Giancarlo Trombini

Giancarlo Trombini
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Psychology PSI

About

71
Publications
4,234
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876
Citations
Citations since 2016
9 Research Items
179 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (71)
Book
Full-text available
The "Essentials of Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy" offer for the first time in English an insight into the guiding ideas of this integrative psychotherapy method, which is consistently anchored in Gestalt psychology (and in this respect also differs substantially from most streams of Gestalt therapy, with which it should not be confused). The an...
Article
Nel lavoro vengono sinteticamente tracciati gli sviluppi della dimensione clinica della Psicologia, avviati e portati avanti da Renzo Canestrari, a partire dal suo ingresso nella Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia dell'Università di Bologna, nel 1961. Vengono descritti gli obiettivi formativi perseguiti, le linee di ricerca esplorate, l'espansione del...
Article
Full-text available
Giancarlo Trombini presents the continuation of his research on the question of which criteria can be used to assess the progress of therapy in an objectively verifiable way and to make the decision on the completion of therapy. In the first phase of his research, the phenomenological criterion of a qualitative change in the patient’s relations tow...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract (article is in German language): What criteria can be used to assess the progress of psychotherapy in an objectively verifiable way and to make the decision on the completion of therapy? Giancarlo Trombini has already presented a series of research papers on this subject. First of all, he has used the phenomenological criterion of a qualit...
Article
Full-text available
The present work focuses on the transformations of the psychotherapeutic field through the relationship dynamics that occur within it. The first part of this article starts with a brief outline of the Gestalt psychological understanding of the field concept, also in its application to the psychotherapeutic situation, followed by a brief review of t...
Book
Full-text available
Il libro è dedicato allo studio della soggettività fenomenica in prospettiva multidisciplinare. Partendo dalla constatazione che i teorici della scuola della Gestalt si sono dedicati soprattutto all'oggettività fenomenica, le ricerche dell'Autore evidenziano la necessità di integrare metodologie di discipline diverse per studiare la relazione inter...
Article
Full-text available
The present work focuses on the transformations of the psychotherapeutic field through the relationship dynamics which occur within it. The first part of this article starts with a brief outline of the Gestalt psychological understanding of the field concept, also in its application to the psychotherapeutic situation, followed by a brief review of...
Book
Full-text available
Inhalt: Gerhard Stemberger: Zur Einleitung Zu den Grundkonzepten der Gestalttheorie: Die Gestalttheorie als Schule des Respekts - Die Rolle der Teile im Ganzen und die Zentrierung - Die Gestalttheorie als Verfahrenslehre - Beziehungen zwischen Text und Bild - Theorie des zielgerichteten Handelns bei Metzger. Die Person im Gleichgewicht von Ich und...
Article
Since family context is considered to be an important environmental factor for the attitude of children towards eating, the perception of psychological distress in children and the parental perception of child behavioural and emotional problems were investigated. School-age children (n = 665; 8–11 years of age), selected from different schools, wer...
Article
Full-text available
Sarcoidosis is a systemic, inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology, influenced by stressful life events and associated with a high incidence of alexithymic personality traits, and of depressive symptoms. The medical literature on sarcoidosis has called for a psychotherapeutic intervention to modify the perceived state of disease, the influence of...
Article
When the body gets ill, the attack on the ability to think is one of the possible effects that can be observed. The aim of this study is to explore symbolic functions in children with epilepsy and primary headache. Fifty five little patients have been recruited from the Neuropsychiatry infant Clinic of the University of Palermo; 48 males (61%) and...
Article
Alexithymia and its relation with attachment style were evaluated in a group of 69 patients (men, M age = 46.4 yr., SD = 12.6; women, M age = 44.2 yr., SD = 14.4) affected by Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Two self-evaluation questionnaires were used for psychological evaluation, the 20 item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Attachment S...
