Giacomo Orsini

Giacomo Orsini
Ghent University | UGhent · Centre for the Social Study of Migration and Refugees (CESSMIR)

Postdoctoral Researcher - Ghent University & Maître de Conférences - Université Libre de Bruxelles

About

41
Publications
8,125
Reads
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96
Citations
Citations since 2016
28 Research Items
96 Citations
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Additional affiliations
April 2018 - present
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Collaborating to the LIMA project investigating how legal frameworks – Belgian and European - correlate with third country national migrants’ agency
June 2017 - June 2018
University of Essex
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2017 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Studies have reported alarmingly high rates of traumatic experiences for refugee populations. While nearly all refugees experienced trauma in their country of origin, a vast majority of those seeking protection abroad also face (extreme) violence during their journeys and once in the country of destination. By concentrating on the migratory experie...
Data
When the USSR ceased to exist, a bordering process occurred not only between the 15 newly independent Republics, but also within some of them. This happened as conflicts froze, resulting in the formation of several entities labelled as de facto states. De facto states have received quite some attention from a geopolitical perspective. This scholars...
Article
Full-text available
The border separating/unifying Gibraltar with Spain is reproduced in public discourse as a threat and an obstacle to the normalisation of political life in the small enclave. Yet, an in-depth socio-historical analysis of local cross-border relations over the 20th century, shows how the Gibraltarian national identity and local government originate f...
Article
Full-text available
As a mutual constituent of sameness, otherness defines belonging by demarcating the boundaries of what is similar and acceptable against what is different and, eventually, unacceptable. Mobilized to establish the limits of inclusion and exclusion, otherness transforms over time depending on contextual relations of power. As such, through history, s...
Article
Full-text available
Institutional Racism (IR) in Europe is rarely mentioned in studies of race-based discrimination. Yet, structural racism occurs within most European societies. Due to the increasing securitization of immigration, countries have introduced several (in)formal strategies to exclude foreign populations. Given that, we propose an updated way of conceptua...
Article
Full-text available
European Union (EU) responses to maritime boundary disputes reveal certain paradoxes of governance. The increasing interest of EU states in controlling larger maritime areas and the public and private exploitation of marine and seabed resources are enhancing the territorialization of the sea. The EU as a political project claims to transcend state-...
Article
Full-text available
Since decades, the fishing sector in Europe suffers for the decline of several fish stocks. In such scenario, top-down policies to manage fisheries as the one introduced by the European Union (EU) – i.e. the Common Fishery Policy (CFP) – accelerate the collapse of this relatively marginal economic sector. By discussing the data collected over ten-m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With this conference, therefore, our main goal is to establish a dialogue between scholars examining anti-immigrant political formations and those studying anti-gender mobilizations, and/or the public responses to them. We are interested in exploring more deeply the intersections and differences between these two exclusionary political trends in Eu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the arrival and residence of selected groups of migrants started being treated as a major security issue, complex management systems have been put in place to curb and control their mobility into Europe. Today, new and interconnected sets of policies operate to deter unwanted people from migrating; detect those crossing the border unauthorise...
Article
Full-text available
Based on over 24 months of field research conducted over the last ten years in some of the most symbolic spots of the European border - in Lampedusa, Malta, Melilla, the Canary Islands and the Strait of Gibraltar - with this piece the author reflects critically on the role of researchers when dealing with such very politicized territories and commu...
Book
Full-text available
This volume explores how Gibraltarian Britishness was constructed over the course of the twentieth century. Today most Gibraltarians are fiercely proud of their Britishness, sometimes even describing themselves as ‘more British than the British’ and Gibraltar’s Chief Minister in 2018 announced in a radio interview that “We see the world through Bri...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent decades, scholars of nationalism have paid increasing attention to the role of ethnicity in the formation of nations. In fact, nationalist narratives often structure the nation around a core ethnic group and a hegemonic language. Nevertheless, there are communities (such as many former colonies) which cannot easily define their nationhood...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 1940, the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco launched a propaganda campaign, usually known as ‘Gibraltar, español’ [Gibraltar for Spain], aimed at the re-establishment of Spanish sovereignty over this tiny British colony on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. Gibraltarians opposed Franco, who soon became their common enemy, performing thei...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter offers a critical analysis of the functioning of the border dividing Gibraltar from Spain. Whereas the management of this frontier is frequently contested by the inhabitants and the government of the Rock, and often causes tense disputes between the UK and Spain, this chapter challenges views of the border as a threat or an obstacle to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Brexit was presented as the solution for Britain to take back control of its national borders. However, a closer look at a Mediterranean British border shows that Brexit could weaken the ability of UK authorities to manage and reduce unauthorised migration to the country.
