Gian Paolo Littarru

Gian Paolo Littarru
Università Politecnica delle Marche | Università degli Studi di Ancona · Department of Odontostomatologic and Specialized Clinical Sciences (DISCO)

About

186
Publications
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6,834
Citations
Citations since 2016
3 Research Items
2464 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (186)
Chapter
Human coenzyme Q (CoQ10) or ubiquinone is mainly known for its bioenergetic role as a proton and electron carrier in the inner mitochondrial membrane and is also an endogenous lipophilic antioxidant, ubiquitous in biological membranes. It is also present in plasma lipoproteins, where it plays a well-recognized antioxidant role. More recently coenzy...
Article
There is a steady rise in the mean age of patients affected by heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. However senescent myocardium has reduced tolerance to ischemic stress and there are clear indications about age-associated deficit in myocardial performance after operatory stress. CoQ10 improve several conditions related to bioenergetic deficit...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive oxygen species not only cause damage but also have a physiological role in the protection against pathogens and in cell signalling. Mitochondrial nutrients, such as coenzyme Q10 and α-lipoic acid, beside their acknowledged antioxidant activities, show interesting features in relation to their redox state and consequent biological activity....
Article
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This randomized controlled multicenter trial evaluated coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) as adjunctive treatment in chronic heart failure (HF).
Article
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Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 or ubiquinone) is an essential component of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and is also present in various cellular membranes and in plasma lipoproteins. Diabetes, cardiovascular neurodegenerative and preeclampsia diseases are all associated with an alteration of CoQ10 level or its redox status. During pregnancy we no...
Poster
Full-text available
Effect of topical administration of Reduced CoQ10 in patients affected by plaque-induced gingivitis
Article
Full-text available
Many conditions associated with male infertility are inducers of oxidative stress, including varicocele. Antioxidants, such as coenzyme Q10, may be useful in this case. To evaluate the antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma of infertile men with varicocele before and after an oral supplementation with coenzyme Q10 , 38 patients were recruited from...
Article
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) represent an emerging tool for drug delivery and are characterized by important features which promote increased bioavailability and epithelial penetration of lipophilic compounds. However, despite these advantages, their potential cytotoxicity should not be underestimated, especially under in-vivo usage conditio...
Article
Clinical evidence demonstrates that ubiquinol-10, the reduced active form of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10H2), improves endothelial function through its antioxidant and likely anti-inflammatory properties. We previously reported that a biomarker combination including miR-146a, its target protein IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK-1), and released interleu...
Article
Objective Dysfunction of bioenergetics and energy starvation of the myocardium may be a dominant feature of heart failure and attention has been directed towards agents which may stabilise myocardial metabolism and maintain adequate energy stores. The myocardial tissue level of the essential redox component of the respiratory chain Coenzyme Q10 (Co...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible benefits of coenzyme Q and selenium supplementation administered to patients with statin-associated myopathy (SAM). Sixty eligible patients entered the pilot study. Laboratory examination (CoQ10, selenium, creatin kinase) and intensity of SAM (visual scale) were performed at baseline, after 1...
Article
Background: A low-T3 syndrome is observed in chronic diseases, but its treatment is still debated. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been conclusively studied under this aspect. COPD is a complex condition, which cannot be considered a lung-related disorder, but rather a systemic disease also associated to increased oxidative str...
Article
The osteoblast is the bone-forming cell and is derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Osteo-inductive substances could represent a useful therapeutic approach during the fracture repair process. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of vitamin MK-7, alone or in association with vitamin D3, in differentiating human MSCs (hMSCs) in vi...
Chapter
An excess of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other oxidant radicals has been associated with male infertility. The total oxyradical scavenging capacity (TOSC) is a recently developed assay measuring the overall capability of biological fluids or cellular antioxidants to neutralize the toxicity of various oxyradicals. The TOSC assay can discrimina...
