Gianni Romaní

Gianni Romaní
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile) · Department of Administration

Doutor em Administracao, USP

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57
Publications
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315
Citations

Publications

Publications (57)
Technical Report
Full-text available
GUESSS Chile 2021 shows the main results on the attitudes, aspirations and entrepreneurial intention of university students in Chile, with information collected from more than 20 universities that participated in the third version of the GUESSS Chile project. GUESSS is one of the most ambitious research projects worldwide on university entrepreneur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
GUESSS Chile 2021 muestra los principales resultados sobre las actitudes, aspiraciones e intención emprendedora de los estudiantes universitarios en Chile, con información recogida de más de 20 universidades que participaron en la tercera versión del proyecto GUESSS Chile. El GUESSS es uno de los proyectos más ambiciosos de investigación a nivel mu...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents an extension of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to identify, in a Latin American university, the students who are children of entrepreneurial parents and the determinants of their willingness to succeed them. The TPB is used as a basis to analyse the intention to be a successor, and three constructs are added: affective c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El GEM Región de Antofagasta 2020 muestra los principales resultados de la actividad emprendedora en la región con información del post-estallido social y los primeros meses de la pandemia. Los resultados reflejan una caída en todas las etapas del proceso emprendedor, siendo el más afectado el emprendimiento de las mujeres en etapas tempranas.
Article
This article is an introduction to a Special Section on "Entrepreneurship in Latin American and Caribbean countries: Evidence of GEM and GUESSS projects" where the editors present GEM and GUESSS projects, its objectives and scope. Then they make an overview of the research on entrepreneurship from these projects and the main challenges in LAC count...
Article
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to analyze the development of business angel networks (BANs) in emerging countries such as Chile and Colombia to understand how institutions affect their development. Design/methodology/approach This is a qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive study based on a comparative analysis between countries, with the...
Article
Purpose This study measures the influence of educational programs oriented toward entrepreneurship (POE) on the prediction of the entrepreneurial intention (EI) of university students, based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). Design/methodology/focus The sample contains a total of 4,697 answers from university students, obtained through the...
Book
Full-text available
RESUMEN EJECUTIVO “Desde la perspectiva de género, tanto hombres como mujeres entre 18 y 64 años poseen las capacidades necesarias para emprender. Por tanto, las diferencias individuales las determina la valoración social hacia el emprendimiento y las condiciones del contexto.” Desde la perspectiva de género, los indicadores nos muestran tendenci...
Article
Este artículo analiza los sesgos de género en las interacciones docentes en carreras mineras. A través de un estudio etnográfico, los resultados muestran que en las interacciones entre docentes y estudiantes mujeres, operan estereotipos de género en forma interaccional, multinivel y con distintas intensidades, son contradictorios y se expresan en f...
Article
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Mientras el sector público y la industria extractiva han implementado medidas para aumentar la participación de las mujeres en la minería. La educación superior está al margen de estas iniciativas. A través de focus group y entrevistas constatamos que las estudiantes mujeres no logran contrarrestar el machismo de los profesores ni de los compañeros...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El informe presenta los principales resultados de la actividad emprendedora en la región de Antofagasta pre-estallido social y pre-pandemia.
Article
While there is a growing body of studies on persistence and change in municipal start-up rates in more developed countries, this type of study for developing countries is still scarce. This work analyzes the spatiotemporal dynamics of municipal business start-up rates in Chile between 2005 and 2015 using spatial panel data for 342 Chilean municipal...
Article
Full-text available
Workers are calling for a new psychological contract in which power differences are less asymmetrical and underrepresented voices are heard. In this context, the present study identifies the gaps between the three organizational hierarchical levels (strategic, executive and operational) with a focus on power asymmetries. Employing the case studies...
Book
Full-text available
La Universidad del Desarrollo, a través del Instituto del Emprendimiento de la Facultad de Economía y Negocios, presenta el Global Entrepeneurship Monitor: Reporte Regional de Chile 2018. Este informe inédito, agrupa indicadores comparables entre las regiones del país, lo que permite generar una visión detallada sobre la dinámica del emprendimiento...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El informe GEM Región de Antofagasta 2018, muestra los principales resultados de la actividad emprendedora en la Región.
Technical Report
Full-text available
El informe muestra los resultados sobre la intención, actividad y aspiraciones emprendedoras de más de 7000 estudiantes de más de 20 universidades en Chile en el año 2018.
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to analyse the professional training of the students of mining courses, regarding the career barriers and the strategies to reverse them. Twenty-seven interviews with programme heads and union leaders in the industry were carried out. The results show paradoxical discourses: the programme heads point out that the duty...
Article
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Según datos del reporte GEM Mujer 2017, el porcentaje de emprendedoras con negocios en fases iniciales es de 19,6%, mientras que en 2005 eran 8%, es decir las mujeres que lideran emprendimientos en etapas iniciales en Chile se duplican en el transcurso de una década. En una senda similar, también se destaca lo que ha ocurrido en la Encuesta Naciona...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to characterize the immigrant entrepreneurs of the Region of Antofagasta and identify their contribution to local development. Design/methodology/approach This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. Face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire were carried out with a sample of 314 immi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyse the characteristics of high net worth individuals (HNWI) as potential angel investor in Antofagasta, the main mining resource periphery in Chile. Design/methodology/approach Using the resource periphery approach and angel investing, the authors apply a survey to a sample of 37 HNWI in th...