Article
Full-text available
Since years, European politics is monopolized by a sort of permanent migration crisis. Regardless of the actual size and modes of regular and irregular migration, the extremely mediatized images of arrivals projected from otherwise invisible border(is)lands are central to construct and sustain this everlasting emergency. Beyond any statistical cons...
Chapter
Full-text available
While the management of the frontier separating Gibraltar from Spain is frequently contested by the inhabitants and the tiny British Overseas Territory and stays at the core of a tense international dispute between the United Kingdom and Spain, this work subverts views of the border as a threat or an obstacle to the normalization of political life...
Chapter
Full-text available
In Gibraltar one often hears that it is “an example to the world” because good harmony prevails among the great variety of ethnic and religious groups coexisting in this tiny British Overseas Territory on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. Over the last century, religious tolerance and ethnic diversity became two important identity markers...
Chapter
Full-text available
Beyond their most physical manifestations as fences, gates and border guards, international borders are social constructs experienced by individuals as they traverse them. Anchored on the ground as relatively fixed lines, international borders transform through time as the crossing is alternatively allowed or hindered depending on changing relation...
Chapter
Full-text available
While studies on gated communities and nationalism abound, there are very few works that combine the analysis of both forms of socio-spatial organization. Nation states and gated communities, however, have much in common. Both national borders and the fences of gated communities symbolically and physically produce and reproduce otherness – against...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Brexit was presented as the solution for Britain to take back control of its national borders. However, a closer look at a Mediterranean British border shows that Brexit could weaken the ability of UK authorities to manage and reduce unauthorised migration to the country.
Chapter
Full-text available
In order to show how the permanent migrant crisis in Italy and Europe works to enable mafia groups to illicitly access substantial public funding, we concentrate here on a primary case study and two corollary, but connected to one another, ones. First, and most importantly, we look at the iconic borderland of Lampedusa. The case of this tiny Sicili...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Italy is the main gate of entry for undocumented migration to the EU which seriously stresses local reception capacity. Secondary movements of migrants to other member states have become a salient issue challenging the border free Schengen area. The EU has been responsive to this situation, introducing ‘hotspots’ and a relocation mechanism that are...
Article
Full-text available
Beyond their most physical manifestations as fences, gates and border guards, international borders are social constructs experienced by individuals as they traverse them. Anchored on the ground as relatively fixed lines, international borders transform through time as the crossing is alternatively allowed or hindered depending on changing relation...
Article
Full-text available
Immigration to Europe increasingly emerges as a core security concern. In response to these growing anxieties the external border of Schengen space of free movement of people was established to limit uncontrolled immigration to the European Union. Yet, looking closely at how this border works in Lampedusa and its surrounding seawaters, one realizes...
Article
Full-text available
By placing the inhabitants of Lampedusa at the centre of the analysis, this paper seeks to interpret the events that occurred on the island in 2011 — relating to the arrival of 50,000 boat migrants — through the lens of the major local sociocultural transformations taking place in Lampedusa over the previous decades. In fact, a profound change of t...
Article
Full-text available
Beyond any normative evaluation concerned with how to manage migration and asylum in Europe there is the empirics of the border - that is how states implement border policies on the ground and eventually achieve complete closure. As I discuss now indeed, looking at how Europe’s external border actually works on the ground, one realises as a) border...
Thesis
Based on 10 months’ qualitative fieldwork and the filming of a documentary conducted on the islands of Lampedusa and Fuerteventura, this thesis examines ground-level Europeanisation, concentrating on two well-established Communitarian policy frames -- the Common Fishery Policy (CFP) and the management of the external border of the Schengen space of...
Article
Full-text available
The island of Lampedusa has become the focal point of attempts to address irregular migration in the Mediterranean, but how does the EU’s border system at Lampedusa actually function? Giacomo Orsini writes on the nature of the system, noting that it represents a complex combination of surveillance and detention measures. He argues however that the...
