Gilbert Muruli Khadiagala

Gilbert Muruli Khadiagala
University of the Witwatersrand | wits ·  Department of International Relations

PhD, Johns Hopkins University

About

141
Publications
157,518
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Introduction
I am trained as a political scientist with diverse intellectual interests in African security, conflict resolution, governance, and leadership. I am currently researching state formation in Southern Sudan, probing the internal, regional, and international constraints on novel statehoods. I also still retain an abiding fascination with regionalism in Eastern and Southern Africa.
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - present
University of the Witwatersrand
September 2007 - present
University of the Witwatersrand
Position
  • Jan Smuts Professor of International Relations
September 1997 - May 2006
Johns Hopkins University
Position
  • Associate Professor of Comparative and African Studies

Publications

Publications (141)
Chapter
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Since its launch in 2002 the African Union (AU) has advanced post-conflict peacebuilding frameworks and institutions as part of the broad project of deepening local solutions to African problems. This chapter argues that while the AU has made significant strides in building norms around peace, security, stability, and governance, it faces tremendou...
Chapter
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The chapter examines the contributions of Edward W. Blyden (1832-1912) to Pan-Africanist ideas. It suggests that some of the Pan-African luminaries such as Nkrumah and Senghor found inspiration in Blyden's penetrating analysis of Black dignity, identity, prosperity, and self-determination. Blyden still speaks to contemporary concerns around decolon...
Technical Report
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While the African Union (AU) is leading overarching efforts to establish continent- wide norms for acceptable political conduct, regional institutions are also contributing substantially to democratization and peacebuilding in their neighborhoods. Bodies such as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) have been actively managing conf...
Chapter
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Chapter 19 argues that the events of 2016, especially Brexit, the crisis of confidence around regional integration in Europe, the controversial economic partnership agreements (EPAs), the cutting of EU funding to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), and the clamping down on African immigrants in the Mediterranean, are likely to have serio...
Book
The book probes major security and governance trends in Africa’s Great Lakes region since the 1990s. It examines political dynamics in key states – Burundi, the DRC, Rwanda, and Uganda – as well as the role of international actors such as the AU, the EU, and the UN, thereby providing a unique perspective on efforts towards regional peace and prospe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Khadiagala’s introductory chapter provides a critical overview of the major issues and themes that have animated scholarly and policy debates on security and governance in the Great Lakes region since the 1990s. Following the convulsions occasioned by Rwanda’s genocide and the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, there were various regional...
Chapter
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Khadiagala’s concluding chapter revisits the fundamental security and governance dilemmas that continue to plague states in the Great Lakes region. He argues that ongoing conflicts and instabilities result from the lack of sustained bids to build on the previous peacebuilding and state-building achievements that involved constitution-making, power...
Article
Full-text available
Peacebuilding is a key concept in efforts to reconstruct African states emerging from conflicts. At heart, it captures the whole array of activities associated with state-and nation-building in addition to building the foundations for local ownership of these processes. Popularised by the UN Secretary-General Boutros-Boutros Ghali in the early 1990...
Chapter
Regional integration in East Africa has long fascinated scholars and policymakers. Part of this interest stems from the long history of experimentation with integration in the region, going back to various colonial schemes, such as the 1917 Kenya-Uganda customs union. In 1967, the East African Common Services Organisation—which had come into being...
Research
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This essay probes the obstacles to state reconstruction in Somalia in the mid-2000s against the backdrop of theories of leadership in post-conflict contexts.
Research
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Developmental states are inconceivable with sturdy financial institutions to mobilize strategic resources. What is the institutional landscape of South Africa's DFI's? This study seeks to provide some answers to this question.
Research
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How are African development challenges mediated within regional and international domains? What is the contribution of the private sector to managing some of these challenges. This paper probes these questions.
Research
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The study addresses broad institutional mechanisms for managing the scourge of terrorism in Africa.
Research
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What are the drivers of reforms to enhance budget transparency and accountability in Kenya? This paper focuses on the contestations around budget reforms in Kenya in the early to mid-2000s.
Research
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This is a public lecture delivered in Sweden in 2003, focusing on the drivers of conflicts in Africa. It also examines attempts to address these conflicts.
Research
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This is a field-based research report for the World Bank on the political economy of policymaking around the power and transport sectors in Sierra Leone.
Research
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The study provides a conceptual treatment of the links between state and civil society from a comparative perspective.
Research
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The study examines electoral politics in a rural Kenya constituency during the 1983 elections.
Article
