Gianluca Esposito

Gianluca Esposito
Nanyang Technological University | ntu · Division of Psychology

PhD

About

333
Publications
58,796
Reads
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3,541
Citations
Introduction
Gianluca Esposito currently does research in Developmental Psychology, Biological Psychology and Clinical Psychology.
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - present
Università degli Studi di Trento
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2011 - May 2014
RIKEN
Position
  • FPR
Description
  • Independent Young Investigator
Education
October 2003 - December 2006
Università degli Studi di Trento
Field of study
  • Psychopathology

Publications

Publications (333)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mother-infant bonding is the earliest and most critical social relationship of mammalian infants. To promote this bond, infants have innate behaviors to seek maternal proximity and protest upon separation via communication with the mother vocally and through body movement. However, the physiological mechanisms regulating these infant b...
Article
Infant faces elicit caregiving in adults. In previous research on brain responses to images of infant faces, the faces were unknown to participants. This study investigated EEG in primiparous mothers of 3- to 6-month-old infants viewing their own infant's face compared to an unfamiliar but appearance-matched infant's face. Spectral power was calcul...
Article
Full-text available
Infants universally elicit in adults a set of solicitous behaviors that are evolutionarily important for the survival of the species. However, exposure, experience, and prejudice appear to govern adults' social choice and ingroup attitudes towards other adults. In the current study, physiological arousal and behavioral judgments were assessed while...
Article
Parental bonding and oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene genotype each influences social abilities in adulthood. Here, we hypothesized an interaction between the two − environmental experience (parental bonding history) and genetic factors (OXTR gene genotype) − in shaping adults’ social sensitivity (physiological response to distress). We assessed heart...
Article
Autistic traits are distributed on a continuum that ranges from non-clinical to clinical condition. Atypical responses to social situations represent a core feature of the Autism Spectrum Disorders phenotype. Here, we hypothesize that atypical physiological responses to social stimuli may predict non-clinical autistic and empathy traits levels. We...
Article
Background Sleep is crucial for child development, especially for children with ASD. While it is known that children with ASD experience more severe sleep problems and that these problems tend to persist compared to their typically developing counterparts, these findings tend to come from only Western countries. A cross-cultural study is important...
Article
Purpose Among the growing interest towards market segmentation and targeted marketing, the current study adopted a scientometric approach to examine the literature on wine selection and preferences. The current review specifically attempts to shed light on the research that explores the determinants of wine preferences at multiple levels of analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Criticism is commonly perceived as hurtful and individuals may respond differently to criticism originating from different sources. However, the influence of an individual’s perception of criticism in their social relationships on negative emotional reactions to criticism has not been examined across different relational contexts. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
There are concerns regarding sleep deprivation among adolescents, especially with mount- ing evidence for the importance of sleep during puberty, and its effects on health and families. The present study aimed to characterise sleep in typical development (TD) adolescents in Saudi Arabia, and compare their sleep profiles to TD adolescents in the UK,...
Preprint
\hl{\textbf{Background:} The global} COVID-19 \hl{pandemic has forced countries to impose strict} lockdown restrictions \hl{and mandatory stay-at-home orders with varying impacts on individual's health}. Combining a data-driven machine learning paradigm and a statistical approach, our previous paper documented a U-shaped pattern in levels of self-p...
Article
Full-text available
Specific facial features in infants automatically elicit attention, affection, and nurturing behaviour of adults, known as the baby schema effect. There is also an innate tendency to categorize people into in-group and out-group members based on salient features such as ethnicity. Societies are becoming increasingly multi-cultural and multi-ethnic,...
Article
Background: There is a growing body of research studying the impact sleep has on attention among typically developing (TD) children, but research is lacking among autistic children. Aims: The present study aimed to explore, for the first time, differences in (1) attention, (2) sleep parameters among primary school-aged Singaporean autistic child...
Article
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Adolescents typically engage in unhealthy lifestyle habits including short sleep and high academic stress. These in turn may have serious impacts on their development. The present study examines the effect of demographic characteristics on sleep patterns and academic stress in adolescents. A sample of 244 (119 females) junior high school adolescent...
Article
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The increased popularity of social media has brought clinicians and researchers to question the potential problematic outcomes of such Internet-based applications. Over the past two decades, an increasing number of studies identified the so-called problematic use of social media (PUSM), which led to the development of various assessment tools requi...
Article
Full-text available
Human faces capture attention, provide information about group belonging, and elicit automatic prepared responses. Early experiences with other-race faces play a critical role in acquiring face expertise, but the exact mechanism through which early experience exerts its influence is still to be elucidated. Genetic factors and a multi-ethnic context...
Preprint
The world can be represented by two layers of information: how it appears on the outside (appearance) and what it is on the inside (reality). The relationship between appearance and reality has been conceptualised as the convergence and divergence theories of appearance, which posits that appearance is a reliable (convergence) or unreliable (diverg...
Article
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This study examined maternal mental health in mothers of children with neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders in Pakistan; maternal education and affiliate stigma were also tested. It was hypothesised that mothers of children with neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders would experience high levels of depression, anxiety and affiliate stigma, an...
Article
Full-text available