Article
Full-text available
Olive oil consumption is associated with protective cardiovascular properties, including some beneficial modifications in lipoprotein profile and composition. Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) exerts a protective effect on plasma lipoproteins. Aim of the study was to investigate whether extra virgin (EV) olive oil enriched with CoQ(10) affects CoQ(10) level...
Article
Human NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) catalyzes the obligatory two-electron reduction of quinones. For this peculiar catalytic mechanism, the enzyme is considered an important cytoprotector. The NQO1 gene is expressed in all human tissues, unless a polymorphism due to C609T point mutation is present. This polymorphism produces a null pheno...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidative stress is a mechanism underlying different kinds of infertility in human males. However, different results can be observed in relation to the method used for its evaluation. Varicocele patients show a number of biochemical abnormalities, including an altered distribution of coenzyme Q between seminal plasma and sperm cells and also an app...
Article
Full-text available
No data are available on the presence and content of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in human follicular fluid and its role. To assess the presence and concentration of CoQ10 in human follicular fluid in relation to oocyte fertilization. CQ10 content was measured in follicular fluid obtained from 20 infertile women undergoing ovarian stimulation program for i...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)), also known as ubiquinone for its presence in all body cells, is an essential part of the cell energy-producing system. However, it is also a powerful lipophilic antioxidant protecting lipoproteins and cell membranes. Due to these two actions, CoQ(10) is commonly used in clinical practice in chronic heart failure, male infe...
Article
Data normalization of gene expression on human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) exposed to UVA has commonly been done using either GAPDH or β-actin as reference genes without any validation of their expression stability. Since this aspect, important for accurate normalization, has been overlooked, we aimed to establish a suitable set of reference genes for...
Article
Since the time a precise role of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10) ) in myocardial bioenergetics was established, the involvement of CoQ in the pathophysiology of heart failure was hypothesized. This provided the rationale for numerous clinical trials of CoQ(10) as adjunctive treatment for heart failure. A mild hypotensive effect of CoQ was reported in the e...
Article
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10) ) is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and, therefore, is essential for the bioenergetics of oxidative phosphorylation. It is also endowed with antioxidant properties, and recent studies pointed out its capability of affecting the expression of different genes. In this review, we analyze the data on the...
Article
To determine plasma CoQ(10) concentration in the course of gestational diabetes mellitus. The assessment was provided longitudinally during the third trimester of pregnancy in 40 women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and 40 normal controls. CoQ(10) was measured with the HPLC method. CoQ(10) results were also normalized to plasma cholestero...
Article
Oxidative stress is known to play a relevant role in Down syndrome (DS) and its effects are documented from embryonic life. Oxidative DNA damage has been shown to be significantly elevated in Down syndrome patients, and this has been indicated as an early event promoting neurodegeneration and Alzheimer type dementia. The aim of this study was to in...
Article
Full-text available
Menaquinone-7 (MK-7), a member of the vitamin K2 family, performs several functions, all related to its recognised effect on post-translational carboxylation of certain protein-bound glutamate residues. Due to its lipophilic structure MK-7 is soluble in olive oil, so the aim of the present study was to test whether extra-virgin (EV) olive oil enric...
Article
Full-text available
Coenzyme Q is a lipid molecule widely diffused in nature; in humans and other mammals it is present as coenzyme Q 10. (CoQ 10). The first recognized role of CoQ 10 was in mitochondrial bioenergetics, where it plays a central role in the production of ATP. It is also present in other subcellular organelles, both in its oxidized and in its reduced st...
Article
Oxidative stress, a condition defined as unbalancing between production of free radicals and antioxidant defenses, is an important pathogenetic mechanism in different diseases. Despite the abundant literature, many aspects of hormone role in regulating antioxidant synthesis and activity still remain obscure. Therefore, we reviewed experimental data...
Article
Impaired functions of myocardial muscle cells in human and animals, is a primary defect associated with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The pathophysiological mechanisms implicated in the DCM are yet to be clarified and an effective therapy is still not available. The BIO TO-2 cardiomyopathic Syrian Hamsters (CMSHs) represent an animal mod...