Book
Full-text available
El informe presenta el resumen de diez años de actividad emprendedora en la región de Antofagasta, Chile.
Article
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This paper analyzes the importance of individual and place characteristics on the selection into self-employment in Chile. Following a structural and multilevel empirical approach, we test whether both sets of variables explain the variation of individual wages, self-employed earnings, and the propensity of being in independent work. The results in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Colombia es uno de los países en América Latina que está atrayendo más atención por la relevancia que el emprendimiento y la innovación han adquirido en sus recientes políticas. Según estudios del Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, gem, Colombia es uno de los países que en los últimos seis años ha mantenido una tasa de actividad emprendedora en etapa...
Technical Report
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Executive Summary: - Angel investment in Chile is carried out predominantly by men, with women’s share limited to 11%. - The average age of angel investors is 45 years old, the majority of them with a higher level of education, including postgraduated (67%). - 83% of angel investors started their activity as such within the last six years. 69.1%...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El informe muestra los resultados sobre la intención, actividad y aspiraciones emprendedoras de los estudiantes universitarios de Chile en 2016.
Article
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This article analyzes the perceptions of higher education female students enrolled in mining courses in Chile about their employment expectation and employment conditions offered by the mining industry. The motivations, visions and employment expectations in the mining industry were analyzed through a descriptive, comparative and qualitative method...
Chapter
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The chapter discusses the emergent business angel markets in Latin America – comprising a heterogeneous group of countries, the largest of which are Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico. These countries are increasingly aware of the importance of entrepreneurship as engines of economic development. Most Latin American governments are foste...
Article
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La promoción del emprendimiento se ha convertido en la última década en una de las principales políticas de la estrategia de desarrollo en Chile y se ha plan-teado como un medio para mejorar el desarrollo local. Este artículo utiliza una defini-ción ocupacional del emprendimiento, para estudiar si el aumento del número de em-prendedores sin tener e...
Article
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The promotion of entrepreneurship has become one of the main policies of the Chilean development strategy in the last decade and has been considered as a means to improve local development. This article uses an occupational definition of entrepreneurship to analyze whether the increase in the number of entrepreneurs without taking into account its...
Article
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This article discusses male hegemony as a gender structure hampering the formation of mixed teams in Chilean mining. It examines how, although the sector will require more skilled labor by 2020, the fact that a transformation of the organizational culture is key to making changes in this respect has been overlooked. A comparative analysis of the di...
Article
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Este artículo aborda la hegemonía masculina como estructura de género que obstruye la implementación de equipos mixtos en la minería chilena. Se analiza cómo, a pesar que el sector requerirá mayor mano de obra calificada hacia el 2020, se desestiman las transformaciones en la cultura organizacional, como eje central para implementar cambios en este...
Research
Full-text available
This work investigates the spatio-temporal persistence of municipal rates of business start-ups in Chile between 2005 and 2011, using the database of the Internal Revenue Service (SII). The analysis was made with descriptive statistical, non-parametric tests and econometric models.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives Colombia is one of the Latin American countries that has drawn more attention for the relevance that entrepreneurship and innovation have acquired in recent years. In February 2012, the government created an institution called “Innpulsa Colombia” with the objective of supporting and promoting entrepreneurial growth through the generatio...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to analyze the factors related to the early internationalization of new firms in Chile. We grouped the internationalization driver factors into three categories: individual, organizational, and firm-environmental factors. Using a sample of 374 entrepreneurs from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data and performing a logist...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Given Chile's high projected deficit of skilled labor in its mining industry, the purpose of this paper is to explore the gender barriers present that hinder women from entering the sector. Design/methodology/approach To do this, a descriptive and interpretative study was undertaken and in‐depth interviews were conducted with 70 male and f...
Article
Full-text available
The authors aim to discuss the propensity or intention to create enterprise among university students in the region of Antofagasta, Chile, and to analyze the factors that influence the step from desire to intention. 681 students were surveyed. The data were analyzed by binary logistical regression. The results show that curriculum is among the vari...
Article
This article analyses the recent development of business angel networks (BANs) in Chile, in order to understand the limitations of the current public policies to encourage informal venture capital and especially the BANs. We describe the evolution of this policy and apply a semi-structured interview to managers of Chilean BANs. The poor results in...
Article