Mother–child shared play provides rich opportunities for mutual symmetrical interactions that serve to foster bond formation in dyads. Mutual gaze, a symmetrical behaviour that occurs during direct eye contact between two partners, conveys important cues of social engagement, affect and attention. However, it is not known whether the prefrontal cor...
Article
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Human social interactions ensure recognition and approval from others, both in offline and online environments. This study applies a model from behavioral genetics on Instagram sociability to explore the impact of individual development on behavior on social networks. We hypothesize that sociable attitudes on Instagram resulted from an interaction...
Article
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“Sharenting” is an internet trend in which parents report detailed information or repeatedly post pictures, videos, and other content about their children on social media. Due to the duality of sharenting, which takes place online but has offline consequences, it is essential to understand the implications of sharenting for real-world parenting and...
Article
Full-text available
Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience poorer sleep, but studies have not yet used objective measures to investigate how child and caregiver sleep affect each other. In this study, 29 mothers and their child with ASD aged between 6 and 16 years were recruited. Questionnaires measuring child autism, maternal depression...
Chapter
Youths who are negatively affected by social determinants of health suffer adverse effects like increased risks of chronic health conditions and mental health issues. Part 1 of this series describes many underserved communities and the various ways their status affects their health. Available for purchase at https://shop.aap.org/pediatric-collectio...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus pandemic affected the life of those suffering from addic- tive behaviors often confined to prolonged periods of self-isolation. To explore the variation of symptoms related to gambling, 46 outpatients of the mental health services in the Trento Province were invited to take part in a phone interview at the start of the national lock...
Article
The aesthetic appearance of websites can influence the perception of their usability, reliability, and trustworthiness. A majority of studies investigating the relationship between aesthetic features of web pages and their user perception consider only a limited number of web pages’ visual features and focus exclusively on explicit aesthetic judgme...
Article
Full-text available
With the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments from many countries in the world implemented various restrictions to prevent the SARS-Cov-2 virus's spread, including social distancing measures, quarantine, in-home lockdown, and the closure of services and public spaces. This led to an increased use of social media platforms to make people feel more...
Article
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The fear of public speaking is a prevalent phobia that has a damaging impact on the lives of many phobic patients. One method to treat this phobia is the use of virtual reality (VR). A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol was used to report how the publications that have examined the role of VR in tre...
Preprint
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Parent-child dyads who are mutually attuned to each other during social interactions display interpersonal synchrony that can be observed overtly, in the form of joint behaviours, and biologically, such as through the temporal coordination of brain signals called inter-brain synchrony. Joint play provides ample opportunities for parent-child dyads...
Article
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The long-standing hypothesis that emotions rely on bodily states is back in the spotlight. This has led some researchers to suggest that alexithymia, a personality construct characterized by altered emotional awareness, reflects a general deficit in interoception. However, tests of this hypothesis have relied on heterogeneous assessment methods, le...
Article
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Digital collaborative storytelling can be supported by an online learning-management system like Moodle, encouraging prosocial behaviors and shared representations. This study investigated children’s storytelling and collaborative behaviors during an online storytelling activity throughout the 2020 SARS-CoV-2 home confinement in Spain. From 1st to...
Article
Psycho-sociological research has historically shown a lack of representation towards Low- and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), yet the issues faced by these countries, especially in the domains of child development and public health, are much more severe and prevalent. To close this research gap, the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is an ap...
Article
Full-text available
Mother-child brain-to-brain synchrony captures the temporal similarities in brain signals between dyadic partners, and has been shown to emerge during the display of joint behaviours. Despite the rise in the number of studies that investigate synchrony in naturalistic contexts, the use of varying methodological approaches to compute synchrony remai...
Article
Full-text available
Deep learning (DL) has greatly contributed to bioelectric signal processing, in particular to extract physiological markers. However, the efficacy and applicability of the results proposed in the literature is often constrained to the population represented by the data used to train the models. In this study, we investigate the issues related to ap...
Article
Full-text available
Large populations worldwide have been deprived from nature experiences due to mass quarantines and lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic, and face a looming mental health crisis. Virtual reality offers a safe and practical solution to increase nature exposure. This research examined the effects of virtual nature using a within-subject design with...
Article
Full-text available
To curb the diffusion of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), governments worldwide have introduced different policies, including lockdowns, social distancing, and mandatory mask wearing. Face mask wearing, especially, has an impact on the formation of first impressions, given that when meeting someone for the first time, individuals rely on the onl...
Article
