Gianluca Rizzo

Gianluca Rizzo
HES-SO Valais-Wallis - University of Foggia

Computer Science

About

76
Publications
6,906
Reads
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1,713
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2020 - present
Università degli studi di Foggia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2013 - January 2021
HES-SO Valais-Wallis
Position
  • Research Associate
September 2009 - March 2011
University Carlos III de Madrid
Position
  • Adjoint Professor

Publications

Publications (76)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowcasting, i.e., short-term forecasting, of end user location is becoming increasingly important for anticipatory resource management in radio access networks (RAN). In this paper we look at the case of vehicles moving in dense urban environments, and we tackle the location nowcasting problem with a particular class of machine learning (ML) algori...
Preprint
Full-text available
As we move from 5G to 6G, edge computing is one of the concepts that needs revisiting. Its core idea is still intriguing: instead of sending all data and tasks from an end user's device to the cloud, possibly covering thousands of kilometers and introducing delays that are just owed to limited propagation speed, edge servers deployed in close proxi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gossip Learning (GL) is a peer-to-peer machine learning protocol based on direct, opportunistic exchange of models among nodes via wireless D2D communications, and on collaborative model training, which has recently proven to scale efficiently to large numbers of nodes, and to offer better privacy guarantees than traditional centralized learning ar...
Article
Floating Content (FC) is a paradigm for localized infrastructure-less content dissemination, that aims at sharing information among nodes within a restricted geographical area by relying only on opportunistic content exchanges. FC provides the basis for the probabilistic spatial storage of shared information in a completely decentralized fashion, u...
Poster
Full-text available
Gossip Learning (GL) is a fully decentralized machine learning paradigm with the potential to enable highly scalability and to preserve user privacy. The majority of existing results however consider scenarios in which either each node communicates with all other nodes, or in which the connectivity graph is static, and they are therefore inapplicab...
Article
Floating Content (FC) is a communication paradigm to locally share ephemeral content without direct support from infrastructure. It is based on constraining the opportunistic replication of content in a way that strikes a balance between minimizing resource usage and maximizing content availability among the intended recipients. However, existing a...
Chapter
Current networks should provide disaster-resilience by coping with the possible failures and misbehaviours caused by massive natural or man-made disasters. This is necessary to keep a suitable level of Quality of Service after a disaster and to support the possible evacuation, rescue, assessment, and rescue operations within the affected area. Mult...
Chapter
The focus of this chapter is on communication (and partially, computing) solutions which allow satisfying demands from the immediate aftermath of a disaster until full restoration of pre-disaster communication infrastructure and services. As traffic demand might differ substantially from the one in the pre-disaster scenario, due to the specific nee...
Chapter
This chapter discusses vital techniques to enhance the resilience of 5G systems. It starts with dependability assessment of 5G networks. Next, it describes (a) the frequency fallback technique to improve availability and survivability of 5G services, (b) segment interleaving scheme to enhance communications resilience between base stations and the...
Conference Paper
Although many target applications in VANETs are information-centric, the performance of Named Data Networking (NDN) in vehicular ad-hoc networks is severely hampered by persistent network partitioning, typical of many vehicular scenarios. Existing approaches try to address this issue by relying on opportunistic communications. However, they leave o...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of communication solutions for post-disaster areas rely on cellular infrastructure support. But disasters such as fires, floods, earthquakes, can disrupt communication network making its services unavailable. New portable antenna towers, as point-to-point radio communications , are a way to mitigate the communication when cellular infr...
Conference Paper
Floating Content (FC) is a paradigmatic example of opportunistic infrastructure-less content sharing system where information is spread upon mobile node encounters within an area which is called the replication zone. FC allows the probabilistic spatial storage of information, even in the case of unreliable communications, with no support from dedic...
Chapter
Microgrids present the challenge to reach a proper balance between local production and consumption, in order to reduce the usage of energy from external sources. This work presents a data-intensive solution to predict the energy behaviors. Thereby, control actions can be carried out such as decrease heating systems levels and switch of low-priorit...
Chapter
In the immediate aftermath of nature-based disasters such as earthquakes, fires, or floods, have a clear vision of the situation and the population involved is of main priority for rescue operations—it is a matter of life and death. But these disaster events may cause malfunctions in communication services making the exchange information impossible...
