Gina Marano

Gina Marano
ETH Zurich | ETH Zürich · Department of Environmental Systems Science

MSc in Forestry
PhD student in Forest Ecology at ETH Zurich

About

21
Publications
3,752
Reads
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37
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
34 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
Introduction
My PhD research project at ETHZ focuses on developing alternative formulations of soil water dynamics to better represent drought effects on tree establishment, growth, mortality and competition over the stand-​scale model ForClim developed by prof. Harald Bugmann. My research project is part of the Swiss National Foundation Science project "Embracing structural uncertainty in models of forest dynamics" and it is under the direct supervision of Ulrike Hiltner and Harald Bugmann.
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - December 2020
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Fellow
Education
October 2016 - February 2018
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Forestry and Environmental Sciences
October 2011 - October 2014
University of Naples Federico II
Field of study
  • Forestry and Enviromental Sciences

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
Forest management practices might act as nature-based methods to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and slow anthropogenic climate change and thus support an EU forest-based climate change mitigation strategy. However, the extent to which diversified management actions could lead to quantitatively important changes in carbon sequestration and stocking...
Article
Mediterranean pine plantations provide several ecosystem services but are vulnerable to climate change. Forest management might play a strategic role in the adaptation of Mediterranean forests, but the joint effect of climate change and diverse management options have seldom been investigated together. Here, we simulated the development of a Larici...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forest management practices might act as nature-based methods to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and slow anthropogenic climate change and thus support an EU forest-based climate change mitigation strategy. However, the extent to which diversified management actions could lead to quantitatively important changes in carbon sequestration and stocking...
Article
Full-text available
Forest models are instrumental for understanding and projecting the impact of climate change on forests. A considerable number of forest models have been developed in the last decades. However, few systematic and comprehensive model comparisons have been performed in Europe that combine an evaluation of modelled carbon and water fluxes and forest s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 3D-CMCC-FEM (“Three Dimensional - Coupled Model Carbon Cycle - Forest Ecosystem Model”) is a computer model and is primarily a research tool, and many versions have been developed for specific purposes. The National Research Council of Italy and University of Tuscia maintain benchmark code versions for public release and update these benchmark...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest ecosystems contribute significantly to the global carbon cycle by absorbing and storing CO 2 , thus potentially mitigating the effuects of anthropogenic climate change. The Mediterranean region, one of the world's biodiversity and climate change hotspots, is projected to become dryer and warmer in the future, with an increased likelihood of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Mediterranean basin is a well-known drought-prone region, nevertheless it has been affuected by unprecedented extreme climate events over the last decades which are projected to lead to an even drier and warmer climate in this region. Process-based forest models are versatile tools being able to simulate forest stand growth and structure under...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Forest management can aid buffuering anthropogenic climate change, thus playing a strategic role in the framework of the EU forestry-based carbon mitigation strategy, in particular in Central and Northern Europe. To what extent a diversified management portfolio would lead to effuective changes in carbon sequestration potential at the tree level re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present an R-based tool that allows to set up and run the Three Dimensional-Coupled Model Carbon Cycle-Forest Ecosystem Model (3D-CMCC-FEM). It provides an intuitive interface to perform model simulations controlling several parameters while implementing consistency checks on the model inputs. The overall tool consists of a folder containing the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gross Primary Productivity, tree growth and carbon reserve under climate change: the modelling case study of a dieback Quercus forest in San Paolo Albanese (Pollino National Park) The interplay between gross primary productivity and plant growth under the impact of summer drought events is mediated by the tree carbon reserves. To investigate how pl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mediterranean pine plantations provide several ecosystem services but are particularly sensitive to climate change. Forest management practices might play a strategic role in the long-term adaptation of Mediterranean forests, however the joint effect of climate change and alternative management options together in the near and far future must be in...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, droughts, deforestation and wildfires have become recurring phenomena that have heavily affected both human activities and natural ecosystems in Amazonia. The time needed for an ecosystem to recover from carbon losses is a crucial metric to evaluate disturbance impacts on forests. However, little is known about the impacts of the...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the last decades droughts, deforestation and wildfires have become recurring phenomena that have affected both human activities and natural ecosystems in Amazonia. The time an ecosystem requires to recover from carbon losses is a crucial metric to evaluate disturbance impacts on forests. However, the factors influencing and controlling the recov...
