Ginetta Salvalaggio

Ginetta Salvalaggio
University of Alberta | UAlberta · Department of Family Medicine

MD MSc CCFP FCFP

About

46
Publications
6,231
Reads
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302
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2007 - present
University of Alberta
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic and response has highlighted existing strengths within the system of care for urban underserved populations, but also many fault lines, in particular during care transitions. The objectives of this study were to describe COVID-19 response policies for urban underserved populations in three Canadian cities; examine h...
Article
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Background Hospital patients who use drugs may require prolonged parenteral antimicrobial therapy administered through a vascular access device (VAD). Clinicians’ concerns that patients may inject drugs into these devices are well documented. However, the perspectives of patients on VAD injecting are not well described, hindering the development of...
Article
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Background Although community-level benefits of health system engagement (i.e., health service planning, delivery, and quality improvement, engaged research and evaluation, and collaborative advocacy) are well established, individual-level impacts on the health and well-being of community members are less explored, in particular for people who use...
Article
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Background Inner city patients have a higher illness burden and need for care, but experience more unmet care needs. Hospital Addiction Medicine Consult Teams (AMCTs) are a promising emerging intervention. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a Canadian AMCT-like intervention for inner city patients on reduction in high emergency...
Article
Introduction The perceived unmet service needs of acute care-seeking people who use illegal drugs (PWUD) have been poorly documented, despite evidence of frequent hospital utilisation. This study applies the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to investigate correlates of unmet service needs in this subpopulation. Methods Survey data from...
Article
Background Acute care hospitals have been described as a high risk environment for people who use drugs (PWUD). Formal and informal bans on drug use can lead patients to conceal their use and consume under unsafe circumstances. Provision of hospital-based supervised consumption services (SCS) could help reduce drug-related harms and improve patient...
Article
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Objectives The objective of this study was to examine the perspectives of Canadian emergency physicians on the care of patients with opioid use disorders in the emergency department (ED), in particular the real‐world facilitators to prescribing buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP) in the ED. Methods We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews using...
Article
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Clinical practice guidelines can improve the clinical and social care for marginalized populations, thereby improving health equity. The aim of this study is to identify determinants of guideline implementation from the perspective of patients and practitioner stakeholders for a homeless health guideline. We completed a mixed-method study to identi...
Article
Objective: To guide family physicians working in a range of primary care clinical settings on how to provide care and support for patients who are vulnerably housed or experiencing homelessness. Sources of information: The approach integrates recommendations from evidence-based clinical guidelines, the views of persons with lived experience of h...
Article
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Objectif: Guider les médecins de famille de divers types de pratique familiale quant à la façon de dispenser des soins et du soutien aux patients logés précairement ou qui vivent l’itinérance. SOURCES D’INFORMATION: L’approche intègre les recommandations tirées des lignes directrices cliniques fondées sur les données probantes, l’opinion des person...
Article
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KEY POINTS • Clinical assessment and care of homeless and vulnerably housed populations should include tailoring approaches to a person’s gender, age, Indigenous heritage, ethnicity and history of trauma; and advocacy for comprehensive primary health care. • As initial steps in the care of homeless and vulnerably housed populations, permanent suppo...
Article
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Background: Many health professions learners report feeling uncomfortable and underprepared for professional interactions with inner city populations. These learners may hold preconceptions which affect therapeutic relationships and provision of care. Few tools exist to measure learner attitudes towards these populations. This article describes th...
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Background Substance use is disproportionately high among people who are homeless or vulnerably housed. We performed a systematic overview of reviews examining the effects of selected harm reduction and pharmacological interventions on the health and social well-being of people who use substances, with a focus on homeless populations. Methods and...
Article
Background: Addiction medicine consultation teams [AMCTs] are a promising strategy for improving hospital care for patients with substance use disorders. Yet very little research has examined AMCT implementation in acute care settings. To address this gap, we conducted a process evaluation of a novel harm reduction-oriented AMCT. Our specific aims...
Article
Canada’s opioid crisis is a public health emergency that disproportionately affects people who use drugs alone at home, requiring the mobilization of health systems to implement timely, effective, and innovative programs. The purpose of this review is to provide a synthesis of recent literature relating to technology-enabled harm reduction strategi...