Chapter
Full-text available
The availability of effective communications in post-disaster scenarios is key to implement emergency networks that enable the sharing of critical information and support the coordination of the emergency response. To deliver those levels of QoS suitable to these applications, it is vital to exploit the multiple communication opportunities made ava...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Opportunistic communications are expected to play a crucial role in enabling context-aware vehicular services. A widely investigated opportunistic communication paradigm for storing a piece of content probabilistically in a geographical area is Floating Content (FC). A key issue in the practical deployment of FC is how to tune content replication a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Opportunistic communications are expected to playa crucial role in enabling context-aware vehicular services. A widely investigated opportunistic communication paradigm for storing a piece of content probabilistically in a geographica larea is Floating Content (FC). A key issue in the practical deployment of FC is how to tune content replication an...
Article
Full-text available
Among the many proposed opportunistic content sharing schemes, Floating Content (FC) is of special interest for the vehicular environment, not only for cellular traffic offloading, but also as a natural communication paradigm for location-based context-aware vehicular applications. Previously published results on the performance of vehicular FC hav...
Article
Full-text available
Floating Content (FC) is a communication paradigm for the local dissemination of contextualized information through D2D connectivity, in a way which minimizes the use of resources while achieving some specified performance target. Existing approaches to FC dimensioning are based on unrealistic system assumptions that make them, highly inaccurate an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Handling the tremendous amount of network data, produced by the explosive growth of mobile traffic volume, is becoming of main priority to achieve desired performance targets efficiently. Opportunistic communication such as FloatingContent (FC), can be used to offload part of the cellular traffic volume to vehicular-to-vehicular communication (V2V)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Floating Content (FC) is a communication paradigm for the local dissemination of contextualized information through D2D connectivity, in a way which minimizes the use of resources while achieving some specified performance target. Existing approaches to FC dimensioning are based on unrealistic system assumptions that make them, highly inaccurate an...
Article
Full-text available
Content dissemination in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) has the potential to enable a myriad of applications, ranging from advertising, traffic and emergency warnings to infotainment. This variety in applications and services calls for mechanisms able to optimize content storing, retrieval and forwarding among vehicles, without jeopardizing net...
Conference Paper
Floating Content (FC) is an infrastructure-less communication paradigm based on opportunistic replication of a piece of content in a geographically constrained location and for a limited amount of time. The fact that it does not rely on any infrastructure makes it appealing for all those settings where infrastructure is not available or malfunction...
Conference Paper
The Smart City paradigm is progressively shaping the way we interact with other citizens, with institutions, as well as the way in which all kind of resources are managed in an urban setting. However, the high cost of dedicated sensing, computing and communication infrastructure, represents one of the main obstacles to the adoption of the Smart Cit...
Article
Full-text available
Network communications and the Internet pervade our daily activities so deeply that we strongly depend on the availability and quality of the services they provide. For this reason, natural and technological disasters, by affecting network and service availability, have a potentially huge impact on our daily lives. Ensuring adequate levels of resil...
Article
In this paper we study an opportunistic geographically constrained information sharing paradigm known under the name Floating Content (FC), considering two different mobility models that describe the behavior of pedestrians. We assume that users carrying their smartphones walk from one location to another and then stop for a while. Information tran...
Poster
Full-text available
In this work, we demonstrate the feasibility and the main functionalities of a low-cost, nomadic platform for Smart District services. The goal of the platform is to enable the extension of Smart City services to smaller cities, to towns and into the countryside, bypassing the natural barriers through the use of services and vectors which are natur...
Conference Paper
In this paper we study static and dynamic approaches to energy efficiency in dense cellular networks, where interference is one of the main limiting factors. We consider the two main approaches to energy efficiency through adaptive management of the network capacity: Base station (BS) sleeping and cell zooming. We propose an analytic framework for...
Chapter
Full-text available
Monitoring the road network status of an entire country in a visual way (as traditionally) is very hard, so different mechanisms to do it in an automatic manner have been investigated. In particular, nomadic pervasive sensing platforms based on VANETs have been recently deployed. However, the level of road damage is a relative variable, and it is n...