The objective of this article is to analyze the factors that affect entrepreneurs’ early internationalization in the Chilean context. We grouped the internationalization driver factors into three categories: individual, organizational, and firm environmental factors. Using a sample of 374 early stage entrepreneurs and performing a logistic regressi...
Article
Full-text available
Informal investment represents one of the main sources to finance early-stage new ventures. Despite the progressive participation of women in informal investment, little is known about the characteristics of female informal investors, especially in developing countries. This study examines the gender differences of a sample of 613 informal investor...
Chapter
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En este capítulo, se analiza un conjunto de prácticas relacionadas con el grado de modernización y complejidad alcanzado por las Pymes de la Región de Antofagasta y su evolución entre 2005 y 2009. En concreto, se analizan las prácticas de las Pymes aplicadas a los siguientes ámbitos: 1)Nivel de certidcación internacional e incorporación de distinta...
Article
Full-text available
Funding is critical during new firms´ creation and the most sources of funding in the early stages of entrepreneurial ventures are informal investors (Family, Friends, the Founding entrepreneurs themselves, and the foolhardy strangers, also known as business angels). Entrepreneurs in the initial stages are the main users of informal financing, m...
Article
Full-text available
This case looks at an example of opportunity creation. Roberto Cifuentes lives in one of the major copper-mining regions in the world. Despite his lack of education in mining or business, he created an R&D company, GProcess, with the goal of finding products that improve the copper-obtaining process. After starting in a family business that served...
Article
Full-text available
This study, which is the product of research carried out in the labor market in the Antofagasta region, examines the low degree of participation by women in the zone and describes the factors associated with this situation. The analysis of the results was based on conversations with 87 female workers (salaried and/or micro businesses) from diverse...
Article
Full-text available
This paper overviews the sources currently financing entrepreneurship in Chile, with special emphasis on public instruments, and uses the information gathered by Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Chile between 2003 and 2006 to test the hypothesis that, despite public efforts, there is still a finance gap, and that this may significantly influen...
Article
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This paper explores the state of formal and informal equity sources currently available for financing entrepreneurial activity in Chile. By integrating theoretical perspectives regarding formal and informal equity funding and information gathered from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) surveys, the paper argues that despite the favorable env...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the state of formal and informal equity sources currently available for financing entrepreneurial activity in Chile. By integrating theoretical perspectives regarding formal and informal equity funding and information gatheredfrom the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) surveys, the paper argües that despite the favorable envi...
Article
This paper aims to show the evolution, current situation, and perspectives of venture capital in Latin America with special reference to Chile. Venture capital development in Latin America has been slow and precarious so far. Investment flows have stagnated since the late 1990s and, in most cases, they have not been used to finance the development...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de la investigación es analizar el potencial innovador de las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (PyMEs) de la región de Antofagasta-Chile. Para ello, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica amplia sobre los procesos de innovación de la región y una encuesta realizada a 37 PyMEs consideradas innovadoras, de acuerdo con los criterios de la Organ...
Article
Acredita-se que a grande maioria das organizações de microcrédito tenham dificuldade para a obtenção de recursos financeiros. Diante desta hipótese, o objetivo principal deste trabalho é levantar, quais são as fontes de recursos financeiros que estão sendo utilizadas por organizações de microcrédito de três países: Brasil, Chile e Peru e verificar...
Article
The aim of this study is to analyze the innovative potential of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the Region of Antofagasta. The results of a questionnaire applied to 50 SMEs considered as innovative according to OCDE criteria show a contradictory situation: there is an increasing awareness of the importance of innovation in the region while m...
Article
The factors conditioning venture capital development in any country are the economic context and dynamism of the companies that make up the industrial park, the fiscal and regulation context, a stock market especially for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and an entrepreneur mentality regarding enterprise capital openings. In this context, the ai...
Article
Presenta cual es la importancia que tienen en la actualidad, para los profesionales que actúan en el área de la administración, los programas de Magister
Article
In reference to supply and purchasing functions in mining companies in general, there is explicit recognition on the part of these companies that they cannot maintain competitiveness and succeed in global markets without help from their suppliers. As a result of this, several of the larger mining companies in Chile and Latin America have implemente...
Article
Tese (Doutorado)--Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade da Universidade de São Paulo. Bibliografia.

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Projects (5)
Project
El objetivo de este proyecto es medir la actividad emprendedora en la región, identificar los factores que favorecen o dificultan dicha actividad, analizar el contexto emprendedor local y contribuir al diseño de políticas públicas regionales que promuevan el emprendimiento innovador en Antofagasta.
Project
Friendly reminder: Special issue call for papers from Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración Submission deadline: 30th June 2020 Publication date August 2021 https://www.emeraldgrouppublishing.com/products/journals/call_for_papers.htm?id=8930 Best regards, Guest editors Gianni Romaní, Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile Rodrigo Varela, Universidad ICESI, Colombia Claudia Álvarez and Izaías Martins, Universidad EAFIT, Colombia