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Pannaria hookeri (Borrer ex Sm.) Nyl., a bipolar lichen, is recorded for the first time for Australia (south-west Tasmania) where it grew on alpine limestone outcrops. Its identity was confirmed by morphological, anatomical and DNA-sequence data.
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The new species, Megalospora clandestina Kantvilas, is described from the highlands of Tasmania. It is characterised by a sorediate thallus containing pannarin and zeorin, single-spored asci and muriform ascospores, 30–72 x 12–30 μm. A key to the eight species of the genus occurring in Tasmania is presented.
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Pertusaria crassilabra Müll. Arg., based on a Victorian type specimen and hitherto considered a synonym of P. melanospora Nyl., is reinstated and recorded for southeastern Australia (including Tasmania) and New Zealand. The species is described and illustrated. Pertusaria amaurospora Hellbom and P. melanospora var. sorediata Elix & A.W.Archer are s...
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Two species of the lichen genus Bacidia (Ramalinaceae) with pruinose apothecia from Kangaroo Island, South Australia, are described and illustrated: B. septosior (Nyl.) Zahlbr., a long-overlooked species that is widespread in southeastern Australia, and B. brigitteae Kantvilas, described as new and known only from Kangaroo Island where it occurs in...
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Observations on some tropical species of the lichen genus Mycoblastus Norman (Mycoblastaceae) Gintaras Kantvilas Abstract Kantvilas, G. (2016). Observations on some tropical species of the lichen genus Mycoblastus Norman (Mycoblastaceae). Austrobaileya 9(4): 539–545. Three species of Mycoblastus from tropical latitudes are enumerated. Two are descr...
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Kantvilas, G. 2016. Further observations on the lichen genus Megalaria in Tasmania: some species with blue-green apothecial pigments. – Herzogia 29: 421– 434. Four species of the lichenised Ascomycete genus Megalaria are treated, namely the cosmopolitan Megalaria grossa, the two new species, M. hafellneriana (from Tasmania and Victoria) and M. plan...
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Two lichens new to science are described and illustrated: Ramboldia atromarginata Kantvilas is corticolous in wet sclerophyll forest in Victoria, and R. greeniana Kantvilas is a saxicolous species found chiefly in upland areas of Tasmania. The New Zealand endemic taxon, Lecidea subsericea Zahlbr., is found to be a synonym of Ramboldia stuartii (Ham...
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Thelidium robustum P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas sp. nov. (Verrucariaceae) is described from coastal limestone on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. It is characterized by a grey to dark greyish green, ecorticate, crustose-areolate to pseudosquamulose thallus that is attached to the substratum by hyaline rhizohyphae. The new species is distinguished from...
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An identification key and short diagnoses are presented for the thirty-two species of the lichen genus Caloplaca Th.Fr. recorded from Kangaroo Island, South Australia. In addition, two new saxicolous species, C. aggregata Kantvilas & S.Y.Kondr. occurring on limestone and C. sergeyana Kantvilas from siliceous rocks, are described.
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We studied the evolutionary history of the Parmeliaceae (Lecanoromycetes, Ascomycota), one of the largest families of lichen-forming fungi with complex and variable morphologies, also including several lichenicolous fungi. We assembled a six-locus data set including nuclear, mitochondrial and low-copy protein-coding genes from 293 operational taxon...
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Four crustose lichen species are reported for New Zealand for the first time: Jarmania tristis Kantvilas, Mycoblastus kalioruber Kantvilas, Pertusaria flavoexpansa Kantvilas & Elix and Pseudoramonia richeae Kantvilas & Vězda. All four species were previously considered Tasmanian endemics. The Jarmania tristis and Pseudoramonia richeae specimens are...
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The impacts of silvicultural disturbance (felling and burning) on lichens, mosses and liverworts in Eucalyptus obliqua-dominated wet forest in Tasmania were investigated. The study was based on presence-absence data for 452 taxa from 52 sampling events, spanning unlogged forest and disturbed, regenerating forest about 1, 3 and 5 years after disturb...
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A tribute to Peter James (1930–2014) - Volume 47 Issue 2 - Pat Wolseley, Per Magnus Jørgensen, Gintaras Kantvilas, Holger Thüs
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New taxa and new records of crustose lichens in the family Physciaceae (Ascomycota) in Australia. Abstract Endohyalina arachniformis Elix & Kantvilas, Gassicurtia gallowayi Elix & Kantvilas and Gassicurtia victoriana Elix & Kantvilas are described as new to science. In addition, Gassicurtia coccinea Fée, G. pseudosubpulcella Marbach and G. vaccinii...
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The publication of three species of Lecidella described in Muelleria 31 (2013) - Lecidella destituta Kantvilas & Elix, L. flavovirens Kantvilas & Elix and L. Montana Kantvilas & Elix - is validated by the citation of correct Mycobank identifiers and references to the previously published descriptions.
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Three lichenicolous species of Arthonia Ach. are reported from Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Two are described as new: Arthonia caliciae Kantvilas & Wedin grows on the thallus of the lignicolous species Calicium tricolor F.Wilson, whereas Arthonia insularis Kantvilas & Wedin grows on the saxicolous Caloplaca eos S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt. A third...
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Two new species in the genus Trapelia, namely, T. Calvariana Kantvilas & Lumbsch from the Tasmanian highlands and T. thieleana Kantvilas & Lumbsch from south-western Western Australia, are described. Examination of ascus types and analyses of DNA-sequence data confirmed the inclusion of these taxa in Trapelia sensu lato, but raised questions concer...
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Verrucaria alborimosa P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas (lichenized Ascomycota, Verrucariaceae) is described from coastal limestone in Flinders Island, Tasmania. A key is provided to the 12 marine and maritime species of Verrucaria in Australia.