Article
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Background There is a pressing need to reduce the burden of chronic disease and improve healthcare system sustainability through improved cancer and chronic disease prevention and screening (CCDPS) in primary care. We aim to create an integrated approach that addresses the needs of the general population and the special concerns of cancer survivors...
Article
Issues: People with severe alcohol use disorders are at increased risk of poor acute-care outcomes, in part due to difficulties maintaining abstinence from alcohol while hospitalised. Managed alcohol programs (MAP), which administer controlled doses of beverage alcohol to prevent withdrawal and stabilise drinking patterns, are one strategy for inc...
Article
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Background: Primary care plays a pivotal role in the provision of both mental health care and chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). Unfortunately, moderate mental illness (MMI) is associated with poorer general health outcomes. Part of this burden of illness may be due to reduced CDPS uptake. The Building on the Existing Tools to Improv...
Article
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Introduction: Active substance use and unstable housing are both associated with increased emergency department (ED) utilization. This study examined ED health care costs among a cohort of substance using and/or homeless adults following an index ED visit, relative to a control ED population. Methods: Consecutive patients presenting to an inner-cit...
Article
Objectives: Socioeconomically disadvantaged people living with addiction are underserved by traditional models of acute care despite high service utilization rates. In response to this shortfall, Edmonton’s Royal Alexandra Hospital has launched a multidisciplinary consult team offering best practices in addiction stabilization, health promotion, ha...
Article
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Substance use and unstable housing are associated with heavy use of the Emergency Department (ED). This study examined the impact of substance use and unstable housing on the probability of future ED use. Methods: Case-control study of patients presenting to an urban ED. Patients were eligible if they were unstably housed for the past 30 days, and/...
Article
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The Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Family Practice (BETTER) trial demonstrated the effectiveness of an approach to chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) through a new skilled role of a 'prevention practitioner'(PP). The PP has appointments with patients 40-65 years of age that focus on pr...
Article
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Objectives: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an effective but under-utilized approach for managing alcohol and drug misuse in primary care and emergency settings. Implementing SBIRT with low socioeconomic position patients also requires attention to patient engagement. This study evaluated the impact of a knowledge...
Article
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Background: The objectives of this paper are to describe the planned implementation and evaluation of the Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care (BETTER 2) program which originated from the BETTER trial. The pragmatic trial, informed by the Chronic Care Model, demonstrated the effectiveness o...
Article
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Our randomized controlled trial (The BETTER Trial) found that training a clinician to become a Prevention Practitioner (PP) in family practices improved chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). PPs were trained on CDPS and provided prevention prescriptions tailored to participating patients. For this embedded qualitative study, we explored...
Data
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Background: The aim of the Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Family Practice (BETTER) randomized controlled trial is to improve the primary prevention of and screening for multiple conditions (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer) and some of the associated lifestyle factors (tobacco use, alcohol...
Article
Background The aim of the Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Family Practice (BETTER) randomized controlled trial is to improve the primary prevention of and screening for multiple conditions (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer) and some of the associated lifestyle factors (tobacco use, alcohol o...
Article
Full-text available
Little research has described determinants and consequences of patient–provider rapport among people who inject drugs (PWIDs). This mixed-method study (a) qualitatively described facilitators, barriers, and consequences to rapport development between PWIDs and their health care providers and (b) quantitatively tested the hypothesis that quality of...
Article
Full-text available
Background Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral for Treatment (SBIRT) is an effective approach for managing alcohol and other drug misuse in primary care; however, uptake into routine care has been limited. Uptake of SBIRT by healthcare providers may be particularly problematic for disadvantaged populations exhibiting alcohol and other drug...
Conference Paper
Documenting alcohol use as a risk factor in primary care practices in Alberta
Article
Objectives: This study was designed to gather data on the implementation of community-based naloxone delivery for opioid overdose in a Canadian setting. Participants: A convenience sample of 50 clients accessing a needle exchange program for harm reduction supplies. Setting: This program took place in an urban Canadian city and was based out of a n...

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