Chapter
Full-text available
Content dissemination in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks has a myriad of applications, ranging from advertising and parking notifications, to traffic and emergency warnings. This heterogeneity requires optimizing content storing, retrieval and forwarding among vehicles to deliver data with short latency and without jeopardizing network resources. In this...
Article
Full-text available
Among the proposed opportunistic content sharingservices, Floating Content (FC) is of special interest for thevehicular environment, not only for cellular traffic offloading but also as a natural communication paradigm for location-based context-aware vehicular applications. Existing results on theperformance of vehicular FC have focused on content...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of the ICT sector in worldwide power consumption is an increasing concern, motivating the research community to devote an important effort to define novel energy efficient networking solutions. Despite file distribution is responsible for a major portion of the current Internet traffic, little effort has been dedicated to address the iss...
Poster
Full-text available
Floating Content probabilistic content storing in geographically constrained traffic conditions
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increasing interest in vehicular communications draws attention to scalability and network congestion problems and therefore on techniques to offload the traffic, typically carried through the infrastructure, to the Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) network. Floating content (FC) represents a promising paradigm to share ephemeral content without direct...
Chapter
The advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) opens a wide spectrum of interesting opportunities for the creation of novel scenarios. By combining communication devices such as sensors and actuators with mainstream technologies, IoT enables a whole set of new services in almost any domain to be provided, from building automation to Smart City, E-Healt...
Conference Paper
Abstract—Network densification is currently seen as one of the key techniques enabling Radio Access Networks (RANs) to meet the performance and functional requirements of the 5G paradigm in urban areas. Avoiding the connection of small cells to the power grid facilitates their deployment and reduces both capital and operational expenditures (CAPEX...
Article
Microgrids present the challenge to reach a proper balance between local production and consumption, in order to reduce the usage of energy from external sources. This work presents a data-intensive solution to predict the energy behaviors. Thereby, control actions can be carried out such as decrease heating systems levels and switch of low-priorit...
Conference Paper
The increasing interest in autonomous coordinated driving and in proactive safety services, exploiting the wealth of sensing and computing resources which are gradually permeating the urban and vehicular environments, is making provisioning of high levels of QoS in vehicular networks an urgent issue. At the same time, the spreading model of a smart...
Article
Full-text available
The IoT paradigm holds the promise to revolutionize the way we live and work by means of a wealth of new services, based on seamless interactions between a large amount of heterogeneous devices. After decades of conceptual inception of the IoT, in recent years a large variety of communication technologies has gradually emerged, reflecting a large d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider a queuing system with coupled processors (CPS), in which the service rate at each queue varies over time in function of the set of active queues in the system. Performance analysis of CPS has so far been based on simulations or on complex Markov chains under restricting assumptions on input traffic statistics. In contrast, we propose a...
Conference Paper
The Internet of Things (IoT) opens new perspectives for the Machine-To-Machine communications, as it brings to settings with a large and heterogeneous set of devices. This makes integration of such diverse technologies a challenging task. A typical solution to this problem is represented by universal gateways, which provide internal semantics for p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present an analytic approach to performance analysis of ad hoc networks under non saturation conditions, which does not rely on any assumption on traffic statistics. Our approach assumes traffic to be constrained by leaky bucket arrival curves, and it relies on a coupled processors model to capture the dependencies between user ach...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a first fully analytical approach to performance evaluation of D2D communication systems, which does not assume the system to be in saturated conditions. We adopt a Coupled Processors model to describe a cellular scenario with D2D users sharing radio resources with cellular users, i.e., adopting in-band underlay D2D schemes. We...
Conference Paper
This work presents the first experimental evaluation of the Floating Content (FC) communication paradigm in a campus/large office setting. By logging information transfer events we have characterized mobility patterns, and we have assessed the performance of services implemented using the FC paradigm. Our results unveil the key relevance of group d...
Conference Paper
The integration of different protocols and technologies remain to date one of the main challenges in IoT. The lack of widely accepted standards at the application layer, and the wide deployment basis of a large number of legacy (e.g. Non-IP) technologies further exacerbate this issue. To date, typically integration is solved with ad hoc solutions o...