Chapter
Brexit was presented as the solution for Britain to take back control of its national borders. However, a closer look at a Mediterranean British border shows that Brexit could weaken the ability of UK authorities to manage and reduce unauthorised migration to the country.
Article
Full-text available
In response to the growing societal anxieties concentrating on immigrants and asylum seekers entering the Schengen Area, the external border of Schengenland was established and progressively reinforced to limit uncontrolled immigration to the EU. However, looking closely at one of the most iconic portion of this border – the tiny Italian island of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Regulating the working of European fisheries, the Common Fishery Policy - CFP - constitutes one of the most effective areas of EU direct ruling. Yet, nowadays, European fisheries and particularly small-scale ones experience a dramatic scenario where, alongside the decline and collapse of several fish stocks, the numerous incoherencies of the CFP ac...
Article
Full-text available
Following the 3rd of October of 2013 tragedy that took place on the seawater surrounding the tiny Italian and European border island of Lampedusa, this piece aims to put the light on some untold aspects of the local management of Europe's border.
Article
Full-text available
Expanding the view beyond institutional racism, the article explores how the socio-cultural shift that Europeanization generated in the tiny island of Lampedusa influences islanders' attitudes towards boat migrants.
Chapter
Razzismo e confine sono elementi inscindibili della stessa narrativa, dialettica comune di separazione costruita tra ‘noi’ e ‘loro’, tra eguali e diversi. In relazione discorsiva, essi si costituiscono l’uno all’interno dell’altro: se da un lato i confini producono razzismo, dall’altro il razzismo, a sua volta, produce confini. Nelle prossime pagin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At the very core of the development and harmonization of EU migration and asylum policies resides the construction of the Schengen space of free movement of people. To the dismantling of EU internal borders corresponds the construction of a European external boundary progressively broadening with the enlarging of the EU. In this frame Malta, as a r...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from a historical reconstruction and a socio-political analysis of a reality as particular as that of the Spanish enclave of Melilla - situtated in the eastern part of the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, only 100 km away from the Algerian border - the authors reflect on the dynamics of the European space along its external boundaries with...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from a definition of the meanings of postcolonialism and postcoloniality taken into consideration, the aim of the thesis is to investigate the image of Europe perceived in a certain non-European academic context. Specifically, the work follows by analysing how postcoloniality and postcolonialism influence the teachings at the Sociology and...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Worldwide, about 30 million children are currently forcibly displaced, of which a considerable group is separated from their parent(s) or caregiver(s), “unaccompanied refugee minors” (URM). Forced migration is known to considerably impact URMs’ psychological wellbeing, leading to elevated levels of emotional problems. Both difficult experiences in URMs’ countries of origin and post-migration stressors, such as daily material (limited housing facilities) and social stressors (e.g., limited social network, racism), and inadequate professional support impact their wellbeing. Yet, little is known about the longitudinal psychological impact of URMs’ transit experiences, during the flight. The research pursues the following objectives: Increase knowledge about the impact of experiences occurring during the flight on the psychological wellbeing of URMs, in relation to the impact of past traumatic experiences in the home country and to daily material and social stressors in the host country. Provide unique insights in the diversity of and evolutions in their experiences while fleeing from home, and the evolutions in their wellbeing. Identify the risk factors impacting URMs’ mental health longitudinally, hereby questioning the classical differentiation between ‘daily stressors’ and ‘trauma’, possibly evolving towards an elaborated theoretical and empirically validated concept of ‘cumulative trauma’. Create ground-breaking avenues to study a group that is difficult to reach and follow, owing to the methodological approach. This project uses a highly innovative methodology, through combining different approaches in a mixed-methods and multi-sited, cross-country and longitudinal design. It is made up of three interlinked studies starting from four different countries: Libya, Greece, and Italy as key transit countries and main countries of entry in the European Union, and Belgium as an example of a settlement country for URMs. In each of the countries, different settings were selected to carry out the research. Our study started in four different countries: three important, but highly diverse, transit countries for URMs (Libya, Greece and Italy), and one country which is both a settlement and a transit country for URMs (Belgium). In each of these countries, several research sites have been identified. In the course of the longitudinal follow-up of the young people transiting through and settling in several European countries, also several other European countries were included as research settings in this project.