Article
Illness attitudes were evaluated in 26 pregnant women and 26 control subjects matched for sociodemographic variables, by means of a self-rating scale, on 3 different occasions. For each trimester of pregnancy, women displayed more hypochondriacal fears and beliefs and conviction of disease (disease phobia) than normal controls. In the third trimest...
Article
L’attuale sistema didattico universitario riconosce l’importante presenza della psicologia clinica in vari corsi di studio della Facoltà medica.
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the validity of analyzing children's drawings using the Drawn Stories Technique for psychodiagnostic assessment and clinical investigation of children. The research was conducted on a sample of 211 subjects (102 girls, 109 boys), 99 in primary school and 112 in secondary school. Three measures of psychological distress were giv...
Article
Full-text available
Referring to the alexithymia construct and Bruch's clinical observations, this study investigated the ability to decode nonverbal signs of emotion in obese boys and girls, and their mothers. A group of 10 boys and 11 girls with obesity and their mothers, and a control group were tested. Both mothers and children were asked to recognize a set of 32...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of an aversive, high-arousing film on heart rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and electrogastrographic activity (EGG) was investigated. Previous studies have indicated a larger heart-rate deceleration for visual stimuli depicting surgery or blood compared to neutral content, and this phenomenon is similar to the bradycardia observed in...
Article
Gastrointestinal reactivity is a central concept in several psychosomatic approaches to peptic ulcer disease and irritable bowel disease. One potential limitation of many laboratory studies of gastrointestinal reactivity is their reliance on non-ecological tasks lacking components of social stressors which may better relate to day to day stress. Ot...
Article
Psychological effects of rhinoplastic operations were evaluated in male and female patients who had sought surgical correction because of psychological distress caused by the appearance of the nose or because of a medical referral to correct functional disorders. Seventy-two patients selected by gender and operation motivation were asked to fill ou...
Article
The psychological impact of rhinoplasty for aesthetic reasons on psychological well-being is controversial. The aim of the present study is to assess short- and long-term psychological changes in patients who underwent rhinoplasty. Seventy-nine patients, without traumatic lesions, who presented for cosmetic surgery, completed the MPI scales for Neu...
Article
Patients with constipation differ not only from healthy subjects but can also be categorized into two groups: slow transit constipation (STC) and normal transit constipation (NTC) using measures of total intestinal transit time (TITT). We investigated the role of illness behavior and affective state in 45 NTC and 29 STC patients as compared with 20...
Article
The painful somatisation of psychological suffering following a subjective stress commits to the body affective drama which don't find appropriate works. This process consent to the affect to remain not related to the conscience because of a process of mind-body scission which must be respected in the clinical practice. The somatizing patient often...
Article
The experiment assessed the effects of two film sequences, a pleasant documentary and a distressful scene, on electrogastrographic (EGG), electromyographic (EMG), and heart-rate responses during digestion by 30 healthy students. The physiological measures were recorded before and during the projection of each film sequence. At the end of each viewi...
Article
The relationship between developmental obesity and emotional problems has been particularly studied by Bruch. According to this author, the main reason for early-onset obesity has to be found in the difficulty of some mothers to adequately distinguish between emotional manifestations and the child's real need for food. In this paper an experiment w...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between micturition, stressful events, and psychological symptoms was studied in 58 female patients with functional micturition disorders (urethral syndrome) and 21 control patients. All received three questionnaires (Symptom Questionnaire, Illness Behavior Questionnaire, and the Biographic Questionnaire). Analysis highlighted the...
Article
Full-text available
Urethral syndrome (urinary symptoms and pain without organic lesions) is a frequent female pathology but its aetiology is obscure and its treatment undetermined. A number of studies have highlighted emotional disturbances in these patients. To assess the efficacy of psychotherapy in the treatment of this syndrome, the authors studied 36 patients di...
Article
This study reports psychological symptoms assessed in 327 patients with fibromyalgia (FS) in a multicenter investigation. Two self-report scales, in their validated Italian translations, were used for screening: the CES-D (the Center of Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) developed at the NIMH for measuring depression and the Illness Behavior Questio...