Article
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) is the primary enzymatic antioxidant defence of the vascular wall. The physiopathological role of SOD3 has been examined in vascular-related diseases, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, ischaemia-reperfusion injury, lung disease, various inflammatory conditions, and neurological diseases. An important...
Article
Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) associated with a complex phenotype. Oxidative stress is known to play a major role in this pathology both due to genetic and epigenetic factors, suggesting that oxidative imbalance contributes to the clinical manifestation of DS. In particular, the implications of oxidative DNA damage in...
Article
The role of adrenal steroids in antioxidant regulation is not known. Previously, we demonstrated some Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) alterations in pituitary diseases, which can induce complex pictures due to alterations of different endocrine axes. Therefore we determined CoQ(10) and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) in pituitary-dependent adrenal diseas...
Article
The fundamental role of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) in mitochondrial bioenergetics and its well-acknowledged antioxidant properties constitute the basis for its clinical applications, although some of its effects may be related to a gene induction mechanism. Cardiovascular disease is still the main field of study and the latest findings confirm a role...
Article
Full-text available
We had previously demonstrated that Coenzyme Q10 [(CoQ10) also commonly called ubiquinone]is present in well-measurable levels in human seminal fluid, where it probably exerts important metabolic and antioxidant functions; seminal CoQ10 concentrations show a direct correlation with seminal parameters (count and motility). Alterations of CoQ10 conte...
Article
Full-text available
We had previously demonstrated that Coenzyme Q10 [(CoQ10) also commonly called ubiquinone] is present in well-measurable levels in human seminal fluid, where it probably exerts important metabolic and antioxidant functions; seminal CoQ10 concentrations show a direct correlation with seminal parameters (count and motility). Alterations of CoQ10 cont...
Article
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) is the primary enzymatic antioxidant defence of the vascular wall. The physiopathological role of SOD3 has been examined in vascular-related diseases, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, ischaemia-reperfusion injury, lung disease, various inflammatory conditions, and neurological diseases. An important...
Article
Full-text available
In a previous paper it was demonstrated that Coenzyme Q10, a lipidic molecule with important antioxidant properties, is present at remarkable levels in human seminal fluid, and shows a direct correlation with seminal parameters (sperm count and motility). In patients with varicocele, on the contrary, correlation with sperm motility was lacking and...
Article
Twenty healthy subjects integrated their diet with two types of products sequentially: In the first phase (first 14 days), the volunteers were given the following food items not supplemented with vitamin E (vit. E) or Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10): breakfast, 250 mL skimmed milk; mid-morning snack, 330 mL fruit juice; mid-afternoon snack, low-fat yogurt 125...
Article
Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a surgical procedure performed in patients with untreatable obesity and insulin resistance. The demonstrated metabolic and hormonal results of this procedure include the reversal of insulin resistance; an increase in diet-induced thermogenesis; and modifications of gut hormones, such as gastrin, enteroglucagon, ne...
Article
Oxidative stress is involved both in metabolic syndrome and male infertility. Hypogonadism is also associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To investigate the role of gonadal steroids in systemic antioxidant regulation, we determined plasma CoenzymeQ(10) (CoQ(10)) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in postsurgical hypopituitaric...
Article
Osteocalcin (OC) is a bone Gla protein synthesized by osteoblasts which have a high affinity for calcium. To adequately carboxylate OC to form carboxylated OC (cOC), the osteoblasts require sufficient vitamin K. If vitamin K is deficient, under-carboxylated OC (ucOC) is produced. The ratio between ucOC and cOC (UCR) as well as the levels of circula...
Article
Full-text available
Osteocalcin (OC) is a bone Gla protein synthesized by osteoblasts which have a high affinity for calcium. To adequately carboxylate OC to form carboxylated OC (cOC), the osteoblasts require sufficient vitamin K. If vitamin K is deficient, under-carboxylated OC (ucOC) is produced. The ratio between ucOC and cOC (UCR) as well as the levels of circula...