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Almost a century after Jacob Levy Moreno pioneered the group practice of psychodrama, research in this area has flourished to include different sub-fields of study and psychodramatic intervention for various psychological conditions. By making use of scientometric analysis, particularly document citation analysis and keyword analysis, this study ma...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives In the past months, many countries have adopted varying degrees of lockdown restrictions to control the spread of the COVID-19 virus. According to the existing literature, some consequences of lockdown restrictions on people's lives are beginning to emerge yet the evolution of such consequences in relation to the time spent in lockdown i...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a huge advancement in neuroimaging techniques and growing importance of inter-personal brain research, few studies assess the most appropriate computational methods to measure brain-brain coupling. Here, we focus on the signal processing methods to detect brain-coupling in dyads. From a public dataset of functional Near Infra-Red Spectrosco...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep Learning (DL) have greatly contributed to bioelectric signals processing, in particular to extract physiological markers. However, the efficacy and applicability of the results proposed in the literature is often constrained to the population represented by the data used to train the models. In this study, we investigate the issues related to...
Article
Full-text available
Despite technological advancements in functional Near Infra-Red Spectroscopy (fNIRS) and a rise in the application of the fNIRS in neuroscience experimental designs, the processing of fNIRS data remains characterized by a high number of heterogeneous approaches, implicating the scientific reproducibility and interpretability of the results. For exa...
Article
Background: The United Nations (UN) created the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) to monitor progress toward achieving goals of the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection, and Development of Children and its plan of action. The MICS is nationally representative and internationally comparable. Methods: In this study, we use MICS da...
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 studies to date have documented some of the initial health consequences of lockdown restrictions adopted by many countries. Combining a data-driven machine learning paradigm and a statistical analysis approach, our previous paper documented a U-shape pattern in levels of self-perceived loneliness in both the UK and Greek populations during...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 studies to date have documented some of the initial health consequences of lockdown restrictions adopted by many countries. Combining a data-driven machine learning paradigm and a statistical analysis approach, our previous paper documented a U-shape pattern in levels of self-perceived loneliness in both the UK and Greek populations during...
Article
The use of technology-based assessments to detect and/or confirm developmental disabilities, measure intervention effects, or monitor developmental trajectories has enormously increased in recent decades. However, even as striking basic science insights have reached our attention, the impact on early detection and intervention is still limited. As...
Article
Background: Developmental disabilities have been largely studied in the past years. Their etiological mechanisms have been underpinned to the interactions between genetic and environmental factors. These factors show variability across the world. Thus, it is important to understand where the set of knowledge obtained on developmental disabilities o...
Article
Full-text available
Parents play a primary and crucial role in emotional socialisation processes in children where individuals learn the expression, understanding and regulation of emotions. Parenting practices and dimensions of the parent-child relationship have been associated with social and emotional processes in children. As criticism involves negative emotional...
Article
Full-text available
We live within a context of unprecedented opportunities for brain research, with a flourishing of novel sensing technologies and methodological approaches [...].
Article
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Oxytocin is a primary neuropeptide which coordinates affiliative behavior. Previous researchers pointed to the association between genetic vulnerability on Oxytocin Receptor Gene (OXTR) and environmental factors (e.g., social relationships) to comprehend social behavior. Although an extensive knowledge of in-person social interactions has been obta...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has examined several parental, child-related and contextual factors associated with parental quality of life (QoL) among parents with a child or an adolescent with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, no systematic review has examined the relationship between parental QoL and parental involvement in intervention. To fill this...
Poster
Full-text available
Trustworthiness is a core concept that drives individuals’ interaction with others, as well with objects and digital interfaces. However, Trustworthiness judgments are not always made from objective cues, but can be inferred from other aspects, such as a strangers’ aesthetic appearance. While the relationship between Aesthetic Appearance and percei...
Preprint
**This manuscript has been submitted for publication and is likely to be edited as part of the peer-review process. Correspondence regarding this paper should be addressed to Keri Ka-Yee Wong, keri.wong@ucl.ac.uk.**Background. The 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted people’s mental wellbeing. Studies to date have examined the prevalen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted people’s mental wellbeing. Studies to date have examined the prevalence of mental health symptoms (anxiety, depression, loneliness), yet fewer longitudinal studies have compared across background factors and other psychological variables to identify vulnerable sub-groups. This study t...
Article
Background. The 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted people’s mental wellbeing. Studies to date have examined the prevalence of mental health symptoms (anxiety, depression, loneliness), yet fewer longitudinal studies have compared across background factors and other psychological variables to identify vulnerable sub-groups. This study...
Article
Full-text available
We used VR to examine the buffering effects of vertical greenery against stressors. • Self-report measures show vertical greenery prevented reduction in positive affect. • Heart rate variability suggests vertical greenery prevented increase in stress. • Our results indicate that vertical greenery can be used to buffer stress.
Poster
Full-text available
The impact of a person's overall assessment based on a particular trait impression is a well-studied issue in social psychology. This phenomenon, known as Halo Effect, has been studied for over a century, yielding discoveries such as the association between aesthetic appearance and other personality traits, such as intelligence or competence. In so...
Article
Full-text available
The Halo Effect is a widely studied phenomenon that interests multiple disciplines. The relationship between Aesthetics Appearance and perceived Trustworthiness has especially gathered the attention of social scientists. While experimental works compared the strength of the Halo Effect in different situations (e.g. different genders' faces), little...