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South Africa is an emerging power with fairly strong democratic institutions that were crafted during the transition from minority to majority rule twenty years ago. How has South Africa used its position and power to promote democracy in Africa? Against the backdrop of debates on democracy promotion by emerging powers, this article probes attempts...
Article
Full-text available
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Article
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International norms around natural resource governance have proliferated in the face of civil wars and feeble state institutions in Africa. These norms have been captured in institutions such as the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), and the African Mining Vision (AMV). But have...
Data
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Political economy analyses of intrastate conflicts have focused on the links between resource scarcities, distributional inequities, and political marginalization. As well, scholars agree that institutions are vital in the attenuation, mediation, and mitigation of intrastate conflicts. This chapter captures the major explanations for intrastate con...
Chapter
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The civil war in Burundi that began in the 1990s propelled the coalescence of regional and international engagements that remain instructive for comprehending the division of labor between the United Nations (UN) and regional institutions. This interaction has fostered more partnership and burden-sharing than competition and burden-shifting, which...
Chapter
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THE SEARCH FOR EFFECTIVE PEACEBUILDING STRATEGIES IN AFRICA since the 1990s is animated by the need to find durable mechanisms that contribute to sustainable peace and development.1 Despite these efforts, debates abound about how to rebuild states, the operational limitations of peacebuilding, and the consequences of external engagement in postconf...
Conference Paper
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Since the 1960s, African states have embraced regional integration as a vital mechanism for political cooperation and for pooling resources to overcome problems of small and fragmented economies. In building meaningful institutions for regionalism, however, Africans have faced the challenges of reconciling the diversities of culture, geography, and...
Article
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How ideas influence Africa's international relations is an interesting subject of scholarly inquiry. This article illuminates the authors and events that shaped the germination and dissemination of ideas during two critical moments in Africa's international relations. The argument is that while ideas are important in Africa's international relation...
Article
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Boundaries in Eastern Africa reflect intricate compromises by colonial and post-colonial authorities to stabilize human habitation within territorial spaces. Although creatures of human contrivances, these boundaries have evolved into natural formations that delimit the external reach of power and delineate citizenships. Over the years, the instabi...
Article
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Like most African countries, Kenya has faced enormous obstacles in building political parties that transcend individualistic, idiosyncratic and ethnically based politics. Throughout most of the post-colonial era, patronage and the division of political spoils helped Kenyan elites to manage the fissures of ethnicity. With the resumption of competiti...
Article
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Kenya's political meltdown in the aftermath of the contentious 2007 elections tested the solidity and sturdiness of regional mechanisms tasked with conflict resolution in East Africa. Despite years of elaborate attempts to build diverse institutions for early warning, conflict prevention and management within the rubric of the East African Communit...
Article
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Recent studies on resolving civil conflicts have focused on the role of external actors in husbanding durable agreements. The contribution of authoritative parties is vital to the mediation of conflicts where parties are frequently too divided and where the stakes are too high to allow bilateral solutions. In the wide-ranging conflicts that convuls...
Article
John S. Saul is a Canadian academic and activist whose work on Southern Africa for more than three decades is well-known and respected. He is one of the few Africanists who have remained consistent in deploying a leftist approach to understanding political and economic trends in the region. This is refreshing in a field where scholars often leap, w...
Article
In a famous 1984 essay in the American Economic Review, the Nobel laureate Sir Arthur Lewis decried the dearth of new ideas in development. He attributed this phenomenon to the long gestation period that often ensues following a major scientific breakthrough or an earth-shattering event such as the Great Depression, and lamented the fact that econo...
Article
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The decolonization process that led to Angola's independence in November 1975 is instructive in the annals of colonial bargains for African independence. The coincidence of domestic turmoil in Portugal following the collapse of the dictatorship in April 1974 and the fragmentation of the Angolan nationalist movements created a context that precluded...
Article
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The proliferation of civil wars in Africa in the 1990s introduced a new source of strife on the African international horizon. As outcomes of weak postcolonial states, these wars saddled neighbouing countries with refugees , rebels and other economic burdens. In response, African states started to embrace mediation as one approach to resolving thes...
Chapter
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The UN’s engagement of African regional organizations in conflict management constitutes one of the dominant trends in the post-Cold War era. Captured in the dual conceptual lenses of multilateralism and regionalism, this engagement is often couched in the functionalist terms of partnership where regional organizations become the fulcrums for confl...
Article
Africa Today 49.2 (2002) 155-156 Studies of South Africa's transition have proliferated in recent years, seeking explanations for the collapse of apartheid, for the actors and issues animating the miraculous political transformation, and for the challenges confronting the new order. None of these studies come close to Pierre du Toit's magisterial a...

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