Article
The experiment investigated the effects of two film sequences, one neutral and the other emotional, on the cardiac (ECG), electrogastrographic (EGG) and respiratory activities of 24 healthy students during digestion. The physiological activity was recorded before and during the projection of each film sequence. 12 subjects were shown a neutral film...
Article
Illness attitudes were evaluated in 26 pregnant women and 26 control subjects matched for sociodemographic variables, by means of a self-rating scale, on 3 different occasions. For each trimester of pregnancy, women displayed more hypochondriacal fears and beliefs and conviction of disease (disease phobia) than normal controls. In the third trimest...
Article
Paykel's Clinical Interview for Depression (CID), an observer-rated scale, and Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ), a self-rating inventory, were administered to twenty-six patients with breast cancer: 1) the day prior to discharge after mastectomy or lumpectomy, 2) after six months, during a follow-up outpatient visit. There were no significant c...
Article
The effects of differentiation, novelty, and difficulty of ability tasks upon electrogastrographic activity of healthy subjects during digestion were investigated. Electrical recording of activity of the stomach by means of surface electrodes was performed in 40 healthy volunteers before and after easy or hard tasks. 20 subjects had to complete puz...
Article
Psychological distress and illness attitudes were investigated in women undergoing thermography and mammography by means of two self-rating scales: the Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) and the Illness Attitude Scales (IAS). After receiving normal results from thermography, a significant decrease in anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms, hostility, worry...
Article
Psychiatric illness, psychological distress and illness behavior were investigated in 30 hirsute women and 30 nonhirsute healthy control subjects matched for sociodemographic variables. The majority of patients showed a good psychological adaptation to illness: they did not report significantly more anxiety, depression, and abnormal illness behavio...
Article
Illness attitudes were evaluated in 26 pregnant women and 26 control subjects matched for sociodemographic variables, by means of a self-rating scale, on three different occasions. In each trimester of pregnancy, women displayed more hypochondriacal fears and beliefs and conviction of disease (disease phobia) than normal controls (p less than 0.001...
Article
Full-text available
The authors studied a sampling of 50 female patients diagnosed with urethral syndrome (urinary symptoms and pain without infection or organic lesion) on purpose to explore some psychological aspects. The evaluation procedure began with a complete urodynamic examination followed by a clinical interview. After this all patients were given three quest...
Article
Psychiatric illness according to DSM-III-R criteria was investigated in 54 consecutive patients suffering from cardiac neurosis (neurocirculatory asthenia or Da Costa's syndrome). Thirty-seven of the 54 patients (68.5%) were found to suffer from a psychiatric disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia and panic disorder accounted for mos...
Article
Twenty women underwent ultrasound examination three times during low-risk pregnancy. Before and after ultrasonography, the Symptom Questionnaire was applied to evaluate changes in psychological distress. Anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms, and hostility significantly decreased after the patients received video and verbal feedback during the firs...
Article
Twenty women underwent ultrasound examination three times during low-risk pregnancy. Before and after ultrasonography, the Symptom Questionnaire was applied to evaluate changes in psychological distress. Anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms, and hostility significantly decreased after the patients received video and verbal feedback during the firs...
Article
Current emphasis in clinical psychosomatic medicine is on psychiatric interventions in acute medical and surgical situations (consultation-liaison psychiatry and medical-psychiatric units). Little interest has been taken in psychosomatic interventions in chronic situations and outpatient settings. The functioning of a psychosomatic outpatient clini...
Article
Occurrence and characteristics of depression were investigated in 37 consecutive patients suffering from gastrointestinal illness. More than 40% of patients with an organic digestive disease and about a quarter of those with functional gastroenterological complaints were found to suffer from a major depressive disorder according to DSM-III criteria...