Article
Sleep modes are widely accepted as an effective technique for energy-efficient networking: by adequately putting to sleep and waking up network resources according to traffic demands, a proportionality between energy consumption and network utilization can be approached, with important reductions in energy consumption. Previous studies have investi...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, energy efficiency aspects have been included in the wireless access network design space only in the context of power control aimed at interference mitigation, and for the increase of the terminal battery lifetime. Energy consumption of network components has also, for a long time, not been considered an issue, neither in equipment d...
Article
The growing ubiquity and pervasiveness of sensors and smart devices, with the consequent availability of a large amount of "local" and contextualized information, are giving rise to a wealth of "context-aware" applications and services. In this work we consider an opportunistic communication scheme called Floating Content (FC), which was specifical...
Conference Paper
Sleep modes are one of the most widely investigated techniques to decrease energy consumption in cellular access networks. However, the application of such algorithms on the base station (BS) equipment of today presents several challenges. Indeed, currently installed BSs are unfit for frequent on/off cycles. This may lead to increased failure rates...
Conference Paper
The growth of mobile computing and the evolution of smart user devices are progressively driving applications towards “context awareness”, i.e., towards behaviors that change according to variations in context. Such applications use information that is restricted in space and time, making their communication requirements very different from those o...
Conference Paper
We consider the problem of minimizing the energy consumed in a cellular access network, under loads that slowly vary over space and time, while guaranteeing quality of service (QoS). In particular, we formalize the problem of jointly optimizing the base stations (BS) power levels and the association of users to BSs, while guaranteeing a minimum thr...
Conference Paper
Context-awareness is a peculiar characteristic of an ever expanding set of applications that make use of a combination of restricted spatio-temporal locality and mobile communications, to deliver a variety of services to the end user. It is expected that by 2014 more than 1.5 billion people would be using applications based on local search (search...
Conference Paper
Context-awareness is a peculiar characteristic of an ever expanding set of applications that make use of a combination of restricted spatio-temporal locality and mobile communications, to deliver a variety of services to the end user. It is expected that by 2014 more than 1.5 billion people would be using applications based on local search (search...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite file distribution applications are responsible for a major portion of the current Internet traffic, so far little effort has been dedicated to study file distribution from the point of view of energy efficiency. In this paper, we present the first extensive and detailed theoretical study for the problem of energy efficiency in file distribu...
Article
Full-text available
Despite file-distribution applications are responsible for a major portion of the current Internet traffic, so far little effort has been dedicated to study file distribution from the point of view of energy efficiency. In this paper, we present a first approach at the problem of energy efficiency for file distribution. Specifically, we first demon...
Article
Full-text available
The recently approved Energy Efficient Ethernet standard IEEE 802.3az achieves energy savings by using a low power mode when the link is idle. However, those savings heavily depend on the traffic patterns, due to the overhead inherent in transitions between active and low power modes. This makes it impractical to estimate energy savings through mea...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep modes are emerging as a promising technique for energy-efficient networking: by adequately putting to sleep and waking up network resources according to traffic demands, a proportionality between energy consumption and network uti-lization can be approached, with important reductions in energy consumption. Previous studies have investigated a...
Conference Paper
Aggregate scheduling is one of the most promising solutions to the issue of scalability in networks, like DiffServ networks and high speed switches, where hard QoS guarantees are required. For networks of FIFO aggregate schedulers, the main existing sufficient conditions for stability (the possibility to derive bounds to delay and backlog at each n...
Thesis
Full-text available
We study networks of FIFO nodes, where flows are constrained by arrival curves. A crucial question with these networks is: Can we derive a bound to the maximum delay that a packet can experience when traversing the network, and to the maximum queue size at each node? For a generic FIFO network these are still open issues: Some examples show that, c...
Article
Full-text available
Aggregate scheduling is one of the most promising solutions to the issue of scalability in networks, like DiffServ networks and high speed switches, where hard QoS guarantees are required. For networks of FIFO aggregate schedulers, the main existing sufficient conditions for stability (the possibility to derive bounds to delay and backlog at each n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider networks of FIFO aggregate schedulers. Quite surprisingly, the natural condition (node utilization inferior to one) in general is not sufficient in these networks to ensure stability (boundedness of delay and backlog at each node). Deriving good sufficient conditions for stability and delay bounds for these networks is of fundamental im...