Gina Lai

Gina Lai
Hong Kong Baptist University · Department of Sociology

About

31
Publications
5,148
Reads
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1,041
Citations
Citations since 2016
4 Research Items
404 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
This exploratory study adopts a dynamic approach to the understanding of video-gaming and social relationships. It examines the development of friendship ties initiated by video-gaming over a 10-year period of time. Based on qualitative data from 22 Nintendo DS players in Hong Kong, we find that the game play platform functions as a social media pl...
Article
Full-text available
Young people have been perceived as a group that benefits most directly from China’s education aspirations and modernization campaign. Given their high social and spatial mobility related to education and career pursuits, it is intriguing but also difficult to follow them in panel studies. This methodology paper summarizes how the Panel Study of Na...
Article
Full-text available
China has undergone an expansion of higher education in the 1990s. The university enrollment rate among high school graduates increased from 27.3% in 1990 to 87.6% in 2013. At the same time, Chinese universities are stratified into key universities and non-key universities, which differ significantly in resource input and prestige. Chinese parents...
Article
This study validated a Whole Person Development Inventory with 1,443 undergraduates. Factor analysis yielded 15 factors, namely, Intellectual-Capacity, Physical-Fitness, Health-Maintenance, Career-Preparation, Leadership, Emotional-Health, Self-Appreciation, Civic-Responsibility, Cultural-Engagement, Family-Relationship, Peer-Relationship, Communit...
Article
Unequal access to bridging social capital is found to be an important factor of social inequality. School is a social organization where individuals can make social connections and through whom, can accumulate social capital. Existing research on the relationship between school and social capital has mainly focused on the bonding function of social...
Conference Paper
The formation of social networks is a not a random process. It is a result of the combined forces of macrostructural conditions, which provide differential opportunities to meet members of different social groups, and the tendency of people forming social relations with similar others. The macrostructural conditions are often presented in the form...
Conference Paper
China has undergone an expansion of higher education in the 1990s. The crude university enrollment rate jumped from 1.6% in 1978 to 24.2% in 2009. The university enrollment rate among high school graduates increased from 27.3% in 1990 to 83.6% in 2010. At the same time, Chinese universities are stratified into key universities and non-key universit...
Article
Based on data from a 2005 survey conducted in Shanghai, China, this research examines the role of social capital in income inequality between rural migrants and urbanites. We find strong income return on social capital, in particular on social capital from strong ties. We also observe a great disparity in social capital possession between rural mig...
Article
This chapter discusses the networks and gender differences that exist in marriages. It first identifies the factors that can possibly affect network integration among married individuals. It then checks the relationship between social capital and marital network integration. Finally, it analyzes the gender effect on network integration and its rela...
Article
Ownership reform was introduced to Chinese state-owned enterprises in the early 1990s, to allow employees to own a share of their enterprises and to bring changes to the underlying structure of governance. However, effectiveness of this reform has yet to be ascertained. This study examines the effects of the new employee stock ownership scheme and...
Article
Using survey data of 1200 Chinese adults residing in urban Shanghai, the present study investigates how residential moves are related to the contextual constraints, availability and mobilization of social capital for expressive actions. Our data show that residential mobility may shrink the pool of social capital of traditional sources (e.g., kin-...
Article
This article examines the change in psychological well-being among urban residents in Beijing, China, over a 10-year period of rapid social change. The findings suggest that urban reforms generate economic gains at the expense of urban residents’ psychological well-being. Results from two community surveys conducted in 1991 and 2000 reveal that urb...
Article
This study examines personal support networks in Beijing and Hong Kong, based on survey data collected in 2000. It was found that these two Chinese cities, which share a common Confucian cultural heritage, are similar in many aspects of social support. The supportive roles of spouse or partner are prominent and diffuse. Other close relatives are mo...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to acquire information has been considered a crucial factor facilitating instrumental actions, such as job search and organizational innovation. Previous social network studies tend to treat the characteristics of social ties through which information is acquired as causes that may affect instrumental outcomes. However, little research...
Article
The present paper examines the composition of social support network in urban Shanghai. Spouse/partner and parent/parent-in-law are found to provide diffuse support, serving both instrumental and emotional functions. Compared to kin ties, support from coworkers are likely to be more specialized and secondary. These findings are inconsistent with ea...
Article
Based on in-depth interviews with 20 teachers in Singapore and a subsequent survey of 316 teachers, this essay analyses the sources of teachers' work stress and ways of coping. We propose to conceptualize stress and coping as different but related phases of human adaptation. Stress is constituted by threats to what is ultimately valuable to a perso...
Article
Recent developments in stress research have called for attention to how social structures influence the stress and coping processes. This paper examines the experience of work stress among professionals in Singapore and argues that workers' experiences in the workplace are influenced not only by individual personality and job nature, but also by st...
Article
This paper examines the experience of work stress and its psychological consequences among Singapore's life insurance agents in the context of the institutional arrangements of the life insurance industry. Results showed that our insurance agents generally experienced a low level of work stress, probably due to the cushioning effects of a supportiv...
Article
The Chinese urban economy has undergone substantial transformation since the industrial reforms in 1984. This article seeks to understand the impact of economic reforms on the institutional settings of the workplace, as seen from the workers' perspective, and their subsequent influence on workers' well-being, as indicated by job satisfaction. Data...
Article
This paper is a continuation of a research program designed to examine the role of social resources in the status attainment process. Unlike previous studies that conceptualized and operationalized social resources as either network resources or contact resources, it proposes a complementary approach that links the potential pool of the social reso...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is a continuation of a research program designed to examine the role of social resources in the status attainment process. Unlike previous studies that conceptualized and operationalized social resources as either network resources or contact resources, it proposes a complementary approach that links the potential pool of the social reso...
Article
Introduces the job perceptual discrepancies index (JPDI), which is based on an empirical study of social workers and their team supervisors and was created by comparing supervisors’ and subordinates’ evaluations of the levels of importance of the various tasks in the subordinates’ job. The findings indicate that while subordinates and supervisors i...
Article
This article examines the relationship between stress and distress in the life course, emphasizing the time elapsed between the event and measurement of psychological distress. Stressors are conceptualized as either distal or proximal based on how recently they occurred. Distal stressors are further classified as status changes or undesirable life...
Article
The stress-distress model is examined in the context of a Chinese urban center, Tianjin. Conceptually, the relationship between stress (as reflected in life events) and distress (as reflected in depressed symptoms) is hypothesized to hold across societies. At the same time, the measures of stress must reflect the social reality of a particular comm...
Article
A theoretical framework that delineates the relationships between work and family roles and psychological well-being is derived from U.S. research and utilized to examine the relationships of work and family stress with psychological well-being in urban China. Data from a sample of 733 married and employed individuals in urban Shanghai confirm the...
Article
Includes abstract. Thesis (M.A.)--Baylor University, 1988. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 108-115).

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