Article
This paper reports on the synthesis and properties of a new UV-absorber (OC-NO) based on the most popular UV filter worldwide, ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate (OMC) in which the methoxy group has been replaced with a pyrrolidine nitroxide bearing antioxidant activity. This sunscreen active has therefore both UV-absorbing and antioxidant properties whic...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate the effectiveness of coenzyme Q(10) treatment in improving semen quality in men with idiopathic infertility. Placebo-controlled, double-blind randomized trial. Andrology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy. Sixty infertile patients (27-39 years of age) with the following baseline sperm selectio...
Chapter
Full-text available
For a number of years, coenzyme Q (CoQ10 in humans), was known for its key role in mitochondrial bioenergetics; later studies demonstrated its presence in other subcellular fractions and in plasma, and also extensively investigated its antioxidant role. This chapter discusses the relationship between the acknowledged bioenergetic role of CoQ10 and...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive oxygen species seem to play an important role in vascular homeostasis. In conditions of high oxidative stress, such as chronic heart failure and multiple coronary risk factors, the rate of inactivation of nitric oxide to peroxynitrite by superoxide anions may be reduced by CoQ10, which can also protect against nitrosative damage. CoQ10 may...
Article
The inability of heart muscle to generate ventricular pressure to adequately propel blood through the cardiovascular system is a primary defect associated with congestive heart failure (CHF). Force-frequency relationship (FFR) is one of the main cardiac defects associated with congestive heart failure. Thus FFR is a convenient methodological tool f...
Article
Two-electron reduction of quinones catalyzed by NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) protects cells against oxidative stress and toxic quinones. In fact, low level of NQO1 activity is often associated with increased risk of developing different types of tumours and with toxic effects linked to environmental quinones. In a previous report we analyz...
Article
Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) associated with mental retardation and Alzheimer-like dementia, characteristic change of the individual's phenotype and premature ageing. Oxidative stress is known to play a major role in this pathology since a gene dose effect leads to elevated ratio of superoxide dismutase to catalase/g...
Article
Ubiquinone-10 plays a central role in energy production and its reduced form, ubiquinol-10 is also capable of acting as a potent radical scavenging antioxidant against membrane lipid peroxidation. Efficiency of this protection depends mostly on its localization in lipid bilayer. The intrinsic fluorescence of ubiquinol-10 and of the exogenous probe,...
Article
Full-text available
For a number of years, coenzyme Q (CoQ10 in humans) was known for its key role in mitochondrial bioenergetics; later studies demonstrated its presence in other subcellular fractions and in plasma, and extensively investigated its antioxidant role. These two functions constitute the basis on which research supporting the clinical use of CoQ10 is fou...
Article
Statins are drugs of known and undisputed efficacy in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, usually well tolerated by most patients. In some cases treatment with statins produces skeletal muscle complaints, and/or mild serum CK elevation; the incidence of rhabdomyolysis is very low. As a result of the common biosynthetic pathway Coenzyme Q (ubiqui...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence that plasma coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) levels decrease in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it is not known whether oral CoQ(10) supplementation may improve cardiocirculatory efficiency and endothelial function in patients with CHF. We studied 23 patients in NYHA class II and III (20 men, three women, mean...
Article
Full-text available
N-acylethanolamides are naturally occurring hydrophobic molecules usually present in a very small amount in many mammalian tissues and cells. The presence of N-acylethanolamides has also been demonstrated in human reproductive tracts and fluids, although their biological effects and molecular mechanisms of action are not yet completely elucidated....
Article
Coenzyme Q10 is administered for an ever-widening range of disorders, therefore it is timely to illustrate the latest findings with special emphasis on areas in which this therapeutic approach is completely new. These findings also give further insight into the biochemical mechanisms underlying clinical involvement of coenzyme Q10. Cardiovascular p...
Article
Full-text available
Statins are drugs of known efficacy in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and are tolerated by most patients. Although rhabdomyolysis is rare, muscle complaints with normal CK levels are common resulting in decreased patient compliance. Owing to the common biosynthetic pathway, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) levels are decreased by statins. As far as plas...