Article
Full-text available
Models of trees and stands exist since many decades, what nowadays has changed is our focus towards integrated forest ecosystem functioning. Managing forests in the 21 st century requires efforts that go beyond empiricism. Annikki Mäkelä and Harry T. Valentine's new book "Models of tree and stand dynamics" (Springer Nature, Cham, 2020) shows the st...
Poster
Full-text available
LANDSUPPORT aims at building up a web-based smart geoSpatial Decision Support System (S-DSS) providing a set of operational tools devoted to: i) support sustainable forest management ii) evaluate trade-off between land uses; iii) contribute to implementation, impact and delivery of about 20 European land policies and selected 2030 UN Sustainable De...
Poster
Full-text available
LANDSUPPORT is a web-based smart geoSpatial Decision Support System (S-DSS) which promises to provide a powerful set of tools devoted to (i) support sustainable agriculture and forestry, (ii) evaluate trade-off between land uses and (iii) contribute to implementation, impact and delivery of about 20 European land policies and also selected 2030 UN...
Article
Full-text available
Forests are part of a complex landscape mosaic and play a crucial role for people living both in rural and urbanized spaces. Recent progresses in modelling and Decision Support System (DSS) applied to the forestry sector promise to improve public participative forest management and decision-making in planning and conservation issues. However, most...
Poster
In literature a very large range of available DSS tools can be found for facing agriculture, forestry and environmental issues. However, these are typically designed to tackle a specific problem/scale/end-user group. The objective of LANDSUPPORT (H2020 project) is the construction of a web-based smart geoSpatial Decision Support System (S-DSS), whi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present document describes how to use the 3D-CMCC-FEM (Three Dimensional - Coupled Model Carbon Cycle - Forest Ecosystem Model) v.5.5-ISIMIP.
Conference Paper
It is well established – both in the scientific and legal domains - that forests provide qualitative ecosystem services including soil and landscape protection. Several evidences prove that andic soils are very important in many Italian mountain ecosystems. In particular, many catastrophic landslides (mudlflows) occur in forest ecosystems with andi...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The goal of this project is to assess the impacts of drought on long-terms forest dynamics by integrating empirical data and forest modeling. We will examine the driving mechanisms of drought, including soil physical properties, and further developing the soil water module of the existing forest model ForClim.
Project
https://landsupport.eu The objective of LANDSUPPORT is the construction of a web-based smart geoSpatial Decision Support System (S-DSS), which shall provide a powerful set of tools devoted to (i) support sustainable agriculture/forestry, (ii) evaluate trade-off between land uses including spatial planning) and (iii) contribute to implementation, impact and delivery of about 20 European land policies and also selected 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals including climate change resilience goals and the key SDG 15.3 “achieving a land degradation-neutral world”.This objective is achieved by the integration of already existing databases (interoperability) at different scales with the development of high performance modelling engines simulating agriculture & forestry, land degradation and environmental issues (e.g.fate of pollutants, ecosystem services). All the above, including their validation by remote sensed data will be ensured by a technology at the state of art for the developing environment (i.e.COMPSs), high-performing computing (e.g.GPU) and massive raster data management (e.g.RASDAMAN). LANDSUPPORT will be applied at four geographic scales: EU; 3 Nations (Italy, Hungary, Austria); 2 European Regions in IT and HU; 3 pilot sites in AU, IT, HU; and 2 pilot sites in Tunisia and Malaysia. By doing that, LANDSUPPORT will reconcile grand agriculture/environmental sustainability policy ambitions with operational reality as required by RUR-03-2017 call such as the evaluation of “land use trade-offs” and “incentivizing real actions/behaviour/investments”; all requiring activities at detailed spatial scale. LANDSUPPORT fits with the priorities of this work programme, as LANDSUPPORT S-DSS is (i) a scientific and technology innovation as driver for rural development, (ii) a framework for innovation and new business models adapted to the rural context, (iii) support for skills development in rural communities, (iv) a new approach towards policies and governance (subarea 1). See: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/215938/en
Project
The aim of this project was to develop, test and implement a tool to support the decisions of stakeholders on soil and landscape conserva- tion issues. The Decision Supporting System is designed to enable the introduction of the best soil conservation and land management measures and will ease the implementation of important but complex environment−related EU directives, regulations and national allocation plans. The tool includes many different high quality layers of information in order to be successfully applied. It has been developed in the framework of a “Web-based Spatial Decision Supporting System” . This Web-DSS is now applied in an area of about 20.000 hectares in South Italy (Valle Telesina, province of Benevento in the Campa- nia Region). See www.landconsultingweb.ue