Article
Secondary amenorrhea, when an organic etiology has been ruled out, is a considerable challenge to gynecologists and family physicians. Five of 18 patients suffering from amenorrhea were found to have major depressive disorder and four others generalized anxiety disorder. The dexamethasone suppression test corroborated clinical findings in three of...
Article
Twenty woman at risk of carrying a fetus with homozygous beta-thalassemia who underwent fetoscopy and a matched control group of pregnant women were administered the Symptom Questionnaire to evaluate changes in distress. Women who were offered fetoscopy had significantly more anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms and hostility than the control grou...
Article
40 women who underwent amniocentesis were administered the Symptom Questionnaire to evaluate changes in psychological distress. Anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms and hostility significantly decreased after the results of the procedure were communicated to the patient, replicating the findings in a previous study. Psychological distress, however...
Article
Little interest has been taken in the characteristics of depression in medical and surgical patients and its correlations with syndromes which may be subsumed under the rubric of abnormal illness behaviour. Depressive symptoms and abnormal illness behaviour as measured by self-rating scales were studied among 325 inpatients of a general hospital. A...
Article
Fifty women undergoing amniocentesis and a matched control group of pregnant women were administered the Symptom Questionnaire to evaluate changes in psychologic distress. They were divided into subgroups according to previous experiences of pregnancy (no previous pregnancy, previous live births and no terminated pregnancy, previous terminated preg...
Chapter
Depressive Symptome sind in medizinischen und chirurgischen Krankenhausabteilungen häufig anzutreffen. Bei der Depression scheint es sich um den häufigsten diagnostischen Befund im Rahmen der konziliarischen Psychiatrie innerhalb von Krankenhäusern zu handeln, wobei sich der prozentuale Anteil zwischen 37% in kanadischen sowie italienischen Kranken...
Article
Fifty women who underwent amniocentesis and a matched control group of pregnant women were administered the Symptom Questionnaire to evaluate changes in distress. Anxiety, depression, and somatic symptoms had significantly decreased after the results of amniocentesis were communicated to the patient, but the decrease was similar in the normal contr...
Article
The motility of the bladder has been recorded for 20 children with nocturnal enuresis while they were submitted to emotional tenseness experimentally induced. The analysis showed that emotional stress leads to contractions of the detrusor only in patients with psychogenic enuresis and not in those for whom organic lesions were responsible for the d...
Article
The psychosomatic concept of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is critically examined. Criticism of obsolete and uncontrolled views is oftered through a selective review of literature. A new formulation of the psychosomatic diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome, which may apply to other somatic illnesses as well is given.
Article
A consecutive unselected series of 20 outpatients suffering from essential hypertension is included in this study. These patients were compared to a control group of 20 patients other than hypertensives, matched for age, sex, marital status, years of schooling, social class and duration of illness. Stressful life events prior to illness onset, psyc...
Article
Observations on psychodynamics of child psychosomatic disturbances concerning defecation and particularly psychogenic megacolon are made. The authors employed a specific treatment technique called 'focal psychotherapy'. This tool has allowed consideration of the fundamental pathological issues and has led to considerable psychodynamic changes in a...
Article
Stressful life events preceding disease onset have been investigated in a series of 30 patients with ulcerative colitis, according to the modern 'social roles theory'. This has allowed a categorisation of stressful life events, according to the objective criteria of social psychology, which led us to an adequate preventive and therapeutic plan. A p...
Chapter
In der Kinderpsychotherapie wenden die verschiedenen Theorien unterschiedliche Prinzipien an, mit dem gemeinsamen Ziel, bei den kleinen Patienten positive psychische und Verhaltensänderungen hervorzurufen.
Article
The relationship between emotional situations and gastric and colonic motility has been studied in patients with gastrointestinal troubles, using a test of psychovisceral reactivity. The motility was recorded by means of an intraluminal pressure device. This test required the patients to assemble puzzles, causing frustration and emotional conflict....

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